1920 in History



January 2 10,000 U.S. union and socialist organizers arrested (Palmer Raids)
January 3 Arthur Honegger's "Chant de Nigamon," premieres
January 3 New York Yankees purchase Babe Ruth from Red Sox for $125,000
January 4 Amsterdam actors decide to strike for retirement benefits
January 5 Boston Red Sox sell Babe Ruth to New York Yankees
January 5 New York Yankees announce purchase of Babe Ruth
January 10 League of Nations established
January 10 Mont Canadiens (14) and Tor St. Patricks (7) score NHL record 21 goals
January 10 Silver reaches record $1.37 an ounce
January 11 French passenger ship Afrique sinks near La Rochelle; 553 die
January 12 Annual drafting of baseball players from minor leagues to be done in inverse order of the final standings, agreed to
January 13 New York Times editorial (falsely) reports rockets can never fly
January 16 18th Amendment, prohibition, goes into effect; repealed in 1933
January 16 1st assembly of League of Nations in Paris
January 16 Georgia declares independence
January 17 Paul Deschanel elected president of France
January 19 Alexandre Millerand forms French government
January 20 Dutch 2nd Chamber passes school laws
January 23 Dutch refuse to turn over ex-kaiser Wilhelm I of Germany to allies
January 26 Amadeo Modigliani's mistress jumps out of a window
January 29 Walt Disney starts 1st job as an artist; $40 week with Kansas City Slide Co.
January 30 Quebec's Joe Malone sets NHL record of 7 goals in a game
January 31 1st Ukrainian daily newspaper in U.S. (New York City) begins publication
January 31 Joe Malone, Quebec Bulldogs, sets NHL record with 7 goals in a game
January 31 Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, at Howard University, incorporates
February 1 1st commercial armored car introduced in St. Paul Minn
February 1 Royal Canadian Mounted Police forms as Royal Northwest Mounted Police merge with Dominion Police
February 1 Soccer team Quick Boys forms
February 2 Estonia declares its Independence from Russia (Dorpat Peace)
February 2 France occupies (German) Memel territory
February 2 Tarto/Dorpat peace treaty: U.S.S.R. recognizes Estonian independence
February 4 1st flight from London to South Africa takes-off
February 6 Saarland administrated by League of Nations
February 8 Swiss men vote against women's suffrage
February 9 International treaty recognizes Norwegian sovereignty over Svalbard
February 9 Joint Rules Com bans foreign substances and alterations to baseballs
February 10 Baseball outlaws all pitches involving tampering with ball
February 12 NL votes 6-2 for 1 commissioner AL votes 6-2 to keep group commission
February 13 League of Nations recognizes perpetual neutrality of Switzerland
February 13 Switzerland rejoin League of Nations
February 14 League of Women Voters forms in Chicago
February 19 Netherlands joins League of Nations
February 21 Darius Milhaud and Jean Cocteau's ballet, premieres in Paris
February 22 1st artificial rabbit used at a dog race track in Emeryville, California
February 24 NSDAP begins at Hofbrauhaus Munich
February 24 Peace treaty gives Estonia independence
February 28 Maurice Ravel's "Le tombeau de Couperin," premieres
March 1 Austria becomes a kingdom again, under Adm Horthy
March 2 Karel Capek's "Loupeznik," premieres in Prague
March 3 Montreal Canadiens scores NHL record 16 goals beating Quebec Bulldogs
March 4 Last day of Julian civil calendar in Greece
March 8 Denmark and Cuba join the League of Nations
March 10 NHL's Quebec Bulldog Jim Malone scores 6 goals vs Ottawa Senators
March 13 Wolfgang Kapp's coup attempt in Berlin fails
March 16 1 Acre Park also known as Baby Park in the Bronx renamed Melrose Park
March 18 Greece adopts the Gregorian calendar
March 19 U.S. Senate rejects Treaty of Versailles for 2nd time refusing to ratify League of Nations' covenant (maintaining isolation policy)
March 19 U.S. Senate votes against membership in League of Nations
March 20 1st flight from London to South Africa lands (1 month)
March 20 U.S. Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld
March 20 U.S. Mens Figure Skating championship won by Sherwin Badger
March 23 Perserikatan Communist of India (PKI) political party forms
March 24 1st U.S. coast guard air station established (Morehead City NC)
March 25 Greek Independence Day
March 27 Film stars Mary Pickford and Douglas Fairbanks wed
March 27 Hermann Muller becomes German chancellor (SPD)
March 28 Actor Douglas Fairbanks marries actress Mary Pickford
March 28 Thomas Masaryk elected president of Czechoslovakia
March 31 British parliament accept Irish "Home Rule"-law
April 1 Church disforms in Wales
April 1 Stanley Cup: Ottawa Senators (NHL) beat Seattle (PCHA), 3 games to 2
April 4 Arabs attack Jews in Jerusalem
April 6 French troop attacks Main/Darmstadt/Hanau
April 8 LONGA soccer team forms in Tilburg
April 13 1st woman U.S. Civil Service Commissioner, Helen Hamilton appointed
April 14 Tornadoes killed 219 people in Alabama and Mississippi
April 15 New Canadian small cent coin is released
April 17 American Professional Football Association forms (NFL)
April 19 24th Boston Marathon won by Peter Trivoulidas of Greece in 2:29:31
April 20 7th modern Olympic games opens in Antwerp Belgium
April 20 Balfour Declaration recognized, makes Palestine a British Mandate
April 20 Big Show ends 2 year run on NBC radio
April 20 Phillies manager Gravvy Cravath puts himself in as pinch hitter, his 3- run homer beats New York Giants 3-0
April 20 Tornadoes kill 219 in Alabama and Mississippi
April 21 John Galsworthy's "Skin Game," premieres in London
April 23 Turkish Grand National Assembly 1st meets, in Ankara
April 24 British Mandate over Palestine goes into effect, lasts 28 years
April 24 Polish troops attack Ukraine
April 26 H Shapley and H D Curtis hold "great debate" on nature of nebulae
April 27 Pogrom leader Petljoera declares Ukraine Independence
April 28 Azerbaijan SSR joins U.S.S.R. (1st time)
May 1 Babe Ruth's 1st Yankee home run and 50th of career, out of Polo Grounds
May 1 Belgian-Luxembourg toll tunnel opens
May 1 Brooklyn Dodgers tie Boston Braves, 1-1, in 26 innings
May 5 German-Latvian peace treaty signed
May 5 Polish troops occupy Kiev
May 5 U.S. President Wilson makes Communist Labor Party illegal
May 7 U.S.S.R. recognizes Georgia's independence
May 8 46th Kentucky Derby: Ted Rice aboard Paul Jones wins in 2:09
May 14 Giants inform Yankees that the lease allowing them to play in the Polo Grounds will not be renewed at end of 1920 season
May 14 Washington Senator Walter Johnson wins his 300th game vs Detroit
May 15 Soccer team ADO '20 forms in Heemskerk
May 16 Joan of Arc (Jean D'arc) canonized a saint
May 16 Spanish bullfighter Joselito is fatally gored fighting his last bull
May 17 1st De Havilland double-decker flight (London) lands in Schiphol
May 17 1st flight by Dutch airlines KLM (Koninklijke-Luchtvaart-Maatschappij)
May 18 46th Preakness: Clarence Kummer aboard Man o' War wins in 1:51.6
May 20 Policemen raid the Cubs' bleachers and arrest 24 fans for gambling
May 23 Pope Benedictus XV publishes encyclical Pacem Dei
May 27 Tatar ASSR forms in Russian SFSR
June 1 RKSV Volendam soccer team forms in Volendam
June 2 Pulitzer prize awarded to Eugene O'Neill, Beyond the Horizon
June 4 Peace of Trianon between Allies and Hungary
June 5 1st rivet driven on Bank of Italy headquarters at 1 Powell
June 5 A's Vice President Thomas Shibe denies charges that baseballs are livelier
June 6 General Wrangel opens offensive against red Army
June 8 Reds' Edd Roush falls asleep in center during long infield argument Heinie Groh goes to wake him, but ump ejects Roush for delay of game
June 11 Republicans nominate Warren G Harding for president
June 12 52nd Belmont: Clarence Kummer aboard Man o' War wins in 2:14.2
June 12 Farmer Labor Party organized, Chicago
June 15 De Zweef soccer team forms in Nijverdal
June 17 Dutch 2nd Chamber accept Anti-revolution law
June 20 Yankees win protest of 1-0 White Sox win and game is replayed
June 24 Chuvash Autonomous Region forms in RSFSR
June 25 League of Nations places International head of Justice in Hague
July 1 Washington Senator Walter Johnson no-hits Boston Red Sox, 1-0
July 3 40th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Bill Tilden beats Patterson (26 63 62 64)
July 3 Java Technical School Bandung opens
July 3 Royal Air Force holds an air display at Hendon, England
July 6 Yankees score 14 in 5th inning and beat Washington Senators, 17-0
July 10 Tris Speaker is stopped at 11 consecutive hits by Tom Zachary
July 12 Lithuania and U.S.S.R. sign peace treaty, Lithuania becomes independent rep
July 15 Ruth ties his record of 29 home runs in a season
July 16 15th Davis Cup: USA beats Australasia in Auckland (5-0)
July 16 China joins the League of Nations
July 16 General Amos Fries appointed 1st U.S. Army chemical warfare chief
July 16 Ruth sets season home run record with 30 en route to 54
July 20 Heerenveen soccer team forms
July 23 British East Africa renamed Kenya and becomes a British crown colony
July 25 Red Sox turn triple-play, but Ruth's 35th home run leads Yankees to 8-2 win
July 27 Radio compass used for 1st time for aircraft navigation
July 27 Resolute beats Shamrock IV (England) in 14th running of America's Cup
July 29 1st transcontinental airmail flight from New York to SF
July 29 Mexican rebel Pancho Villa surrenders
August 1 Papendrecht soccer team forms
August 1 Peace of Riga-Independence of Latvia
August 2 Marcus Garvey presents his "Back To Africa" program in New York City
August 8 Tigers beat Yankees 1-0 in shortest AL game, 73 minutes
August 9 Bulgarian and allied Peace of Neuilly-sur-Seine goes into effect
August 10 Allies recognize Poland, Czechoslovakia and Romania
August 10 Treaty of Sevres (Allies and Turkey)
August 10 Turkish Government renounces its claim to Israel, recognizes British mandate
August 11 1st peace of Riga-Soviet Union recognizes Independence of Latvia
August 13 24th U.S. Golf Open: Ted Ray shoots a 295 at Inverness Club in Ohio
August 14 Little Entente formed by Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia
August 14 Olympic Games open in Antwerp
August 16 Ray Chapman, of Indians is hit in head by Yankees' Carl Mays pitch; he dies next day, only major league fatality
August 17 In memory of Ray Chapman (died Aug 16), Yankees cancel game with Indians
August 18 19th amendment acknowledges women's rights
August 18 1st class debut of Walter Hammond
August 18 Tennessee ratifies 19th Amendment, guarantees women voting right
August 20 1st U.S. coml radio, 8MK (WWJ), Detroit began daily broadcasting
August 20 Allen Woodring wins Oympic 200 m dash wearing borrowed shoes
August 20 Israel publishes it's 1st medical journal "Ha-Refuah"
August 20 Preliminary meeting in Akron to form American Pro Football League
August 20 Red Sox-Indians game postponed in Boston to allow Indian players to attend Ray Chapman's funeral in Cleveland
August 21 3rd PGA Championship: Jock Hutchison at Flossmoor CC Flossmoor Ill
August 23 M R Rinehart and A Hopwood's "Bat," premieres in New York City
August 25 1st U.S. woman to win in Olympics (Ethelda Bleibtrey)
August 26 19th amendment passes - women's suffrage granted
August 26 Percy Fender (Surrey vs. Northants) scores 100 in 35 minutes
August 31 Belgium starts paying old age pensions
August 31 Detroit radio station is 1st to broadcast a news program on the air
September 1 France creates Lebanon
September 1 New townhall of Rotterdam opens
September 2 W Somerset Maugham's "East of Suez," premieres in London
September 4 Last day of Julian civil calendar (in parts of Bulgaria)
September 5 Iron monument unveiled at Stone churches, Flanders
September 6 40th U.S. Mens Tennis: Wm Tilden beats Wm M Johnston (61 16 75 57 63)
September 6 Jack Dempsey KOs Billy Miske in 3 for heavyweight boxing title 1st radio broadcast of a prizefight
September 8 U.S. Air Mail service begins (New York City to San Francisco)
September 12 7th Olympic games close in Antwerp Belgium
September 16 Bomb explosion in Wall Street, kills 30
September 17 Cards set a record of 12 consecutive hits in 4th (10) and 5th (2) innings
September 17 National Football League organizes in Canton Ohio 12 teams pay $100 each to join American Professional Football Association
September 22 Chicago grand jury convenes to investigate charges that 8 White Sox players conspired to fix the 1919 World Series
September 23 Alexander Millerand elected president of France
September 25 34th U.S. Womens Tennis: M B Mallory beats M Zinderstein (63 61)
September 25 Vern Bradburn of Winnipeg Victorias kicks 9 singles in a game
September 28 8 White Sox indicted, threw 1919 World Series (Black Sox scandal)
September 28 Dirk Fock appointed as Governor-General of Netherlands Indies
September 29 Babe Ruth sets then home run season record at 54
September 29 Belgium annexes Eupen/Malmedy
September 29 Joseph Horne Company in Pittsburgh sells radios for $10
September 30 Time Square Theater opens at 217 W 42nd St. New York City
October 1 Dutch law provides for an 8 hour working day
October 2 Only tripleheader of century (Reds win 13-4, 7-3 then Pirates win 6-0)
October 3 Browns 1st baseman George Sisler gets his record 257th hit of season
October 3 NFL (then American Pro Football Association) plays 1st games
October 6 1st brothers oppose each other in World Series, Cleveland's Wheeler Johnston pinch-hits as brother Jimmy plays 3rd base for Bkln
October 9 1st World Series game in Cleveland, Indians win 2-1
October 10 1st Grandslam in WS (Smith) and 1st unassisted triple play (Wambsganss)
October 10 Indian Bill Wambsganns makes 1st unassisted World Series triple play
October 10 Indian's Elmer Smith hits 1st World Series grand slam
October 10 Indians' Elmer Smith hits baseball's 1st post-season grand slam
October 10 Italy annexes South Tirol (Alto Adige)
October 10 Phoenix Cardinals (then in Chicago) play 1st NFL game, a 0-0 tie
October 12 Cleveland Indians beat Brooklyn Dodgers, 5 games to 2 in 17th World Series
October 12 Construction begins on Holland Tunnel connecting New Jersey and New York City
October 12 Man O'War's last race and win
October 12 Soccer team Quick '20 forms
October 13 World Series celebration in Wade Park brings out 50,000+ Clevelanders
October 14 Part of Petsamo province ceded by Soviet Union to Finland
October 17 Chicago Bears (as Decatur Staleys) play 1st NFL game, win 7-0
October 20 "1st Year" with Frank Craven premieres in New York City
October 23 Chicago grand jury indicts Abe Attell, Hal Chase, and Bill Burns as go-betweens in Black Sox World Series scandal
October 27 League of Nations moves headquarters in Geneva
October 27 Westinghouse radio station in East Pittsburgh, KDKA begins
October 29 Ed Barrow appointed General Manager of New York Yankees
October 31 Romania annexes Bessarabia
November 1 Eugene O'Neill's "Emperor Jones," premieres in New York City
November 1 Warren Harding elected 29th president
November 2 KDKA (Pittsburgh) goes on air as 1st commercial radio station
November 2 Warren G. Harding elected president
November 3 "Emperor Jones" opens at Provincetown Theater
November 8 Actress Edna Lewis Thomas debuts at Putnam Theatre Brooklyn
November 8 Baseball meeting to depose Ban Johnson is set for Nov 12th
November 10 George Bernard Shaw's "Heartbreak House," premieres in New York City
November 12 Judge Kennesaw Mountain Landis elected 1st baseball commissioner
November 13 Hudson River frozen at Albany
November 14 American Pro Football League's Chicago Tiger Joe Guyon punts 95 yards
November 15 Ernst Toller's "Massen und Menschen," premieres in Neurenberg
November 15 Free City of Danzig forms under League of Nations protection
November 15 League of Nations holds 1st meeting, in Geneva
November 16 1st postage stamp meter is set in Stamford Connecticut
November 18 Apollo Theater (Academy, Bryant) opens at 221 W 42nd St. New York City
November 20 Nobel Peace Prize awarded to U.S. president Woodrow Wilson
November 21 Karel Capek's "Vec Makropulos," premieres in Prague
November 21 Mussolini's squad begins terror, 11 die in Bologna Italy
November 25 1st Thanksgiving Parade in Philadelphia
November 25 WTAW of College Station, Tx, broadcast 1st football play-by-play
December 3 Turkey and Armenia agree to peace treaty
December 4 1st Pro football playoff game Buffalo-7, Canton-3 at Polo Grounds
December 4 8th CFL Grey Cup: University of Toronto defeats Toronto Argonauts, 16-3
December 5 Pro football playoff game Akron and Buffalo 0-0 tie, title undecided
December 7 NSW make 802 against South Australia, then Mailey takes 8-81
December 7 USPD-KPD parties merge into Vereinigte Communist Party of Germany
December 12 Maurice Ravels ballet "La Valse," premieres in Paris
December 13 F Pease's interferometer measures 1st stellar diameter (Betelgeuse)
December 13 League of nations establishes International Court of Justice in The Hague
December 13 Netherland breaks contact with kingdom of Serbia, Croatia and Slavia
December 14 Jack Dempsey KOs Bill Brennan in 12 for heavyweight boxing title
December 16 8.6 earthquake destroys 15,000 miles (Kansu China); Over 180,000 die
December 17 AL votes to let spitball pitchers to continue using it
December 17 British Empire receives League of Nations mandate to Nauru
December 17 Japan receives League of Nations mandate over Pacific islands
December 17 South Africa receives League of Nations mandate over SW Africa
December 18 1st U.S. postage stamps printed without the words United States or US
December 19 1st U.S. indoor curling rink opens (Brookline, Mass)
December 20 Bert Collins scores 104 on Test Cricket debut vs. England SCG
December 20 Bob Hope became an American citizen
December 21 Jerome Kern/BG DeSylva's musical "Sally," premieres in New York City
December 23 Ireland divided into 2 parts, each with its own parliament
December 23 King George V signs Home Rule Act
December 24 Enrico Caruso gives his last public performance (New York City)
December 29 The netherlands/Venezuela recover diplomatic relations
December 29 Yugoslav government bans Communist Party
December 31 Roy Park makes 1st-ball duck in only Test Cricket India, vs. England at MCG












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