1877 in History



January 1 England's Queen Victoria proclaimed empress of India
January 15 U.S. Assay Office in Helena, Montana opens
January 16 Color organ (for light shows) patented, by Bainbridge Bishop
January 25 Congress determines presidential election between Hayes-Tilden
January 30 Storm flood ravages Dutch coastal provinces
February 7 1st Guernsey Cattle Club organizes (New York City)
February 12 1st news dispatch by telephone, between Boston and Salem, Mass
February 12 U.S. railroad builders strike against wage reduction
February 20 1st cantilever bridge in U.S. completed, Harrodsburg, Kentucky
February 20 International Association (minor baseball league) organizes
February 27 U.S. Electoral College declares R. Hayes winner presidential election
March 2 Rutherford B Hayes (R) declared president despite Samuel J Tilden (D) winning the popular vote, but is 1 electoral vote shy of victory
March 3 Rutherford B. Hayes is sworn in as the 19th president
March 4 Tsjaikovski's incomplete ballet "Zwanenmeer," premieres in Moscow
March 5 Rutherford B. Hayes inaugurated as 19th U.S. president
March 12 British annex Walvis Bay in southern Africa
March 12 Great Britain annexes Walvis Bay at Cape colony
March 15 Commencement of 1st Test Cricket, Australia vs. England at MCG
March 16 Charles Bannerman completes 1st Test cricket century, 165 vs. Eng
March 17 Bill Midwinter completes Test Crickets' 1st 5-wkt haul, 5-78 vs. Eng
March 18 President Hayes appoints Frederick Douglass marshal of Washington D.C.
March 19 Australia beat England by 45 runs in very 1st Test match
March 24 University boat race between Oxford and Cambridge ends in a dead heat
March 31 British high director/governor sir Bartle Frere arrives in Capetown
March 31 Test Cricket debut of Fred "Demon" Spofforth, Australia vs. England MCG
April 2 1st Easter egg roll held on White House lawn
April 10 1st human cannonball act performed in London
April 10 Federal troops withdrawn from Columbia, South Carolina
April 12 British annex Transvaal, in South Africa
April 12 Catcher's mask 1st used in a baseball game
April 15 1st telephone installed: Boston-Somerville, Massachusetts
April 19 Opera "Les Cloches de Cornerville" is produced (Paris)
April 24 Last federal occupying troops withdraw from south in New Orleans
April 24 Russia declares war on Turkey through Romania
April 27 Opera "Le Roi de Lahore" is produced (Paris)
April 27 President Hayes removes Federal troops from LA, Reconstruction ends
May 8 1st Westminster Dog Show held
May 12 Ottawa Rough Riders 1st outside competition vs Britannia
May 13 Cesar Franck's "Lesson Eolides," premieres
May 17 Edwin T. Holmes installs 1st telephone switchboard burglar alarm
May 22 3rd Kentucky Derby: Billy Walker aboard Baden-Baden wins in 2:38
May 24 5th Preakness: C Holloway aboard Cloverbrook wins in 2:45
June 1 Society of American Artists forms
June 1 U.S. troops authorized to pursue bandits into Mexico
June 9 11th Belmont: C Holloway aboard Cloverbrook wins in 2:46
June 15 Henry O. Flipper becomes 1st black graduate at West Point
July 1 1st edition of "Amsterdammer" published
July 9 1st Wimbledon tennis championship is held
July 14 General strike brings U.S. railroad to a stand still
July 19 1st Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Spencer W Gore beats Marshall (61 62 64)
July 20 Military shoots on stopped railroad workers in Balt, kills 9
July 21 U.S. Army breaks railroad strike
July 23 1st telephone and telegraph line in Hawaii completed
July 23 1st U.S. municipal railroad, Cincinnati Southern, begins operations
July 24 1st time federal troops are used to combat strikers
August 2 San Francisco Public Library opens with 5,000 volumes
August 5 Henry Morton Stanley's letter in order to aid reaches Boma at Congo
August 10 Big Hole River: Col John Gibbon murders Nez-Perce indians
August 11 Asaph Hall discovers Mars's moon Deimos
August 12 Thomas Edison invents Edisonphone, a sound recording device
August 17 Asaph Hall discovers Mars' moon Phobos
August 17 Phobos (Martian satellite) discovered (A Hall)
August 22 Nez Perce-indians flee into to Yellowstone National Park
September 5 Southern blacks led by Pap Singleton settle in Kansas
September 11 Rijkslandbouwhoge school opens in Wageningen
September 20 Chase National Bank opens in New York City (later merges into Chase Manhattan)
September 23 Hurricane strikes Curaeao and Bonaire kills 200
September 27 John Mercer Langston named minister of Haiti
September 30 1st U.S. amateur swim meet (New York Athletic Club)
October 5 Chief Joseph surrenders, ending Nez Perce War
October 9 American Humane Association organizes (Cleveland)
October 15 45th Congress (1877-79) convenes
October 17 Henry Morton Stanley reaches Boma during trip cross Africa
October 20 Franz Schubert's 2nd Symphony in B, premieres
November 1 Dutch government of Heemskerk-Van Lynden resigns
November 9 American Chemical Society chartered in New York
November 17 Gilbert/Sullivans operette "Sorcerer," premieres in London
November 21 Tom Edison announces his "talking machine" invention (phonograph)
November 27 Burkina adopts its constitution
November 29 Thomas Edison demonstrates hand-cranked phonograph
December 2 Camille Saint-Saens' opera "Samson et Dalila," premieres in Weimar
December 6 1st sound recording made (Thomas Edison)
December 6 Washington Post publishes 1st edition
December 7 Thomas A Edison demonstrates the gramophone
December 15 Thomas Edison patents phonograph
December 16 Anton Bruckner's 3rd Symphony in D, premieres
December 22 "American Bicycling Journal" begins publishing (Boston, Massachusetts)
December 26 Socialist Labor Party of North America holds 1st national convention
December 28 John Stevens, applies for a patent for his flour rolling mill
December 30 Johnannes Brahms' 2nd Symphony in D, premieres in Vienna












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