1895 in History



January 1 Norway adopts Mid-European time
January 5 French Captain Alfred Dreyfus, convicted of treason, publicly stripped of his rank; later declared innocent
January 5 Henry James' play "Guy Domville" opens in London
January 5 Victor Trumper makes first-class debut for NSW 17 years 64 days
January 13 Oscar Wilde's "Ideal Husband," premieres in London
January 15 Albert Trott takes 8-43 on Test debut, then a record
January 15 French fleet reaches Majunga, Madagascar
January 15 Tchaikovsky's ballet "Swan Lake" premieres, St. Petersburg
January 17 Felix Faure installed as president of France
January 17 French president Casimir-Perier resigns
January 18 Amsterdam's AFC soccer team forms
January 22 National Association of Manufacturers organized in Cincinnati
January 29 King Koko's Kopermannen assault on Akassa Niger, 100's killed
January 30 C. J. Eady (Tas) 1st Australian to score twin centuries (v Vic)
January 30 SS Elbe sinks after collision in North Sea, 332 killed
January 30 Tasmania beat Victoria for 1st F-C victory in 41 years
January 31 Jose Marti and others leave New York City for invasion of Spanish Cuba
February 3 Wilhelm Mauseth skates world record 500 m (46.8 seconds)
February 4 1st rolling lift bridge opens, Chicago
February 8 Tchaikovsky/Petipa's "Swan Lake," premieres in Petersburg
February 9 1st intercollegiate basketball game (Minn Agricult beats Hamline, 9-3)
February 9 Volleyball invented by W. G. Morgan in Massachusetts
February 11 -17 degrees F (-27.2 degrees C) in Braemar, Grampian (UK record)
February 11 Georgetown became part of Washington D.C.
February 13 Moving picture projector patented
February 14 Oscar Wilde's "Importance of Being Earnest," opens in London
February 15 23 cm (9") of snow falls on New Orleans
February 20 Congress authorizes a U.S. mint at Denver, Colorodo
February 21 North Carolina Legislature, adjourns for day to mark death of Frederick Douglass
February 23 Jaap Eden skates world record 10km (17:56)
February 23 William Heard, AME minister and educator, named minister to Liberia
February 24 Cuban war for independence begins
February 26 Michael Owens of Toledo, Ohio patents a glass-blowing machine
March 4 Gustav Mahler's 2nd Symphony, premieres in Berlin
March 6 England beat Australia to win one of the best cricket series ever, 3-2
March 6 J. T. Brown hits the fastest 50 in Test Crickets (28 minutes) England vs. Australia
March 9 Stanley Cup: Montreal Victorias awarded cup, as Queens University (Kingston Ont) loses to Montreal AAA, 5-1
March 11 Spanish cruiser Reina Regenta sinks at Gibraltar, 400 killed
March 13 Spanish cruiser Reina Regente sinks off Gibraltar, 402 die
March 18 200 blacks leave Savannah, Georgia for Liberia
March 19 Los Angeles Railway established to provide streetcar service
March 22 Auguste and Louis Lumiere show their 1st movie to an invited audience
March 25 Italian troops invade Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
March 26 King Alfonso plants pine sapling in Madrid, starts Spain's Arbor Day
March 30 British inventor Birt Acres films Oxford-Cambridge
April 5 Oscar Wilde loses libel case against Marquess of Queensberry, who accused him of homosexual practices
April 5 Start of Sherlock Holmes' "Adventure of 3 Students"
April 11 Anaheim completes it's new electric light system
April 13 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Solitary Cyclist"
April 14 1st performance of Gustav Mahler's (incomplete) 2nd Symphony
April 15 Josephine Blatt (U.S.) makes hip-and-harness lift of 3564 lb (record)
April 17 Treaty of Shimonoseki signed, ends 1st Sino-Japanese War (1894-95)
April 24 Joshua Slocum completes around-the-world voyage in 11-m boat
May 6 21st Kentucky Derby: Soup Perkins aboard Halma wins in 2:37
May 8 China cedes Taiwan to Japan under Treaty of Shimonoseki
May 17 W G Grace completes his 100th 100 vs. Somerset at Bristol
May 20 1st commercial movie performance (153 Broadway, New York City)
May 24 Henry Irving becomes 1st theatrical knight
May 25 20th Preakness: Fred Taral aboard Belmar wins in 1:50
May 25 Oscar Wilde sentenced to 2 years hard labor for being a sodomite
May 27 British inventor Birt Acres patents film camera/projector
May 30 W. G. Grace scores his 1,000th Cricket run of the season after 22 days
June 11 Charles E Duryea patents a gas-driven automobile
June 13 Emile Levassor wins 1st Paris-Bordeaux-Paris auto race (24 kph)
June 17 U.S. Ship Canal (W 225th St) in the Bronx completed; cutting Marble Hill off from Manhattan
June 20 1st female PhD (science) earned (Caroline Willard Baldwin)
June 20 Canal of Smock official opens
June 20 Nicaragua, El Salvador and Honduras form a short-lived confederation
June 21 British Roseberry government falls
June 28 El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua form Central American Union
July 3 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Black Peter"
July 4 Katherine Lee Bates publishes "America the Beautiful"
July 8 Delagoa Bay Railway opens in South Africa
July 11 Auguste and Louis Lumiere show film for scientists
July 16 Archie MacLaren completes cricket 424 for Lancs vs. Somerset at Taunton
August 10 1st Queen's Hall Promenade Concerto (Wagners "Rienzi")
August 20 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Norwood Builder"
August 26 Electric central at Niagara Falls gives 1st steam
August 27 15th U.S. Mens Tennis: Fred H Hovey beats Robert D Wrenn (63 62 64)
August 30 Belgium begins compulsory Roman Catholic education
August 31 1st pro football game (quarterback John Brallier paid $10 and won 12-0)
September 3 1st pro football game played, Latrobe beats Jeanette 12-0 (Penn)
September 5 George Washington Murray elected to Congress from South Carolina
September 9 American Bowling Congress forms (New York City)
September 11 FA Cup stolen in Birmingham
September 12 Defender (U.S.) beats Valkyrie III (England) in 10th America's Cup
September 18 Booker T. Washington delivers "Atlanta Compromise" address
September 18 D D Palmer of Davenport, Iowa, becomes 1st chiropractor
September 21 1st auto manufacturer opens-Duryea Motor Wagon Company
September 23 French labor union CGT (Confederation Generale du Travail) forms
September 24 1st round-the-world trip by a woman on a bicycle (took 15 months)
September 26 Italian general Oreste Baratieri lands in Massawa, Eritrea
September 30 France proclaims a protectorate over Madagascar
October 1 Romanians in Costantinople massacred
October 2 1st cartoon comic strip is printed in a newspaper
October 4 1st U.S. Golf Open: Horace Rawlins shoots a 173 at Newport Golf Club Rhode Island
October 4 Horace Rawlins wins 1st U.S. Open golf tournament (Newport RI)
October 8 Ohio Valley Improvement Association forms
October 11 Emperor Menelik II of Addis Ababa draws against Italians
October 22 David Belasco's "Heart of Maryland," premieres in New York City
November 2 29th Belmont: Fred Taral aboard Belmar wins in 2:11
November 5 1st U.S. patent granted for auto, George B. Selden
November 5 George Selden patents 1st gasoline-driven car
November 5 King Edward VII says "We are all Socialists nowadays"
November 5 U.S. state Utah accepts female suffrage
November 8 Wilhelm Roentgen (Germany) discovers X-rays
November 11 Bechuanaland becomes part of Cape Colony
November 13 1st shipment of canned pineapple from Hawaii
November 19 Frederick E. Blaisdell patents the pencil
November 21 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Bruce Partington Plans"
November 26 Hawaiian Sugar Planters Association forms
November 27 Alfred Nobel establishes Nobel Prize
November 28 America's 1st auto race starts; 6 cars, 55 miles, winner avg 7 MPH
December 2 54th Congress (1895-97) convenes
December 7 Battle at Amba Alagi: Abyssinians beat Italian armies
December 8 Battle at Amba Alagi: Ethiopian emperor Menelik II drives Italian general Baratieri's out
December 13 1st complete execution of Gustav Mahlers 2nd Symphony
December 17 Anti-Saloon League of America formed, Washington, D.C.
December 17 George Brownell patents a machine to make paper twine (Mass)
December 28 World's 1st movie theater opens in Paris
December 29 Dr. L S Jameson begins failed raid on Johannesburg












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