1899 in History



January 1 Cuba liberated from Spain by U.S., known as National Day, U.S. occupies until 1902
January 5 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure-Charles Augustus Milverton
January 7 Walter Camp publishes his 1st All-American football team in Collier's
January 17 U.S. takes possession of Wake Island in Pacific
January 19 Anglo-Egyptian Sudan forms
January 24 Belgium government of Vandenpeereboom forms
January 24 Rubber heel patented by Humphrey O'Sullivan
January 28 American Social Science Association incorporated by Congress
February 4 Revolt against U.S. occupation of Philippines
February 6 Spanish-American War ends, peace treaty ratified by Senate
February 10 -39 degrees F (-39 degrees C), Milligan, Ohio (state lowest record temperature)
February 10 U.S.-Spain peace treaty signed by President McKinley. U.S. gets Puerto Rico and Guam
February 11 -15 degrees F (-26 degrees C), Washington, D.C. (district record)
February 11 -61 degrees F, Montana (record low temperature)
February 12 1st 2-man team 6-day bicycle race in U.S. begins, MSG, New York City
February 12 -47 degrees F (-44 degrees C), Camp Clarke, Nebraska (state record)
February 13 -1 degrees F (-18 degrees C) New Orleans, Louisiana
February 13 -16 degrees F (-27 degrees C), Minden Louisiana (state record)
February 13 -2 degrees F (-19 degrees C) Tallahassee, Florida (state record)
February 14 U.S. Congress begins using voting machines
February 16 Pelham Warner scores 132 on Test Cricket debut (England vs. South Africa Johannesburg)
February 18 80 degrees F in San Francisco
February 18 San Francisco named as a port of dispatch for Army transports
February 18 Stanley Cup: Mont Shamrocks sweep Queens U (Kingston Ont) in 2 games
February 20 Ill Tel and Tel granted franchise for Chicago freight tunnel system
March 2 President McKinley signs bill creating Mount Rainier National Park (5th in U.S.)
March 3 Congress authorizes Lafayette silver dollar
March 3 George Dewey becomes 1st in U.S. with rank of Admiral of the Navy
March 5 1st performance of Edward MacDowell's 2nd Concerto in D
March 6 "Asprin" patented by Felix Hoffmann
March 14 Stanley Cup: Montreal Shamrocks beat Winnipeg Victorias, 6-2
March 17 Windsor luxury hotel in New York City catches fire, 92 die
March 18 Phoebe, a moon of Saturn is discovered by Pickering
March 21 British and French accord about West-Africa
April 1 North Carolina Mutual opens doors for business
April 4 South Africa all out 35 vs England (Trott 4-19, Haigh 6-11)
April 11 Treaty of Paris ratifies ends war; Spain cedes Puerto Rico to US
April 18 John McGraw, at 36, managerial debut as Oriole manager
April 19 3rd Boston Marathon won by Lawrence Brignolia of Mass in 2:54:38
April 24 Transvaal British Uitlanders ask Queen Victoria for aid
May 4 25th Kentucky Derby: Fred Taral aboard Manuel wins in 2:12
May 9 Lawn mower patented
May 17 Victoria and Albert Museum foundation laid England
May 18 World Goodwill Day-26 nations meet in 1st Hague Peace Conference
May 24 1st auto repair shop opens (Boston)
May 25 33rd Belmont: R. Clawson aboard Jean Beraud wins in 2:23
May 30 24th Preakness: R Clawson aboard Half Time wins in 1:47
May 31 Bronx acquires Keltch Memorial Park
June 1 Cricket test debut of Wilfred Rhodes and Victor Trumper in Grace's last
June 2 Black Americans observed day of fasting to protest lynchings
June 3 W G Grace's last day of Test cricket aged 50 years 320 days
June 5 Alfred Dreyfus' acquitted
June 9 James J Jeffries KOs Bob Fitzsimmons in 11 for heavywgt boxing title
June 10 Improved Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks forms in Cincinnati
June 16 Victor Trumper's 1st Test Cricket century 135* vs. England, Lord's
June 29 Brazo River in Texas floods 12 miles wide causing $10 mil damage
June 30 Jack Hearne takes a hat-trick England vs. Australia at Headingley
July 1 Gideon Society established to place bibles in hotels
July 1 San Francisco City Hall turned over to city, after 29 years of building
July 19 National Brotherhood of Electrical Workers, forms
July 29 1st motorcycle race, Manhattan Beach, New York
July 29 Southern California Golf Association forms
July 31 Albert Trott hits Monty Noble over the Pavilion at Lord's
August 15 Louisville's Henry Dowling struck out 5 times in a game
September 4 8.3 earthquake shakes Yakutat Bay, Alaska
September 6 Carnation processes its 1st can of evaporated milk
September 6 U.S. Minister of Foreign affairs John Hay publishes his "Open Through Note"
September 8 British government sends an additional 10,000 troops to Natal South Africa
September 9 French Captain Alfred Dreyfus sentenced on unjust grounds
September 10 2nd quake in 7 days (8.6) hits Yakutat Bay Alaska
September 14 Henry Bliss becomes 1st automobile fatality (NY)
September 15 5th U.S. Golf Open: Willie Smith shoots a 315 at Baltimore CC MD
September 17 1st British troops leave Bombay for South Africa
October 2 Orange Free state mobilizes
October 3 J. S. Thurman patents motor-driven vacuum cleaner
October 9 1st British troops reaches Durban South Africa
October 9 South Africa President Kruger routes British authorities ultimatum
October 10 IR Johnson patents bicycle frame
October 11 South African Boers declare war on Great Britain
October 12 South Africa Boer Republic declares war on England
October 13 7000 lay-offs black mine workers of South Africa reach Natal
October 14 Morning Post reporter Winston Churchill departs to South Africa
October 15 Cincinnati closes season with 16-1 and 19-3 victories over Cleveland Spiders
October 17 Sutro railroad sold to Robert F Morrow for $215,000
October 20 Battle at Talana Hill Natal: British army vs Boers
October 20 Columbia (U.S.) beats Shamrock (England) in 11th America's Cup
October 21 Battle at Elandslaagte Natal: (Boers vs British army)
October 22 British troops flee Dundee, Natal South Africa
October 24 Battle at Rietfontein, South Africa: Boers vs British army
October 30 Battle at Ladysmith Natal: Boers beat Lieutenant-General Whites army
October 30 British Morning Post reporter Winston Churchill reaches Capetown
November 2 Boers begin siege of Ladysmith Natal
November 3 James J. Jeffries beats Tom Sharkey in 25 for heavyweight boxing title
November 9 Boerenaanval up Ladysmith, Natal, attack
November 11 Stuart/Rubens/Boyd-Jones' "Floradora," premieres in London
November 12 British troops reach Durban Natal
November 15 Morning Post reporter Winston Churchill and wife captured in Natal
November 18 Trumper scores 208 in 185 minutes (1 five 25 fours) NSW vs. Qld
November 22 Battle at Willow Grange, Natal (British vs Boer army)
November 23 1st jukebox (Palais Royal Hotel, SF)
November 23 Battle at Belmont, Cape colony: general Methuen beats Farmers
November 25 Battle at Graspan, Cape colony: general Methuen beats Farmers
November 28 Battle of Mud river (Boer General. Cronje beats British General Methuen)
December 2 U.S. and Germany agree to divide Samoa between them
December 4 56th Congress (1899-1901) convenes
December 4 Webb Hayes son of President Rutherford Hayes receives medal of honor
December 8 Natal: British fall/burst out belegerd Ladysmith
December 10 Battle at Storm Berge South Africa - Boers vs British army
December 10 British "Black Week" due to nederlagen in South Africa
December 10 Frank Wedekind's "Der Kammersang," premieres in Berlin
December 11 Battle of Magers' fountain - Boer leader Cronje vs. General Methuen
December 12 1st case of plague on Oahu, Hawaii
December 12 George F Bryant of Boston patents the wooden golf tee
December 15 Battle at Colenso, South Africa (Boers-British army)
December 18 Field Marshal Lord Roberts appointed British supreme commander in South Africa
December 23 Field Marshal Lord Roberts departs Southampton to South Africa
December 23 Southampton: field marshal lord Roberts departures to South Africa
December 23 Tentative Turkish and German treaty on construction of Baghdad railway
December 25 Farmers send/guide belegerd Ladysmith Kerstpudding/desire in grenade
December 26 Mafeking: Bathe-Powells failed assault up fort Game Tree: 24 killed
December 29 English fleet brings German postschip Bundesrath up












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