1903 in History



January 2 President T Roosevelt shuts down post office in Indianola Miss, for refusing to accept its appointed postmistress because she was black
January 5 San Francisco - Hawaii telegraph cable opens for public use
January 6 Dutch Press museum opens in Amsterdam
January 7 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Blanched Soldier"
January 7 Vincent d'Indy's opera "L'etranger," premieres in Brussel
January 9 2 NYers buy Baltimore baseball franchise for $18,000 and moved it to NY
January 9 Baseball's National and American Leagues make peace
January 9 Frank Farrell and Bill Devery purchase AL Baltimore franchise for $18,000 and move it to New York City (Yankees)
January 9 Wind Cave National Park, SD established
January 12 Harry Houdini performs at Rembrandt theater, Amsterdam
January 19 1st regular transatlantic radio broadcast between U.S. and England
January 19 New bicycle race "Tour de France" announced
January 21 Harry Houdini escapes police station Halvemaansteeg in Amsterdam
January 21 International Theater (Majestic, Park) opens at 5 Columbus Circle New York City
January 21 "Wizard of Oz," premieres in New York City
January 29 Dutch railroad workers strike
February 3 Frederick Lugard occupies Kano West Africa
February 4 Stanley Cup: Montreal AAA beat Winn Victorias, 2 games to 1 and 1 tie
February 7 VVV '03 Soccer team forms in Venlo
February 11 Anton Bruckner's 9th Symfonie premieres in Vienna
February 14 U.S. Department of Commerce and Labor forms
February 15 1st Teddy Bear introduced in America, made by Morris and Rose Michtom
February 16 -59 degrees F (-51 degrees C), Pokegama Dam, Minnesota (state record)
February 18 Kuyper government launches anti strike laws
February 20 Nick Young remains as NL president as AG Spalding ends challenge
February 21 Cornerstone laid for U.S. Army war college, Washington, D.C.
February 22 Due to drought the U.S. side of Niagara Falls runs short of water
February 23 Cuban state of Guantanamo leased to USA
February 24 U.S. signs agreement acquiring a naval station at Guantanamo Bay Cuba
February 28 Barney Dreyfuss and James Potter buys Philadelphia Phillies for $170,000
March 2 Martha Washington Hotel, catering to women only, opens in New York City
March 3 North Carolina becomes 1st state requiring registration of nurses
March 5 Definitive treaty for construction of Baghdad railway drawn
March 10 Harry Gammeter, Cleveland, patents multigraph duplicating machine
March 10 Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 sweep Montreal AAA in 2 games
March 12 New York Highlanders (Yankees) approved as members of AL
March 14 1st national bird reservation established in Sebastian, Florida
March 14 Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 sweep Rat Portage Thisles in 2 games
March 14 WB Yeats and Lady Gregory's "Hour-glass," premieres in Dublin
March 15 Frederick Lugard occupies Sokoto West Africa
March 22 New York Highlanders (Yankees) tickets 1st go on sale
March 22 Niagera Falls runs out of water because of a drought
March 23 Wright brothers obtain airplane patent
March 26 American Hotel opens in Amsterdam
March 31 Richard Pearse flies monoplane several hundred yards (New Zealand)
April 6 General railroad strike against "worgwetten" (anti-strike laws)
April 14 Dr. Harry Plotz discovers vaccine against typhoid in New York City
April 20 7th Boston Marathon won by John Lorden of Mass in 2:41:29.8
April 20 New York Highlanders play their 1st game, with Jack Chesbro losing 3-1 to Al Orth and Washington
April 22 American Power Boat Association forms
April 22 New York Highlanders (Yankees) 1st game, Senators win 3-1 before 11,950
April 23 New York Highlanders (Yankees) win their 1st game beating Washington Senators 7-2
April 27 1st Highlander (Yankee) shut-out, Philadelphia A's win 6-0
April 27 Long Island's Jamaica Race Track opens
April 29 Limestone slides at Turtle Mountain kills 9 (Frank Alberta)
April 30 New York Highlanders (Yankees) 1st home game, (Hilltop Park-168th St. and Broadway, Manhattan), they beat Washington Senators, 6-2
May 2 29th Kentucky Derby: Hal Booker aboard Judge Himes wins in 2:09
May 3 AVC Heracles (South Carolina Heracles '74) soccer team forms in Almelo
May 6 Chicago White Sox commit 12 errors against Detroit Tigers
May 14 President Theodore Roosevelt visits San Francisco
May 16 1st transcontinental motorcycle trip begins at San Francisco (George Wymann)
May 16 George Wyman makes 1st motorcycle trip across the US
May 17 Cleveland Indians beat New York Highlanders 9-2 in Columbus Ohio
May 23 1st automobile trip across U.S. from San Francisco to New York, ended April 1
May 23 1st direct primary election law in U.S. adopted, by Wisconsin
May 26 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of 3 Gables"
May 27 37th Belmont: John Bullman aboard Africander wins in 2:21.75
May 27 Queen Wilhelmina opens Berlages Merchants bureau in Amsterdam
May 30 28th Preakness: W Gannon aboard Flocarline wins in 1:44.8
June 2 Netherlands Korfball League forms
June 2 Pirates win a triple header from Dodgers
June 12 Niagara Falls, Ontario incorporated as a city
June 16 1st Highlander (Yankee) shut-out victory 1-0 over White Sox
June 16 Ford Motors incorporates
June 16 Pepsi Cola company forms
June 18 1st transcontinental auto trip begins in San Francisco; arrives New York 3-months later
June 21 Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Mazarine Stone" takes place
June 24 Russia prohibits meetings dealing with Zionist
June 25 Boston Beaneater Wiley Piatt is only 20th-century pitcher to lose 2 complete games in one day, falling to Pittsburgh 1-0 and 5-3
June 25 Yankees and White Sox end deadlocked at 6-6 in 18
June 27 9th U.S. Golf Open: Willie Anderson shoots a 307 at Baltusrol Golf Club New Jersey
June 29 British government protests against abuser in Belgian Congo
July 1 1st Tour de France bicycle race begins
July 2 AL/NL batting champ Ed Delahanty, disappears, found dead days later
July 2 Pitcher Jack Doscher, 1 son of a major leaguer debuts with Cubs
July 4 Pacific Cable (SF, Hawaii, Guam, Phil) opens, President TR sends message
July 6 George Wyman arrives in New York City by motorcycle 51 days out of SF
July 20 Giuseppe Sarto elected Pope Pius X
July 23 Ford Motor sells 1st Model A car
July 25 Castle on top of Telegraph Hill closes
August 1 1st coast-to-coast automobile trip (SF-NY) completed
August 2 Unsuccessful uprising of Macedonians against Turkey
August 4 Cardinal Giuseppe Sarto of Venice elected Pope Pius X
August 8 3rd Davis Cup: British Isles beats USA in Boston (4-1)
August 8 In 11th an old black ball is put into play against Cleveland, Tigers' Nap Lajoie protests ignored, he hurls ball out of park and forfeits game
August 14 James J Jeffries KOs James J Corbett in 10 for heavywgt boxing title
August 16 Tigers play a home game in Toledo, Ohio, Yankees win 12-8
August 17 Joe Pulitzer donated $1 million to Columbia U and begins Pulitzer Prizes
August 19 Phillies suffer record 9th straight posponed game
August 23 6th Zionist Congres, Theodor Herzl declares Jewish state
August 26 Phillies walk 17 Dodgers in a game
August 27 23rd U.S. Mens Tennis: Hugh L Doherty beats William A Larned (60 63 108)
August 31 Joe McGinnity wins his 3rd doubleheader of month
September 6 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Creeping Man"
September 7 Federation of American Motorcyclists organized in NY
September 9 6 km long Engadin-railroad tunnel of Switzerland inaugurated
September 14 New York Giant Red Ames no-hits St. Louis, 5-0 in a 5 inning game
September 15 Queen Wilhelmina calls railroad strikers "criminals"
September 17 Boston Pilgrims clinch AL pennant, beating Cleveland, 14-3
September 18 Phillie's Chick Fraser no-hits Chicago Cubs, 10-0
September 19 King Leopold II deny Belgian cruelty in Congo
September 21 1st cowboy film "Kit Carson," premieres in U.S.
September 22 Italo Marchiony granted patent for ice cream cone
September 24 Alfred Deakin succeeds Edmund Baston as Australia premier
September 24 Bill Bradley becomes 1st Cleveland baseball player (Cleveland Naps) to hit for cycle
October 1 1st baseball World Series, Pittsburgh Pirates vs Americans Pilgrims (Red Sox)
October 8 J. M. Synge's "In the Shadow of the Glen," premieres in Dublin
October 9 11" (28.4 cm) rainfall in 24 hours (New York City)
October 12 Lyric Theater opens at 213 W 42nd St. New York City
October 13 Victor Herbert's "Babes in Toyland," premieres in New York City
October 16 Homel, 1st Jewish self defense organization founded in Russia
October 20 U.S. wins disputed boundary between District of Alaska and Canada
October 24 1st trotter to run a mile under 2 minutes (Lou Dillon 1:58.1)
October 24 George Sutton becomes billard champ
October 25 Senate begins investigating Teapot Dome scandals of Harding admin
October 26 Yerba Buena is 1st Key System ferry to cross San Francisco Bay
November 2 Lyceum Theater (New Lyceum) opens at 149 W 45th St. New York City
November 2 New Amsterdam Theater opens at 214 W 42nd St. New York City
November 3 Colombia grants Panama independence
November 6 USA recognizea independence of Panama
November 15 Eugen d'Alberts opera "Tiefland," premieres in Prague
November 16 V Herbert and H Smith' musical "Babette," premieres in New York City
November 18 Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty gives U.S. exclusive canal rights in Panama
November 19 Carrie Nation attempts to address Senate
November 23 Enrico Caruso U.S. debut (Metropolitan Opera House, New York) in "Rigoletto"
November 24 Clyde Coleman of New York City patents automobile electric starter
November 24 George Ade's "County Chairman," premieres in New York City
November 27 Opera "Die Heugierigen Frauen" is produced (Munich)
December 1 "The Great Train Robbery," the 1st Western film, released
December 3 Panglima Polim surrenders to Captain Colijn at Atjeh
December 6 Sumatra Atjehs guerilla leader Panglima Polim surrenders
December 9 Norwegian parliament vote unanimiously for female suffrage
December 10 Nobel for physics awarded to Pierre/Marie Curie
December 11 British forces under MacDonald and Young march into Tibet
December 12 Roger Casement completes report about abuses in Belgian Congo
December 13 Italo Marcioni patents ice cream cone in New Jersey
December 13 Wright Bros make 1st flight at Kittyhawk
December 14 Reg Foster completes 287 England vs. Australia on Test Cricket debut
December 16 Majestic Theater, New York City, becomes 1st in U.S. to employ women ushers
December 17 At 10:35 AM, 1st sustained motorized aircraft flight (Orville Wright)
December 19 Williamsburg suspension bridge opens between Brooklyn and Manhattan
December 27 "Sweet Adaline," a barbershop quartet favorite, is 1st sung
December 28 Clyde Fitch's "Glad of It," premieres in New York City
December 28 Electric lamp sets fire to Iroquois theater in Chicago; 602 die
December 29 French Equatorial Africa separates into Gabon, Chad and Ubangi-Shari
December 30 American Political Science Association founded at New Orleans
December 30 Fire at Chicago's Iriquois Theater kills 602












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