1917 in History



January 2 Royal Bank of Canada takes over Quebec Bank
January 8 Austria-Hungarian troops conquer Forlani Italy
January 11 Guy Bolton and PG Wodehouse's "Have a Heart," premieres in New York City
January 17 U.S. pays Denmark $25 million for Virgin Islands
January 19 Silvertown Essex's ammunition factory explodes; 300 die
January 27 Coen de Koning wins 2nd official 11 cities race (9:53) (record)
January 29 English submarine K13 leaves Gaire Loch
January 30 1st jazz record recorded (Dark Town Strutters Ball)
January 31 Germany notifies U.S. that U-boats will attack neutral merchant ship
February 1 Admiral Tirpitz announces unlimited submarine war
February 3 U.S. liner Housatonic sunk by German sub and diplomatic relations severed
February 4 Belgium Council of Flanders established
February 5 Congress overrides Wilson's veto, curtailing Asian immigration
February 5 Morosco Theater opens at 217 W 45th St. New York City (demolished 1982)
February 5 Present Mexican constitution adopted
February 10 Johanna Westerdijk installed as Netherlands 1st female professor
February 15 SF Public Library (Main Branch at Civic center) dedicated
February 16 1st synagogue in 425 years opens in Madrid
February 20 Ammunitions ship explodes in Archangelsk harbor, about 1,500 die
February 20 Kern, Bolton and Wodehouse's musical "Oh, Boy!," premieres in New York City
February 21 British Mendi sinks off Isle of Wight, 627 die
February 21 Train near Chirurcha Romania catches fire and explodes; 100s die
February 22 German Navy torpedoes 7 Dutch ships
February 23 February revolution begins in Russia
February 24 German plan to get Mexican help in WW I exposed (Zimmerman telegram)
February 24 Red Sox sell Smokey Joe Wood, his arm dead at 26, to Cleveland for $15,000
February 24 Russian revolution breaks out
February 26 1st Annual fair at Utrecht Harbor (Netherlands)
February 28 AP reports Mexico and Japan will allie with Germany if U.S. enters WW I
February 28 Russian Duma sets up Provisional Committee; workers set up Soviets
March 1 1st federal land bank chartered
March 2 Jones Act: Puerto Rico territory created, U.S. citizenship granted
March 3 Congress passes 1st excess profits tax on corporations
March 3 Great monarch Michael resigns after 1 day as czar
March 3 Nicholas II, last Russian tsar, abdicates (OS)
March 5 1st jazz recording for Victor Records released
March 7 1st jazz record "Dixie Jazz Band One Step," recorded by Nick LaRocca Original Dixieland Jazz Band, released by RCA Victor in Camden, New Jersey
March 8 Russian revolution breaks out in Petrograd
March 11 1st NHL championship game ever played, Toronto Arenas beats Montreal Canadiens 7-3 in 1st of 2 game set (second game on March 13)
March 11 British troops occupy Baghdad
March 12 Russian Dumas sets up Provisional Committee; workers set up Soviets
March 12 Stalin, Kamenev and Muranov arrives in St. Petersburg
March 15 Nicholas II, last Russian tsar, says he will abdicate
March 17 1st exclusively women's bowling tournament begins in St. Louis
March 17 Tsar Nicolas II of Russia abdicates the throne
March 19 U.S. Supreme Court upheld 8-hour work day for railroad employees
March 21 1st female U.S. Navy Petty Officer is Loretta Walsh
March 23 Tornadoes kills 211 over 4 days in Midwest U.S.
March 26 Stanley Cup: Seattle Metropolitans (PCHA) beat Montreal Canadiens (NHL), 3 games to 1 - Seattle is 1st U.S. team to win Stanley Cup
March 28 Jews are expelled from Tel Aviv and Jaffa by Turkish authorities
March 28 Puccini's "La Rondine," premieres in Monte Carlo
March 31 U.S. purchases Danish West Indies for $25M and renames them Virgin Islands
April 2 Jeannette Rankin becomes 1st women member of U.S. House of Representatives
April 2 President Wilson asks Congress to declare war against Germany
April 3 Lenin leaves Switzerland for Petrograd
April 6 U.S. declares war on Germany, enters World War I
April 7 De Falla's ballet "El Sombrero de tres Picos," premieres in Madrid
April 7 James Barries' "Old Lady Shows Her," premieres in London
April 9 Battle of Arras begins
April 9 Vimy Ridge France stormed by Canadian troops
April 10 Munition factory explosion at Eddystone PA, kills 133 workers
April 11 Babe Ruth beats New York Yankees, pitching 3-hit 10-3 win for Red Sox
April 12 Bijou Theater opens at 222 W 45th St. New York City (Demolished 1982)
April 12 Domenico Scarlatti and Jeab Cocteaus ballet premieres in Rome
April 14 Chicago White Sox Ed Cicotte no-hits St. Louis Browns, 11-0
April 16 Lenin returns to Russia to start Bolshevik Revolution
April 19 21st Boston Marathon won by Bill Kennedy of New York in 2:28:37.2
April 20 Pravda (Lenin names Russia "Free land of world")
April 24 Yankee lefty George Mogridge no-hits Red Sox 2-1 at Fenway
May 2 Cincinnati Fred Tooney and Chicagos's Hippo Vaughn pitch duel no-hitter, Vaughn gives up 2 hits and a run in 10th, so Cincinnati wins 1-0
May 3 1st performance of Ernest Bloch's symphony "Israel"
May 4 Arabs sack Tel Aviv
May 5 St. Louis Brown Ernie Koob no-hits Chicago White Sox, 1-0
May 6 St. Louis Brown Bob Groom no-hits Chicago White Sox, 3-0
May 7 Red Sox Babe Ruth beats Washington Senator Walter Johnson, 1-0
May 10 Atlantic ships get destroyer escorts to stop German attacks
May 11 Britain grants Royal Letters Patent to New Zealand
May 12 42nd Preakness: E Haynes aboard Kalitan wins in 1:54.4
May 12 43rd Kentucky Derby: Charles Borel on Omar Khayyam wins in 2:04.6
May 13 1st appearance of Mary to 3 shepherd children in Fatima, Portugal
May 13 Ernest Bloch's "Schelomo," premieres
May 18 Satie/Massine/Picasso's ballet "Parade," premieres in Paris
May 18 U.S. passes Selective Service act
May 20 Turkish government authorizes Jews to return to Tel Aviv and Jaffa
May 21 Leo Pinckney, 1st American drafted during WW I
May 23 Dutch 2nd Chamber okays 1908 conscription draft
May 26 Walt Cruise hit 1st home run out of Braves Field
May 27 Race riot in East St. Louis Illinois, 1 black killed
May 31 1st jazz record released (Dark Town Strutters Ball)
June 1 Hank Gowdy is 1st baseball player to enlist during WW I
June 4 1st Pulitzer prize awarded to Richards and Elliott (Julia Ward Howe)
June 4 American men begin registering for the draft
June 4 Order of British Empire inaugurated
June 5 10 million U.S. men begin registering for draft in WW I
June 8 Walt Disney graduates from Benton High School
June 10 60,000 people of Petrograd welcome Prince Kropotkin, banned 41 years
June 10 Limburgse mine workers strike
June 12 Secret Service extends protection of president to his family
June 13 Germany bombs London
June 14 1e German air attack on England, 100+ killed in East-London
June 14 General Pershing and his HQ staff arrived in Paris during WW I
June 16 1st Congress of Soviets convene in Russia
June 16 49th Belmont: James Butwell aboard Hourless wins in 2:17.8
June 17 British king George V takes the name Windsor
June 19 After WW I King George V ordered members of British royal family to dispense with German titles and surnames, they take the name Windsor
June 21 Hawaiian Red Cross forms
June 23 31st U.S. Womens Tennis: Molla Mallory beat Marion Vanderhoef (46 60 62)
June 23 Ammunition factory in Boleweg Bohemia explodes, killing 1,000
June 23 Ernie Shore replaces Red Sox pitcher Babe Ruth with a runner on, he throws him out and retires all 26 he faces for a perfect game
June 24 Russian Black Sea fleet mutiny at Sebastopol
June 26 1st U.S. Expeditionary Force arrive in France during WW I
June 27 1st baseball player (Hank Gowdy) to enter WW I military service
June 28 Potato entrepreneurs begins in Amsterdam
June 28 Raggedy Ann doll invented
July 1 257cm-mirror for Mount Wilson Observatory mounted
July 1 Race riots in East St. Louis Illinois (40 to 200 reported killed)
July 1 Reds Fred Toney pitches completes doubleheader victories over Pirates
July 1 Robins (Dodgers) play their 1st Sunday game in Brooklyn
July 2 Riots in East St. Louis Mo
July 3 Spontaneous demonstration at Tauride-palace Petrograd
July 6 T. E. Lawrence captures Port of Agaba from Turkey
July 9 British warship "Vanguard" explodes at Scapa Flow killing 804
July 10 Emma Goldman imprisoned for obstructing draft
July 13 Vision of Virgin Mary appeared to children of Fatima, Portugal
July 17 British Royal family changes its name from Hanover to Windsor
July 20 Pact of Corfu signed: Serbs, Croats and Slovenes form Yugoslavia
July 20 WW I draft lottery held; #258 is 1st drawn
July 22 Alexander Kerensky becomes Russian PM
July 22 British bomb German lines at Ypres, 4,250,000 grenades
July 23 Cleveland Metropolitan Park District establishes
July 26 J. Edgar Hoover gets job on ministry of Justice
July 28 Silent Parade in New York City to protest murders of blacks in race riots
July 30 Board of Commissioners of Cleveland Metroparks has its 1st meeting
July 31 3rd battle of Ypres begins
August 4 Pravda calls for killing all capitalists, priests and officers
August 5 British troops attack canal of Ypres in Boesinghe Belgium
August 13 Phillies steal 5 bases in an inning against Braves
August 14 China declares war on Germany and Austria at start of WW I
August 14 Leeuwen soccer team forms
August 17 Italy declares war on Germany and Turkey
August 18 Dutch Naval Air Force forms (MLD)
August 19 Sunday benefit baseball game at Polo Grounds results in John McGraw and Christy Mathewson's arrest for violating Blue laws
August 22 Pittsburgh Pirates play 4th straight extra inning game, Carson Bigbee sets record of 11 at-bats, they lose in 22 innings to Dodgers
August 23 Race riot in Houston Texas (2 blacks and 11 whites killed)
August 25 37th U.S. Mens Tennis: R Lindley Murray beats N W Niles (57 86 63 63)
August 27 Indians set club record by stealing eight bases in a game
August 28 10 suffragists arrested as they picket White House
September 2 Deutsche Vaterlands Party forms (by Admiral Tirpitz)
September 3 1st night bombing of London by German fighter planes
September 3 German troops over run Riga Latvia
September 3 Grover Cleveland Alexander pitches complete wins in a doubleheader
September 3 Utrecht soccer team Holland forms
September 6 French pilot Georges Guynemer shoots down 54th German aircraft
September 14 Kerenski regime declares Russian republic
September 14 Provisional government of Russia forms, Republic proclaimed
September 15 Russia proclaimed a republic by Alexander Kerensky
September 20 British assault on Polygon-forest, France
September 26 British assault on Menin-street, France
September 27 Broadhurst Theater opens at 235 W 44th St. New York City
September 27 EHC soccer team forms in Hoensbroek, Netherlands
October 4 British assault on Broodseinde, France
October 8 Trotski named chairman of Petrograd Soviet
October 10 Giants Rube Benton is 1st lefty to pitch a World Series no hitter
October 10 Plymouth Theater opens at 236 W 45th St. New York City
October 13 Soviet accept establishment of Petrograd Military
October 15 Chicago White Sox beat New York Giants, 4 games to 2 in 14th World Series
October 17 1st British bombing of Germany
October 21 1st Americans to see action on front lines of WW I
October 21 Petrograds garrison accepts Revolutionary Military Committee
October 23 1st Infantry division "Big Red One" shoots 1st U.S. shot in WW I
October 23 Lenin speaks against Kamenev, Kollontai, Stalin and Trotsky
October 24 Battle at Caporetto: German and Austria smash Italian army
October 25 In Russia, Bolsheviks led by Vladimir Lenin seizes power
October 25 Pan-Russian Congress opens in Petrograd
October 26 Petrograd Soviet accepts establishment of Military
October 30 British government gives final approval to Balfour Declaration
October 31 Eugene O'Neill's "In the Zone," premieres in New York City
November 1 In WW I, the 1st U.S. soldiers are killed in combat
November 2 1st U.S. soldiers killed in combat in WW I
November 2 Balfour Declaration proclaims support for a Jewish state in Palestine
November 2 Lansing-Ishii Agreement; U.S. recognizes Japan's privileges in China
November 3 1st class mail now costs 3 cents per ounce
November 5 General Pershing and U.S. troops see action on Western Front for 1st time
November 5 Supreme Court decision (Buchanan vs. Warley) strikes down Lousiville Kentucky ordiance requiring blacks and whites to live in separate areas
November 6 Bolshevik revolution begins with capture of Winter Palace
November 6 New York state allows women to vote
November 7 British capture Gaza Palestine from Turks
November 7 October Revolution (Oct 26 OS) in Russia, Lenin seizes power
November 8 People's Commissars gives authority to Lenin, Trotsky and Stalin
November 8 Telephone Co runs 1st ad for Army operators, gets 7,000 applicants
November 10 41 suffragists are arrested in front of White House
November 10 Faure's 2nd Violo Sonate, premieres
November 10 New soviet government suspends freedom of press (temporary)
November 16 British occupy Tel Aviv and Jaffa
November 17 Lenin defended "temporary" removal of freedom of the press
November 20 1st tank battle (Britain breaks through German lines)
November 20 Ukrainian Republic declared
November 21 M Gorki calls Lenin a blind fanatic/unthinking adventurer
November 22 NHL forms with Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Maroons, Toronto Arenas, Ottawa Senators and Quebec Bulldogs; National Hockey Association disbands
November 28 Sigmund Rombergs revue "Over the Top," premieres in New York City
December 1 Boys Town founded by Father Edward Flanagan west of Omaha Neb
December 2 Han Yong-woon, found Zen awakening at Osean Monastery Korea
December 6 Finland declares independence from Russia (National Day)
December 6 French munition ship "Mont Blanc" explodes in Halifax, kills 1,700
December 7 U.S. becomes 13th country to declare war on Austria during World War I
December 9 British forces under General Allenby capture Jerusalem
December 11 13 black soldiers hanged for alleged participation in Houston riot
December 11 German-occupied Lithuania proclaims independence from Russia
December 12 French troop train derails in French Alps killing 543
December 12 Reverend Edward Flanagan forms Boys Town outside Omaha, Neb
December 14 UFA, Universal Film AG, forms in Germany
December 15 Moldavian Republic declares independence from Russia
December 18 Soviet regiment (Stalin/Lenin) declares Finland Independent
December 19 1st NHL game played on artificial ice (Toronto)
December 19 Quebec Bulldogs play their 1st professional hockey game
December 20 Russian secret police in Czechoslovakia forms under Felix Dzerzjinski
December 22 Flanders declares it's independence, under Pieter Tack
December 23 3 British warships come close to Holland
December 25 Hirsch/Harbach's musical "Going Up," premieres in New York City
December 25 "Why Marry," 1st drama to win Pulitzer Prize, premieres in New York City
December 26 1st NHL defensemen to score a goal: Toronto Maple Leaf Harry Cameron
December 26 Federal government took over operation of American RR for duration of WW I
December 30 -32 degrees F (-36 degrees C) in Mountain City, Tennessee (state record)
December 30 -37 degrees F (-38 degrees C) in Lewisburg, WV (state record)
December 31 Dutch Social-democratic trade union NVV counts 159,450 members












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