1837 in History



January 22 Earthquake in southern Syria kills thousands
January 26 Michigan admitted as 26th U.S. state
February 8 1st Vice President chosen by Senate, Richard Johnson (Van Buren admin)
February 11 American Physiological Society organizes in Boston
February 13 Riot in New York over high price of flour
February 25 1st U.S. electric printing press patented by Thomas Davenport
March 3 Congress increases Supreme Court membership from 7 to 9
March 3 U.S. president Andrew Jackson and Congress recognizes Republic of Texas
March 4 City of Chicago incorporates
March 4 Martin Van Buren inaugrated as 8th president
March 4 Weekly Advocate changes its name to the Colored American
March 24 Canada gives blacks the right to vote
March 28 Felix Mendelssohn marries Cecile Jeanrenaud
April 19 Cheyney University forms as the Institute for Colored Youth
May 9 "Sherrod" burns in Mississippi River below Natchez Miss; 175 dies
May 31 Astor Hotel opens in New York City, it later becomes the Waldorf-Astoria
June 13 1st Mormon missionaries to British Isles leave Kirtland, Ohio
June 17 Charles Goodyear obtains his 1st rubber patent
June 18 Spain gets new Constitution
June 20 England issues its 1st stamp, 1P Queen Victoria
June 20 Queen Victoria at 18 ascends British throne following death of uncle King William IV Ruled for 63 years ending in 1901
July 13 Queen Victoria is 1st monarch to live in present Buckingham Palace
July 27 U.S. Mint opens in Charlotte, North Carolina
August 5 1st ascent of Mount Marcy (5,344') highest in Adirondack, New York
August 28 Pharmacists John Lea and William Perrins manufactures Worcester Sauce
September 6 Oberlin Collegiate Institute of Ohio goes co-ed (4 women, 30 men)
September 21 Charles Tiffany founded his jewelry and china stores
October 1 "Racer's" Hurricane (Gulf of Mexico)
October 1 Treaty with Winnebago Indians
October 9 Steamboat "Home" sinks off Okracoke North Carolina killing 100
October 31 Collision of river boat Monmouth and Trement on Miss; 300 die
November 8 Mount Holyoke Seminary in Mass-1st U.S. college founded for women
November 15 Isaac Pitman introduces his steno system
November 19 Floridsdorf-Deutsch Wagram railway in Austria opens
November 21 Thomas Morris of Australia skips rope 22,806 times
December 5 Hector Berlioz' "Requiem," premieres
December 5 Uprising under William Lyon Mackenzie in Canada
December 25 Battle of Okeechobee-U.S. forces defeat Seminole Indians
December 29 Canadian militia destroy Caroline, a U.S. steamboat docked at Buffalo
December 29 Steam-powered threshing machine patented, Winthrop, Maine












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