Prize Events in History



2013 Event - The 2013 Man Booker Prize is won by Eleanor Catton for her book, 'The Luminaries'

2013 Event - Three American economists win the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences: Eugene Fama, Lars Peter Hansen, and Robert Shiller

2013 Event - The 2013 Nobel Prize in Literature is awarded to Canadian writer Alice Munro

2013 Event - Winners of the 2013 Nobel Prize in Physics include theoretical physicists Francois Englert of Belgium and Peter Higgs of Britain

2013 Event - Winners of the 2013 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine include German scientist Thomas C. Sudhof and American scientists Randy Schekman and James Rothman

2013 Event - The Nobel Prize winner in Physiology or Medicine for in vitro fertilisation, Robert G. Edwards, dies at age 87

2013 Event - Anchorage, Alaska begins the 1,000 mile, 2013 Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race; winners receive a new truck and $50,400 in prize money

2013 Event - The Breakthrough Prize in Life Sciences award is established by Mark Zuckerburg of Facebook, Sergey Brin of Google and venture capitalize Yuri Milner; the prize rewards excellence in life sciences, with 11 awards and $3 million in prizes

2012 Event - In Oslo, Norway, leaders of the European Union accept the 2012 Nobel Peace Prize

2012 Death - Joseph Murray, a Nobel prize winner, plastic surgeon and the first person to perform a kidney transplantation, dies at age 93

2012 Event - Wade Davis' non-fiction book, 'Into the Silence', wins the 2012 Samuel Johnson Prize

2012 Event - The European Physical Society's annual Edison Volta Prize is awarded to CERN Director General, Rolf-Dieter Heuer

2012 Event - Women-only literary prizes are launched by Canada and Australia; the prize, formerly known as the Orange continues its search for a sponsor

2012 Event - The 2012 Nobel Peace Prize is awarded to the European Union for 'over six decades (having) contributed to the advancement of peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe'

2012 Event - The Nobel Prize in Literature is awarded to Chinese author Mo Yan, famous for the hallucinatory realism writing style

2012 Event - The 2012 Nobel Prize in Physics is awarded to Serge Haroche and David Wineland for their work on quantum optics

2012 Event - The writer of 'Carrie's War,' Nina Bawden, who was shortlisted for the 1987 Booker Prize and the Lost Man Booker Prize in 2010, dies in London at age 87

2012 Event - The brother of Columbian author Gabriel Garcia Marquez, 1982 Nobel Prize of Literature recipient, announces he suffers from Dementia and can no longer write

2012 Event - The Polar Music Prize is awarded to Paul Simon and Yo-Yo Ma

2012 Event - German poet, Gunter Grass, awarded the 1999 Nobel Prize in Literature, is declared a persona non grata by the Internal Affairs Minister of Israel, over his poem, 'What Must Be Said.'

2012 Event - Anthony Shadid, a two-time Pulitzer Prize winner and the Middle East correspondent for the New York Times, dies at 43 of an acute asthma attack

2011 Event - The Nobel Prize in Literature is awarded to Swedish poet Tomas Transtromer

2011 Event - The Nobel Prize for Physics is awarded to Saul Perlmutter, Brian P. Schmidt and Adam Riess, for their work on the accelerating expansion of the universe

2011 Event - Nobel Peace Prize laureate, Wangari Maathai of Kenya, dies while undergoing treatments for cancer

2010 Event - China creates a new 'Confucius peace prize' to honor its former Taiwanese Vice President, Lien Chan, who refused to collect it

2010 Event - Nobel Peace Prize laureate Muhammad Yunus claims innocence while being investigated for diverting millions of dollars of aid money from Grameen Bank

2010 Event - The European Parliament awards Cuban dissident Guillermo Farinas the Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought

2010 Event - The Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences is awarded to economists Peter A. Diamond, Dale T. Mortensen and Christopher A. Pissarides

2010 Event - Mario Vargas Llosa is announced the winner of the 2010 Nobel Prize in Literature

2009 Death - Norman Borlaug, humanitarian, agronomist, discoveries saved one billion lives worldwide, winner, 1970 Nobel Peace Prize, recognizing contributions to world peace for methods to increase food supply, awarded Presidential Medal of Freedom, dies

2008 Death - Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Aleksandr Isayevich Solzhenitsyn, writer, won Nobel Prize, 1970, wrote 'The Gulag Archipelago', exiled in 1974, dies at 89

2005 Event - Mohamed ElBaradei received the Nobel Peace Prize for his work with the IAEA

2003 Death - Abel Ehrlich, composer, won the Israel Prize for Music and the Prime Minister's Prize for Israeli Composers

2001 Death - "Herbert A. Simon, Ph.D", economist, "Nobel Prize winner for economics, 1978", dies at 84

2000 Death - Gwendolyn Brooks, poet, first black American to win a Pulitzer Prize, dies at 83

1998 Death - Henry Hampton, documentary maker, Eyes on the Prize, dies at 48

1998 Death - Octavio Paz, writer, won Nobel prize winner for literature in 1990, dies at 84

1998 Death - Kenichi Fukui, Japanese Nobel Prize for Chemistry (1981) dies at 79

1997 Event - Nobel prize for literature awarded to Dario Fo

1997 Death - Leon Edel, biographer, literary critic, wrote biography of Henry James, won Pulitzer Prize, dies at 89

1997 Death - George Wald, biologist, Nobel Prize winner for discovering vitamin A in the retina

1996 Death - Dario Bellezza, born in Rome, Italy, poet, author, playwright, associate director of Nuovi argomenti, published texts by Alberto Moravia, won the Viareggio prize in 1976 for Morte segreta, the Gatto prize in 1991, dies at 51

1995 Event - Joseph Rotblat awarded Nobel Peace Prize

1995 Event - Robert E. Lucas awarded Nobel Prize in economics

1995 Death - Hannes Alfven, physicist (Nobel prize), dies at 86

1995 Death - Sidney Kingsley, U.S. playwright (Pulitzer prize 1934), dies at 88

1995 Event - Kenneth Koch wins Bollingen Prize

1995 Death - Arnold Smith, painter (Vigelius Prize 1935), dies at 89

1995 Death - Eugene Wigner, physicist (Nobel prize for physics-1963), dies at 92

1994 Event - Nobel prize awarded to Yitzhak Rabin, Shimon Peres and Yasser Arafat

1994 Death - Dolf Verspoor, literary/translator (M Nijhoff prize 1958), dies at 77

1994 Event - Nobel Prize awarded to Yasser Arafat, Yitzhak Rabin and Shimon Peres

1994 Event - Nobel prize for literature awarded to Kenzaburo Oe

1994 Event - Nobel prize for physiology awarded to Alfred Gilman and Martin Rodbell

1994 Death - Niels Kaj Jerne, Danish immunologist (Nobel prize 1984), dies at 82

1994 Death - Linus Pauling, Nobel prize scientist (Vitamin C advocate), dies at 93

1993 Event - Nelson Mandela and South Africa President F W de Klerk awarded Nobel Peace Prize

1993 Event - Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Kary Mullis and Michael Smith

1993 Event - Nobel prize for physics awarded to Russel Hulse and Joseph Taylor

1993 Event - Nobel prize for literature awarded to Toni Morrison

1993 Death - John Hersey, Pulitzer prize author (Hiroshima), dies at 78

1992 Death - Stephen Albert, composer, Pulitzer Prize winner 1985, for symphony 'RiverRun', won Grammy Award 1995 for 'Cello Concerto', killed in an automobile accident in Cape Cod, Massachusetts

1992 Event - Nobel Prize for literature is given to West Indies poet Derek Walcott

1991 Event - Burmese opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi wins Nobel Peace Prize

1991 Event - Mikhail Gorbachev receives his 1990 Nobel Peace Prize

1991 Death - Clark Mollenhoff, U.S. journalist (Pulitzer Prize), dies

1990 Event - Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev wins Nobel Peace Prize

1990 Event - Octavio Paz wins Nobel Prize for literature

1990 Event - U.S. doctors Joseph E. Murray and E. Donnall Thomas win Nobel Prize

1989 Event - Edgar Bowers wins Bollingen Prize

1988 Event - South Africa anti-apartheid leader Sisulu wins $100,000 Human Rights prize

1988 Event - Naguib Mahfouz is 1st Arabic writer to win Nobel literature prize

1988 Event - Nobel prize for literature awarded to Naguib Mahfouz

1988 Event - U.N. peacekeeping forces win Nobel Peace prize

1988 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Toni Morrison for "Beloved"

1987 Event - Nobel prize for literature awarded to Joseph Brodsky

1987 Event - Nobel prize for economy awarded to Robert M. Solow

1987 Event - Costa Rican President Oscar Arias wins Nobel Peace Prize

1987 Event - Oscar Arias (Costa Rican president) wins Nobel Peace Prize

1987 Event - August Wilson's "Fences" wins 1987 Pulitzer Prize for drama

1987 Event - Peter Taylor's "Summons to Memphis" wins Pulitzer Prize for fiction

1987 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to August Wilson for "Fences"

1986 Event - Holocaust survivor Elie Wiesel accepts 1986 Nobel Peace Prize

1986 Event - Concentration camp survivor Elie Wiesel wins Nobel Peace Prize

1986 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Larry McMurtry for "Lonesome Dove"

1986 Death - Alva Myrdal, Swedish Nobel peace prize winner (1982), dies at 84

1985 Event - French author Claude Simon won the Nobel Prize in literature

1985 Event - Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Herbert Hauptman and Jerome Karle

1985 Event - Nobel prize for economics awarded to Franco Modigliani

1985 Event - International Physicians for Prevention of Nuclear War receives Nobel Prize

1985 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Carolyn Lizer for "Yin"

1985 Event - Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to John Ashbery and Fred Chapell

1984 Event - South African Bishop Desmond Tutu received his Nobel Peace Prize

1984 Event - Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Bruce Merrifield

1984 Event - Desmond Tutu, black Anglican Bishop, wins Nobel Peace Prize

1984 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Mary Oliver for "American Primitive"

1984 Event - Robert Penn Warren, Pulitzer Prize winner, named 1st U.S. poet laureate

1983 Event - Danuta Walesa, wife of Lech Walesa, accepts his Nobel Peace Prize

1983 Event - Nobel prize for economy awarded to Gerard Debreu

1983 Event - Lech Walesa wins Nobel Peace Prize

1983 Event - Alice Walker wins Pulitzer Prize for "The Color Purple"

1983 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Alice Walker for "Color Purple"

1983 Event - Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Anthony E Hecht

1982 Event - Nobel prize for economy awarded to George Stigler

1982 Death - John Cheever, Pulitzer prize winning author, dies at 70 in Ossining

1982 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to John Updike for 'Rabbit is Rich'

1981 Death - Nigel Patrick, actor and director (Sapphire, Prize of Gold), dies at 68

1981 Event - Janet Cooke says her Pulitzer award 8-year-old heroin addict story is a lie, Washington Post relinquishes Pulitzer Prize on fabricated story

1981 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Beth Henley for "Crimes of the Heart"

1981 Event - Washington Post Janet Cooke wins Pulitzer Prize (later admits story a hoax)

1981 Event - Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to May Swenson and Howard Nemerov

1980 Event - Nobel prize for economy awarded to Lawrence R Klein

1980 Event - Nobel prize for literature awarded to Czeslaw Milosz

1980 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Norman Mailer (Executioner's Song)

1979 Event - Mother Teresa of India, awarded Nobel Peace Prize

1979 Event - Allan McLeod Cormack and Godfrey Newbold Hounsfield win Nobel Prize for medicine for developing CAT scan

1979 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Sam Shepard for "Buried child"

1979 Event - Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to WS Merwin

1978 Event - In Oslo, Menachem Begin and Anwar Sadat accept 1978 Nobel Peace Prize

1978 Event - Begin and Sadat win Nobel Peace prize

1978 Event - Menachem Begin and Anwar Sadat named winners of 1978 Nobel Peace Prize

1978 Event - Nobel prize for economy awarded to Herbert A Simon

1978 Event - Isaac Bashevis Singer wins Nobel Prize for literature

1978 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Carl Sagan for "Dragons of Eden"

1977 Event - Alex Haley, author of "Roots," awarded Pulitzer Prize

1977 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Michael Cristofer for "Shadow Box"

1977 Event - Bollingen Prize awarded to David Ignatow

1976 Event - American Saul Bellow wins Nobel Prize for Literature

1976 Event - Nobel prize for literature awarded to Saul Bellow

1976 Event - Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to William N Lipscomb Jr

1976 Event - Nobel prize for economy awarded to Milton Friedman

1976 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Saul Bellow (Humboldt's Gift)

1976 Death - Eugen Roth, songwriter, humorous poet, wrote, 'Ein Mensch' or 'Humans', won Munich art prize for literature, 1952, dies at 81 in Munich, Germany

1976 Death - Akio Yashiro, Japanese composer, studied under Kunihiko Hashimoto, Leonid Kreutzer, String Quartet composition won the Eighth Mainichi Music prize in 1957, dies at 46

1975 Event - Andrei Sakharov's wife Yelena Bonner, accepts his Nobel Peace Prize

1975 Event - Jelena Bonner receives Andrei Sacharov's Nobel Prize

1975 Event - Soviet dissident Andrei Sakharov wins Nobel Peace Prize

1975 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Michael Shaara (Killer Angels)

1975 Death - Ivo Andric, writer, novelist, awarded Nobel Prize for Literature, wrote 'Bosnian Chronicle', 'The Bridge on the Drina', dies in Belgrade, Yugoslavia, at age 82

1975 Event - Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to AR Ammons (Sphere)

1974 Event - Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Paul J Flory (macro molecules)

1974 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Robert Lowell (Dolphin)

1973 Event - Nobel prize for economy awarded to Wassily Leontief

1973 Event - Kissinger and Le Duc Tho jointly awarded Nobel peace prize

1973 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Eudora Welty (Optimist's Daughter)

1973 Death - Hans D Jensen, German physicist (Nobel prize 1963), dies at 65

1973 Event - U.S. poet James Merrill wins Bollingen Prize

1972 Event - Nobel prize for economy awarded to Kenneth J Arrow and John R Hicks

1972 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Wallace Stegner (Angle of Repose)

1972 Event - Courts awarded Kentucky Derby prize money to 2nd place winner because winner was given drugs before race

1971 Event - West German union chancellor W Burns receives Nobel prize of peace

1971 Death - Ralph J Bunche, United Nations delegate/Nobel Prize winner, dies at 67 in New York City

1971 Event - Nobel prize for literature awarded to Pablo Neruda

1971 Event - West German Chancellor Willy Brandt is awarded Nobel Peace Prize

1971 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to John Toland (Rising Sun)

1971 Event - Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Richard Wilbur

1970 Event - Nobel prize of peace awarded to Norman E Borlaugh

1970 Event - American Norman Borlaug awarded the Nobel Peace Prize

1970 Event - Soviet author Alexander I Solzhenitsyn wins Nobel Prize for Literature

1970 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Erik H Erikson (Gandhi's Truth)

1969 Event - Nobel prize for economy awarded to John Tinbergen

1969 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Norman Mailer (Armies of the Night)

1969 Event - Bollingen prize for poetry presented to John Berryman and Karl Shapiro

1968 Event - Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Lars Onsager (thermodynamics)

1968 Event - Nobel prize for physics awarded to Luis Alvarez (bubble chamber)

1968 Death - Leo Sowerby, composer (Pulitzer Prize), dies at 73

1968 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to William Styron (Confessions of Nat Turner)

1967 Event - Nobel prize for physics awarded to Hans A. Bethe

1967 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Bernard Malamud (Fixer)

1967 Event - Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Robert Penn Warren

1966 Event - Israeli Shmuel Yosef Agnon wins Nobel Prize for literature

1966 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded Arthur M Schlesinger, Jr. (Thousand Days)

1965 Event - Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Robert B Woodward

1965 Event - Robert B. Woodward awarded Nobel prize for chemistry

1965 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Irwin Unger (Greenback Era)

1965 Death - Edward V Appleton, English physicist (Nobel Prize 1947), dies at 72

1965 Event - Bollingen prize for poetry awarded to Horace Gregory

1964 Event - French philosopher/author Jean-Paul Sartre refuses Nobel prize

1964 Event - Martin Luther King, Jr. wins Nobel Peace Prize

1964 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Richard Hofstadter (Anti-intellectualism)

1963 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Barbara Tuchman (Guns of August)

1963 Event - Robert Frost wins Bollingen Prize

1962 Event - American author John Steinbeck awarded Nobel Prize in literature

1962 Event - Dr. Watson (U.S.), Dr. Crick, and Dr. Wilkins (Britain) win Nobel Prize for Medicine for work in determining structure of DNA

1962 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Theodore H White (Making of President 1960)

1962 Event - Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to John Hall Wheelock

1961 Death - George S Kaufman, playwright/dir/pulitzer prize winner, dies at 72

1961 Event - Amnesty International founded (Nobel Peace Prize 1977)

1961 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Harper Lee for To Kill a Mockingbird

1961 Event - Premier Fidel Castro of Cuba receives Lenin-Peace Prize

1961 Event - Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Yvor Winters

1960 Death - H L Davis, U.S. writer (Honey in the Horn, Pulitzer prize), dies at 64

1960 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Al Drury (Advice and Consent)

1960 Birthday - Cho-Liang Lin, Taiwan, violinist, Queen Sophia 1st prize

1960 Event - Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Delmore Schwartz

1959 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Archibald Macleish

1959 Birthday - Ben Okri, born in London, of Nigerian descent, poet, author, won Booker Prize 1991, for book 'The Famished Road', described as a magic realist

1959 Event - Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Theodore Roethke

1958 Event - Boris Pasternak refuses Nobel prize for literature

1958 Event - Soviet novelist Boris Pasternak, wins Nobel Prize for Literature

1958 Death - Ernest Lawrence, inventor of the cyclotron, Nobel Prize in Physics 1939, dies at 57

1958 Event - Foundation Praemium Erasmianum (Erasmus Prize) established

1958 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to James Agee for (Death in the Family)

1958 Event - Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to ee cummings

1957 Event - French author Albert Camus awarded Nobel Prize in Literature

1957 Event - Canadian Prime Minister Lester Bowles Pearson wins Nobel Peace Prize

1957 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to John F Kennedy (Profiles in Courage)

1957 Event - Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Allen Tate

1957 Death - Gabriela Mistral, Chilean poet (Nobel Prize 1945), dies at 67

1956 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Frances Goodrich and Albert Hackett

1956 Event - Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Conrad Aiken

1955 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded Tennessee Williams for (Cat on Hot Tin Roof)

1954 Event - Albert Schweitzer receives Nobel Peace Prize

1954 Event - Linus Pauling wins Nobel Chemistry Prize

1954 Event - Linus Pauling won the Nobel prize in chemistry

1954 Event - Ernest Hemingway wins Nobel prize for literature

1954 Event - Nobel prize for literature awarded to Ernest Hemingway

1954 Birthday - Tobias Picker, born in New York City, New York, composer, awarded Joseph H. Bearns Prize, Guggenheim Fellowship, Award in Music from American Academy of Arts and Letters, composer-in-residence for Houston Symphony, 1985 - 1990, music publisher, Schott Music Corporation

1954 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Charles A. Lindbergh and John Patrick

1954 Event - 1st color telecast of a prize fight, Giardello vs Troy in MSG, New York City

1954 Event - Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to W H Auden

1954 Event - Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Louise Bogan and Leonie Adams

1953 Event - Nobel prize for physics awarded/appended on Frederik Zernicke

1953 Event - Dr. Albert Schweitzer and General George C Marshall win Nobel Peace Prize

1953 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to E Hemingway (Old Man and The Sea)

1953 Event - Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Archibald MacLeish

1952 Birthday - Rita Dove, born in Akron, Ohio, author, poet, won Pulitzer Prize for Poetry, Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry, Library of Congress 1993

1952 Birthday - Orhan Pamuk, born in Istanbul, Turkey, novelist, professor in the Humanities, teaching comparative literature, writing, at Columbia University, received 2006 Nobel Prize in Literature

1952 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Herman Wouk (Caine Mutiny)

1952 Event - Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Marianne Moore

1951 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Conrad Richter (The Town)

1951 Birthday - Roxanne Pulitzer, born in Glendale California, author, Prize Pulitzer

1951 Event - Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Johncrowe Ransom

1950 Event - Ralph J Bunche (1st black American) presented Nobel Peace Prize

1950 Event - Dr. Ralph Bunche receives Nobel Peace Prize

1950 Event - Nobel peace prize awarded to Ralph J Bunche (1st black winner)

1950 Event - Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Wallace Stevens

1950 Event - Dutch poet Gerrit Achterberg wins PC Hooft prize

1950 Event - Gwendolyn Brooks, is 1st Black awarded a Pulitzer Prize for her poetry

1950 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Rodgers and Hammerstein (South Pacific)

1949 Birthday - Shulamit Ran, born in Tel Aviv, Israel, composer, second woman to win the Pulitzer Prize in Music, for Symphony, 1990

1949 Event - Arthur Miller wins Pulitzer Prize for "Death of a Salesman"

1949 Event - 1st Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Ezra Pound

1948 Event - T. S. Eliot wins Nobel Prize for literature

1948 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to James Michener and Tennessee Williams

1947 Event - PC Hooft prize forms for literature

1947 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Robert Penn Warren (All the King's Men)

1947 Birthday - Gidon Kremer, Riga Latvia, violinist, Tchaikovsky Prize 1970

1946 Birthday - Elfriede Jelinek, born in Murzzuschlag, Austria, writer, playwright, novelist, member, Austria's Communist Party, awarded Nobel Prize in Literature, 2004

1946 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Arthur M. Schlesinger (Age of Jackson)

1945 Event - Nobel Peace Prize awarded to Cordell Hull (establishing UN)

1945 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to John Hersey (Bell for Adano)

1944 Event - Red Cross wins Nobel peace prize

1944 Birthday - Dario Bellezza, born in Rome, Italy, poet, author, playwright, associate director of Nuovi argomenti, published texts by Alberto Moravia, won the Viareggio prize in 1976 for Morte segreta, the Gatto prize in 1991

1944 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Martin Flavin (Journey in the dark)

1943 Birthday - Susan Davenny Wyner, New Haven, Connecticut, soprano, Walter Naumberg Prize

1943 Birthday - Howard Gardner, born in Scranton, Pennsylvania, psychologist, invented theory of multiple intelligences, influenced by Jerome Bruner, Nelson Goodman, Jean Piaget, MacArthur Prize Fellowship, 1981

1943 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Upton Sinclair (Dragon's Teeth)

1943 Birthday - Franz Hohler, born in Biel/Bienne, Switzerland, writer, cabaret performer, winner, Kaseel Literary Prize for Grotesque Humor, 2002

1942 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Ellen Glasgow (In this our Life)

1942 Birthday - Thom Mayne, born in Waterbury, Connecticut, architect, awarded Pritzker Prize, 2005, principal, Morphosis, famous architecture firm in Santa Monica, California, founder, Southern California Institute of Architecture

1941 Death - Walter H Nernst, German chemist (Nobel Prize 1920), dies at 77

1941 Birthday - Tadao Ando, born in Osaka, Japan, Japanese architect, employs critical regionalism style of architecture, 1969, established firm Tadao Ando Architects & Associates, winner, Pritzker Architecture Prize 1995

1941 Birthday - Emanuel Nunes, born in Lisbon, Portugal, composer, winner of the UNESCO Composition Prize, 1999, won Premio Pessoa, 2000

1941 Birthday - Natalya Bessmertnova, born in Moscow, dancer, Bolshoi, Lenin Prize 1970

1941 Birthday - Jaime Laredo, born in Bolivia, violinist, Qn Elisabeth of Belgium prize 1959

1941 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Robert E Sherwood (There shall be no night)

1941 Birthday - George Will, born in Champaign, Illinois, journalist, author, wrote, editor, National Review magazine 1972 - 1978, awarded Pulitzer Prize for Commentary

1941 Event - Dmitri Shostakovich receives the Stalin Prize

1941 Birthday - Stephen Albert, born in New York City, New York, composer, Pulitzer Prize winner 1985, for symphony 'RiverRun', won Grammy Award 1995 for 'Cello Concerto'

1940 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to John Steinbeck (Grapes of Wrath)

1939 Event - Pulitzer Prize awarded to Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings (Yearling)

1939 Birthday - Seamus Heaney, born in Ireland, poet, writer, poetry professor at the University of Oxford, Nobel Prize in Literature recipient, wrote play The Cure at Troy, Seeing Things, The Spirit Level, Beowulf: A New Translation

1938 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Thornton Wilder (Our Town)

1938 Birthday - Kofi Annan, born in Ghana, Kofi Atta Annan, diplomat, statesman, Secretary-General of the United Nations 1997 - 2007, received 2001 Nobel Peace Prize

1937 Event - Nobel prize for physics awarded to C. J. Davisson and G. P. Thomson

1937 Event - Margaret Mitchell wins Pulitzer Prize for 'Gone With the Wind'

1936 Event - Stockholm: physicist PBJ Debije receives Nobel prize for chemistry

1936 Event - Pacifist/anti fascist writer Carl Von Ossietzky sent to concentration camp, award Nobel Peace Prize

1936 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Harold L Davis (Honey in the Horn)

1936 Birthday - Ian Hacking, born in Vancouver, British Columbia, analytic philosopher, wrote, 'The Emergence of Probability', brings historical approach to the philosophy of science, won Canda's Killam Prize for the Humanities in 2002

1935 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Audrey Wurdemann (Bright Ambush)

1934 Birthday - Uwe Johnson, born in Pomerania, Poland, writer, scholar, editor, wrote fiction, won International Publishers' Formentor Prize

1934 Birthday - Roger Reynolds, born in Detroit, Michigan, composer, professor, University of California at San Diego, founder, ONCE Group, won Pulitzer Prize 1989

1934 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Sidney Kingsley (Men in White)

1934 Birthday - David Halberstam, born in New York City, journalist, author, Pulitzer Prize winner, wrote about the Vietnam War

1934 Birthday - Jane van Lawick-Goodall, ethologist and chimp expert, 1974 Walker Prize

1933 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Archibald Macleish (Conquistador)

1933 Birthday - Penelope Lively, born in Cairo, Egypt, writer, novelist, won Booker Prize for 'Moon Tiger', influenced by social changes in 20th century Britain

1932 Birthday - Wojciech Kilar, born in Lwow, Poland, composer of film, classical, symphonic music, won French Lili Boulanger Prize for composition 1960

1932 Birthday - Paul Erlich, born in Bad Homburg, Germany, scientist, immunologist, won Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine, developed first antibacterial drug in modern medicine

1932 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Pearl S. Buck (Good Earth)

1932 Birthday - John Updike, born in Reading, Pennsylvania, writer, novelist, art critic, literary critic, Pulitzer Prize winner

1931 Event - Jane Addams (1st U.S. woman) named co-recipient of Nobel Peace Prize

1931 Birthday - Adolfo Perez Esquivel, Buenos Argentina, 1980 Nobel Peace Prize

1931 Birthday - Desmond Tutu, Anglican Archbishop of South Africa, Nobel Peace Prize 1982

1931 Birthday - Ib Norholm, born in Soborg, Copenhagen, Danish organist, composer, won Carl Nielsen Prize, 1971, wrote opera, 'The Young Park'

1930 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Marc Connelly (Green Pastures)

1930 Birthday - Erica Pedretti, born in Sternberk, Czech Republic, author, writer, artist, painter, sculptress, awarded, Ingeborg Bachmann Prize

1929 Birthday - Akio Yashiro, born in Tokyo, Japanese composer, studied under Kunihiko Hashimoto, Leonid Kreutzer, String Quartet composition won the Eighth Mainichi Music prize in 1957

1929 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Julia Peterkin (Scarlet Sister Mary)

1928 Birthday - Walter Klien, born in Graz, Austria, pianist, performed and recorded concertos of Mozart, Brahms, Schubert piano sonatas, received Bosendorfter Prize in Vienna, 1953

1928 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Thornton Wilder for (Bridge of San Luis Rey)

1927 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Louis Bromfield (Early Autumn)

1927 Birthday - Martin Walser, born in Wasserburg am Bodensee, Germany, writer, 1998 Peace Prize of the German Book Trade winner, known for 'Runaway Horse', famous for describing conflicts his anti-heroes have in stories and novels

1926 Event - Sinclair Lewis refuses his Pulitzer Prize for "Arrowsmith"

1926 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Sinclair Lewis (Arrowsmith)

1925 Birthday - Joshua Lederberg, born in New Jersey, microbiologist, Nobel Prize winner, focused on genetics

1925 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Edna Ferber for "So big"

1924 Birthday - Klaus Huber, born in Bern, Switzerland, composer, wrote music for chamber ensembles orchestra, choirs, soloists, politically conscious composer, received Ernst von Siemens Music Prize, 2009

1924 Event - Nobel prize for fysiologie/medicine awarded to W Einthoven

1924 Birthday - Lucebert, Dutch poet/painter/cartoonist, Boozz, PC Hooft prize 1967

1924 Event - Pulitzer Prize awarded to Robert Frost (New Hampshire)

1924 Birthday - Gunter Haese, German sculptor/graphic artist, Guggenheim prize 1967

1923 Birthday - Henry Kissinger, Secretary of State, 1973 - 1977, Nobel Peace Prize, 1973

1923 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Willa Carter (One of Ours)

1923 Birthday - Andrea Domburg, Dutch actress, Theo d'Or Prize, Keetje Tippel

1922 Event - "On the Road to Moscow" is 1st cartoon to receive a Pulitzer Prize

1922 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Eugene O'Neill (Anna Christie)

1922 Birthday - Andre Asriel, born in Germany, composer, winner of 1951 National Prize for East Germany

1921 Birthday - Grant Johannesen, born in Salt Lake City, Utah, pianist, Ostend 1st prize 1947

1920 Event - Nobel Peace Prize awarded to U.S. president Woodrow Wilson

1920 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Eugene O'Neill, Beyond the Horizon

1919 Event - Nobel peace prize awarded to U.S. president Wilson

1919 Event - 14 horses begin 300-mile race from Vt to Mass for $1000 prize money

1919 Event - Pulitzer prize awarded to Carl Sandburg, Cornhuskers

1918 Birthday - Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, born in Kislovodsk, Russia, Aleksandr Isayevich Solzhenitsyn, writer, won Nobel Prize, 1970, wrote 'The Gulag Archipelago', exiled in 1974

1918 Birthday - Allen Drury, author, Advise and Consent-1960 Pulitzer Prize

1918 Birthday - Richard P. Feynman, physicist, Feynman-diagrams/Nobel prize 1965

1917 Event - "Why Marry," 1st drama to win Pulitzer Prize, premieres in New York City

1917 Birthday - Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr., born in Ohio, American historian, author, democratic activist, Pulitzer prize recipient

1917 Event - 1st Pulitzer prize awarded to Richards and Elliott (Julia Ward Howe)

1917 Birthday - I. M. Pei, born in Canton, China, architect, 1961 Brunner Prize

1917 Birthday - Dolf Verspoor, literary/interpreter, M Nijhoff Prize 1958

1915 Event - Theodore W. Richards is 1st American to win Nobel Prize in chemistry

1915 Birthday - Abel Ehrlich, born in Cranz, East Prussia, composer, won the Israel Prize for Music and the Prime Minister's Prize for Israeli Composers

1914 Birthday - Daniel Joseph Boorstin, author, Empire of Czar, 1974 Pulitzer Prize

1914 Birthday - Norman Borlaug, born in Cresco, Iowa, humanitarian, agronomist, discoveries saved one billion lives worldwide, winner, 1970 Nobel Peace Prize, recognizing contributions to world peace for methods to increase food supply, awarded Presidential Medal of Freedom

1913 Event - Kamerlingh Onnes receives Nobel prize for physics

1913 Birthday - Willis Lamb, born in Los Angeles, physicist, Nobel Prize winner, discovery of how electrons behave in the hydrogen atom

1913 Birthday - Nigel Patrick, London England, actor and director, Sapphire, Prize of Gold

1913 Event - 1st prize inserted into a Cracker Jack box

1912 Birthday - Salvador E Luria, Italian/U.S. biologist, Nobel prize 1969

1912 Event - U.S. government prohibits movies and photos of prize fights

1912 Birthday - Studs Terkel, born in New York, author, historian, broadcaster, Pulitzer Prize winner

1912 Event - Columbia University approves plans for awarding the Pulitzer Prize in several categories The award is established by Joseph Pulitzer

1911 Event - Marie Curie receives her 2nd Nobel Prize

1911 Event - Tobias Asser given Nobel prize for peace

1911 Birthday - Gian Carlo Menotti, born in Italy, composer, librettist, Pulitzer Prize winner

1911 Birthday - Elizabeth Bishop, U.S. poet, North and South, Pulitzer Prize, 1956

1910 Event - JD Van de Waals wins Nobel Prize for physics

1908 Birthday - Giacomo Manzu, Italy, sculptor, St. Peter, Laurenskerk, Lenin Prize

1908 Birthday - Viktor A Ambartsoemjan, Russian astronomer, Stalin Prize 1946, 1950

1907 Event - Ruyard Kipling receives Nobel prize for literature

1907 Birthday - Edwin M McMillan, U.S., physicist/discoverer plutonium, Nobel prize

1907 Birthday - Leon Edel, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, biographer, literary critic, wrote biography of Henry James, won Pulitzer Prize, wrote on James Joyce, taught literature at Sir George Williams University, now Concordia University

1907 Birthday - Theun de Vries, writer, February; PC Hooft prize 1981

1907 Birthday - Mary Coyle Chase, playwright, Harvey-Pulitzer Prize

1906 Event - President Theodore Roosevelt (1st American) awarded Nobel Peace Prize

1905 Birthday - Carl David Anderson, New York City, physicist, 1936 Nobel Prize for physics

1905 Birthday - Emilio Segre, born in Tivoli, Italy, physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics, discovered antiprotons, a sub-atomic antiparticle and an element used for Fat Man atomic bomb used on Nagasaki

1901 Birthday - Ernest Lawrence, born in Canton, South Dakota, inventor of the cyclotron, Nobel Prize in Physics 1939

1900 Event - 1st prize of 100,00 francs offered for communications with extraterrestrials. Martians excluded-considered too easy

1896 Death - Alfred Nobel, Swedish Nobel Prize ceremony on this date, dies at 63

1895 Event - Alfred Nobel establishes Nobel Prize

1895 Birthday - Carl Orff, Munich Germany, composer, Antigonae; Mozart prize 1969

1895 Birthday - Ragnar Frisch, Norway, economist, won 1st Nobel prize in economy in 1969

1895 Birthday - Eugen Roth, born in Munich, Germany, songwriter, humorous poet, wrote, 'Ein Mensch' or 'Humans', won Munich art prize for literature, 1952

1892 Birthday - Ivo Andric, born in Dolac, Bosnia, writer, novelist, awarded Nobel Prize for Literature, wrote 'Bosnian Chronicle', 'The Bridge on the Drina'

1892 Birthday - Pearl Buck, prize winning novelist

1892 Birthday - Edna St. Vincent Millay, poet/dramatist, Harp Weaver-Pulitzer Prize

1890 Event - Louisiana legalized prize fighting

1889 Birthday - Joseph L. Hromadka, Czechoslovakian theologist, Lenin prize 1957

1888 Birthday - Florence Smith Price, U.S. composer, Wanamaker Prize 1932

1887 Birthday - Rene Cassin, pacifist, Nobel Peace Prize 1968

1886 Birthday - Oskar Kokoschka, Russia/Austrian/British, painter, Erasmus Prize 1960

1882 Event - With 120 miles James Saunders wins New York City's 24 hour race and $100 prize

1879 Birthday - Joseph Wirth, German politician, Stalin Peace Prize

1878 Birthday - Carlos Saavedra Lamas, Argentina, jurist, Nobel Peace Prize 1936

1870 Birthday - Ray Stannard Baker, U.S., journalist, Puliter Prize 1940

1860 Birthday - Karl Branting, Sweden, statesman/diplomat, Nobel Peace Prize 1921

1858 Birthday - Theodore Roosevelt, born in New York City, R, 26th President, 1901 - 1909, Nobel Peace Prize 1906

1858 Birthday - Ludwig Quidde, German historian/politician, Nobel prize 1927

1849 Event - 1st U.S. prize fight fatality (Tom McCoy)

1845 Birthday - Elihu Root, R, U.S. Secretary of State, 1905 - 1909, Nobel Peace Prize, 1912

1841 Birthday - Ferdinand-Edouard Buisson, France, educator, Nobel Peace Prize 1927

1833 Birthday - Ernesto Teodoro Moneta, Italy, journalist, Nobel Peace Prize 1907

1751 Event - 1st international world title prize fight-Jack Stack of England, beats challenger M Petit of France in 29 minutes in England

1743 Event - Earliest recorded prize fighting rules formulated













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