1839 in History



January 2 1st photo of the Moon (French photographer Louis Daguerre)
January 6 2 day storm off Irish and English coast immortalized as "Big Wind"
January 9 Daguerrotype photo process announced at French Academy of Science
January 9 Thomas Henderson measures 1st stellar parallax (Alpha Centauri)
January 10 Tea from India 1st arrives in UK
January 11 Earthquake at Martinique destroys half of Port Royal-700 die
January 12 Anthracite coal 1st used to smelt iron, Mauch Chunk, Penn
January 19 Aden conquered by British East India Company
January 24 Charles Darwin elected member of Royal Society
January 29 Charles Darwin marries Emma Wedgwood
February 7 Henry Clay declares in Senate "I had rather be right than president"
February 12 Aroostock War: Boundary dispute between Maine and New Brunswick
February 18 Detroit Boat Club forms (& still exists)
February 20 Congress prohibits dueling in District of Columbia
February 24 Steam shovel patented by William Otis, Philadelphia
February 25 Seminoles and black allies shipped from Tampa Bay Florida, to West
February 26 Jem Mason on Lottery wins 1st Grand National Steeplechase (Britain)
March 9 Prussian government limits work week for children to 51 hours
March 23 1st known use of term OK (Boston)
March 23 1st recorded use of "OK" [oll korrect] (Boston's Morning Post)
March 26 1st Henley Royal Regatta
April 17 Guatemala forms republic
April 19 Treaty of London constitutes Belgium an independent kingdom and Luxembourg a Grand Duchy
May 4 The Cunard Steamship Company Ltd forms San Bonifacio
June 7 Hawaiian Declaration of Rights is signed
June 12 1st baseball game played in America
June 14 1st Henley Regatta held
June 18 Dutch prince Willem Alexander PFL weds niece Princess Sophia
July 1 Abdul-Medjid succeeds Mahmud II as Sultan of Turkey
July 3 1st state normal school in U.S. opens, Lexington, Massachusetts, with 3 students
July 27 Chartist riots break out in Birmingham England
July 30 Slave rebels, take over slaver Amistad
August 19 Details of Louis Daguerre's 1st practical photographic process are released in Paris
August 23 British capture Hong Kong from China
September 2 Salon of Varietes opens in Amsterdam
September 6 Cherokee Nation forms
September 6 Great fire in NY
September 9 John Herschel takes 1st glass plate photograph
September 11 1st Canadian track and field meet held (Caer Howell Grounds)
September 20 1st railroad in Netherland opens (Amsterdam-Haarlem)
October 10 British troops under General Charles Napier occupy Beirut
November 3 1st opium war - 2 British frigates engage several Chinese junks
November 3 Palace of Gulhane Turkey, freedom of religion proclaimed
November 13 1st U.S. anti-slavery party, Liberty Party, convenes in NY
November 17 Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Oberte Conti Di," premieres in Milan
November 27 American Statistical Association organizes in Boston
December 18 1st celestial photograph (of Moon) made in U.S., John Draper, New York City












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