1913 in History



January 1 Post office begins parcel post deliveries
January 2 National Woman's Party forms
January 7 William M Burton patents a process to "crack" petroleum
January 8 Frank Chance becomes Yankee manager
January 11 1st sedan-type car (Hudson) goes on display at 13th Auto Show (New York City)
January 11 Bread and Roses Strike begins
January 16 British House of Commons accepts Home-Rule for Ireland
January 17 Raymond Poincare elected president of France
January 18 Turkish-Greek sea battle near Troy
January 19 Raymond Poincare installed as president of France
January 21 Aristide Briand forms French government
January 24 Franz Kafka stops working on "Amerika"; it will never be finished
January 26 Jim Thorpe relinquishes his 1912 Olympic medals for being a pro
January 29 Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, at Howard University, incorporates
January 30 House of Lords rejects Irish Home Rule Bill
February 2 N.Y. Giants sign Jim Thorpe
February 2 New York City's Grand Central Terminal opens
February 3 16th Amendment, federal income tax, ratified
February 3 Golden/Cawthorne's musical "Sunshine Girl," premieres in New York City
February 4 Louis Perlman patents demountable auto tire-carrying wheel rim
February 4 National Institute of Arts and Letters founded
February 9 10 Day Tragedy of Mexico-City; 3,000 die
February 10 Edward Sheldons "Romance," premieres in New York City
February 15 1st avant-garde art show in America opens in New York City
February 16 President Taft agrees not to intervene in Mexico
February 17 1st minimum wage law in U.S. takes effect in Oregon
February 17 New York Armory Show introduces Picasso, Matisse, Duchamp to U.S. public
February 18 French painting "Nude Descending a Staircase" displayed in New York City
February 19 1st prize inserted into a Cracker Jack box
February 19 Mexican General V Huerta takes power with U.S. support
February 22 Lowell HS, San Francisco opens (on it's 1st campus)
February 25 16th Amendment ratified, authorizing income tax
February 28 6.8-m, 4000-kg elephant seal killed, South Georgia (S Atlantic)
March 1 1st state law requiring bonding of officers and state employees, ND
March 1 Federal income tax takes effect, 16th amendment
March 3 Ida B Wells-Barnett demonstrates for female suffrage in Washington D.C.
March 4 1st U.S. law regulating the shooting of migratory birds passed
March 4 Department of Commerce and Labor split into separate departments
March 4 Gabriel Faure's opera "Penelope," premieres in Monte Carlo
March 4 New York Yankees are 1st to train outside U.S. (Bermuda)
March 4 Woodrow Wilson inaugurated as 28th president
March 8 Federal League organizes with 6 teams
March 8 Internal Revenue Service begins to levy and collect income taxes
March 10 Stanley Cup: Quebec Bulldogs sweep Sydney (NS) Millionaires in 2 games
March 10 William Knox, becomes 1st in American Bowling Congress to bowl 300
March 12 Foundation stone of the Australian capital in Canberra laid
March 13 Kansas legislature approved censorship of motion pictures
March 15 1st presidential press conference (Woodrow Wilson)
March 15 Cleveland establishes 1st small claims court
March 21 Flood in Ohio, kills 400
March 24 Netherlands soccer team's 1st victory over England
March 24 Palace Theater opens at 1564 Broadway New York City
March 25 Great Dayton Flood
March 25 Home of vaudeville, Palace Theatre, opens (New York City) starring Ed Wynn
March 26 Bulgaria captures Adrianople, ending the 1st Balkan War
March 26 Dayton, Ohio almost destroyed when Scioto, Miami, and Muskingum River reach flood stage simultaneously
April 3 British suffragette Emily Pankhurst sentenced to 3 years in jail
April 8 17th amendment, requiring direct election of senators, ratified
April 8 Opening of China's 1st parliament takes place in Peking (now Beijing)
April 9 Brooklyn Dodger's Ebbets Field opens, Phillies win 1-0
April 10 President Woodrow Wilson throws out 1st ball, Senators beat Yankees 2-1
April 10 Walter Johnson begins string of 56 consecutive scoreless innings
April 14 Belgium begins general strike for voting rights
April 19 17th Boston Marathon won by Fritz Carlson of Minnesota in 2:25:14.8
April 21 German passenger ship Imperator runs aground
April 21 Gideon Sundback of Sweden patents the zipper
April 22 Montenegro troops march into Skoetari, North-Albania
April 26 Panama-Pacific International Exposition opens in San Francisco
April 26 Sun Yet San calls for revolt against President Yuan Shikai in China
April 29 Swedish engineer Gideon Sundback of Hoboken patents all-purpose zipper
May 1 Longacre Theater opens at 220 W 48th St. New York City
May 6 King Nikita I of Montenegro vacates Skoetari, North-Albania
May 7 British House of Commons rejects woman's right to vote
May 9 17th amendment provides for election of senators by popular vote
May 10 39th Kentucky Derby: Roscoe Goose aboard Donerail wins in 2:04.8
May 10 Yankees commit 8 errors and still beat Tigers 10-9 in 10 innings
May 12 Harry Green runs world record marathon (2:38:16.2)
May 13 1st 4 engine aircraft built and flown (Igor Sikorsky-Russia)
May 14 French Hals museum opens in Harleem Netherlands
May 14 John D. Rockefeller gives $100 million to Rockefeller Foundation
May 14 Washington Senator Walter Johnson ends record scorless streak at 56 innings
May 19 Webb Alien Land-Holding Bill passes, forbidding Japanese from owning land
May 20 38th Preakness: James Butwell aboard Buskin wins in 1:53.4
May 26 Actors' Equity Association forms (New York City)
May 30 1st Balkan War ends, Treaty of London
May 30 New country of Albania, forms
May 31 17th amendment (direct election of senators) declared ratified
May 31 Alexis Ahlgren runs world record maraton (2:36:06.6)
June 2 1st strike settlement mediated by U.S. Department of Labor-RR clerks
June 2 Demonstrations for general voting right in Netherlands
June 3 Dutch 1st Chamber accepts Health laws
June 4 Suffragette Emily Davinson throws himself in front of king's horse
June 5 Dutch Disability laws go into effect
June 6 Rabbit Maranville, is thrown out trying to steal home 3 times
June 12 "Dachshund" by Pathe Freres, early animated cartoon, released
June 13 45th Belmont: Roscoe Troxler aboard Prince Eugene wins in 2:18
June 13 Yankees win 13th game of year after losing 36 games
June 20 3 of 1st 4 Yankees hit-by-pitch en route to a record 6 hit batsman
June 20 Bert Daniels set AL mark, being hit-by-pitch 3 times in a doubleheader
June 21 Tiny Broadwick is 1st woman to parachute from an airplane
June 24 53rd British Golf Open: J H Taylor shoots a 304 at Hoylake Hoylake
June 25 Dutch Parliamentary election (confess party looses majority)
June 29 2nd Balkan War begins-Bulgaria overthrows Greek/Serbian troops
June 30 2nd Balkan War begins
June 30 New York Giants score 10 in 10th to beat Phillies 11-10, Hooks Wiltse pitches the first nine innings for New York before wilting, and Christy Mathewson relieves
July 1 Serbia and Greece declare war on Bulgaria
July 3 Common tern banded in Maine; found dead in 1919 in Africa (1st bird known to have crossed the Atlantic)
July 4 37th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: A F Wilding beats McLoughlin (86 63 10-8)
July 5 Queen Wilhelmina meets SDAP-leader Troelstra
July 7 British House of Commons accepts Home-Rule Law
July 10 134 degrees F (57 degrees C), Greenland Ranch, California (U.S. record)
July 10 Romania declares war on Bulgaria
July 18 After 68 straight innings Christy Mathewson gives up a walk
July 19 Billboard publishes earliest known "Last Week's 10 Best Sellers among Popular Songs" Malinda's Wedding Day is #1
July 20 Turkish troop take Adrianopel and Erdine from Bulgaria
July 23 Arabs attack Jewish community of Rechovot Palestine
July 25 Carl Weilman strikes out 6 times in a 15 inning game
July 25 Pirates Max Carey goes hitless, but scores 5 runs against Phillies
July 27 Belgian Philippe Thys wins Tour de France
July 28 12th Davis Cup: USA beats British Isles in Wimbledon (3-2)
July 29 Albania becomes sovereignty under prince Wilhelm von Wied
July 30 Conclusion of 2nd Balkan War
August 8 Richard Corfields "Camel Corps" opens "Mad Mullah" in Burao Somalia
August 10 2nd Balkan War ends, Treaty of Bucharest, Bulgaria loses
August 19 Frenchman Pegoud makes 1st parachute jump in Europe
August 20 1st pilot to parachute from an aircraft (Adolphe Pegoud-France)
August 20 Piotr Nesterow 1st flight (Kiev Ukraine)
August 22 Robert Martineau, bishop of Blackburn
August 26 33rd U.S. Mens Tennis: M E McLoughlin beats R N Williams (64 57 63 61)
August 27 Lt Peter Nestrov, of Imperial Russian Air Service, performs a loop in a monoplane at Kiev (1st aerobatic maneuver in an airplane)
August 28 Queen Wilhelmina opens Peace Palace (The Hague)
August 29 Pieter Cort Van de Linden forms Dutch government
August 30 Phillies lead Giants 8-6 in top of 9th, fans in bleachers try to distract Giants, Umpire forefeits game to Giants, later overruled
August 31 Soccer club PSV forms in Eindhoven Netherlands
September 1 George Bernard Shaws "Androcles and the Lion," premieres in London
September 1 Yuan Shikai captures Nanjing "2nd Chinese revolution"
September 2 Amsterdam reroutes sewage of canals to South Seas
September 5 Phillies and Braves tie record of only 1 run in a double header, Phillies win 1st game 1-0, then a scoreless tie into 10th
September 6 19th U.S. Golf Amateur Championship won by Jerry Travers
September 6 1st aircraft to loop the loop (Adolphe Pegoud-France)
September 6 Hamilton Alerts apply for ORFU reinstatement, taking the name Hamilton Rowing Club
September 10 1st U.S. paved coast-to-coast highway, the Lincoln Highway, opens
September 10 Cleveland Call and Post forms
September 10 George W Buckner, named minister to Liberia
September 10 Lincoln Highway opens as 1st paved coast-to-coast highway
September 14 27th U.S. Womens Tennis: Mary K Browne beats Dorothy Green (62 75)
September 14 Cubs Larry Cheney hurls record 14-hit shutout against Giants (7-0)
September 15 1st U.S. milch goat show held, Rochester, New York
September 16 1000s of women demonstrate for Dutch female suffrage
September 20 19th U.S. Golf Open: Francis Ouimet shoots a 304 at The Country Club MA
September 21 1st aerobatic maneuver, sustained inverted flight, performed in France
September 21 Turkey and Bulgaria sign peace treaty in Constantinople
September 22 Coal mine explosion kills 263 at Dawson New Mexico
September 22 George Cohan's "7 Keys to Baldpate," premieres in New York City
September 23 Roland Garros is 1st to fly over Mediterranean Sea
September 23 Serbian troops march into Albania
September 29 Sam S Shubert Theater opens at 225 W 44th St. New York City
September 29 Washington Senator Walter Johnson wins his 36th game
October 2 Phillies beat New York Giants 2 games out of 3 in a tripleheader
October 3 Federal Income Tax signed into law (at 1%)
October 4 Bkln Dodger Jake Daubert earns a new Chalmers auto as NL MVP
October 4 Freddy Wilson of Regina Roughriders kicks 10 singles in a game
October 7 Henry Ford institutes moving assembly line
October 10 British passenger ship Volturno catches fire in Atlantic (136 kill)
October 10 Gamboa Dam in Panama blown up; Atlantic and Pacific waters mix
October 10 Yuan Shikai installed as 1st president of China
October 11 Philadelphia A's beat New York Giants, 4 games to 1 in 10th World Series
October 12 John McGraw, after drinking, blames Wilbert Robinson's coaching mistakes for World Series lose, Robertson blames McGraw and is fired
October 13 Explosion and fire in Universal Coal Mine, South Wales
October 14 Explosion in coal mine at Cardiff kills 439
October 15 Train crash in Liverpool during "Black Week"
October 16 Booth Theater opens at 222 W 44th St. New York City
October 18 Austrian-Hungary demands that Serbia and Albania leave
October 22 Explosion at Dawson New Mexico coal mine kills 263 mine workers
October 24 Joe Tinker fired as Cincinnati Reds manager
October 26 Huerta elected president of Mexico
October 27 President Wilson says U.S. will never attack another country
November 1 Notre Dame upsets Army 35-13, 1st to use forward pass effectively
November 2 St. Louis Browns manager George Stovall is 1st to jump to Federal League
November 5 Ludwig III crowned king of Bavaria
November 6 Mohandas K. Gandhi arrested for leading Indian miners march in South Africa
November 9 Storm "Freshwater Fury" sinks 8 ore-carriers on Great Lakes
November 13 1st modern elastic brassiere patented by Mary Phelps Jacob
November 17 1st U.S. dental hygienists course forms, Bridgeport, Ct
November 17 Panama Canal opens
November 18 Lincoln Deachey performs 1st airplane loop-the-loop (San Diego)
November 25 Woodrow Wilson's daughter Jessie marries in White House
November 26 Russian kingdom forbids Polish congregation of speakers
November 28 Heavyweight Jack Johnson KOs Andre Spaul in Paris
November 29 5th CFL Grey Cup: Hamilton Tigers defeats Toronto Parkdale, 44-2
December 1 1st drive-up gasoline station opens (Pitts)
December 1 Continuous moving assembly line introduced by Ford (car every 2:38)
December 2 Archdiocese of Managua created
December 2 Government -Barthou falls due to overtime conscription
December 6 White Sox beat Giants 9-4 in exhibition game in Tokyo
December 8 Construction starts on Palace of Fine Arts in SF
December 9 Heavyweight Jack Johnson-Jim Johnson fight to no decision in Paris
December 9 John K Tener becomes president of baseball's National League
December 10 Kamerlingh Onnes receives Nobel prize for physics
December 12 Hebrew language officially used to teach in Palestinian schools
December 12 "Mona Lisa," stolen from Louvre Museum in 1911, recovered
December 13 Mona Lisa stolen in Aug 1911 returned to Louvre
December 14 Greece formally takes possession of Crete
December 16 Charlie Chaplin began his film career at Keystone for $150 a week
December 19 Jack Johnson fights Jim Johnson to a draw in 10 for hw boxing title
December 21 1st crossword puzzle (with 32 clues) printed in New York World
December 23 President Woodrow Wilson signs Federal Reserve Act into law
December 29 1st movie serial, "Adventures of Kathlyn," premieres in Chicago
December 30 Barnes takes 17 wickets vs South Africa (8-56 and 9-103)












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