1896 in History



January 1 Wilhelm Rontgen announces his discovery of x-rays
January 2 Battle at Doornkop, South Africa (Boers beat Dr. Jamesons troops)
January 3 Emperor Wilhelm congratulates President Kruger on the Jameson Raid
January 4 AFL charters Actors' National Protective Union, New York City
January 4 Following Mormon abandonment of polygamy, Utah admitted as 45th state
January 5 German physicist Wilhelm Roentgen's discovers x-rays
January 5 Isaac Albeniz' opera "Pepita Jiminez," premieres in Barcelona
January 6 1st U.S. women's 6-day bicycle race starts, Madison Square Garden
January 6 Cecil Rhodes resigns as premier of Cape colony
January 7 Fanny Farmer publishes her 1st cookbook
January 12 1st X-ray photo in U.S. (Dr. Henry Smith, Davidson NC)
January 15 Henry Arthur Jones' "Michael and his Lost Angel," premieres in London
January 18 1st demonstration of an X-ray machine in U.S. (New York City)
January 18 British troops occupy Kumasi, West Africa
January 23 Edward Macdowell's 2nd Suite in E, premieres
January 27 Tasmania bowl out Victoria for 65 for their 1st ever innings victory
January 29 Emile Grubbe is 1st dr to use radiation treatment for breast cancer
February 1 Giacomo Puccini's Opera "La Boheme," premieres in Turin
February 8 Georges Feydeaus' "Le Dindon," premieres in Paris
February 8 Western Conference forms of Midwestern U, later renamed Big 10 Conf
February 11 Oscar Wildes "Salom" premieres in Paris
February 14 George Lohmann takes a hat-trick vs. South Africa, 8-7 for inning
February 14 South Africa all out for 30 vs. England - their lowest ever
February 14 Stanley Cup: Winnipeg Victorias beat Montreal Victorias, 2-0
February 14 Theodor Herzl publishes "Der Judenstaat"
February 17 London Country Councils' Muzzling Order becomes effective
February 18 Cave of Winds at Niagara Falls goes almost dry for 1st time in 50 yrs
February 23 Tootsie Roll introduced by Leo Hirshfield
February 24 Victoria all out for 43 vs South Australia, Jones 6-15 Jarvis 4-27
February 25 Italian government decides to attack governor Baratieri of Eritrea
February 28 France dismisses Queen Ranavalona of Madagascar
March 1 Battle of Adua: 80,000 Ethiopians destroy 20,000 Italians
March 2 Battle of Aduwa, Abyssinia (Ethiopia) defeats invading Italians
March 2 George Lohmann takes 9-28 vs. South Africa at Johannesburg
March 5 Italian premier Crispi resigns
March 5 Italians governor of Eritrea, General Baldissera, reaches Massawa
March 6 1st auto in Detroit, Charles B King rides his "Horseless Carriage"
March 7 Gilbert and Sullivan's last operette "Grand Duke," premieres in London
March 8 Volunteers of America forms (New York City)
March 10 Bronx acquires O'Brien Square
March 10 Charilaos Vasilakos of Greece wins 1st modern marathon in 3:18
March 12 1st movie in Netherlands (Kalverstr 220)
March 14 Sutro Baths (SF) opens by Cliff House (closed Sept 1, 1952)
March 16 Premiere of Mahler's "Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen"
March 20 Marines land in Nicaragua to protect U.S. citizens
March 20 Uprising in Matabeleland
March 22 Charilaos Vasilakos wins 1st marathon (3:18)
March 23 Umberto Giordano's opera "Andrea Chenier," premieres in Milan
March 25 Modern Olympics began in Athens, Greece
March 28 The opera "Andrea Chenier" is produced (Milan)
March 31 Whitcomb Judson, Chicago, patents a hookless fastening, also known as the zipper
April 4 Announcement of Gold in Yukon
April 5 1st modern Olympic Games officially opens in Athens
April 6 1st modern Olympic games open in Athens Greece, American, James Connolly, wins 1st Olympic gold medal in mod history
April 10 Spiridon Louis wins 1st Olympic marathon (2:58:50)
April 12 Stamasia Portrisi is 1st woman to win a marathon (5:30 in Athens)
April 14 John Philip Sousa's "El Capitan," premieres (New York City)
April 15 1st Olympic games close at Athens, Greece
April 19 Herzl's "The Jewish State" is published
April 20 1st public film showing in U.S. John Philip Sousa's "El Capitan," premieres in New York City
April 23 Premier of motion pictures (Koster and Bial's Music Hall, New York City)
April 23 Vitascope system of movie projection 1st demonstrated (New York City)
April 25 Fight in Central Dance Hall starts fire (Cripple Creek Colorado)
April 25 Sidney Jones and Harry Greenbacks musical premieres in London
May 4 1st edition of London Daily Mail ( penny)
May 4 Grease fire ignites ton of dynamite at Cripple Creek Colorado
May 6 22nd Kentucky Derby: Willie Simms aboard Ben Brush wins in 2:07.75
May 8 Yorkshire Cricket all out for 887 against Warwickshire
May 9 1st horseless carriage show in London (featured 10 models)
May 14 Lowest U.S. temperature in May recorded -10 degrees F - Climax, Colorado
May 15 Tornado kills 78 in Texas
May 18 U.S. Supreme Court affirms race separation (Plessy vs. Ferguson)
May 19 1st auto (Benz) to arrive in Netherlands
May 26 1st American intercollegiate bicycle race, Manhattan Beach NY
May 26 Dow Jones begins an index of 12 industrial stocks (closing is 40.94)
May 26 Last Czar of Russia, Nicholas II, crowned
May 27 Bay District Race Track closes
May 27 Tornado hit St. Louis, killing 255 and leaving thousands homeless
May 30 1st car accident occurs, Henry Wells hit a bicyclist (New York City)
June 2 30th Belmont: Henry Griffin aboard Hastings wins in 2:24
June 2 Guglielmo Marconi patents the radio
June 4 Henry takes his 1st Ford through streets of Detroit
June 6 21st Preakness: Henry Griffin aboard Margrave wins in 1:51
June 6 George Samuelson leaves New York harbor to row across Atlantic
June 7 G Harpo and F Samuelson leave New York to row the Atlantic (takes 54 days)
June 11 U.S. Assay Office in Deadwood South Dakota authorized
June 15 Tsunami strikes Shinto festival on beach at Sanriku Japan 27,000 are killed, 9,000 injured, with 13,000 houses destroyed
June 16 Temperature hits 127 degrees F at Fort Mojave, California
June 26 1st movie theater in U.S. opens, charging 10 cents for admission
June 30 W. S. Hadaway patents electric stove
July 1 Harbor of Ymuiden opens
July 1 Wilfrid Laurier sworn in as 1st French speaking Prime Minister
July 8 William Jennings Bryan "cross of gold" speech at Dem convention
July 13 Ed Delahanty, becomes 2nd major leaguer to hit 4 home runs in a game
July 18 2nd U.S. Golf Open: James Foulis shoots a 152 at Shinnecock Hills NY
July 18 George Giffen is 1st to complete 1000/100 double, in 30th Test Cricket
July 18 Ranjitsinhji completes 154* on Test Cricket debut vs. Australia, Old Trafford
July 21 National Federation of Afro-American Women and Colored Women's
July 28 City of Miami incorporated
August 1 George Samuelson completes rowing Atlantic (New York to England)
August 6 France annexes Madagascar
August 11 Harvey Hubbell patents electric light bulb socket with a pull chain
August 12 Gold discovered at Klondike River at Dawson
August 12 Willem II soccer team forms in Tilburg
August 16 Gold discovered in Klondike, found at Bonanza Creek, Ala
August 17 George Washington Carmack discoveres gold in Klondike region of Yukon
August 18 Adolph Ochs (39) buys New York Times
August 20 Dial telephone patented
August 26 Armenian revolutionairy assault on Ottoman Bank Constantinople
August 27 England defeated Zanzibar in a 38-minute war (9:02 AM-9:40 AM)
August 29 Chop suey invented in New York City by chef of visiting Chinese Ambassador
August 31 Louis Napoleon Parker's "Rosemary," premieres in New York City
September 7 1st closed-circuit auto race, at Cranston, RI
September 7 A. H. Whiting wins 1st automobile race held on a track in Cranston, Rhode Island
September 20 John Mcdermott wins 1st U.S. marathon (New York City)
September 21 General Kitcheners army occupies Dongola Sudan
October 1 Sherlock Holmes adventure "Veiled Lodger" takes place
October 1 Yosemite becomes a National Park
October 5 William Gillette's "Secret Service," premieres in New York City
October 8 Dow Jones starts reporting an average of selected industrial stocks
October 17 Anton Tsjechovs "Chayka," premieres in St. Petersburg
October 26 Abyssinia and Italy sign peace treaty
October 27 1st Pali Road completed in Hawaii (winds so strong streams flow UP!)
October 30 Martha Hughes Cannon of Utah becomes 1st female senator
November 1 1st bare women breast (Zulu) to appear in National Geographic Mag
November 3 J. H. Hunter patents portable weighing scales
November 3 Martha Hughes Cannon of Utah elected 1st female senator
November 3 William McKinley (R) defeats William Jennings Bryan (D) for president
November 11 Jules Vandenpeereboom becomes Belgium's minister of War
November 14 Power plant at Niagara Falls begins operation
November 19 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Sussex Vampire"
November 24 1st U.S. absentee voting law enacted by Vermont
November 26 1st large indoor football game, University of Chicago beats University of Michigan 7-6
November 26 A. A. Stagg of U Chicago creates football huddle
November 27 "Also Sprach Zarathustra" (Thus Spake Zarathustra) debuts in Frankfurt
December 1 1st certified public accountants receive certificates (NY)
December 2 Gerhart Hauptmann's "Die versunkene Glocke," premieres in Berlin
December 5 Henrik Ibsen's "Kejsor og Galileer," premieres in Leipzig
December 6 D T Suzuki found the awakening at Engakuji temple, in Kamakura
December 8 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Missing 3 Quarter"
December 10 1st intercollegiate basketball game (Wesleyan beats Yale 4-3)
December 10 Alfred Jarry's "Ubu Roi," premieres in Paris
December 25 "Stars and Stripes Forever" written by John Philip Sousa
December 30 Stanley Cup: Montreal Victorias beat Winnipeg Victorias, 6-5
December 31 25th auto built in US












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