1875 in History



January 5 Charles Garnier's new Opera opens in Paris
January 5 President Grant sends federal troops to Vicksburg, Mississippi
January 24 Camille Saint-Saens' "Danse Macabre," premieres
January 25 Anti-slavery society forms (NY)
January 26 Electric dental drill is patented by George F Green
February 4 Princess Louise marries Prince Philip von Saksen-Coburg-Gotha in Belg
February 25 Kiowa Indians under Lone Wolf (Guipago) surrender at Ft. Sill
March 1 Congress passes Civil Rights Act; invalidated by Supreme Court, 1883
March 3 1st recorded hockey game (Montreal)
March 3 Congress authorizes 20 cent coin, lasts only 3 years
March 3 Georges Bizet's opera "Carmen" premieres (Paris)
March 14 Smetana's "Vysehrad," premieres
March 15 1st U.S. cardinal (John McCloskey) invested
April 17 "Snooker" (variation of pool) invented by Sir Neville Chamberlain
April 25 Latest date for measurable snow in New York City (3")
May 1 238 members of "Whiskey Ring" accused of anti-U.S. activities
May 7 German SS Schiller sinks near Scilly Islands, 312 killed
May 11 George "Charmer" Zettlein pitches the 1st 9 inning shutout
May 12 1st recorded shutout in pro baseball, Chicago 1, St. Louis 0
May 16 Quake in Venezuela and Colombia kills 16,000
May 17 1st Kentucky Derby: Oliver Lewis aboard Aristides wins in 2:37.75
May 20 International Bureau of Weights and Measures forms by treaty
May 28 3rd Preakness: L Hughes aboard Tom Ochiltree wins in 2:43
June 2 James Augustine Healey became 1st Black Catholic Bishop in US
June 3 Alexander Graham Bell makes 1st voice transmission
June 4 Pacific Stock Exchange opens
June 5 Pacific Stock Exchange formally opens
June 6 Netherlands goes on the gold standard
June 12 9th Belmont: Bobby Swim aboard Calvin wins in 2:42
June 19 Formal opening of U.S. Marine Hospital at Presidio
June 22 Garonne Flood: great damage in Verdun and Toulouse, kills about 1,000
July 1 Universal Postal Union established
July 4 White Democrats kill several blacks in terrorist attacks in Vicksburg
July 7 Jesse James robs train in Otterville, Missouri
July 19 Emma Abbott, a floating hospital for sick kids, makes trial trip, New York City
August 2 World 1st roller skating rink opens in London
August 14 Society of Regte Afrikaanders establishes in Paarl
August 25 Matthew Webb becomes 1st to swim English Channel, 21h 45m
September 9 Lotta's Fountain (Kearny and Market) dedicated
September 11 1st newspaper cartoon strip
September 29 US-Spanish relations decline in wake of Cuban rebellion
October 5 Palace Hotel on Market Street, San Francisco opens
October 16 1st Quebec vs Ontario football game, Ontario wins
October 22 Sons of American Revolution organizes
October 25 Peter Tsjaikofsky's "1st Pianoconcert up. 23" premieres in Boston
November 2 Verney Cameroon reaches Benguela Angola, from Africa's east coast
November 4 "Pacific" collides with "Orpheus" off Cape Flattery Wash, 236 dies
November 4 Tonga adopts constitution
November 7 Verney Cameron is 1st European to cross equitorial Africa
November 13 Harvard-Yale game is 1st college football contest with uniforms
November 13 National Bowling Association organized in New York City
November 16 Battle at Gundet: Ethiopian emperor Yohannes beats Egyptians
November 16 William Bonwill, patents dental mallet to impact gold into cavities
November 17 Amer Theosophical Society founded by Mme Blavatsky and Col Olcott
November 28 Verney Cameroon reaches East Africa
December 4 William Marcy "Boss" Tweed, New York City - Tammany Hall, escapes from jail
December 6 44th Congress (1875-77) convenes
December 7 Natives Sons of the West organized
December 8 Aleksandr Ostrovsky's "Volki i Ovsty," premieres in St. Petersburg
December 17 Violent bread riots in Montreal
December 25 Lambs Club in New York forms
December 30 Andrassy Note calls for Christian-Muslim religious freedoms












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