1918 in History



January 1 Last day of the Julian calendar in Finland
January 2 Dodgers trade Casey Stengel and Cutshaw to Pitts for Grimes and Mamaux
January 2 NHL Montreal Wanderers disband after Westmount arena burns down
January 3 U.S. employment service opens as a unit of Department of Labor
January 5 British premier Lloyd George demand for unified peace
January 8 Mississippi becomes 1st state to ratify 18th amendment (prohibition)
January 8 President Wilson outlines his 14 points for peace after WW I
January 12 Montreal Canadien Joe Malone scores 5 goals beating Ottawa 9-4
January 14 Finland and U.S.S.R. adopts New Style (Gregorian) calendar
January 19 Soviets disallows a Constitution Assembly
January 22 Ukraine proclaimed a free republic
January 25 Russia declared a republic of Soviets
January 27 "Tarzan of the Apes," 1st Tarzan film, premieres at Broadway Theater
January 28 Strike on Berlin ammunition's factory
January 28 Trotsky becomes leader of Reds
February 1 Franz Lehars opera "Wo die Lerche singt," premieres in Budapest
February 1 Kern, Bolton and Wodehouse's musical premieres in New York City
February 1 Russia adopts Gregorian calender (becomes Feb 14)
February 3 Twin Peaks Tunnel longest (11,920') streetcar tunnel begins service
February 5 1st U.S. pilot to down an enemy airplane, Stephen W. Thompson
February 5 Separation of church and state begins in U.S.S.R.
February 6 Britain grants women (30 and over) vote
February 8 "Stars and Stripes," weekly U.S. Armed Forces newspaper, 1st published
February 9 Army chaplain school organizes at Ft. Monroe Va
February 9 Sacha Guitry's "Deburan," premieres in Paris
February 14 H Atteridge and S Rombergs musical "Sinbad," premieres in New York City
February 14 U.S.S.R. adopts New Style (Gregorian) calendar (originally Feb 1)
February 15 1st WW I U.S. Army troop ship torpedoed and sunk by Germany, off Ireland
February 15 Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania adopt Gregorian calendar
February 16 Lithuania declares independence from Russia and Germany (National Day)
February 21 Australians chase Turkish troop out of Jericho, Dutch Palestine
February 22 Germany claims Baltic states, Finland and Ukraine from Russia
February 24 Estonia declares independence from Russia
February 26 Stands at Hong Kong Jockey Club collapse and burn, killing 604
March 2 New York Yankees purchase 1st baseman George Burns from Detroit Tigers and immediately trades him to Philadelphia A's
March 3 Richard Goring's "Seeschlacht," premieres in Berlin
March 3 Treaty of Brest-Litovsk: Germany, Austria and Russia sign
March 4 Terek Autonomous Republic established in RSFSR (until 1921)
March 6 U.S. naval boat "Cyclops" disappears in Bermuda Triangle
March 7 H. Carroll and J. McCarthy's musical "Oh, Look!," premieres in New York City
March 7 President Wilson authorizes U.S. Army's Distinguished Service Medal
March 9 Russian Bolshevik Party becomes the Communist Party
March 9 Ukrainian mobs massacre Jews of Seredino Buda
March 9 Wageningen Agricultural College Netherlands opens
March 11 Moscow becomes capital of revolutionary Russia
March 11 Save the Redwoods League founded
March 13 1st NHL championship: Mont Canadiens beat Toronto Arenas, outscoring them 10-7 in a 2 game set
March 13 American Red Magen David (Jewish Red Cross) forms
March 14 1st concrete ship to cross the Atlantic (Faith) is launched, SF
March 16 Geoffrey O'Hara's "K-K-K-Katy" song published
March 17 U.S. Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Rosemary Beresford
March 17 U.S. Mens Figure Skating championship won by Nathaniel Niles
March 18 Soccer team SON OF Meerssen forms
March 18 Socialist Youth AJC organizes in Amsterdam
March 19 Congress authorizes time zones and approves daylight saving time
March 19 S. Potter becomes 1st U.S. pilot to shoot down a German seaplane
March 21 During WW I Germany launches Somme offensive
March 23 Alick Wickham dives 200' into Australia's Yarra River
March 23 Crepy-en-Laonnoise: German artillery shells Paris, 256 killed
March 23 Lithuania proclaims independence
March 23 Paris bombs "Thick Bertha's Dike" (nickname for the widow Krupp)
March 30 Stanley Cup: Toronto Arenas (NHL) beat Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA), 3 games to 2
March 31 1st daylight savings time in U.S. goes into effect
April 1 England's Royal Flying Corps replaced by Royal Air Force
April 1 Henry Miller's Theater opens at 124 W 43rd St. New York City
April 3 House of Representatives accepts American Creed written by William Tyler
April 4 Battle of Somme, ends
April 4 Food riot in Amsterdam
April 9 Latvia proclaims independence
April 13 Electrical fire kills 38 mental patients at Oklahoma State Hospital
April 14 Douglas Campbell is 1st U.S. ace pilot (shooting down 5th German plane)
April 15 Clemenceau publishes secret French/Austrian documents
April 18 Cleveland center fielder Tris Speaker turns an unassisted double play
April 23 Battle of Zeebrugge ends
April 23 Dover Patrol overthrows Germany U-boat in East Sea
April 23 National Urban League forms
April 27 Giants' 9-0 winning start and Dodgers' 0-9 losing streak are stopped
April 29 Tris Speaker ties career outfield record of 4 unassisted double plays
April 30 Orange Nassau soccer team forms in Groningen
May 4 Yankees set record with 8 sacrifices, beat Red Sox's Babe Ruth 5-4
May 10 HMS Vindictive sunk to block entrance of Ostend Harbor
May 11 44th Kentucky Derby: William Knapp on Exterminator wins in 2:10.8
May 13 1st U.S. airmail stamps issued (24 cents )
May 14 Indians' Stan Coveleski sets club record for most innings pitched (19)
May 14 Sunday baseball is made legal in Washington D.C.
May 15 1st airmail postal service (New York, Philadelphia and Washington D.C.)
May 15 1st regular airmail service (between New York and Washington) inaugurated
May 15 43rd Preakness: Johnny Loftus aboard War Cloud wins in 1:53.6
May 15 44th Preakness: Charles Peak aboard Jack Hare, Jr. wins in 1:53.4
May 15 Greeks troops lands at Smyrna
May 15 Washington Senator Walter Johnson pitches 1-0, 18 inning game
May 18 Netherlands Indian Volksraad installed in Batavia
May 18 TNT explosion in chemical factory in Oakdale, Pennsylvania kills 200
May 19 Washington 1st Sunday game, Senators beat Cleveland 1-0 in 18 innings
May 20 1st electrically propelled warship (New Mexico)
May 21 House of Representatives passes amendment allowing women to vote
May 23 King Oil/Shell refinery on Curacao officially opens
May 24 Cleveland beats Yankees 3-2 in 19 inning
May 26 Georgian Social Democratic Republic declares independence from Russia
May 28 Tatars declares Azerbaijan, in Russian Caucasus, independent
June 1 Excelsior Maassluis soccer team forms in Maassluis
June 1 White Sox losing 5-4 against New York Yankees, load the bases in 9th with no outs Chick Gandil lines to Frank Baker who turns a triple play
June 3 Supreme Court rules child labor laws unconstitutional
June 6 Battle of Belleau Wood, 1st U.S. victory of WW I
June 8 Nova Aquila, brightest nova since Kepler's nova of 1604, discovered
June 12 1st airplane bombing raid by an American unit, France
June 13 Phillies and Cards tie 8-8 in 19 innings
June 15 1" of snow falls in Northern Pennsylvania
June 22 32nd U.S. Womens Tennis: Molla Bjurstedt Mallory beats E E Goss (64 63)
June 22 Circus train rammed by troop train kills 68, Ivanhoe, Illinois
June 23 Boston Red Sox Dutch Leonard's 2nd no-hitter beats Tigers, 5-0
June 25 Baku-Turkish Communist Party forms
July 3 SDAP'er Suze Groenweg elected 1st woman in Dutch parliament
July 4 Altar dedicated at full-scale replica of Stonehenge at Maryhill, Wa
July 8 Babe Ruth's blast over the fence in Fenway scores Amos Strunk, the Red Sox win 1-0 over Cleveland, prevailing rules reduce Babe's Hhome runR to a triple
July 9 101 killed and 171 injured in worst U.S. train wreck, Nashville, Tennessee
July 9 Congress creates Distinguished Service Medal
July 10 Russian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic forms
July 12 Japanese battleship explodes in Bay of Tokayama, 500 killed
July 14 Dutch government reclaims South seas
July 15 2nd Battle of Marne began during WW I
July 17 Longest errorless game, Cubs beat Phillies 2-1 in 21 innings
July 18 U.S. and French forces launch Aisne-Marne offensive in WW I
July 19 German armies retreat across Marne River in France (WW I)
July 19 Washington catcher Eddie Ainsmith applies for deferment from the draft Secretary of War Newton D. Baker rules baseball players are not draft exempt
July 22 Lightning kills 504 sheep in Utah's Wasatch National Park
July 25 Annette Adams sworn in as 1st woman district attorney of U.S., California
July 25 Race riot in Chester Pennsylvania (3 blacks and 2 whites killed)
July 26 Race riot in Philadelphia (3 whites and 1 black killed)
July 27 Socony 200, 1st concrete barge in U.S., launched to carry oil, New York
August 1 British troops enter Vladivostok
August 1 Pittsburgh Pirates beat Boston Braves, 2-0, in 21 innings
August 6 Ferdinand Foch becomes marshal of France
August 6 In WW I 2nd battle of the Marne ends
August 8 Canada/Australian/British breakthrough with 600 tanks at Amiens
August 9 Reds manager Christy Mathewson suspects Hal Chase of taking bribes to fix games, and suspends him "for indifferent play"
August 11 Battle of Amiens ends in WW I, Allieds beat Germans
August 15 1st full length cartoon (Sinking of Lusitania)
August 15 Russia severs diplomatic ties with U.S.
August 16 U.S. troops overthrows Archangelsk
August 17 British troops attack Baku Azerbaijan
August 17 Samuel Riddle buys Man o'War for $5,000
August 17 Turkish troops overthrow Caukasus
August 19 Irving Berlin's musical "Yip Yip Yaphank," premieres in New York City
August 20 Britain opens offensive on Western front during WW I
August 24 Chicago Cubs, win earliest pennent ever (season ended Sept 2)
August 24 Sect Baker grants extended exemption to World Series players
August 26 W Smith and F Bacons "Lightnin'," premieres in New York City
August 27 Christy Mathewson resigns as Reds manager to accept a commission as a captain in chemical warfare branch of Army
August 27 Dr. Joseph L Johnson named minister to Liberia
August 28 Tris Speaker suspended for season due to assault on ump Tom Connolly
August 30 Czechoslovakia forms independence republic
August 30 Fanya Kaplan shoots at Lenin
August 30 Lenin, new leader of Soviet Russia, shot and wounded after speech
August 31 Boston Red Sox, win earliest AL pennent ever (season ended Sept 2)
September 1 Baseball season ends due to WW I
September 1 Ty Cobb pitches 2 innings against Browns
September 1 U.S. troops land in Vladivostok, Siberia, stay until 1920
September 3 38th U.S. Mens Tennis: R L Murray beats William T Tilden (63 61 75)
September 3 5 soldiers hanged for alleged participation in Houston riot of 1917
September 3 Allies forced Germans back across Hindenburg Line
September 4 Jhr Ch Ruys de Beerenbrouck becomes 1st Dutch Catholic premier
September 4 U.S. troops land in Archangel, Russia, stay 10 months
September 5 Due to WW I, 15th World Series begins a month early
September 9 Dutch government of Ruijs de Beerenbrouck forms
September 10 Players on both sides threaten to strike the World Series unless they are guaranteed $2,500 to the winners and $1,000 each for the losers
September 11 Boston Red Sox beat Chicago Cubs, 4 games to 2 in 15th World Series
September 12 During WW I, U.S. forces launch an attack on German-occupied St. Mihiel
September 13 Train accident at Weesp, Netherlands, kills 42
September 15 CH Chubb gives Stonehenge to English state
September 18 Battle of Megiddo (Palestine) starts
September 20 Royal Dutch Blast furnace and Steel factory opens in Hague
September 26 Battle of the Argonne, final major battle of WW I
September 29 Allied forces scored a decisive breakthrough of Hindenburg Line
October 3 Boris becomes king of Bulgaria
October 3 Czar Ferdinand I of Bulgaria does distance of throne
October 3 Selwyn Theater opens at 229 W 42nd St. New York City
October 4 Musical "Sometime" with Mae West premieres in New York City
October 6 U.S. ship Otranto sinks between Scotland and Ireland, 425 die
October 8 7 U.S. soldiers are surrounded by Germans in France, Alvin York is given command and shoots 20 Germans and captures 132 more
October 8 Sergeant Alvin York single-handedly kills 25, captures 132 Germans
October 10 Baden's Geisz forms government
October 12 1st use of iron lung (Boston's Children Hospital)
October 12 Cloquet Minnesota and 25 other communities destroyed by forest fire, 559 die
October 12 Forest fire in Minnesota and Northern Wisconsin kills about 800
October 15 British Q-ship Cymric sinks British submarine J6
October 17 De Kooy airport in Netherlands opens
October 17 Yugoslavia proclaims itself a republic
October 18 Czechoslovakia declares Independence from Austro-Hungarian Empire
October 18 NHL's Quebec Bulldogs sold to a Toronto businessman P J Quinn
October 18 Russian 10th Army drives out White armies of Tsaritsyn (Stalingrad)
October 20 Germans, aimed at an armistice, Germans agree to further concessions
October 21 Margaret Owen sets world typing speed record of 170 wpm for 1 min
October 23 Actor Charlie Chaplin (29) weds Mildred Harris (17)
October 25 Canadian steamship "Princess Sophia" hit a reef off Alaska, 398 die
October 26 Soldier revolt at Harskamp Veluwe
October 28 Czechoslovakia gains independence as Austria-Hungary breaks up
October 30 Slovakia asks for creation of Czechoslovakian state
October 31 Spanish flu-virus kills 21,000 in U.S. in 1 week
November 1 102 die in a New York City BMT subway derailment at Malbone Street Brooklyn
November 1 Yugoslav battleship Viribus Unitis sunk by Italians
November 3 Austro-Hungarian Empire disolves
November 3 Poland proclaims independence from Russia after WW I
November 4 Kiel in hands of revolutionary sailors
November 6 Republic of Poland proclaimed
November 6 Supreme commander of the army General Cutters resigns
November 7 Goddard demonstrates tube-launched solid propellant rockets
November 7 United Press erroneously reports WW I armistice had been signed
November 7 Vladimir Mayakovsky's "Misteriya Buff," premieres in Petrograd
November 8 Pro-German supreme commander general Cutters lay-offs
November 9 Bavaria proclaims itself a republic
November 9 Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicates after German defeat in WW I
November 9 Republic Germany proclaimed
November 10 German emperor Wilhelm II flees to Netherland
November 10 Independence of Poland proclaimed by Jozef Pilsudski
November 11 Armistice Day-WW I ends (at 11 AM on Western Front)
November 11 Dutch SDAP leader Troelstra announces revolution
November 11 Emperor Charles I of Austria abdicates
November 11 Germany surrenders ending WW I, Allies and Germany sign armistice
November 11 Poland declares independence
November 12 Emperor Karl of Austria-Hungary abdicates, Austria becomes a republic
November 13 Monarch Friedrich of Waldeck and Pyrmont abdicates throne
November 13 Russia cancels Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
November 13 Stahlhelm forms (anti communist/Polish/French) in Magdenburg
November 14 Republic of Czechoslovakia created with T.G. Masaryk as president
November 16 Hungarian People's Republic declared
November 17 Social Democratic Party becomes Communistc Party Holland: CPH
November 18 Brussels free Stofnar
November 18 Latvia declares independence from Russia
November 21 2 German ammunition trains explode in Hamont Belgium, 1,750 die
November 21 Polish soldiers organize a pogrom against Jews of Galicia Poland
November 22 Bathe: grand duke Frederik II resigns
November 22 King Albert I's triumphant procession through Brussels
November 22 Marshal J Pilsudski becomes 1st president (dictator) of Poland
November 22 Polish forces attack Jewish community of Lemberg (Lvov)
November 24 Bela Can forms Hungarian Communist Party
November 28 Emperor Wilhelm of Prussia and Germany, abdicates
November 29 Serbia annexes Montenegro
December 1 Danish parliament passed an act to grant Iceland independence
December 1 Iceland becomes independent state under Danish crown
December 1 Serbian-Croatian-Slovic kingdom proclaimed in Belgrade
December 1 Yugoslavia declares independence; monarchy established
December 4 President Wilson sails for Versailles Peace Conference in France, 1st chief executive to travel outside U.S. while in office
December 5 Oil refinery on Curacao opens
December 9 French troops occupies Mainz
December 10 John A Heyder becomes president of baseball's National League
December 13 U.S. Army of occupation crosses Rhine, enters Germany
December 13 Wilson, becomes 1st to make a foreign visit as president (France)
December 14 Giacomo Puccini's opera "Il Trittico," premieres in New York City
December 15 American Jewish Congress holds its 1st meeting
December 16 Jack Dempsey KOs Carl Morris in 14 seconds
December 19 Robert Ripley began his "Believe It or Not" column (New York Globe)
December 20 Eugene O'Neill's "Moon of the Caribees," premieres in New York City
December 21 Red Sox trade Dutch Leonard, Ernie Shore and Duffy Lewis to Yankees for Ray Caldwell and Slim Love, Frank Gilhooey, Al Walters and $15,000
December 26 1st day of 1st-class cricket in Australia after WW I (Vic vs. NSW)
December 30 John E Hoover decides to be called J Edgar Hoover
December 31 Kid Gleason replaces Pants Rowland as White Sox manager












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