1905 in History



January 1 9 hour work day for diamond miners
January 2 Elara, a satellite of Jupiter, discovered by Perrine
January 2 Japanese troops capture Port Arthur
January 5 Charles Perrine announces discovery of Jupiter's 7th satellite, Elara
January 5 National Association of Audubon Society incorporates
January 9 Bloody Sunday-demonstrators fired on by tsarist troops
January 14 Hubbell, Shubert and Smith's musical "Fontana," premieres in New York City
January 15 Coen de Koning becomes world champion all-round skater
January 16 Baseball outfielder Frank Huelsman traded for 6th time in 8 months
January 16 Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 sweep Dawson City (Yukon) in 2 games Ottawa Silver 7 beats Dawson City (Yukon) 23-2 for Stanley Cup, this is most lopsided playoff game, Frank McGee scores 14 goals
January 17 Punchboards patented by Charles Brewer and C G Scannell, Chicago
January 18 French government of Combes falls
January 22 Bloody Sunday: Russian demonstrators fired on by tsarist troops
January 25 World's largest diamond, Cullinan - 3106 carets, found in South Africa
January 26 Arnold Schonberg's "Pelleas und Melissande," premieres in Vienna
January 26 Han Yong-woon [Bongwan, Manhae] (1879-1944) ordained a monk in Korea
January 27 Maurice Rouvier forms government in France
January 31 1st auto to exceed 100 mph (161 kph), A G MacDonald, Daytona Beach
January 31 Carroll Wright appointed 1st U.S. Commissioner of Labor
February 1 Hague soccer team ADO froms
February 1 Hungarian premier Tisza resigns
February 7 Dominican Rep signs treaty turning over customs collection to US
February 7 Oklahoma admitted to statehood
February 8 Cyclone hit Tahiti and adjacent islands, killing some 10,000 people
February 11 James Blackstone, Seattle, bowls 299 -last pin breaks but stands
February 11 Pope Pius X publishes encyclical Vehementer nos
February 13 -29 degrees F (-34 degrees C) Pond, Arkansas (state record)
February 13 -40 degrees F (-40 degrees C) Lebanon, Kansas (state record)
February 13 -40 degrees F (-40 degrees C) Warsaw, Missouri (state record)
February 15 1st race meet at Oaklawn Park (Hot Springs, Ark)
February 16 1st U.S. Esperanto club organizes in Boston
February 17 Frances Willard becomes 1st women honored in National Statuary Hall
February 18 Frank Wedekind's "Hidada, oder Sein und Haben," premieres in Munich
February 23 Rotary Club International formed by 4 men in Chicago
February 24 Simplon tunnel in Switzerland completed
February 25 Netherlands Workers van Vakverenigingen, (NVV) political party forms
March 3 U.S. Forest Service forms
March 4 Gerhart Hauptmann's "Elga," premieres in Berlin
March 10 Japanese Army captures Mukden (Shenyang)
March 11 Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 beat Rat Portage Thisles, 2 games to 1
March 17 Eleanor Roosevelt marries Franklin D. Roosevelt in NY
March 25 Rebel battle flags captured during war are returned to South
March 28 Paramaribo-Dam railway opens in Suriname, never used
March 31 German emperor Wilhelm II visits Tanger
April 1 British East African Protectorate becomes colony of Kenya
April 2 Cairo-Capetown railway opens
April 4 Earthquake in Kangra India, kills 20,000
April 5 James Barrie's "Alice-sit-by-the-fire," premieres in London
April 12 French Dufaux brothers test helicopter
April 12 Hippodrome arena opens in New York City
April 17 U.S. Supreme Court judges maximum work day unconstitutional
April 19 9th Boston Marathon won by Fred Lorz of New York in 2:38:25.4
April 22 Operations begin uniting conservatory of Nature monument Amsterdam
April 24 1st-class Cricket debut of Jack Hobbs, Surrey vs. Gentlemen (18 and 28)
April 24 Senators execute a triple-play and beat Yankees 4-3
April 25 Latest day of 1st-class cricket in an Australia season (NSW vs. Qld)
April 25 Whites win right to vote in South Africa
April 26 Cubs Jack McCarthy becomes only major league player to throw out 3 runners at plate in 1 game, all were ends of a double play
April 27 World Exposition opens in Luik
April 29 2" rain falls in 10 minutes in Taylor, Texas
April 29 Pierre de Brazza lands in Libreville Gabon
April 30 1st official soccer game between Belgium-Netherlands (1-4)
May 2 French newspapers publish lists of Jules Vernes unpublished work
May 5 Robert S. Abbott published 1st issue of newspaper "Chicago Defender"
May 10 31st Kentucky Derby: Jack Martin aboard Agile wins in 2:100.75
May 13 James J Jeffries retires as boxing champ
May 14 2nd official International soccer match, Netherlands beats Belgium 4-0
May 15 Las Vegas, Nevada founded
May 15 Pierre de Brazza reaches Leopoldville
May 17 Waseda University of Tokyo defeats LA High School 5-3 in baseball
May 19 Tom Jenkins beats Frank Gotcha for heavyweight wrestling champ
May 22 Royal Academy in Delft Holland becomes Technical High School
May 24 39th Belmont: Eugene Hildebrand aboard Tanya wins in 2:08
May 26 A pogrom against Jews in Minsk Belorussia
May 27 30th Preakness: W Davis aboard Cairngore wins in 1:45.8
May 27 Japanese fleet destroys Russian East Sea fleet in Straits of Tushima
May 29 Pogrom against Jewish community in Brisk Lithuania
May 31 Emperor Wilhelm II lands in Tanger
June 1 Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition opens in Portland, Oregon
June 6 French Foreign minister Delcasse resigns on German request
June 7 Norway dissolves union with Sweden, in effect since 1814
June 10 1st forest fire lookout tower placed in operation, Greenville, Maine
June 11 Penns Railroad debuts fastest train in world, New York - Chicago in 18 hours
June 13 New York Giant Christy Mathewson 2nd no-hitter, beats Chicago Cubs, 1-0
June 25 Warsaw and Lodz revolt against Russian occupation
June 27 Russian sailors mutiny aboard battleship "Potemkin"
July 3 Kuyper government forms in Holland
July 3 Marvin Hart KOs Jack Hart in 12 for heavyweight boxing title
July 4 Philadelphia A's beat Boston Red Sox 4-2 in 20 inning game
July 7 127 degrees F (53 degrees C), Parker Ariz (state record)
July 8 Part of Angel Island allocated for Immigration Detention Center
July 10 Dutch Queen Wilhelmina opens Technical Hague court
July 11 Black intellectuals and activists organize Niagara movement
July 11 Niagara Movement founded by W. E. B. Dubois
July 22 Philadelphia Athletic's Weldon Henley no-hits St. Louis Browns, 6-0
July 24 Treaty of Bjorko: Emperor Wilhelm II/czar Nicholas II
July 30 Dutch Covenant of Worker's union, NVV, forms
July 31 Matumbi rebellion at Samanga German East Africa
August 6 26.7 cm rainfall at Princeton, Indiana (state record)
August 9 Mistaking her husband for a burglar, Ty Cobb's mother kills him
August 12 King Leopold II opens Central Station Antwerp
August 14 Ngindo-rebellion killed 5 RC German clergymen in East-Africa
August 15 Philadelphia A's Rube Waddell no-hits St. Louis Browns, 2-0 in 5 innings
August 16 Mbunga-rebellion occupy German post Ifakara East-Africa
August 17 Dutch government of De Master begins
August 19 Russian tsar installs "Imperial Duma," without legislative powers
August 24 Chicago Cubs beat Phillies 2-1 in 20 innings
August 29 Pierre de Brazza leaves Brazzaville
August 30 Pogoro/Ngindo attack Fort Mahenge German East-Africa
August 30 Tiger Ty Cobb makes his debut, doubling off Yank Jack Chesbro
August 31 25th U.S. Mens Tennis: Beals C Wright beats Holcombe Ward (62 61 119)
August 31 Mbunga-rebellion takes German Fort Mahenge East-Africa
September 1 Alberta and Saskatchewan become 8th and 9th Canadian provinces
September 5 Lillian Mortimer's "No Mother to Guide," premieres in Detroit
September 5 Treaty of Portsmouth USA, ends Russo-Japanese War
September 6 Atlanta Life Insurance Company forms
September 6 Chicago White Sox Frank Smith no-hits Detroit Tigers, 15-0
September 6 General Trade journal publishes 1st Dutch photo (train accident)
September 8 Pittsburgh Pirates strand NL record 18 men on base and lose to Reds 8-3
September 10 Japanese battleship Mikasa explodes
September 14 Albert Cuypstrat street market in Amsterdam inaugurated
September 14 Dutch AR-politician AWF Idenburg named governor of Suriname
September 14 RAC Tourist Trophy, 1st run, on Isle of Man
September 18 Electric tramline opens in Rotterdam
September 20 Cleveland makes AL record 7 errors in an inning
September 22 11th U.S. Golf Open: Willie Anderson shoots a 314 at Myopia Club Mass
September 23 Mbunga-siege of Fort Mahenge German East-Africa broken
September 27 1st published blues composition forms sale, WC Handy Memphis Blues
September 27 Boston's Bill Dinneen no-hits Chicago White Sox, 2-0
October 5 Orville/Wilbur Wright's "Flyer III" flight 38.5 km in 38.3"
October 9 Philadelphia A's meet Giants in World Series, Giants win 3-0
October 14 Giant's Christy Mathewson's 3rd straight World Series shutout
October 14 New York Giants beats Philadelphia A's, 4 games to 1 in 2nd World Series
October 15 Claude Debussy's "La Mer," premieres
October 15 Union workers at NVV rejects safety demands
October 20 Great General Strike in Russia begins; lasts 11 days
October 20 Russian tsar allows Polish people to speak Polish
October 21 England Pilgrim Association beats All New York 11, 7-1 in soccer at Polo Grounds
October 23 Edward Milton Royle's "Squaw Man," premieres in New York City
October 26 1st Soviet (workers' council) formed, St. Petersburg, Russia
October 26 Union of Sweden and Norway ends
October 29 Hottentot chief Hendrik Witbooi fataly injured
October 30 G.B. Shaw's "Mrs Warren's Profession," premieres in New York City
October 30 "October Manifesto" Russian Tsar Nicholas II grants civil liberties
October 30 Tsar of Russia accepts 1st Duma (Parliament)
October 31 Great revolutionary demonstration for amnesty in St. Petersburg
November 4 Harbor strike against importing grain elevators in Rotterdam
November 9 Swedish mine workers win 5 month strike for minimum wages
November 10 Sailors revolt in Kronstadt Russia
November 14 David Belasco's "Girl of Golden West," premieres in New York City
November 16 Netherlands/Russian Count Witte becomes premier of Russia
November 18 George Bernard Shaws "Major Barbara," premieres in London
November 18 Prince Carl of Denmark becomes King Haakon VII of Norway
November 21 1st game ever played in the Australian Tennis Open
November 22 British, Italian, Russisan, French and Austria-Hungary fleet attack Lesbos
November 23 Henry Watson Furness, an Indiana physican, named minister of Haiti
November 24 Moshav Hertzlia forms in Israel
November 28 Arthur Griffith forms Sinn Fein in Dublin
December 4 British government of Balfour resigns
December 5 Henry Campbell-Bannermam (Lib) becomes Prime Minister of England
December 9 French Assembly National votes for separation of church and state
December 9 Richard Strauss' opera "Salome," premiers in Dresden
December 11 120 degrees F (49 degrees C), Rivadavia, Argentina (South American record)
December 11 British government of Campbell-Bannerman forms
December 16 "Variety," covering all phases of show business, 1st published
December 18 H V Hordern takes 8-81 in 2nd innings of F-C debut (NSW vs. Qld)
December 25 V Herbert/H Blossoms musical "Mlle Modiste," premieres in New York City
December 27 M A Noble scores 281 (369 minutes, 21 fours) NSW vs. Victoria
December 28 Intercollegiate Athletic Association of U.S. founded (becomes NCAA in 1910)
December 28 NSW all out for 805 vs Victoria, win by innings and 253












Add History to your Site or Blog
You can add our Today in History or Today's Birthdays scripts to your site. The script has fresh, new content each day, and requires no work on your part. Get started

BrainyHistory on FaceBook
Get the birthdays of the day from BrainyHistory on FaceBook and Twitter