1884 in History



January 4 Last sighting of an eastern cougar (Ontario)
January 8 Chrome tanning process for leather patented by Augustus Schultz
January 18 General Charles Gordon departs London for Khartoum
January 19 Jules Massenet's opera "Manon," premieres in Paris
January 26 1st Dutch Wagner version of Elizabeth aria
February 1 1st volume of the Oxford English Dictionary, A-Ant, published
February 7 Canadian Rugby Football Union forms
February 18 General Charles Gordon arrives in Khartoum
February 18 Police seize all copies of Tolstoy's "What I Believe In"
February 19 Tornadoes in Mississippi, Alabama, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Kentucky and Indiana kill 800 people
February 26 British and Portuguese treaty signed in Congo by Leopold II
March 8 1st performance of Edward MacDowell's 2nd Piano suite
March 12 Mississippi establishes 1st U.S. state college for women
March 13 Siege of Khartoum Sudan begins
March 13 U.S. adopts Standard Time
March 17 John Joseph Montgomery makes 1st glider flight, Otay, California
March 27 1st long-distance telephone call, Boston - New York
April 2 London prison for debtors closed
April 10 U.S. Senate accepts Belgian administration of Congo
April 20 Pope Leo XIII encyclical "On Freemasonry"
April 21 Potters Field reopened as Madison Park
April 22 Thomas Stevens starts 1st bike trip around world (2 years 9 mos)
April 22 U.S. recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State
April 24 National Medical Association of Black physicians organizes in Atlanta
May 1 Construction begins on Chicago 1st skyscraper (10 stories)
May 1 Moses Walker became 1st black player in major league
May 13 Institute for Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) forms
May 14 Anti-Monopoly party forms in U.S.
May 16 10th Kentucky Derby: Isaac Murphy aboard Buchanan wins in 2:40
May 17 Alaska becomes a U.S. territory
May 19 Ringling Brothers circus premieres
May 22 1-armed pitcher Hugh Daily fanned 13 hitters
May 23 12th Preakness: S Fisher aboard Knight of Ellerslie wins in 2:39
May 24 Anti-Monopoly party and Greenback Party forms People's Party in US
May 26 Fred Spofforth takes 7-34 and 7-3 vs. England XI in 4 hours
May 29 1st steam cable trams start in highgate
June 3 John Lynch (R-MS) chosen 1st black major-party national convention chair
June 4 18th Belmont: Jim McLaughlin aboard Panique wins in 2:42
June 5 William Sherman refuses Republican presidential nomination saying "I will not accept if nominated and will not serve if elected"
June 16 On Coney Island, the 1st roller coaster begins operating
June 24 John Lynch is 1st black elected chairman of Republican convention
July 3 Dow Jones published it's 1st stock avg
July 4 1st U.S. bullfight held (Dodge City Ks)
July 4 Statue of Liberty presented to U.S. in Paris
July 5 German consul-general Gustav Nachtigal takes possession of Cameroon
July 5 U.S. Congress accept 2nd Chinese Exclusion Act
July 10 1st Test Cricket to be played at Old Trafford 1st day washed out
July 21 1st Test Cricket match played at Lord's
August 2 Dutch Queen Emma appointed regent
August 5 Cornerstone for Statue of Liberty laid on Bedloe's Island (New York City)
August 7 Germany annexes Angra Pequena (Southwest-Africa)
August 11 1st double-century stand in Test cricket, McDonnell/Murdoch 207 Australia
August 12 Bill Murdoch scores 1st Test Cricket double-century, 211 at The Oval
August 28 1st known photograph of a tornado is made near Howard, South Dakota
August 28 Mickey Welsh strikes-out 1st 9 men he faces
September 10 Congressman John R Lynch presides over Republican National Convention
September 20 6.2 mile Arlberg railroad tunnel completed in Austria
September 20 Equal Rights Party nominates female candidates for President and Vice President
September 24 Dixey, Rice and Gill's musical "Adonis," premieres in New York City
September 26 Suriname army shoots on British-Indian contract workers, 7 killed
October 6 Naval War College forms in Newport RI
October 13 Greenwich established as universal time meridian of longitude
October 14 George Eastman patents paper-strip photographic film
October 22 General Gordon receives letter of Mahdi
October 22 Sporting Life announces that both pennant winners will meet in 3 game series Oct 23-25 at Polo Grounds New York City to determine baseball champion
October 23 1st World Series OKed by AA, Providence (NL) beats New York Mets (AA) 6-0
October 25 1st World Series OK by AA, Providence (NL) sweeps New York Mets (AA) in 3
October 27 Architect Henry Hardenberghs Dakota-complex opens in New York City
November 4 Grover Cleveland (D) beats James G Blaine (R) for 1st President term
November 6 British protectorate proclaimed over southeast New Guinea
November 6 Montreal Foot Ball Club (QFRU) defeats Toronto Argonauts (ORFU) 30-0 in 1st CRFU Championship game
November 8 German government recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State
November 15 Colonization of Africa orgainized at International conference in Berlin
November 17 Cops arrest John L Sullivan in 2nd round for being "cruel"
November 22 T Thomas Fortune starts New York Freeman (New York Age) newspaper
November 25 John B Meyenberg of St. Louis patents evaporated milk
December 6 Aluminum capstone set atop Washington Monument, Wash, DC
December 9 Levant Richardson patents ball-bearing skate
December 12 1st Test match played at the Adelaide Oval
December 16 Great Britain recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State
December 19 Italy recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State
December 24 Austria-Hungary admits King Leopold II's Congo Free State
December 27 Netherlands recognizes king Leopold II's Congo Free State
December 30 Anton Bruckner's 7th Symphony in E, premieres in Leipzig












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