1912 in History



January 1 1st running of San Francisco's famed "Bay to Breakers" race, 7.63 miles / 12.3 km
January 1 Sun Yat-sen forms Chinese Republic
January 3 South Pacific RR offers to bring Liberty Bell to Exposition, free
January 4 Smallest earth-moon distance this century, 356,375 km center-to-ctr
January 5 1st National Hockey Association game (Victoria)
January 6 New Mexico becomes 47th state
January 9 U.S. Marines invade Honduras
January 10 Caillaux government in France resigns
January 10 World's 1st flying boat's maiden flight, (Glenn Curtiss in New York)
January 12 -47 degrees F (-44 degrees C), Washta, Iowa (state record)
January 13 -40 degrees F (-40 degrees C), Oakland, Maryland (state record)
January 14 Raymond Poincare becomes premier of France
January 17 Robert Scott expedition arrives at South Pole, 1 month after Amundsen
January 18 English explorer Robert F Scott and his expedition reach South Pole, only to discover that Roald Amundsen had gotten there before
January 29 Martial law declared in textile strike in Lawrence, MA
February 2 Frederick R Law, parachutes from Statue of Liberty (stunt for Pathe)
February 7 2nd Dutch 11 city skate (Coen de Koenig wins (11:40)
February 8 1st eastbound U.S. transcontinental flight lands in Jacksonville, Fla
February 9 U.S. Tennis Association amends rule taking bye away from defending champion
February 10 Hobbs and Rhodes make 323 cricket opening stand vs. Australia at MCG
February 12 China adopts Gregorian calendar
February 12 Last Ch'ing (Manchu) emperor of China, Hsuan T'ung, abdicates
February 13 England regains cricket's Ashes
February 14 1st U.S. submarines with diesel engines commissioned, Groton, Connecticut
February 14 Arizona was admitted to the Union as the 48th state
February 15 Fram reaches latitude 78 degrees 41' S, farthest south ever by ship
February 16 VSV soccer team forms in Ijmuiden
February 20 Argentina beat the MCC in their inaugural cricket 1st-class fixture
February 22 J. Vedrines makes 1st airplane flight over 100 mph - 161.29 kph
February 26 Coal miners strike in England (settle on 03/01)
February 27 Lord Kitchener opens Khartoum-El Obeid (Nyala) railway
February 28 Victor Trumper's last Test Cricket innings c Woolley b Barnes 50
March 1 Albert Berry makes 1st parachute jump from an airplane
March 1 Isabella Goodwin, 1st U.S. woman detective, appointed, New York City
March 5 Spanish steamer "Principe de Asturias" sinks NE of Spain, 500 die
March 7 Roald Amundsen announces discovery of the South Pole
March 11 1st Stanley Cup game to be played in 3 20-minute periods, formerly played in 30-minute halfs, Quebec beats Moncton 9-3 on way to sweep
March 12 Captain Albert Berry performs 1st parachute jump from an airplane
March 12 Girl Guides (Girl Scouts) forms in Savannah, by Juliette Gordon Low
March 12 Helen Hayes Theater opens at 238 W 44th St. New York City
March 13 Stanley Cup: Quebec Bulldogs sweep Moncton (NB) in 2 games
March 14 King Vittorio Emanuel III of Rome injured during assassination attempt
March 15 Pitcher Cy Young retires from baseball with 511 wins
March 16 Mrs. William Howard Taft plants 1st cherry tree in Washington D.C.
March 17 Camp Fire Girls organization announced by Mrs. Luther Halsey Gulick
March 23 Dixie Cup invented
March 27 1st Japanese cherry blossom trees planted in Washington D.C.
March 29 Captain Robert Scott, storm-bound in a tent near South Pole, makes last entry in his diary "the end cannot be far"
March 30 French protectorate in Morocco established
April 2 Sun Yet Sen forms Guomindang-Party in China
April 2 Titanic undergoes sea trials under its own power
April 4 Army fires on striking mine workers at Lena-gold fields Siberia
April 4 Chinese republic proclaimed in Tibet
April 6 Electric starter 1st appeared in cars
April 8 Steamers collide in Nile, drowning 200
April 9 1st exhibition baseball game at Fenway Park (Red Sox vs. Harvard)
April 9 Titanic leaves Queenstown, Ireland for New York
April 10 RMS Titanic sets sail for its 1st and last voyage
April 11 Cornerstone of Technion in Haifa Palestine laid
April 13 Royal Flying Corps forms (later RAF)
April 14 Pan American Union forms
April 14 The RMS Titanic collided with an iceberg at 11:40pm about 375 miles south of Newfoundland; it was the fourth day of her maiden voyage from Southampton, UK to New York City
April 15 Over 1,500 people die when the British passenger ship, RMS Titanic, sinks in the North Atlantic Ocean after colliding with an iceberg
April 15 Titanic sinks at 2:27 AM off Newfoundland as band plays on
April 16 Harriet Quimby becomes 1st woman pilot to cross English Channel
April 16 Pirates turn a rare 5-3-7 doubleplay (left fielder covers 2nd base)
April 17 1st unofficial gold record (Al Jolson's "Ragging The Baby To Sleep")
April 19 16th Boston Marathon won by Mike Ryan of New York in 2:21:18.2
April 20 Fenway Park officially opens, Red Sox beat New York Highlanders 7-6 in 11
April 20 Tiger Stadium in Detroit opens, Tigers beat Cleveland Indians 6-5
April 26 1st homerun hit at Fenway Park (Hugh Bradley, Red Sox)
April 27 Relief laws replaces those of 1854, in Netherlands
April 29 108 degrees F (42 degrees C), Tuguegarao, Philippines (Oceania record)
April 29 Frank Wedekind's "Tod und Teufel," premieres in Berlin
May 1 Amsterdam-North soccer team DWV forms
May 1 Beverly Hills Hotel opens
May 4 Italian mariners occupy Turkish Island of Rhodes
May 5 5th Olympic games open at Stockholm, Sweden
May 5 Soviet Communist Party newspaper Pravda begins publishing (4/22 OS)
May 7 Columbia University approves plans for awarding the Pulitzer Prize in several categories The award is established by Joseph Pulitzer
May 11 38th Kentucky Derby: Carol H Shilling aboard Worth wins in 2:09.4
May 13 Royal Flying Corps forms in England
May 15 37th Preakness: Clarnence Turner on Colonel Holloway wins in 1:56.6
May 15 Ty Cobb rushes a heckler at a New York Highlander game and is suspended
May 18 A's beat Tigers 24-2, who use amateurs protesting Ty Cobbs suspension
May 18 Maurits Binger establishes 2 Dutch movie companies
May 19 AL President Ban Johnson tells Tigers if they continue protest of Ty Cobb's suspension, they will be banned from baseball
May 28 Jackie Matthews takes 2 cricket hat-tricks same day Australia vs. South Africa
May 29 15 young women fired by Curtis Publishing for dancing "Turkey Trot" during their lunch break
May 30 U.S. Marines sent to Nicaragua
May 31 U.S. Marines land on Cuba
June 1 Stormvogels soccer team forms in Ijmuiden
June 4 Cone of Mount Katmai (Alaska) collapses
June 4 Massachusetts passes 1st U.S. minimum wage law
June 5 U.S. Marines invade Cuba, 3nd time
June 7 St. Pius X encyclical "On Indians of South America"
June 7 U.S. Army tests 1st machine gun mounted on a plane
June 13 Albert Berry made the 1st parachute jump from an airplane
June 13 New York Giant Christy Mathewson wins his 300th game
June 15 26th U.S. Womens Tennis: Mary K Browne beats Eleonora Sears (64 62)
June 19 Tennessee University opened as Tennessee A and L State College
June 20 New York Giant Josh Devore steals 4 bases in an inning (2nd and 3rd twice)
June 20 New York Giants lead Bost Braves 14-2 into 9th, Giants win 21-12
June 26 Gustav Mahlers 9th Symphony premieres in Vienna
July 3 New York Giant pitcher Rube Marquard ties record of 19 game win-streak
July 4 Detroit Tiger George Mullen no-hits St. Louis Browns, 7-0
July 4 Jack Johnson TKOs Jim Flynn in 9 for heavyweight boxing title
July 6 5th Olympic games in Stockholm opens
July 6 Donald Lippincott runs world record 100m (10.6)
July 8 G E V Crutchley (Oxford) 99 retired measles vs. Cambridge
July 8 Giants Rube Marquard loses after winning 21 straight
July 10 Hannes Kolehmainen runs world record 5000m (14:36.6)
July 12 1st foreign feature film exhibited in U.S. - "Queen Elizabeth" - New York City
July 14 Kenneth McArthur runs Olympic record marathon (2:36:54.8)
July 15 British National Health Insurance Act goes into effect
July 16 Naval torpedo launched from an airplane patents by B. A. Fiske
July 17 IAF (International Amateur Athletic Federation) forms in Sweden
July 18 Chicago Cubs get 21 hits but lose to Philadelphia Phillies in 11 innings
July 20 Phillies Sherry Magee steals home twice in 1 game
July 22 5th Olympic games in Stockholm closes
July 25 Comoros proclaimed a French colonies
July 31 RBC soccer team forms in Roosendaal
July 31 U.S. government prohibits movies and photos of prize fights
August 2 18th U.S. Golf Open: John McDermott shoots a 294 at CC of Buffalo NY
August 7 Progressive (Bull Moose) Party nominates Theodore Roosevelt for president
August 14 2,500 U.S. Marines invade Nicaragua; U.S. remains until 1925
August 15 Yankee Guy Zinn sets record by stealing home twice in a game
August 19 Percy Aldridge Grainger's "Shepherd's Key," premieres
August 20 Plant Quarantine Act goes into effect
August 20 Washington Senator Carl Cushion no-hits Cleveland Indians, 2-0 in 6 innings
August 21 Mr. Carter-Cotton chosen 1st chancellor of University of British Columbia
August 22 England defeat Australia to win the Triangular Tournament
August 22 Richard Catling, commissioner of police (Kenya)
August 24 New York City ticker tape parade for Jim Thorpe and victorious U.S. olympians
August 24 Territory of Alaska organizes
August 24 U.S. passes Anti-gag law, federal employees right to petition government
August 25 1st time an aircraft recovers from a spin
August 25 Different nationalities battle with each other in Macedonia
August 26 32nd U.S. Mens Tennis: M E McLoughlin beats W F Johnson (36 26 62 64 62)
August 26 Walter Johnson's 16-game winning streak ends
August 27 Edgar Rice Burroughs' publishes "Tarzan of the Apes"
August 30 St. Louis Brown Earl Hamilton no-hits Detroit Tigers, 5-1
September 3 Arnold Schoenberg's "Funf Orchesterstucke," premieres
September 3 World's 1st cannery opens in England to supply food to the navy
September 4 1st accident (collision) in Londoner Underground: 22 injured person
September 6 New York Giant Jeff Tesreau no-hits Philadelphia, 3-0
September 7 Eddie Collins steals record 6 bases in 9-7 Athletics win over Detroit
September 9 J Verdrines becomes 1st to fly over 100 mph (107 mph/172 kph)
September 11 Netherland Olympic Committee forms
September 11 Philadelphia A's Eddie Collins steals 6 bases in 1 game
September 12 Dutch Olympian Committee forms (NOC)
September 15 Red Sox pitcher Joe Wood ties then record of 16 straight wins
September 15 War between Turkey and Montenegro breaks out in Albania
September 17 Center fielder Casey Stengel breaks in with Brooklyn and hits 4 singles
September 19 Pius X encyclical Singular quadam, against interconfess unions
September 19 Soccer team NAC (Noad Advendo Combination) forms in Breda
September 22 Eddie Collins repeats record of stealing 6 bases in a game (9/7/12)
September 23 1st Mack Sennett "Keystone Comedy" movie released
September 23 Mark Sennet presents 1st Keystone Cops film (Cohen Collects a Debt)
September 27 W C Handy publishes "Memphis Blues" 1st Blues Song, 1912
September 28 "Kiche Maru" sinks off Japan, killing 1,000
September 28 SS Kichemaru disappears in storm off Japanese coast, 1,000 die
September 29 French/British troops lands on Samoa
October 1 Yankees lose game #100 en route to a 50-102 season
October 5 Billy Mallett of Hamilton Tigers kicks 9 singles in a game
October 5 Red Sox defeat A's 3-0 for then AL record 105th win
October 5 Yankees win final game at Hilltop stadium
October 6 Pirates Owen "Chief" Wilson hits record 36th triple of season
October 8 1st Balkan War begins - Montenegro declares war on Turkey
October 8 Montenegro declares war on Turkey, beginning 1st Balkan War
October 14 Bull Moose Teddy Roosevelt shot while campaigning in Milwaukee
October 15 Red Sox Tris Speaker's makes only world series unassisted double play, from the outfield
October 16 Arnold Schonberg's "Pierrot Lunaire," premieres
October 16 Boston beats New York Giants, 4 games to 3 with a tie in 9th World Series
October 17 Bulgaria, Greece and Serbia declares war on Turkey
October 18 Beginning of 1st Balkan War
October 18 Italo-Turkish war ends
October 19 Tripoli (Libya) passes from Turkish to Italian control
October 20 Cort Theater opens at 148 W 48th St. New York City
October 20 Hannes Kolehmainen runs world record marathon (2:29:39.2)
October 26 Serbian troops over run Skopje (Uskup)
October 26 Woolwich Tunnel under Thames opens
November 5 Arizona, Kansas and Wisconsin vote for female suffrage
November 5 Bulgarian troops in Constantinople blockade drinking water
November 5 Woodrow Wilson (D) defeats Theodore Roosevelt (Prog) and President Taft (R)
November 9 Ferenc Moln rs "Farkas," premieres in Budapest
November 12 Robert Scott's diary and dead body found in Antarctica
November 18 Albania declares independence from Turkey
November 23 Hamilton Alerts suspended by ORFU for refusing to field a full team in a replay of a protested game
November 25 American College of Surgeons incorporates in Springield, Ill
November 25 Socialist International rejects that world war is coming
November 27 Albanian National Flag adopted
November 27 Spanish protectorate in Morocco forms
November 28 Albania declares it's Indepenence from Turkey
November 30 4th CFL Grey Cup: Hamilton Alerts defeats Toronto Argonauts, 11-4
December 3 Gerrit Brinkman becomes 1st Dutch traffic officer
December 3 Turkey, Serbia, Montenegro, Greece and Bulgaria sign weapons pact
December 6 China votes for universal human rights
December 7 Bust of Queen Nefertete found in El-Amarna, Egypt
December 12 R Friml/O Harbachs musical "Firefly," premieres in New York City
December 16 1st U.S. postage stamp picturing an airplane, 20 cent parcel post, issued
December 16 Austria-Hungary engage in conflict with Serbia
December 20 J Hartley Manners' "Peg O' My Heart," premieres in New York City
December 20 Paul Claudels "L'Annonce Faote Maroe," premieres in Paris
December 21 Denmark, Norway and Sweden declare neutrality in Comende war
December 23 1st "Keystone Kops" film, titled "Hoffmeyer's Legacy"
December 23 Aswan Dam in Nile begins operation
December 24 Irving Fisher patents archiving system with index cards
December 28 National Council of Young Israel convenes
December 28 SF Municipal Railway starts operation at Geary St. (MUNI)












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