1885 in History



January 2 General Wolseley receives last distress signal of General Gordon in Khartoum
January 4 Dr. W W Grant of Iowa, performs 1st appendectomy (on Mary Gartside, 22)
January 17 British beat Mahdists at Battle of Abu Klea in Sudan
January 19 Battle at Abu Klea Sudan, 800-1000 killed
January 25 Vincent d'Indy's "Saugefleurie," premieres
January 26 Muhammad Ahmed ("Mahdi") rebels conquer Khartoum
February 5 News of fall of Khartoum reaches London
February 9 1st Japanese arrive in Hawaii
February 12 Carl Peters founds German East-Africa Society
February 17 Bismarck gives Carl Peters' firm management of East-Africa
February 18 Mark Twain's "Adventures of Huckleberry Finn," published
February 21 Washington Monument dedicated in Washington D.C.
February 25 U.S. Congress condemns barbed wire around government grounds
February 26 Congress of Berlin, gives Congo to Belgium and Nigeria to England
March 3 1st U.S. state (California) establishes a permanent forest commission
March 3 American Telephone and Telegraph (AT&T) incorporates
March 3 Congress passes Indian Appropriations Act (Indians wards of federal government)
March 3 U.S. Post Office offers special delivery for 1st-class mail
March 4 Gilbert and Sullivan's opera "Mikado," premieres in London
March 4 Grover Cleveland inaugrated as 1st Democratic President since Civil War
March 14 Gilbert and Sullivan's "Mikado," premieres in London
March 14 "Mikado" opera premieres in London
March 15 1st performance of Cesar Franck's "Lesson Djinns"
March 19 Louis Riel returns to Canada, proclaims provisional government, Sask
March 20 John Matzeliger of Suriname patents shoe lacing machine
March 20 Yiddish theater opens in New York with Golldfaden operetta
March 21 2nd French government of Ferry resigns
March 26 Eastman Film Co. manufactures 1st commercial motion picture film
March 26 Louis Riel's forces defeat Canadian forces at Duck Lake, Sask
March 28 U.S. Salvation Army officially organized
March 31 Great Britain declares Bechuanaland a protectorate
April 30 Boston Pops Orchestra forms
May 1 Maria "Goeie Mie" Swanenburg sentence to life for killing 27 in Netherlands
May 2 Congo Free State forms by King Leopold II of Belgium
May 2 "Good Housekeeping" magazine is 1st published
May 7 John E. W. Thompson, named minister to Haiti
May 8 Sarah Ann Henley survives 76-m jump from Clifton Bridge, Avon, Engl
May 14 11th Kentucky Derby: Babe Henderson aboard Joe Cotton wins in 2:37
May 15 Canadian Meti insurgent Louis Reil captured, Saskatchewan
May 19 1st mass production of shoes (Jan Matzeliger in Lynn, Massachusetts)
May 19 German chancellor Bismarck takes possession of Cameroon and Togoland
May 19 Jan Matzeliger begins 1st mass production of shoes
May 22 13th Preakness: Jim McLaughlin aboard Tecumseh wins in 2:49
June 6 19th Belmont: Paul Duffy aboard Tyrant wins in 2:43
June 6 Opera "Lakme" is produced, Paris
June 12 Roof collapse kills 30 at murder trial in France
June 17 Statue of Liberty arrived in New York City
June 24 British government of Salisbury forms
June 24 Samuel David Ferguson becomes 1st U.S. black bishop
July 2 Canada's North-west Insurrection ends with surrender of Big Bear
July 6 Louis Pasteur successfully tests an anti-rabies vaccine
August 7 5 German warships anchor at Zanzibar
August 10 Leo Daft opens America's 1st coml operated electric streetcar (Balt)
August 11 $100,000 raised in U.S. for pedestal for Statue of Liberty
August 29 Boxing's 1st heavyweight title fight with 3-oz gloves and 3-minute rounds fought between John L Sullivan and Dominick McCaffrey
August 29 Gottlieb Daimler receives German patent for a motorcycle
August 29 Phillies Charlie Ferguson no-hits Providence 1-0
August 30 13,000 meteors seen in 1 hour near Andromeda
September 4 1st cafeteria opens (New York City)
September 5 1st gasoline pump is delivered to a gasoline dealer (Ft. Wayne, Ind)
September 11 Moses Hopkins, named minister to Liberia
September 12 Highest score (35) recorded in any 1st-class soccer match is set
September 16 Puritan (U.S.) beats Genesta (England) in 6th running of America's Cup
September 21 Dutch demonstrate for general voting right
September 24 5 German warships depart to Zanzibar
September 30 Bechuanaland becomes a British protectorate
October 1 Special delivery mail service begins in US
October 15 Hoss Radbourne pitches his 60th win of season
October 17 Baseball sets all players salaries at $1,000-$2,000 for 1885 season
October 22 John Ward and several teammates secretly form Brotherhood of Professional Baseball Players, 1st baseball union
October 24 Johann Strauss' opera "Zigeunerbaron," premieres in Vienna
October 25 John Brahms' 4th Symphony in E, premieres
November 1 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Immortale Dei
November 3 Tacoma vigilantes drive out Chinese, burn their homes and businesses
November 6 U.S. Mint at Carson City, Nevada directed to close
November 7 Canadian Pacific Railway completed at Craigellachie
November 9 Opera "Ermine," premieres in London
November 10 Gottlieb Daimler's motorcycle, world's 1st, unveiled
November 12 Montreal and Britannia Football Clubs (QRFU) defeat Ontario Combined Team (ORFU) 3-0 in CRFU Championship game
November 13 Serbian army occupies Bulgaria
November 23 Amsterdam police attack meeting of social-democrats united
November 26 1st meteor photograph
November 30 Opera "El Cid" premieres (Paris)
December 2 Opera "Regina di Saba," premieres in Vienna
December 7 49th Congress (1885-87) convenes
December 17 France declares Madagascar a protectorate
December 22 Pope Leo XIII proclaims extraordinary jubilee
December 29 Gottlieb Daimler patents 1st bike (Germany)












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