1813 in History



January 11 1st pineapples planted in Hawaii (or 1/21)
January 14 Gideon Hawley becomes 1st state school superintendent in U.S. (NY)
January 21 Pineapple introduced to Hawaii
January 22 Americans capture Frenchtown, Canada
February 23 1st U.S. raw cotton-to-cloth mill founded in Waltham, Massachusetts
February 27 1st federal vaccination legislation enacted
February 27 Congress authorizes use of steamboats to transport mail
March 3 Office of surgeon general of the U.S. Army forms
March 8 1st concerto of Royal Philharmonic
March 18 David Melville, Newport, Rhode Island, patents apparatus for making coal gas
March 25 1st U.S. flag flown in battle on the Pacific, frigate Essex
April 27 Americans under General Pike capture Toronto; Pike is killed
April 29 Rubber is patented
May 27 Americans capture Ft. George, Canada
June 1 Captain John Lawrence utters Navy motto "Don't give up the ship"
June 6 U.S. invasion of Canada halted at Stoney Creek
June 24 Battle of Beaver Dam-British and Indian forces defeat U.S. forces
July 31 British invade Plattsburgh, New York
August 14 British warship Pelican attacks and captures U.S. war brigantine Argus
August 23 Battle of Grossbeeren - Prussians under Von Bulow repulse French
August 27 Battle of Dresden-Napoleon defeats Austrians
September 4 1st U.S. relig newspaper (Religious Remembrancer (Christian Observer))
September 7 "Uncle Sam" was 1st used to refer to U.S. (Troy Post of New York)
September 10 Comm Oliver H Perry defeats British in Battle of Lake Erie
October 5 Battle of Thames in Canada; Americans defeat British
October 8 Treaty of Ried between Bayern and Austria
October 16 Battle at Leipzig (Napoleon vs Prussia, Austria and Russia)
October 20 German Kingdom of Westphalia abolished
November 2 Treaty of Fulda
November 3 U.S. troops under General Coffee destroy indian village at Talladega Ala
November 6 Chilpancingo congress declares Mexico independent of Spain
November 11 Dresden surrenders to allied armies
November 12 Allied troops occupy Zwolle, Netherlands
November 15 Allied troops occupies Groningen
November 15 Tax revolt in Amsterdam
November 21 Stettin surrenders to allied armies
November 28 Kosacks occupy Utrecht
November 29 Elias Canneman (Lib) becomes minister of Finance
November 30 Prince Willem Frederik returns to Netherlands
December 2 Prince Willem Frederik accepts constitutional monarchy
December 5 Lubeck surrenders to allied armies
December 8 Ludwig von Beethoven's 7th Symphony in A, premieres
December 18 British take Ft. Niagara in War of 1812
December 26 Zamose, Modlin, Torgau surrenders to allied armies
December 29 British burn Buffalo, New York during War of 1812
December 30 Danzig surrenders to allied armies












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