1775 in History



January 11 Francis Salvador becomes 1st Jew elected to office in America (SC)
January 17 9 old women burnt as witches for causing bad harvests, Kalisk, Pol
January 17 R B Sheridan's "Rivals," premieres in London
January 22 Marshal Oscar von Lubomirski expels Jews from Warsaw Poland
January 25 Americans drag cannon up hill to fight British (Gun Hill Road, Bronx)
February 9 English Parliament declares Massachusetts colony is in rebellion
February 15 Angelo Braschi chosen as Pope Pius VI
February 22 1st U.S. joint stock company (to make cloth) offers shares at 10 cents
February 22 Jews expelled from outskirts of Warsaw Poland
March 19 4 people buried by avalanche for 37 days, 3 survive (Italy)
March 19 Poland and Prussia sign trade agreement
March 22 Edmund Burke presents his 13 articles to the English parliament
March 23 Patrick Henry proclaims "Give me liberty or give me death"
April 14 1st abolitionist society in U.S. organizes in Philadelphia
April 18 Paul Revere and William Dawes warn "British are coming!"
April 18 Paul Revere rides from Charleston to Lexington
April 19 Minutemen Captain John Parker orders not to fire unless fired upon
April 19 Revolution begins-Lexington Common, shot "heard round the world"
April 20 British begin siege of Boston
April 23 Opera "Il Re Pastore" is produced (Salzburg)
May 7 Turkish state of Bukovina secedes from Austria
May 10 2nd Continental Congress convenes in Pennsylvania issues paper currency for 1st time
May 10 2nd Continental Congress names George Washington, supreme commander
May 10 Green Mountain Boys capture Ft. Ticonderoga NY-American Revolution
May 20 Citizens of Mecklenburg County, North Carolina declare independence of Britain
June 7 United Colonies change name to United States
June 12 1st naval battle of Revolution-Unity (U.S.) captures Margaretta (Br)
June 14 U.S. Army founded
June 15 George Washington appointed commander-in-chief of American Army
June 16 Battle of Bunker Hill (actually it is Breed's Hill)
June 16 Liberty Bell rang for the 2nd Continental Congress
June 17 Battle of Bunker Hill, actually it was Breed's Hill
June 22 1st Continental currency issued ($3,000,000)
June 23 1st regatta held on Thames, England
July 3 Washington takes command of Continental Army at Cambridge, Mass
July 6 Congress issues "Declaration of the Causes and Necessity of Taking up Arms," listing grievances but denying intent to be independent
July 10 Horatio Gates, issues order excluding blacks from Continental Army
July 16 John Adams graduates Harvard
July 17 1st military hospital approved
July 22 George Washington takes command of U.S. troops
July 25 Maryland issues currency depicting George III trampling Magna Carta
July 26 1st Postmaster General: Benjamin Franklin of Pennsylvania takes office
July 30 Captain Cook with Resolution returns to England
August 5 1st Spanish ship, San Carlos, enters San Francisco Bay
August 22 King George III proclaims colonies to be in open rebellion
September 13 Gotthold Lessing's "Die Juden," premieres in Frankfurt-am-Main
September 25 American Revolutionary War hero Ethan Allen captured
October 8 Officers decide to bar slaves and free blacks from Continental Army
October 12 U.S. Navy forms
October 13 Continental Congress orders construction of a naval fleet
October 16 Portland, Maine burned by British
October 23 Continental Congress approves resolution barring blacks from army
October 27 U.S. Navy forms
November 7 Lord Dunmore, promises freedom to male slaves who join British army
November 10 Congress forms U.S. Marine Corps
November 12 General Washington forbids recruiting officers enlisting blacks
November 13 American Revolutionary forces capture Montreal
November 14 Floods ravage Dutch coast provinces
November 28 2nd Continental Congress formally establishes U.S. Navy
November 29 Sir James Jay invents invisible ink
December 3 1st official U.S. flag raising (aboard naval vessel Alfred)
December 22 Continental Navy organized with 7 ships
December 25 Pope Pius VI encyclical on the problems of the pontificate
December 31 Battle of Quebec; Americans unable to take British stronghold












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