1919 in History



January 1 Belorussian SSR established
January 2 Anti-British uprising in Ireland
January 2 Lithuania gains independence
January 5 National Socialist Party (Nazi) forms as German Farmers Party
January 5 Spartacus uprising in Berlin: state of siege
January 11 3 year old German Communist Party (Spartacus) crushed
January 11 Romania annexes Transylvania
January 13 Dutch Soccer team OSV forms
January 14 John McGraw, Charles A Stoneham, and Judge McQuade buy New York Giants
January 15 2 million gallons of molasses flood Boston MA, drowning 21
January 15 Frank Wedekind's "Die letzten Tage der Menschheit," premieres
January 15 Pianist and statesman Ignace Paderewski becomes 1st premier of Poland
January 15 Semana Tragica (Tragic Week): Bloodbath in Buenos Aires
January 15 W Collison and O Harbach's "Up in Mabel's Room," premieres in New York City
January 16 Prohibition ratified by 3/4 of states; Nebraska is 36th
January 18 WW I Peace Congress opens in Versailles, France
January 19 "Tidal wave" of molasses 15 m high x 25 m wide kills dozens, Boston
January 21 Sinn Fein proclaims parliament of Free Ireland
January 25 Founding of League of Nations, 1st meeting 1 year later
January 29 Secretary of state proclaims 18th amendment, prohibition
January 30 Reds hire Pat Moran as manager as Christy Mathewson, is still in France with U.S. Army
February 1 Dodgers trade Jake Daubert to Reds for Tommy Griffith Daubert
February 2 Monarchist riot in Portugal
February 3 Herbert/Blossom's musical "Velvet Lady," premieres in New York City
February 3 League of Nations 1st meeting (Paris)
February 3 Socialist conference convenes (Berne Switzerland)
February 4 City of Bremen's Soviet Republic overthrown
February 5 NL President John Heydler dismisses charges that Hal Chase bet against his team and threw games in collusion with gamblers
February 6 1st day of 5-day Seattle general strike
February 11 Friedrich Ebert (SPD), elected president of Germany
February 14 United Parcel Service forms
February 15 American Legion organizes in Paris
February 18 Cy Denneny of NHL Ottawa Senators scores record 52nd goals
February 19 Pan-African Congress, organized by W. E. B. Du Bois (Paris)
February 20 French premier Clemenceau injured during assassination attempt
February 21 German National Meeting accepts Anschluss: incorporation of Austria
February 21 Revolutionary strike in Barcelona
February 25 League of Nations set up by Paris Treaty
February 25 Oregon is 1st state to tax gasoline (1 cent per gallon)
February 26 Acadia National Park forms (as Lafayette N P), Maine
February 26 Congress forms Grand Canyon National Park in Arizona
February 27 1st public performance of Holst's "Planets"
February 27 American Association for Hard of Hearing forms (New York City)
March 1 Demonstrations for Korean independence from Japan begin
March 2 1st congress of Communist International opens at the Kremlin
March 3 1st international air mail service from U.S., Seattle-Victoria, British Columbia
March 3 Communist Party in Germany announces a general strike
March 5 Louis Hirsch and Harold Atteridge's musical premieres in New York City
March 6 NHL Championship: Montreal Canadiens beat Ottawa Senators, 3 games to 1 with 1 tie
March 11 General strike in Germany, crushed
March 12 Austrian National Meeting affirms Anschluss (incorporate into Germany)
March 12 George Bernard Shaw's "Augustus Does His Bit," premieres in New York City
March 15 American Legion forms (Paris)
March 16 Frank Wedekind's "Elius Erweckung," premieres in Hamburg
March 17 Dutch steel workers strike for 8 hour day and minimum wages
March 18 Order of DeMolay forms in Kansas City
March 23 Bashkir ASSR, in RSFSR, constituted
March 23 Benito Mussolini forms Fascist movement in Milan, Italy
March 23 Moscow's Politburo/Central Committee forms
March 29 Stanley Cup: Mont (NHL) and Seat (PCHA) win 2 games each with 1 tie, 1919 Stanley Cup not awarded due to flu epidemic
March 30 Belgian Army occupies Dusseldorf
March 30 Gandhi announces resistance against Rowlatt Act
March 30 Paul Claudel's "Tate d'Or," premieres in Paris
March 31 Strike against Ruhrgebied government of Scheidemann
April 3 Austria expels all Habsburgers
April 5 Eamon de Valera becomes president of Dail Eireann
April 5 Heavyweight Jess Willard KOs Jack Johnson in Havana
April 5 Polish Army executes 35 young Jews
April 7 1st parcel of land is purchased for Cleveland Metroparks
April 12 British Parliament passes a 48-hour work week with minimum wages
April 13 Amritsar Massacre-British Army fires on nationalist rioters in India
April 13 British forces kill 100s of Indian Nationalists (Amritsar Massacre)
April 19 23rd Boston Marathon won by Carl Linder of Mass in 2:29:13.4
April 19 French assembly decides on 8 hour work day
April 19 Leslie Irvin of U.S. makes 1st parachute jump and free fall
April 19 Opera "Monsieur Beaucaire" is produced (London)
April 20 Polish Army captures Vilno, Lithuania from Soviet Army
April 23 Major leagues open a reduced 140-game season
April 28 1st jump with Army Air Corp (rip-cord type) parachute (Les Irvin)
April 30 Phillies beat Brooklyn Dodgers 9-0 in 20 innings
May 1 Mount Kelud (Indonesia) erupts, boiling crater lake which broke through crater wall killing 5,000 people in 104 small villages
May 2 1st U.S. air passenger service starts
May 3 Afghanistan Emir Amanoellah begins war against Great Britain
May 3 America's 1st passenger flight (New York - Atlantic City)
May 4 1st legal Sunday baseball game in New York City (Phillies beat Giants 4-3)
May 4 FVC soccer team forms
May 4 Giants play their 1st legal Sunday home game, 35,000 see Phils win 4-3
May 6 Paris Peace Conference disposes of German colonies; German East Africa is assigned to Britain and France, German SW Africa to South Africa
May 8 1st transatlantic flight take-off by a Navy seaplane
May 8 Appingedam soccer team forms
May 10 45th Kentucky Derby: Johnny Loftus aboard Sir Barton wins in 2:09.8
May 10 Race riot in Charleston, South Carolina, 2 blacks killed
May 11 Yankees' Jack Quinn and Senators' Walter Johnson, 12 inning 0-0 tie
May 12 Yankees and Senators play 2nd straight extra inning tie, 4-4 in 15
May 14 45th Preakness: Johnny Loftus aboard Sir Barton wins in 1:53
May 14 Pope Benedictus XV publishes encyclical In hac tanta
May 15 Brooklyn Dodgers score 10 runs in 13th to beat Reds 10-0
May 20 Volcano Keluit on Java, erupts killing 550
May 25 Casey Stengel releases a sparrow from under his baseball cap
May 27 1st transatlantic flight ends; U.S. Navy flying boat takes 11 days
May 27 Charles Strite patents pop-up toaster
May 28 Armenia declares it's Independence
May 29 Charles Strite patents pop-up toaster
May 29 Einstein's light-bending prediction confirmed by Arthur Eddington
May 31 1st wedding held in an aircraft (over Houston, Texas)
May 31 NC-4 aircraft commanded by AC Read completes 1st crossing of Atlantic
June 1 Rhineland Republic forms in Wiesbaden
June 2 Pulitzer prize awarded to Carl Sandburg, Cornhuskers
June 3 Liberty Life Insurance Co (Chicago) organized by blacks
June 4 Senate passes Women's Suffrage bill
June 4 U.S. Marines invade Costa Rica
June 6 Assent is given to an Act to amend the Canadian Currency Act, 1910
June 6 Finland declares war on bolsheviks
June 9 General steel strike in France
June 11 23rd U.S. Golf Open: Walter Hagen shoots a 301 at Brae Burn CC Mass
June 11 51st Belmont: J Loftus aboard Sir Barton wins in 2:17.6 and Trip Crown
June 12 Dutch 2nd Chamber accord for equal Christian-public education
June 14 1st nonstop air crossing of Atlantic (Alcock and Brown)
June 15 1st nonstop Atlantic flight, Alcock and Brown, lands in Ireland
June 17 "Barney Google" cartoon strip, by Billy De Beck, premieres
June 20 German government of Scheideman resigns
June 20 Treaty of Versailles: Germany ends incorporation of Austria
June 21 Bauer forms German government
June 21 German Admiral von Reuter scuttles his own captured fleet
June 23 Nitti government forms in Italy
June 25 1st advanced monoplane airliner flight (Junkers F13)
June 25 Revolt of Spartacus in Hamburg
June 26 N.Y. Daily News begins publishing
June 28 Carl Mazes pitches a complete doubleheader against New York Yankees
June 28 Harry S Truman marries Elizabeth Virginia Wallace in Independence
June 28 Treaty of Versailles ending WW I signed in France
July 1 1st class postage drops from 3 cents to 2 cents
July 1 Scheveningen soccer team forms in Scheveningen
July 4 ADGB (Allgemeine Deutsche Gewerkschaftsbund) party forms
July 4 Cincinnati Reds are 10 games back in NL, and win World Series
July 4 Jack Dempsey KOs Jess Willard in Cuba for heavyweight championship
July 5 32nd Wimbledon Womens Tennis: S Lenglen beats Chambers (10-8 46 97)
July 5 Red Sox Babe Ruth hits 2 home runs in a game for his 1st of 72 times
July 6 British R-34 lands in New York, 1st airship to cross Atlantic (108 hours)
July 6 William Veeck, sportswriter, replaces Fred Mitchell as Cubs president
July 7 Phillies tie major league record of 8 steals in 9 inn game
July 8 President Wilson returns to New York City from Versailles Peace Conference
July 10 Dutch 1st Chamber approves woman suffrage
July 10 President Wilson personally delivers Treaty of Versailles to Senate
July 11 Dutch 2nd chamber approves 8-hour day/No Sunday work
July 13 Race riots in Longview and Gregg counties Texas
July 17 Finland adopts constitution
July 17 Yankees 21 hits, Browns 17 hits Browns win 7-6 in 17, on squeeze play
July 21 Anthony Fokker's establishes airplane factory at Hamburg and Amsterdam
July 21 Dirigible crashes through bank skylight killing 13 (Chicago, Ill)
July 22 De Falla and Massine's "Three-cornered Hat," premieres in London
July 24 Race Riot in Washington D.C. (6 killed, 100 wounded)
July 27 Chicago race riot, 15 whites and 23 blacks killed, 500 injured
July 28 Vrije Vakbewegings Internationale (VVI) forms in Amsterdam
July 31 Germany accepts Weimar Constitution
August 1 Queen Wilhelmina opens 1st Air Fair in Amsterdam
August 1 Treffers soccer team forms in Groesbeek
August 6 1st air flight over a major body of water in Australia (Harry Butler)
August 6 Romanian forces destroys Bela Kun Republic in Budapest
August 8 Treaty of Rawalpindi, British recognize Afghanistan's independence
August 10 Ukrainian National Army massacres 25 Jews in Podolia Ukraine
August 11 Weimar Republic begins in Germany
August 13 British troops fire on Amritsar India demonstrators; killing 350
August 13 Man o'War's only defeat (Upset wins at Saratoga)
August 14 White Sox Happy Felsch ties record of 4 outfield assists in a game
August 14 Yankee Muddy Ruel hits into a triple-play
August 18 Anti-Cigarette League of America forms in Chicago, Illinois
August 19 Afghanistan declares independence from U.K.
August 20 Wichita outfielder Joe Wilhoit (Western League) fails to get a hit, ending a 69-game streak (155 hits in 299 at bats for a .505 avg)
August 23 "Gasoline Alley" cartoon strip premieres in Chicago Tribune
August 24 Cleveland pitcher Ray Caldwell is flattened by a bolt of lightning
August 25 1st scheduled passenger service by airplane (Paris-London)
August 28 General John Smuts becomes premier of South Africa
August 30 Ernst Toller's "Die Wandlung," premieres in Berlin
August 31 John Reed forms American Communist Labor Party in Chicago
August 31 Petlyura's Ukrainian Army kills 35 members of a Jewish defense group
August 31 Ukranian (Petlyura) Army recaptures Kiev
September 1 Frank Wedekind's "Herakles," premieres in Munich
September 2 Communist Party of America organizes in Chicago
September 2 Italy agress to general voting right/proportional representation
September 2 National Commission recommends a best-of-9 World Series
September 4 39th U.S. Mens Tennis: William M Johnston beats Wm T Tilden (64 64 63)
September 4 British intervene in Petrograd
September 8 Babe Ruth hits his 26th home run off Jack Quinn in New York, breaking Buck Freeman's 1899 home run mark of 25
September 9 Boston's police force forms strike
September 10 Indian's Ray Caldwell no-hits Yankees 3-0
September 10 New York City welcomes home General John J Pershing and 25,000 WW I soldiers
September 10 Treaty of St. Germain: Austria ends incorporation with Germany
September 11 U.S. Marines invade Honduras
September 13 Guy Bolton and George Middleton's "Adam and Eve," premieres in New York City
September 14 British regime forbids Sinn Fein Dail
September 16 American Legion incorporated by an act of Congress
September 16 Dutch Ruether beats Giants 4-3 to clinch Cincinnati 1st NL pennant
September 18 Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts female suffrage
September 18 Hurricane tides 16 feet above normal drown 280 along Gulf Coast
September 20 2nd PGA Championship: Jim Barnes at Engineers CC Roslyn NY
September 20 Babe Ruth ties Ned Williamson's major league mark of 27 home runs
September 20 Booth Tarkington's "Clarence," premieres in New York City
September 21 33rd U.S. Womens Tennis: Hazel H Wightman beats M Zinderstein (61 62)
September 24 Babe Ruth sets season homer mark at 28 off of Yankee Bob Shawkey
September 25 President Woodrow Wilson is paralyzed by a stroke
September 26 U.S. President Wilson hit by a heart attack
September 27 Babe Ruth's 29th home run is 1st of year in Washington (1st in every park in league in one season)
September 27 British troops withdraw from Archangelsk
September 27 Democratic National Committee voted to allow female members
September 27 Pitcher Bob Shawkey sets then Yank record with 15 strike-outs
September 28 Fastest major league game (51 minutes), Giants beat Phillies 6-1
September 30 Avery Hopwood's "Gold Diggers," premieres in New York City
October 1 World Series begins as a best of 9 affair, White Sox intentionally throw this series to satisfy gamblers (Black Sox Scandal)
October 2 1st edition "Volkskrant" (People's newspaper) published in Netherlands
October 2 President Woodrow Wilson has a stroke, leaving him partially paralyzed
October 3 Reds Adolfo Luque is 1st Latin player to appear in a World Series
October 3 Serbian, Croatian and Slavic parliment accord for 8 hour work day
October 5 Norwegian population agrees to prohibition
October 6 Stambuliski becomes premier of Bulgaria
October 6 White Sox catcher Ray Schalk is 2nd man ejected from a World Series
October 7 1st London-Amsterdam airline service (British Aerial Transport and KLM)
October 7 Fritz Kreisler and F Jacobi's "Apple Blossoms," premieres in New York City
October 7 KLM, Netherlands Airlines, established (oldest existing airline)
October 10 Richard Strauss and Hugo van Hofmannsthals premieres in Vienna
October 11 1st transcontinental air race ends
October 13 Race riot at Elaine Arkansas
October 15 14 horses begin 300-mile race from Vt to Mass for $1000 prize money
October 17 Radio Corporation of America (RCA) created
October 19 1st Distinguished Service Medal awarded to a woman
October 19 Reds beat White Sox, 5 games to 3 in 16th World Series. This series is known as black sox scandal as 8 White Sox throw series
October 23 Romberg and Atteridge's musical "Passing Show," premieres in New York City
October 26 B. C. Hilliams musical "Buddies," premieres in New York City
October 26 Elgars "Cello concerto op 85" premieres in Queen's Hall London
October 26 President Wilson's veto of Prohibition Enforcement Bill is overridden
October 27 U.S. Congress sign Volstead Act
October 28 Volstead Act passed by Congress, start prohibition over Wilson's veto
October 30 Baseball league presidents call for abolishment of spitball
November 5 Ir Steringa Idzerda begins hosting "soiree-musical" on Dutch radio
November 6 1st Dutch radio program: Soiree Musicale with "Turf in you(r) ransel"
November 7 U.S. police raid offices of Union of Russian Workers
November 10 1st observance of National Book Week
November 10 American Legion's 1st national convention (Minneapolis)
November 11 Pope Benedictus XV states Roman Catholics political/business views
November 12 Ross and Keith Smith start a 1 month flight from London to Australia
November 14 Red Army captures Omsk, Siberia
November 15 Senate 1st invokes cloture to end a filibuster (Versailles Treaty)
November 16 Admiral Horthy conquerors Budapest from Bela Kuns Soviet Republic
November 18 H Tierney and J McCarthy's musical "Irene," premieres in New York City
November 19 U.S. Senate rejects Treaty of Versailles and League of Nations
November 20 1st municipally owned airport in U.S. opens (Tucson Az)
November 22 15,000 men are cremated at Domela Newenhouse, Amsterdam
November 22 Labor conference committee in U.S. urges 8-hour work day and 48-hour week
November 27 Peace of Neuilly-sur-Seine: Allies and Bulgaria
November 28 US-born Lady Astor elected 1st female member of British Parliament
December 1 AA Milne's "Mr Pim Passes By," premieres in Manchester
December 1 Lady Nancy Astor sworn-in as 1st female member of British Parliament
December 10 NL votes to ban the spitball's use by all new pitchers
December 10 Nobel peace prize awarded to U.S. president Wilson
December 10 NY, Boston, and Chicago, oppose AL resolution accusing Ban Johnson of overstepping his duties
December 11 Boll weevil monument dedicated in Enterprise, Ala
December 13 Ross and Smith land in Australia from a flight from London
December 15 Edna St. Vincent Millay's "Aria da Capo," premieres in New York City
December 15 Fiume (Rijeka) declares its Independence
December 17 Austria parliament approves 8-hour day
December 19 American Meteorological Society found
December 20 Canadian National Railways established (North America's longest, 50,000 KM)
December 20 U.S. House of Representatives restricts immigration
December 21 J Edgar Hoover deports anarchists/feminist Emma Goldman to Russia
December 22 Government of Ireland Act of Power (Home Rule for Ireland)
December 22 U.S. deports 250 alien radicals, including anarchist Emma Goldman
December 23 1st hospital ship built to move wounded naval personnel launched
December 23 Alice H Parker patents gas heating furnace
December 26 Yankees and Red Sox reach agreement on transfer of Babe Ruth
December 27 Red Sox owner Harry Frazee announces they will deal any player except Harry Hooper, Hooper is sent to the White Sox after 1920 season












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