1845 in History



January 10 Poets Elizabeth Barrett and Robert Browning begin corresponding
January 23 Uniform U.S. election day for president and Vice President authorized
January 29 Edgar Allen Poe's "Raven" 1st published (New York City)
February 15 William Parsons, Earl of Rosse, 1st uses 72" (183 cm) reflector
March 1 President Tyler signs a resolution annexing the Republic of Texas
March 3 1st time, U.S. Senate overrides presidential (Tyler) veto
March 3 Congress authorizes ocean mail contracts for foreign mail delivery
March 3 Florida becomes 27th state
March 4 James K. Polk inaugrated at 11th president
March 5 Congress appropriates $30,000 to ship camels to western U.S.
March 14 -5.3 degrees F (-20.7 degrees C) in Groningen
March 17 Bristol man, Henry Jones, patents self-raising flour
March 17 Rubber band patented by Stephen Perry of London
March 26 Joseph Francis, New York City, patents a corrugated sheet-iron lifeboat
March 26 Patent awarded for adhesive medicated plaster, precusor of bandaid
March 28 Mexico drops diplomatic relations with US
April 2 H L Fizeau and J Leon Foucault take 1st photo of Sun
April 10 More than 1,000 buildings damaged by fire in Pittsburgh Pa
April 29 Macon B. Allen and Robert Morris, Jr., 1st blacks to open law practice
May 2 Domingo Sarmiento publishes "Civilizacion y Barbarie"
May 3 1st black lawyer (Macon B. Allen) admitted to bar
May 3 Fire kills 1,600 in popular theater in Canton, China
May 14 Utrecht-Arnhem Railway opens
May 17 Rubber band patents
May 20 1st legislative assembly convenes in Hawaii
May 28 Fire in Quebec Canada, 1,500 houses destroyed
June 1 Homing pigeon completes 11,000 km trip (Namibia-London) in 55 days
June 4 Mexican - U.S. war starts
June 12 George Abernethy becomes 1st governor of Oregon Country
July 4 Henry David Thoreau moves into his shack on Walden Pond
July 4 Texas Congress votes for annexation to U.S.
July 14 1st postmasters' provisional stamps issued, New York City
July 14 Fire in New York City destroys 1,000 homes and kills many
July 16 New York Yacht Club holds its 1st regatta
September 10 King Willem II opens Amsterdam Stock exchange
September 23 1st baseball team, New York Knickerbockers organize, adopt rule code
September 23 Hunger strike in Hague
September 24 1st baseball team is organized
October 10 Naval School (now called U.S. Naval Academy) opens at Annapolis
October 13 Texas ratifies a state constitution
October 19 Richard Wagners opera "Tannhauser," premieres in Dresden
October 20 Opera "Tannhauser" is produced (Dresden)
November 4 1st nationally observed uniform election day in US
November 15 Opera "Maritana" is produced (London)
December 27 Ether 1st used in childbirth in U.S., Jefferson, Ga
December 29 Texas admitted as 28th state












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