1814 in History



January 1 Field marshal Blucher's troops cross the Rhine at Kaub
January 2 Lord Byron completes "The Corsair"
January 14 King of Denmark cedes Norway to King of Sweden by treaty of Kiel
January 22 1st Knights Templar grand encampment in U.S. held, New York City
January 28 Stendahl's 1st book is published
February 1 Lord Byron's "Corsair" sells 10,000 copies on day of publication
February 1 Volcano Mayon on Luzon Philippines erupts killing 1,200
February 11 Norway's independence proclaimed
February 27 Ludwig von Beethovens 8th Symphony in F, premieres
March 20 Prince Willem Frederik becomes monarch of Netherlands
March 25 Netherlands Bank established
March 27 Battle at Horseshoe Bend: General Andrew Jackson beats Creek-indians
March 29 Battle at Horseshoe Bend Ala: Andrew Jackson beats Creek-indians
March 30 Britain and allies march into Paris after defeating Napoleon
March 31 Forces allied against Napoleon capture Paris
April 5 Netherlands Bank issues it's 1st banknotes
April 9 Elias Canneman (L) resigns as minister of Finance
April 11 1st abdication of France by Napoleon; he is exiled to Elba
April 14 Napoleon abdicated and was banished to Elba
April 26 King Louis XVIII lands on Calais, from England
May 4 Bourbon reign restored in France
May 5 British attack Ft. Ontario, Oswego, New York
May 17 Denmark cedes Norway to Sweden (National Day)
May 17 Norwegian constitution passed by constitutent assembly at Eidsvoll
May 30 1st Treaty of Paris, after Napoleon's 1st abdication
June 22 1st match at the present Lord's, MCC vs. Herefordshire
July 3 Americans capture Fort Erie Canada
July 5 Americans defeat British and Canadians at Chippewa, Ontario
July 7 Walter Scott's "Waverley" published
July 18 British capture Prairie du Chien (Wisc)
July 25 Battle of Niagara Falls, Lundy's Lane, ; Americans defeat British
July 25 George Stephenson introduced the 1st steam locomotive
August 1 Belgium King Willem I accept blame in Southern defeat
August 7 Pope Pius VII reinstates Jesuits
August 8 Peace negotiations begin in Ghent, Belgium
August 13 Cape of Good Hope formally ceded to British by the Dutch
August 13 Treaty of London-Netherland stops transporting slaves
August 24 British forces captured Washington, D.C., and burned down many landmarks
August 25 British forces destroy Library of Congress, containing 3,000 books
September 5 Battle at Masurische Meren: Germans chase Russians out of E Prussia
September 11 Americans defeat British at Battle of Plattsburgh
September 11 Battle of Lake Champlain, New York; American Navy defeats British
September 12 Battle of North Point fought near Baltimore during War of 1812
September 14 Francis Scott Key inspired to write "Star-Spangled Banner"
September 21 "Star Spangled Banner" published as a poem
October 23 1st plastic surgery is performed (England)
October 29 "Demologos," 1st steam-powered warship, is launched
November 7 1st sitting of States-general in Hague
December 24 Treaty of Ghent (end of US-Britain's War of 1812) signed












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