Established Events in History



2013 Event - A Pontifical Commission is established by Pope Francise to investigate current accounting practices and implement new strategies for greater fiscal transparency and fiscal responsibility among all Vatican offices

2013 Event - The Breakthrough Prize in Life Sciences award is established by Mark Zuckerburg of Facebook, Sergey Brin of Google and venture capitalize Yuri Milner; the prize rewards excellence in life sciences, with 11 awards and $3 million in prizes

2012 Event - A naval base located on the Strait of Hormuz, near Bandar Langeh, is established by Iran's Revolutionary Guard Corps

1989 Event - Department of Veterans Affairs officially established as a Cabinet position

1985 Event - Position of American Poet Laureate established (Robert Warren is 1st)

1980 Event - CTUC, Commonwealth Trade Union Council, established

1979 Event - European Monetary System is established, ECU created

1979 Event - Jura, 26th canton of Switzerland, established

1978 Event - Commonwealth of Northern Marianas established

1977 Event - Department Of Energy established

1977 Event - Huyman Rights Charta '77 established in Prague

1976 Event - Arabic Monetary Fund established in Abu Dhabi

1975 Event - Provisional Revolutionary Government of South Vietnam established

1971 Event - Voyageurs National Park, Minnesota established

1970 Event - Afro-American Historical Calendar Series Established

1968 Event - Political Party Radikalen (PPR) established in Netherlands

1967 Event - People's front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) established

1966 Event - Brussels: Nuclear Planning Group established

1965 Event - Several Arab nations break ties with West Germany after it established diplomatic relations with Israel

1964 Event - ESRO established, European Space Research Organization

1963 Event - SVB, Students Unions, established under Barrel Regtien

1960 Event - Key Largo Coral Reef Preserve established, 1st underwater park

1959 Event - U.N. Committee on Peaceful Use of Outer Space is established

1958 Event - Foundation Praemium Erasmianum (Erasmus Prize) established

1955 Event - West Europe Union established

1954 Event - U.S. Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs, Colorado, established

1953 Event - Department of Health, Education and Welfare established

1950 Event - U.N. World Meteorological Organization established

1947 Event - NV United Dutch Fokker's Aircraft established

1946 Event - 4th French republic established

1946 Event - U.N. Children's Fund (UNICEF) established (Nobel 1965)

1946 Event - Canadian Library Association established

1946 Event - Italian Republic established

1945 Event - International Monetary Fund established - World Bank founded

1945 Event - Utrecht: Catholic People's party (KVP) established

1945 Event - Foundation 1940-45 established

1945 Event - ANJV established in Concert building, Amsterdam

1944 Event - Crakow-Plaszow Concentration Camp established

1941 Birthday - Tadao Ando, born in Osaka, Japan, Japanese architect, employs critical regionalism style of architecture, 1969, established firm Tadao Ando Architects & Associates, winner, Pritzker Architecture Prize 1995

1941 Event - Fair Employment Practices Commission established

1941 Event - Princess Irene Brigade established in Congleton

1940 Event - Lodtz, 1st large ghetto established by Nazis in Poland

1939 Event - Federal Hall National Monument established

1938 Event - Civil Aeronautics Authority (U.S.) established

1938 Event - March of Dimes established to fight polio

1937 Event - National Gallery of Art established by Congress

1936 Event - 1st bicycle traffic court in America established, Racine, Wisconsin

1935 Event - 1st coml hydroponics operation established (Montebello California)

1935 Birthday - Georg Katzer, born in Habelschwerdt, Lower Silesia, German composer, established electronic new music in the German Democratic Republic

1935 Event - Fort Jefferson National Monument in Florida established

1934 Event - Securities and Exchange Commission established

1934 Event - International Telecommunication Union established

1933 Event - CCC Camps are established in Cleveland Park District

1933 Event - German Secret State Police, Gestapo, established

1933 Event - White Sands National Monument, New Mexico established

1933 Birthday - Susan Sontag, born in New York City, Susan Rosenblatt, New York, writer, author, filmmaker, philosopher, political activist, 'Against Interpretation' established reputation as 'the Dark Lady of American Letters'

1930 Event - Child labor laws established in Belgium

1930 Event - George Washington Birthplace National Monument, Virginia established

1929 Event - Acadia National Park, Maine established

1929 Event - Humanist Society established, Hollywood California

1925 Birthday - David Bache, born in Worcestershire, England, David Ernest Bache, son of footballer Joe Bache, car designer, worked with Rover, established design company David Bache Associates, created the Land Rover, Series II Land Rover

1925 Event - Glacier Bay National Monument established in Alaska

1925 Birthday - Ernesto Cardenal, born in Granada, Nicaragua, Catholic priest, famous Nicaraguan Sandinista liberation theologian, served as culture minister, poet, established primitivist art community

1925 Event - Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region established (now in Tadzhik SSR)

1924 Event - Gila Wilderness Area established by Forest Service

1924 Event - Croydon Airport: 1st British mig aircraft Imperial established

1923 Event - 1st old age pension plans in U.S. established by Montana and Nevada

1923 Event - Aztec Ruins National Monument, New Mexico established

1923 Event - Union of Socialist Soviet Republics established

1922 Event - Lehman Caves National Monument established

1921 Event - Mountain Autonomous Republic established in RSFSR

1920 Event - 1st U.S. coast guard air station established (Morehead City NC)

1920 Event - League of Nations established

1919 Event - Canadian National Railways established (North America's longest, 50,000 KM)

1919 Event - KLM, Netherlands Airlines, established (oldest existing airline)

1919 Event - Belorussian SSR established

1918 Event - Yugoslavia declares independence; monarchy established

1918 Event - Terek Autonomous Republic established in RSFSR (until 1921)

1917 Death - Oswald Chambers, Scottish Protestant Christian minister, teacher, author, wrote, 'My Utmost for His Highest', established local society dedicated to his favorite poet, Robert Browning, dies from a ruptured appendix

1917 Event - Belgium Council of Flanders established

1915 Event - Dinosaur National Monument in Colorado and Utah is established

1915 Event - Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado established

1912 Event - Columbia University approves plans for awarding the Pulitzer Prize in several categories The award is established by Joseph Pulitzer

1912 Event - French protectorate in Morocco established

1911 Event - Dutch Scouts Organization established in Amsterdam

1909 Event - 1st junior high school established (Berkeley California)

1909 Event - 1st U.S. university school of nursing established, University of Minnesota

1908 Event - Pinnacles National Monument, California established

1908 Event - Muir Woods National Monument, California established

1907 Event - World's 1st air force established in the U.S. Army

1905 Birthday - Brian Coffey, born in Dublin, Ireland, poet, publisher, influenced by Catholicism, science and philosophy, surrealism, published in the University Review, established Advent Press

1903 Event - 1st national bird reservation established in Sebastian, Florida

1903 Event - Wind Cave National Park, SD established

1901 Event - Female Army Nurse Corps established as a permanent organization

1901 Event - Commonwealth of Australia established

1900 Event - Dwight Davis established a new tennis trophy, the Davis Cup

1900 Event - British protectorates of Northern and Southern Nigeria established

1899 Event - Gideon Society established to place bibles in hotels

1898 Event - City of New York established

1897 Event - Automobile Club of Great Britain established (now: Royal Auto Club)

1895 Event - Los Angeles Railway established to provide streetcar service

1894 Event - Labor Day established as a federal employees holiday

1888 Event - English Football League established

1888 Event - Dutch Heidemaatschappij established

1887 Event - Dutch Amateur Photography Cooperation established

1884 Event - Greenwich established as universal time meridian of longitude

1879 Event - Custer Battlefield National Monument, Montana established

1876 Event - U.S. Coast Guard officers' training school established New Bedford, Massachusetts

1876 Event - Direct telegraph link established between Britain and New Zealand

1875 Event - Universal Postal Union established

1874 Birthday - Oswald Chambers born in Aberdeen, Scotland, Scottish Protestant Christian minister, teacher, author, wrote, 'My Utmost for His Highest', established local society dedicated to his favorite poet, Robert Browning

1868 Birthday - Helen Miller Shepard, philanthropist/established Hall of Fame

1867 Event - 1st U.S. dental school, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, established

1865 Event - Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands established

1865 Event - NV Suriname Bank established

1863 Event - Territory of Idaho established

1862 Event - U.S. Army of Virginia established under General John Pope

1861 Event - Anaheim Post Office established

1860 Birthday - Edward Albert Filene, merchant, established U.S. credit union movement

1860 Event - American College established in Rome by Pope Pius IX

1856 Event - Victoria Cross established to acknowledge bravery

1854 Event - Dutch KNMI established (Royal Meteorological Institute)

1852 Event - 2nd French empire established; Louis Napoleon becomes emperor

1852 Birthday - William Stewart Halsted, established 1st U.S. surgical school

1850 Event - Hawaiian Fire Department established

1850 Event - Hawaiian post office established

1850 Event - San Francisco County Government established

1849 Event - U.S. Department of the Interior established by Congress

1848 Event - 2nd republic established in France

1848 Event - 1st commercial bank in San Francisco established

1847 Event - 1st U.S. telegraph co established in Maryland

1841 Death - Catherine McAuley, founder, the Sisters of Mercy, established 12 foundations in Ireland, 2 in England, inherited fortune from father, used money to care for, educate, homeless women and children, dies at her House of Mercy

1838 Event - Anti-Corn Law League established by Richard Cobden

1833 Event - Boston Academy of Music, 1st U.S. music school, established

1824 Event - Bureau of Indian Affairs established

1815 Event - World's 1st commercial cheese factory established, in Switzerland

1814 Event - Netherlands Bank established

1809 Event - Sweden declares independence, constitutional monarchy established

1805 Event - Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts established, Philadelphia

1802 Event - U.S. Army Corps of Engineers established (2nd time)

1801 Event - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland established

1800 Event - Washington D.C. established as capital of US

1799 Event - Metric system established in France

1795 Event - Freedom of worship established in France under constitution

1794 Event - U.S. Post Office established

1791 Event - 1st U.S. law school established at University of Pennsylvania

1789 Event - U.S. War Department established a regular army

1789 Event - U.S. Treasury Department established by Congress

1789 Event - U.S. Post Office established

1784 Event - Russian trappers established a colony on Kodiak Island, AK

1784 Event - 1st U.S. seed business established by David Landreth, Philadelphia

1779 Event - U.S. Army Corps of Engineers established (1st time)

1778 Birthday - Catherine McAuley, born in Dublin, Ireland, founder, the Sisters of Mercy, established 12 foundations in Ireland, 2 in England, inherited fortune from father, used money to care for, educate, homeless women and children

1770 Event - General Church of New Jerusalem established

1706 Event - Vienna's Wiener Stadtbank established

1675 Event - Royal Greenwich Observatory established in England by Charles II

1664 Event - New Jersey established

1652 Event - Cape Colony, the 1st European settlement in South Africa, established

1635 Event - French colony of Guadeloupe established in Caribbean

1629 Event - 1st commercial fishery established

1609 Event - Wisselbank of Amsterdam established

1607 Event - 1st Protestant Episcopal parish in America established, Jamestown

1594 Event - Company of Distant established for business on East-Indies

1565 Event - Oldest city in the U.S., St. Augustine Fla, established

1429 Event - Order of Golden Fleece established in Austria-Hungary and Spain

1404 Event - Brussels Brabants/Limburgse audit-office established

1397 Event - Union of Kalmar established between Denmark, Sweden and Norway

1326 Event - Daitokuji temple, Rinzai line, established in Kyoto by Daito Kokushi

930 Event - World's oldest parliament, the Iceland Parliament, established













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