1869 in History



January 13 Colored National Labor Union, 1st Black labor convention
January 13 National convention of black leaders meets in Washington D.C.
January 18 Elegant California Theater opens in San Francisco
January 20 Elizabeth Cady Stanton becomes 1st woman to testify before Congress
February 2 James Oliver invents removable tempered steel plow blade
February 3 Booth theater at 23rd and 6th opens in New York City (Romeo and Juliet)
February 6 Harper's Weekly publishes 1st picture of Uncle Sam with chin whiskers
February 15 Charges of Treason against Jefferson Davis are dropped
February 19 U.S. Assay Office in Boise, Idaho authorized
February 20 Tennessee Governor W. C. Brownlow declares martial law in Ku Klux Klan crisis
February 23 Louisiana governor signs public accommodations law
February 26 15th Amendment guaranteeing right to vote sent to states
February 26 Franz Schubert's "4th Tragic," premieres
February 27 John Menard is 1st black to make a speech in Congress
March 1 Postage stamps showing scenes are issued for 1st time
March 3 University of South Carolina opens to all races
March 4 Ulysses Grant inaugurated as 18th president
March 13 Arkansas legislature passes anti-Klan law
March 15 Cincinnati Red Stockings beat Antioch 41-7
March 15 Cincinnati Red Stockings become the 1st pro baseball team
March 16 Hiram R. Revels makes 1st official speech by a black in the Senate
April 6 1st plastic, Celluloid, patented
April 8 American Museum of Natural History opens (New York City)
April 9 Hudson Bay Company cedes it's territory to Canada
April 10 Congress increases number of Supreme Court judges from 7 to 9
April 12 North Carolina legislature passes anti-Klan Law
April 13 Steam power brake patented (George Westinghouse)
April 17 1st pro baseball games-Cincinnati Reds 24, Cincinnati amateurs 15
April 18 1st international cricket match, held in SF, wins by Californian
April 30 Hawaiian YMCA organized
May 1 Folies Bergere opens in Paris
May 10 Golden Spike driven, completes Promontory Pt Ut-Transcontinental RR
May 15 National Woman Suffrage Association forms
May 16 Cincinnati Reds play their 1st baseball game, win 41-7
June 1 Voting machine patented by Thomas A. Edison
June 2 Cleveland's Forest City play their 1st game, vs Cincinnati Red Stockings
June 5 3rd Belmont: C Miller aboard Fenian wins in 3:04
June 8 Ives W. McGaffey of Chicago patents 1st vacuum cleaner
June 9 Charles Elmer Hires sells his 1st root beer, Philadelphia
June 10 'Agnes' arrives in New Orleans with 1st ever shipment of frozen beef
June 15 Celluloid patented by John Wesley Hyatt, Albany, New York
June 15 Mike McCoole (U.S.) defeats Tom Allen (England) in bare-knuckle bout
June 28 Amsterdam typographer strike
July 1 Dutch newspaper stamp tax repealed
July 1 U.S. Mint at Carson City, Nevada opens
July 6 Black candidate for lt governor of Va, Dr. J H Harris, defeated
July 9 Concord pipe, made from small corn kernels, invented
July 15 Margarine is patents by Hippolye Mega-Mouries for use by French Navy
August 1 1st voyage down Colorado River
August 10 O. B. Brown patents moving picture projector
August 17 1st international boat race (Thames River, Oxford beats Harvard)
August 23 1st carload of freight (boots and shoes) arrives in SF, from Boston
August 24 Cornelius Swarthout patents waffle iron
September 6 1st westbound train arrives in SF
September 6 Mine fire kills 179 at Avondale Pennsylvania
September 10 Baptist minister invents rickshaw in Yokohama, Japan
September 13 Jay Gould and James Fisk attempt to control U.S. gold market
September 22 Richard Wagner's opera "Rhine Gold," premieres in Munich
September 24 Black Friday; Wall St. panic after Gould and Fisk attempt to corner gold
October 1 1st postcards are issued (Vienna)
October 6 John Brahms' "Liebeslieder Walzer," premieres
October 16 Hotel in Boston becomes 1st to have indoor plumbing
October 18 Henrik Ibsen's "De Unges Forbund," premieres in Christiania (Oslo)
October 21 1st shipment of fresh oysters comes overland from Baltimore
October 26 1st American steeplechase horserace (Westchester, New York)
November 1 Deli Me forms T B V tobacco in Sumatra
November 3 Canada's Hamilton Foot Ball Club forms
November 6 1st intercollegiate football (soccer) game (Rutgers 6, Princeton 4)
November 15 Free postal delivery formally inaugurated
November 17 Englishman James Moore wins 1st bicycle race (13K Paris-Rouen)
November 17 Suez Canal (Egypt) opens, links Mediterranean and Red seas
November 24 American Woman's Suffrage Association forms (Cleveland)
December 8 20th Roman Catholic ecumenical council, Vatican I, opens in Rome
December 9 Noble Order of Knights of Labor founded, Philadelphia
December 10 Women suffrage (right to vote) granted in Wyoming Territory (U.S. 1st)
December 18 Canada's Hamilton Foot Ball Club plays its 1st game
December 28 William Finley Semple of Mount Vernon, Ohio, patents chewing gum
December 30 Philadelphia Knights of Labor forms












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