1915 in History



January 1 DW Griffith shows "Clansman" at a sneak preview
January 1 Jews of Laibach Austria expelled
January 4 1st elected Jewish governor, Moses Alexander, takes office in Idaho
January 4 Trans-Caucausus Russian defeat Turkish troops
January 9 Exposition (now Civic) Auditorium dedicated, SF
January 11 Col Jacob Ruppert and Col Tillinghast Huston purchase Yankees for $460,000
January 12 House of Representatives rejects proposal to give women right to vote
January 13 Earthquake in Avezzano Italy kills 29,800
January 13 Winston Churchill presents plan for assault on Dardanelles
January 15 Japan claims economic control of China
January 15 Sydney, Kern and Smith's musical "Love o' Mike," premieres in New York City
January 16 Congress authorizes $1 and $50 Panama-Pacific International Expo gold coin
January 17 Antoni van Leeuwenhoek's Hospital in Amsterdam opens
January 17 Russia occupies Bukovina and Western Ukraine
January 18 Train crashes at Colima-Guadalajara Mexico, about 600 die
January 19 1st German Zeppelin attack over Great Britain, 4 die
January 19 Neon Tube sign patented by George Claude
January 21 Kiwanis International founded in Detroit
January 24 German-British sea battle at Doggersbank and Helgoland
January 25 Alexander Graham Bell in New York calls Thomas Watson in SF
January 25 Giordano, Sardou and Moreau's opera "Madame Sans Gane" premieres in New York City
January 25 Transcontinental telephone service inaugurated (New York to SF)
January 26 Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado established
January 27 U.S. Marines occupy Haiti
January 28 1st U.S. ship lost in WW I, William P Frye (carrying wheat to UK)
January 28 U.S. Coast Guard created from Life Saving and Revenue Cutter services
January 28 U.S. President Wilson refuses to prohibit immigration of illiterates
January 30 German submarine attack on Le Havre
January 30 No 10 batsman F W Hyett scores century on debut, Vic vs. Tas
January 31 1st German poison gas attack, against Russians
February 3 Turkish and German army reach Suez Canal
February 4 Experiments to find cause of pellagra begin at Miss Penitentiary
February 7 1st wireless message sent from a moving train to a station received
February 7 2nd Battle of Masurian Lakes: German armies surrounded a Russian army
February 8 "Birth of a Nation" opens at Clune's Auditorium in LA
February 12 Cornerstone laid for Lincoln Memorial in Washington D.C.
February 16 Frank Home Run Baker, 28, announces retirement following a contract dispute with Connie Mack. He sits out 1915 season
February 17 Edward Stone, 1st U.S. combatant to die in WW I, is mortally wounded
February 18 Germany begins a blockade of England
February 19 British fleet fire on Dardanellen coast
February 20 Panama-Pacific International Exposition opens in San Francisco
February 21 20th Russian Army corps surrenders
February 21 World's Fair in San Francisco opens
February 22 Germany begins "unrestricted" submarine war
February 23 Germany sinks U.S. ships Carib and Evelyn and torpedoes Norwegian ship Regin
February 23 Nevada enforces convenient divorce law
March 2 British vice adm Carden begins bombing of Dardanelles forts
March 2 Vladmir Jabotinsky forms a Jewish military force to fight in Palestine
March 3 National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NASA forerunner) created
March 6 Greek King Constantine I fires premier Venizelos
March 8 1st U.S. Navy minelayer, Baltimore, commissioned
March 10 British expedition Army in Belgium captures Neuve Chapelle
March 13 Dodgers manager Wilbert Robinson tries to catch a baseball dropped from an airplane, but the pilot substituted a grapefruit
March 14 German cruiser Dresden blows itself up near coast of Chile
March 15 Netherlands merchant ship Tubantia torpedoed and sinks in North Sea
March 16 British battle cruisers Inflexible and Irresistible hit mines in Dardanelle
March 16 Federal Trade Commission organizes
March 18 Failed British attack in Dardanelles
March 18 French battleship Bouvet explodes, 640 killed
March 19 Pluto photographed for 1st time (although unknown at the time)
March 23 Zion Mule Corp forms
March 25 1st submarine disaster; a U.S. F-4 sank off Hawaii, killing 21
March 25 German U boat torpedoes Netherlands merchant ship Medea
March 26 Stanley Cup: Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA) sweep Ottawa Senators
April 5 French begin Woevre-offensive
April 5 Jess Willard KOs Jack Johnson in 26 for heavyweight boxing title
April 14 A's Herb Pennock is within 1 out of pitching 1st Opening Day no-hitter
April 14 Dutch merchant Navy ship Katwijk sunk by Germany torpedo
April 15 Manuel de Falla's ballet "El Amor Brujo," premieres in Madrid
April 15 New York Giant Rube Marquard no-hits Bkln, 2-0
April 19 19th Boston Marathon won by Edouard Fabre of Canada in 2:31:41.2
April 22 1st military use of chlorine poison gas by Germany in WW I
April 22 2nd Battle of Ypres begins
April 22 New York Yankees don pinstripes and hat-in-the-ring logo for 1st time
April 23 ACA becomes National Advisory Council on Aeronautics (NACA)
April 24 Massacre of Armenians by Turks starts (Armenian Martyrs Day)
April 24 Pittsburghs' Frank Allen no-hits St. Louis (Federal League), 2-0
April 25 78,000 ANZAC troops land at Gallipoli
April 26 Italy secretly signes Pact of London with Britain, France and Russia
May 1 British Lusitania leaves NY, for Liverpool
May 1 German submarine sinks U.S. ship Gulflight
May 2 Old Fordham Road in Bronx renamed Landing Road
May 4 Italy drops Triple Alliance with Austria-Hungaryb and Germany
May 5 German U-20 sinks Earl of Lathom
May 6 Allies attack Cape Helles, Hellespont
May 6 German U-20 sinks Centurion SE of Ireland
May 6 Red Sox Babe Ruth pitching debut and 1st home run, loses to Yankees 4-3 in 15
May 7 Lusitania sunk by German submarine; 1198 lives lost
May 8 41st Kentucky Derby: Joe Notter aboard Regret wins in 2:05.4
May 9 German and French fight Battle of Artois
May 10 Zeppelin drops hundred of bombs on Southend-on-Sea
May 12 Croatians plunder Armenia, killing 250
May 12 Franklin K Mathiews, presents idea of "Book Week"
May 15 Chicago Claude Hendrix no-hits Pittsburgh (Federal League), 10-0
May 17 40th Preakness: Douglas Hoffman aboard Rhine Maiden wins in 1:58
May 17 Last liberal British government of Asquith falls
May 17 National Baptist Convention chartered
May 20 Bataafsche Petroleum Me begins oil extraction of Maracaibo
May 22 Local train collides with troop train killing 226 (Gretna Scotland)
May 23 Italy declares war on Austria-Hungary and Germany during WW I
May 24 Italy declares war on Austria-Hungary
May 24 Thomas Edison invents telescribe to record telephone conversations
May 25 2nd Battle of Ypres ends with 105,000 casualties
May 26 H H Asquith forms a coalition government in England
May 28 John B. Gruelle patents Raggedy Ann doll
May 31 An LZ-38 Zeppelin makes an air raid on London
June 1 1st Zeppelin air raid over England
June 5 47th Belmont: George Byrne aboard The Finn wins in 2:18.6
June 8 92 degrees F (33.3 degrees C) in De Bilt, Netherlands
June 8 William Jennings Bryan quits as Secretary of State
June 10 British and French troops conquer German colony of Cameroon
June 10 Girl Scouts founded
June 12 29th U.S. Womens Tennis: Molla B Mallory beats Hazel Wightman (46 62 60)
June 15 U.S. government mints 1st $50 gold pieces, for Panama Pacific Expo
June 17 Cubs George "Zip" Zabel relieves with 2 outs in 1st and winds up with 4-3 19-inning win over Brooklyn in longest relief job ever
June 17 League to Enforce Peace forms in Philadelphia
June 18 21st U.S. Golf Open: John Travers shoots a 297 at Baltusrol Golf Club New Jersey
June 20 German offensive in Argonnes
June 21 Anti-British revolt in South Africa ends with arrest of General De Law
June 22 BMT, then Brooklyn Rapid Transit, begins subway service
June 23 Yankees get record 16 walks and 3 wild pitches beat A's Bruno Hass, 15-0
June 23 Zeb Turner, country-rock performer (Chew Tobacco Rag)
June 24 800 dies as excursion steamer Eastland capsizes in Chicago
June 26 Germany suppresses its "Vorwarts" newspaper after it called for peace
June 27 100 degrees F (38 degrees C), Fort Yukon Alaska (state record)
June 27 Dutch SDAP demonstrates against conscription
July 1 Australia begins Commonwealth Lighthouse Service
July 1 Australian Survey Corps becomes part of Military Forces
July 3 U.S. military forces occupy Haiti, remain until 1934
July 9 Germany surrenders South West Africa to Union of South Africa
July 10 British/South African troops march into German SW-Africa
July 11 Germany cruiser Konigsberg sinks off Dar-es-Salam
July 17 Italian offensive at Isonzo
July 18 2nd Battle of Isonzo begins and ends with loss of 280,000 men
July 18 Boston Braves start move from last place to become world series champs
July 19 Dutch accidents at sea law enforced
July 19 Washington Nationals steal record 8 bases vs. Cleveland Indians in the 1st inning
July 24 Excursion ship Eastland capsizes in Lake Michigan, 852 die
July 26 International School for Wijsbegeerte forms
July 28 10,000 blacks march on 5th Ave (New York City) protesting lynchings
July 28 U.S. forces invade Haiti, stays until 1924
July 29 Pirate Honus Wagner at 41, hits a grand slam home run
August 5 German troops over run Warsaw
August 5 Warsaw, evacuated by the Russians, is occupied by Germans
August 7 Assault up Russell's Top at Gallipolis, 232 Australians die
August 7 St. Louis 3rd base coach Miller Huggins, calls for ball Brooklyn rookie obliges, Huggins steps aside, and Card runner scores
August 9 British attack at Chanak Bair at Gallipolis
August 12 "Of Human Bondage," by William Somerset Maugham, published
August 14 British transport Royal Edward sank by German U boat kills 1000
August 15 Journalist Albert Siegfried Bettelheim, convicted of murder in Georgia
August 16 KC's Alex Main no-hits Buffalo (Federal League), 5-0
August 17 German troops over run Kovno Lithuiana
August 17 Hurricane strikes Galveston, Texas (275 killed)
August 17 Mob lynches Jewish businessman Leo Frank in Cobb County, Georgia after death sentence for murder of 13-year-old girl commuted to life
August 18 Braves Field opens in Boston to see Braves beat Cards 3-1
August 19 Rationing laws go into effect in Netherlands
August 20 Italy declares war on Turkey
August 20 White Sox obtain Joe Jackson from Cleveland in exchange for Robert Roth, Larry Chappell, Ed Klepfer, and $31,500
August 23 Czar Nicolaas II takes control of Russian Army
August 25 Hurricane kills 275 in Galveston, Texas with $50 million damage
August 26 German troops over run Brest-Litovsk, Russia
August 31 Chicago White Sox Jimmy Lavender no-hits New York Giants, 2-0
September 5 35th U.S. Mens Tennis: William Johnston beats McLoughlin (16 60 75 108)
September 5 Anti-war conference in Zimmerwald, Switzerland
September 7 35th U.S. Mens Tennis: Wm Johnston beats M E McLoughlin (16 60 75 108)
September 7 John Gruelle patents his Raggedy Ann doll
September 7 St. Louis Dave Davenport no-hits Chicago (Federal League), 3-0
September 15 Boston Braves beat St. Louis Cardinals 20-1
September 16 Czar Nicolas II adjourns 4th Duma
September 16 U.S. takes control of customs and finances of Haiti for 10 years
September 18 Boston Braves trounce St. Louis Cardinals 20-1
September 21 CH Chubb buys Stonehenge for 6,600 pounds
September 21 Emanuel Querido ("Kerido") begins publishing Querido
September 22 Red Sox ask Braves for use of their larger park for World Series
September 22 Southern Methodist University (Dallas Texas) holds its 1st class
September 22 Xavier University, 1st Black Catholic College in U.S., opens in NO LA
September 25 Battle at Loos: 8,246 British and 0 German casualties
September 28 Battle of Kut-el-Amara: Brits defeat Turks in Mesopotamia
September 29 1st transcontinental radio telephone message is sent
September 29 British army conquerors Chilly al Imara, Mesopotamie
September 29 Dutch Opera's 1st performance
September 29 Herbert/Blossoms musical "Princess Pat," premieres in New York City
September 29 Hurricane claims 275 in Mississippi Delta
September 29 Philadelphia Phillies clinch their 1st pennant
September 30 Red Sox clinch AL pennant by beating Detroit
October 2 7.8 earthquake shakes Pleasant Valley Nevada
October 4 Dinosaur National Monument in Colorado and Utah is established
October 8 Battle of Loos, almost 430,000 French, British and Germans killed
October 8 Phillies win their 1st and only World Series game before 1980, beating
October 8 Red Sox, 3-1, with an 8th inning 2 run rally
October 9 Belgrade Serbia, surrenders to Central leaders
October 9 Gil Anderson races auto (165.1 km record) in Sheepshead Bay, New York
October 9 Louis Kaufmans "Unchastened Woman," premieres in New York City
October 9 Woodrow Wilson becomes 1st President to attend a World Series game
October 11 Bulgarian anti Serbian offensive begins
October 12 Ford Motor Company manufactures its 1 millionth Model T automobile
October 12 Theodore Roosevelt criticizes U.S. citzens who identify themselves, with dual nationalities
October 13 Boston Red Sox beat Philadelphia Phillies, 4 games to 1 in 12th World Series
October 16 Great Britain declares war on Bulgaria
October 18 3rd Italians offensive at Isonzo
October 19 Russia/Italy declares war on Bulgaria
October 21 1st transatlantic radiotelephone message, Arlington, Virginia to Paris
October 23 1st national horseshoe throwing championship (Kellerton, Iowa)
October 23 25,000 women march in New York City, demanding right to vote
October 25 Atty James L. Curtis named minister of Liberia
October 28 Richard Strauss' Alpensymfonie, premieres in Berlin
October 29 Aristide Briand becomes premier of France
October 29 Thomas Masaryk claims independence for Czechoslovakia
November 2 1st U.S. election by proportional representation, Ashtabula, Ohio
November 6 1st military flight in Netherlands East Indies (Tandjong Priok)
November 6 Sophokles Skouloudis forms Greek government
November 7 Austrian submarine torpedoes Italian passenger ship (272 killed)
November 9 Italian liner Ancona sinks by German torpedos, killing 272
November 12 Britain annexes Gilbert and Ellice archipelago
November 12 Theodore W. Richards is 1st American to win Nobel Prize in chemistry
November 14 Thomas Masaryk demands independence for Czechoslovakia
November 20 7th CFL Grey Cup: Hamilton Tigers defeats Toronto Rowing, 13-7
November 24 Serbian leader flees to Albania
November 30 St. John Ervine's "John Ferguson," premieres in Dublin
December 4 F F Fletcher is 1st Admiral to receive Congressional Medal of Honor
December 4 Ku Klux Klan receives charter from Fulton County Ga
December 4 Panama Pacific International Exposition opens
December 8 Jean Sibelius' 5th Symphony in E, premieres
December 10 1,000,000th model T Ford assembled
December 10 President Woodrow Wilson marries Edith Galt
December 12 1st all-metal aircraft (Junkers J-1) test flown at Dessau Germany
December 12 Aristide Briand forms French war government
December 12 Russian troops overrun Hamadan, Persia
December 14 Jack Johnson is 1st black world heavyweight boxing champion
December 16 Albert Einstein publishes the General Theory of Relativity
December 18 President Wilson, widowed the year before, marries Edith Bolling Galt
December 20 Russian troops overrun Qom, Persia
December 21 10.17" (25.83 cm) of rainfall, Glenora, Oregon (state record)
December 22 Federal Baseball League disolved
December 22 Organized baseball and Federal League sign a peace treaty at Cincinnati
December 23 J Kern/S Greene's musical "Very Good Eddie," premieres in New York City
December 25 Irving Berlin and Harry B Smith's musical premieres in New York City
December 28 SF City Hall dedicated by Mayor James Rolph
December 30 Cromarty Harbour, Scot-British cruiser Natal explodes: 405 die












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