1864 in History



January 11 Charing Cross Station opens in London
January 14 Battle of Cosby Creek, TN
January 14 General Sherman begins his march to the South
January 16 Heavy fighting takes place near Dandridge, Tennessee
January 17 General Longstreet's command ends heavy fighting at Dandridgem TN
January 27 Battle of Fair Gardens, TN
January 27 Civil War skirmish at Kelly's Ford, Va
January 28 Battle of New Bern, NC
January 29 Battle of Moorefield, WV (Rosser's Raid)
February 1 2nd German-Danish war begins
February 1 Austrian/Prussian troops occupy Sleeswijk/Holstein
February 3 Sherman's march through Mississippi
February 4 Skirmish at Big Black River Bridge, Mississippi
February 5 Federals occupy Jackson, Mississippi
February 6 Skirmish at Barnett's Ford Virginia
February 7 Federal troops occupy Jacksonville, Florida
February 13 Miridian Campaign fighting at Chunky Creek and Wyatt, Mississippi
February 15 Fire in Rotterdam Netherlands damages Museum Boymans
February 17 Confederate sub "HL Hunley" sinks Union ship "Housatonic"
February 19 Knights of Pythias form 1st lodge in Washington D.C. (12 members)
February 20 Civil War battle of Olustee, Florida
February 21 1st U.S. Catholic parish church for blacks dedicated, Baltimore
February 21 Battle at Okolona, Mississippi
February 22 2nd/last day of Battle of Okolona, Mississippi
February 22 Battle at Dalton Georgia
February 22 Skirmish at Calfkiller Creek (Sparta) Tennessee
February 27 6th and last day of battle at Dalton, Georgia (about 600 casualties)
February 27 Near Andersonville Georgia, rebels open a new POW camp "Camp Sumpter"
March 1 Louis Ducos du Hauron patents movie machine (never built)
March 1 Rebecca Lee (U.S.) becomes 1st black woman to receive a medical degree
March 5 1st track meet between Oxford and Cambridge
March 9 Ulysses S. Grant is appointed commander of Union Army
March 10 Grant is named commander of the Union armies
March 10 Red River campaign LA
March 11 Skirmish at Calfkiller Creek (Sparta), Tennessee
March 14 Rossini's "Petite Messe Solennelle," premieres in Paris
March 14 Union troops occupy Fort de Russy, Louisiana
March 15 Red River Campaign-Union forces reach Alexandria, Louisiana
March 18 Dale Dike on Humber River crumbles drowning some 240
March 19 Opera "Mireille" premieres in Paris
March 21 Battle at Henderson's Hill (Bayou Rapids) Louisiana
March 23 Encounter at Camden AR
March 25 Battle of Paducah, Kentucky (Forrest's raid)
March 29 Great Britain gives Isotope Islands back to Greece
March 29 Union General Steeles troops reach Arkadelphia Arkansas
March 30 Skirmish at Mount Elba, Arkansas
April 2 Skirmish at Crump's Hill (Piney Woods), Louisiana
April 2 Skirmish at Spoonville/Antoine, Arkansas
April 3 Skirmish at Okolona, Arkansas
April 4 Skirmish at Elkin's Ford Little Missouri River, Arkansas
April 8 Battle of Mansfield, Louisiana Federals routed by General Richard Taylor
April 9 Battle of Pleasant Hill, Louisiana, 2870 causalities
April 10 Austrian Archduke Maximilian becomes emperor of Mexico
April 12 Battle of Blair's Landing Louisiana
April 12 Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest captures Fort Pillow, Tennessee
April 15 General Steeles' Union troops occupies Camden, Arkansas
April 17 Battle of Plymouth, North Carolina
April 17 Bread revolt in Savannah, Georgia
April 17 Grant suspends prisoner-of-war exchanges
April 18 Battle of Poison Springs, AR (Camden Expedition)
April 19 Naval Engagement at Cherbourg, FR: USS Kearsage vs. CSS Alabama
April 22 U.S. mints 2 cent coin (1st appearance of "In God We Trust")
April 23 Battle of Cane River, Louisiana (Red River Expedition, Monett's Ferry)
April 25 Battle of Marks' Mill, Arkansas (Camden Expedition)
April 29 Skirmish at Jenkins' Ferry, Arkansas
April 30 Battle of Jenkin's Ferry, Arkansas; General W R Scurry is killed
April 30 New York becomes 1st state to charge a hunting license fee
May 1 Battle at Alexandria, Louisiana (Red River Campaign)
May 3 3rd day in Battle at Alexandria Louisiana: Confederate assault
May 4 General Grant's Army at Potomac attacks at Rappahannock
May 4 Ulysses S. Grant crosses Rapidan and begins his duel with Robert E. Lee
May 5 Atlanta Campaign-5 days fighting begins at Rocky Face Ridge
May 5 Battle between Confederate and Union ships at mouth of Roanoke
May 5 Battle of Wilderness, Virginia (Germanna Ford, Wilderness Tavern)
May 5 Campaign in Northern Georgia - Chattanooga Georgia to Atlanta GA
May 6 Battle of Port Walthall Junction, Virginia
May 6 Battle of Wilderness, General Longstreet seriously injured
May 6 General Sherman begins advance to Atlanta Georgia
May 7 Battle of Wilderness ends (total losses: USA-17,666; CSA-7,500)
May 7 Skirmish at Port Walthall Junction Virginia (Drewry's Bluff)
May 8 Actions at Stony Creek/Nottoway bridge Virginia (Drewry's Bluff)
May 8 Atlanta Campaign: Sever fighting near Dalton
May 8 Battle of Antietam, Virginia (Spotslyvania Court House, Laurel Hill)
May 9 Battle of Cloyd's Mt, and Swift Creek, Virginia (Drewery's Bluff, Ft. Darling)
May 9 Battle of Dalton, Geogia
May 9 Ship battle at Helgoland, Austria-Denmark
May 9 Skirmish at Ware Bottom Church, Virginia
May 10 Battles at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia
May 10 Skirmish at Ny River Virginia
May 11 Battle of Yellow Tavern, Virginia (Sheridan's Raid, South Anna Bridge)
May 11 General J E B Stuart is mortally wounded at Yellow Tavern
May 12 Battle of Drewry's Bluff, Virginia (Ft. Darling)
May 12 Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse, Virginia
May 12 Battle of Todd's Tavern, Virginia (Sheridan's Raid)
May 12 Butler attacks Drewry's Bluff on James River
May 12 U.S. Union colonel Emory Upton (24) promoted to brigade-general
May 13 Atlanta Campaign-Battle of Resaca Georgia
May 14 Battle of Reseca, Georgia -Atlanta-
May 15 Battle of New Market, Virginia
May 15 Skirmish at Marksville (Avoyelles) (Red River Campaign)
May 16 Atlanta Campaign-battle of Resaca, ends (since May 13)
May 16 Battle of Bermuda Hundred, VA
May 16 Last battles at Drewry's Bluff, Virginia (6,666 casualties)
May 17 Battle of Adairsville Georgia, Union forces Confederates to retreat
May 18 Battle of Yellow Bayou, Louisiana (Bayou de Glaize, Old Oaks)
May 19 Battle of Port Walthall Junction, Virginia (Bermuda Hundred)
May 19 Last engagement in series of battles known as Spotsylvania
May 19 Skirmish at Cassville Georgia
May 20 Battle at Ware Bottom Church, Virginia, 1,400 killed or injured
May 20 Spotsylvania-campaign ends after 10,920 killed/injured person
May 21 General David Hunter takes command of Department of West Virginia
May 22 Battle of N Anna River, Virginia (Totopotamy River, Haw's Shop, Hanovertown)
May 23 Battle of Dallas, Georgia
May 23 Battle of North Anna, Va, 1st of 3 days of fighting
May 25 Battle of New Hope Church, Georgia
May 26 Skirmish along the Totopotomoy Creek, Virginia
May 26 Territory of Montana formed
May 27 Skirmish at Salem Church (Haw's Shop), Virginia
May 29 Mexican Emperor Maximilian arrives at Vera Cruz
May 30 Battle of Bethesda Church, Virginia
May 30 Cavalry fight at Old Church (Totopotomoy Creek) Virginia
May 31 Raid at Morgan's Kentucky
June 1 Battle of Cold Harbor, Virginia (Gaines' Mill, Gaines' Farm)
June 1 Confederate cruiser The Georgia sold to The English
June 2 Battle of Cold Harbour, Day 2
June 3 General Lee wins his last victory of Civil War at Battle of Cold Harbor
June 5 Battle of Piedmont, Virginia, Augusta City
June 6 Battle of Lake Chicot, AR, Dutch Bayou
June 7 Abe Lincoln renominated for President by Republican Party
June 9 Battle of Big Shanty, Georgia
June 9 Battle of Kenesaw Mountain, Georgia, Pine Mt, Pine Knob, Golgotha
June 10 Battle of Kellar's Bridge Kentucky, Licking River
June 10 Battle of Waynesboro, Virginia
June 11 300' (90 m) of Meigg's Wharf washed away in storm
June 11 Battle at Cynthiana Kentucky: General Hobsons unit caught
June 11 Battle of Laurel Hill, West Virginia
June 11 Battle of Trevillian Station, Virginia, Central Railroad
June 11 Battle of Trevillian Station, Virginia, Central Railroad
June 11 Confederate warship CSS Alabama runs into harbor of Cherbourg
June 12 Lee sends Early into Shenandoah Valley
June 12 Skirmish at Mcafee's Cross Road Georgia, about 57 dies in battle
June 14 Congress rules Black soldiers must receive equal pay
June 14 U.S. Union warship USS Kearsarge appears at Cherbourg
June 15 Battle for Petersburg begins as General Grant assaults Confederate line
June 15 Captain Mendell begins building 640m long ponton bridge over James River, Virginia
June 15 Congress passes legislation equalizing pay for Black soldiers
June 15 Robert E. Lee's home area, Arlington, Virginia, becomes a military cemetery
June 15 Skirmish at Gilgal Church, Georgia
June 16 Battle of Lynchburg, Virginia
June 16 Skirmish at Golgotha Georgia
June 16 Union General Grant begin siege of Petersburg, Virginia
June 17 640m long ponton bridge over James River Virginia finished
June 17 Confederate troops pull back out Solves/lost Mt, Georgia
June 17 General John B Hood replaces General Johnston
June 17 Skirmish at Mud Creek/Noyes's (Nose) Creek, Georgia
June 18 At Petersburg, Grant ends 4 days of assaults
June 19 CSS "Alabama" sunk by USS "Kearsarge" off Cherbourg, France
June 19 Skirmish at Pine Knob Georgia
June 20 Battle of Kinston North Carolina and Battle of Abingdon, Virginia
June 20 Battle of Petersburgs Virginia - in trenches
June 20 Skirmish at Lattermore's Mills/Powder Springs Georgia
June 22 Battle of Ream's Station, Virginia, Wilson's Raid
June 22 Skirmish at Culp's (Kulp's) House, Georgia
June 25 Horse tramway at the Hague, opens
June 25 Petersburg Campaign-Federals begin digging tunnels under Reb lines
June 27 Atlanta Campaign-Battle of Kennesaw Mountain, Georgia
June 29 Grand Trunk Railway accident; 100 killed
July 2 General Early and Confederate forces reach Winchester en route to Washington D.C.
July 2 Statuary Hall in U.S. Capitol forms
July 3 Harpers Ferry, West Virginia - Federals evacuate in face of Early's advance
July 4 Battle at Chattahoochee River, Georgia
July 5 Battle of Smith's Expedition, Mississippi (Tupelo, Harrisburg)
July 7 S Middleton, MD -Early's Washington Raid-
July 9 Battle of Monocacy, MD US1959 CS400
July 11 Battle of Fort Stevens, DC (Early's Raid, Tennallytown, MD)
July 11 Confederate forces led by General J Early begin invasion of Washington D.C.
July 13 Early retreats from Washington City back to Shenandoah Valley
July 14 Gold is discovered in Helena, Montana
July 15 Troop train loaded with Confederate prisoners collided with a coal train killing 65 and injuring 109 of 955 aboard
July 17 CSA President Davis replaces General Joe Johnston with John Bell Hood
July 18 President Lincoln asks for 500,000 volunteers for military service
July 20 Battle at Stephenson's Depot Virginia: 200 killed or injured
July 20 Battle of Peachtree Creek-Atlanta Campaign
July 22 Battle of Atlanta-Hood attacks Sherman, 8449 Confederate, 3641 U.S. die
July 23 Battle of Woodstock, Virginia
July 24 Battle of Winchester, Virginia US1200 CS600
July 26 Battle at Ezra Chapel (Church), Georgia [Hood's Third Sortie]
July 26 Riot at McCook's to Lovejoy Station GA, US600 CS---
July 26 Riot at Stoneman's to Macon GA, US1000 CS---
July 27 Battle of Darbytown, Virginia (Deep Bottom, Newmarket Road) (Strawberry Plains)
July 28 2nd day of battle at Deep Bottom Run Virginia
July 28 Battle of Atlanta Georgia (Ezra Church)-second sortie US700 CS4642
July 29 3rd and last day of battle at Deep Bottom Run, Virginia
July 29 Battle of Macon, Georgia (Stoneman's Raid)
July 30 Battle of the Crater: General Burnsides fails on attack of Petersburg
July 30 Confederate troops attack Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, in fire
July 31 Ulysses S. Grant is named General of Volunteers
August 1 Battle of Petersburg, Virginia
August 4 Land and naval action new Brazos Santiago, Texas
August 5 Battle of Mobile Bay Al-Farragut is given rank of Vice-Admiral
August 5 Spectrum of a comet observed for 1st time, by Giovanni Donati
August 6 Rebels evacuate Ft. Powell, Mobile Bayd
August 8 Comet C/1864 N1 (Tempel) approaches within 0.0964 AUs of Earth
August 8 Red Cross forms in Geneva
August 8 Union troops/fleet occupy Fort Gaines, Alabama
August 9 Battle of Ft. Morgan AL
August 13 Battle of Deep Bottom Virginia (Strawberry Plains) and Fussell's Mill VA
August 14 2nd day of battle at Deep Bottom Run Virginia: Federal assault
August 14 Confederate General Joe Wheeler besieges Dalton, Georgia
August 15 Off New England coast, CSS Tallahassee captures 6 yankee schooners
August 16 4th day of battle at Deep Bottom Run Virginia, Federal assault
August 16 Battle of Front Royal Virginia (Guard Hill)
August 16 Palace for People's industry official opens in Amsterdam
August 18 6th day of battle at Deep Bottom Run, Virginia: Confederate assault
August 18 Petersburg Campaign-Battle of Weldon Railroad day 1 of 3 days
August 19 2nd day of battle at Globe Tavern, Virginia
August 20 8th/last day of battle at Deep Bottom Run Virginia (about 3900 casualties)
August 21 Battle at Globe Tavern, Virginia, ends after 2500 casualties
August 21 Battle of Grubbs Crossroads, KY
August 21 Battle of Summit Point, VA
August 21 General-major Nathan Bedford Forrests assault on Memphis, Tennessee
August 22 Geneva Convention signed by 12 nations
August 22 International Red Cross forms
August 23 Union troops/fleet occupy Fort Morgan, Alabama
August 25 Combination rail and ferry service available from San Francisco to Alameda
August 25 Petersburg Campaign-Battle of Ream's Station
August 29 William Huggins discovers chemical composition of nebulae
August 31 Atlanta Campaign-Battle of Jonesboro Georgia, 1900 casualties
September 1 2nd day of battle at Jonesboro Georgia, about 3,000 casualties
September 1 Skirmish at Hood evacuated confederates from Atlanta GA
September 2 Union General William T Sherman captures Atlanta
September 3 U.S., British, French and Dutch naval officer sails Staits of Simonoseki
September 4 Bread riots in Mobile, Alabama
September 5 British, French and Dutch fleets attacked Japan in Shimonoseki Straits
September 16 Battle of Coggin's Point, Virginia (Hampton-Rosser Cattle Raid)
September 17 Grant approves Sheridan's plan for Shenandoah Valley Campaign
September 19 3rd Battle of Winchester Virginia (Opequon, 3rd Winchester)
September 22 Battle of Fisher's Hill, Virginia, General Early Retreats to Brown's Gap
September 22 Sheridan sets up camp in Harrisonburg VA
September 27 Battle at Pilot Knob (Ft. Davidson), Missouri: 1700 killed/injured
September 27 Jesse James' gang surprise attack train: 150 killed
September 29 Battle of Waynesboro and New Market Heights VA
September 30 Battle of Preble's Farm Virginia (Poplar Springs Church)
September 30 Black Soldiers given Medal of Honor
October 1 Cyclone strikes Calcutta: 70,000 killed
October 1 John S Staples is paid $500 as a substitute for President Lincoln
October 4 National black convention meets (Syracuse New York)
October 4 New Orleans Tribune, 1st black daily newspaper, forms
October 5 Battle of Allatoona, 1/3 of Union troops die repulsing South
October 5 Most of Calcutta destroyed by cyclone (approx 60,000 die)
October 7 Naval Engagement at Bahia Harbor Brazil-CSS Florida vs USS Wachusett
October 9 Battle of Tom's Brook-Confederate cavalry that harassed Sheridan's campaign is wipped by Custer and Merrit's cavalry divisions
October 11 Slavery abolished in Maryland
October 13 Battle at Darbytown Road Virginia (337 casualties)
October 13 Battle of Dalton, Georgia - surrendered
October 13 Battle of Harpers Ferry, WV (Mosby's Raid)
October 13 Maryland voters adopt new constitution, including abolition of slavery
October 15 Confederate troops occupy Glasgow, Missouri
October 19 Approx 25 Confederates make surprise attack on St. Albans, Vermont
October 19 Battle of Cedar Creek, Virginia, Union beats back Confederate attackers
October 19 U.S. Brigadier General Emory Upton (25) promoted to general-major
October 20 Lincoln formaly establishes Thanksgiving as a national holiday
October 21 Battle of Westport, MO (Kansas City)
October 23 Battle of Westport, Missouri
October 23 Union General Samuel R Curtis defeats Confederate General Stirling Price
October 25 Battle of Marais Des Cygnes River, Kansas (Mine Creek)
October 25 Skirmish at Mine Creek, KS and Turkeytown, AL
October 26 Union troops ambush and kill 'Bloody' Bill Anderson in Richmond MI
October 27 Battle of Boydton Plank Road, Virginia (Burgess' Mill, Southside Railroad)
October 27 Battle of Fair Oaks, Virginia near Richmont
October 27 Battle of Newtonia, MI
October 27 Confederate ship Albemarle torpedoed/sinks
October 27 Siege of Petersburg, VA
October 28 Battle at Fair Oaks, Virginia, ends after 1554 casualties
October 28 Battle of Wauhatchie, TN
October 29 Greek parliament accept new Constitution
October 30 Helena, Montana's capital, founded
October 31 Nevada admitted as 36th state
November 4 Confederate assault on Johnsonville, Tennessee
November 4 Naval Engagement at Reynoldsburg Island
November 6 Battle of Droop Mountain, WV (Averell's Raid)
November 7 2nd session of congress of Confederate States of America reconvenes
November 8 Abraham Lincoln (R) elected to his 2nd term as president
November 9 1st export of goods from Burrard Inlet, BC to a foreign country
November 9 Sherman issues preliminary plans for his "March to the Sea"
November 10 Austrian Archduke Maximilian became emperor of Mexico
November 10 Kingston, Georgia burned during Sherman's March to Sea
November 11 Sherman's troops destroy Rome, Georgia
November 11 Skirmish at Shoal Creek, AL
November 15 1st U.S. mines school opens in basement of Columbia University, New York
November 15 Union Major General Sherman burns Atlanta
November 16 Confederate retreat at Lovejoy, Georgia
November 16 Union General William T Sherman begins march to sea during Civil War
November 22 Battle at Griswoldville, Georgia, ends after 650 casualties
November 22 Union General O Howard orders plunderers, shot to death
November 23 Battle at Ball's Ferry Georgia (30 casualties)
November 25 Confederate plot to burn New York City, fails
November 25 Confederate retreat at Sandersville, Georgia
November 26 Confederate troops vacate Sandersville Georgia
November 26 Skirmish at Sylvan Brutal/Waynesboro, Georgia
November 27 2nd day of Battles at Waynesboro, Georgia
November 28 3rd day of Battles at Waynesboro/Jones's Plantation, Georgia
November 28 Battle of New Creek, WV (Rosser's Raid, Ft. Kelly)
November 29 4th and last day of skirmishes at Waynesboro, Georgia
November 29 Battle of Spring Hill, Tennessee (Thomason's Station)
November 29 Colorado militia kills 150 peaceful Cheyenne Indians
November 30 Battle of Franklin, Tennessee: Confederate attack fails, 7,700 casualities
November 30 Battle of Honey Hill South Carolina (Broad River) 96 dead/665 wounded
December 1 Raid at Stoneman: Knoxville, Tennessee to Saltville, VA
December 1 Skirmish at Millen Brutal, Georgia
December 2 Skirmish at Rocky Creek Church, Georgia
December 3 Skirmish at Thomas' Station, Georgia
December 4 Battle of Waynesborough (Brier Creek) GA
December 4 Romanian Jews are forbidden to practice law
December 6 Battle of Deveaux's Neck, SC
December 7 Skirmish at Ebenezer Creek/Cypress Swamp, Georgia
December 8 Pope Pius IX publishes encyclical Quanta cura ("Syllabus errorum")
December 10 General Shermans armies reach Savannah and 12 day siege begins
December 13 Battle of Ft. McAllister, GA
December 15 Battle of Nashville, TN
December 15 Raid on Stoneman: Abingdon and Glade Springs, VA
December 16 Battle of Nashville ends after 4400 casualities
December 17 Battle of Franklin, TN
December 21 General Sherman conquers Savannah
December 24 Battle of Gordonsville, Virginia
December 28 Battle of Egypt Station, MS
December 29 Fire Department celebrates 1st annual ball












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