1924 in History



January 1 Grossdeutsche Volksgemeinschaft/Volkische Block replaces NSDAP
January 6 Poulenc/Nijinska's ballet "Les Biches," premieres in Monte Carlo
January 12 History of Science Society organized at Boston
January 13 Nationalist Wafd-party wins Egyptian parliament elections
January 14 Allies direct Fiume (Rijeka) in Italy
January 15 3rd Dutch government Ruijs de Beerenbrouck forms
January 22 Baldwin government resigns in England
January 22 Dutch Blast Furnace and Steel Factory opens
January 22 KGO-AM in San Francisco, California begins radio transmissions
January 23 Ramsey MacDonald forms 1st Labour government in Britain
January 24 Mussolini disallows non-fascists work union
January 24 Russian city of St. Petersburg renamed Leningrad
January 25 1st Winter Olympic games open in Chamonix, France
January 26 Charles Jewtraw, U.S. 500m skater, takes 1st Winter Olympics gold medal
January 27 Egyptian king Foead nominates Saad Zaghloel Pasja premier
January 27 Lenin placed in Mausoleum in Red Square
January 29 Ice cream cone rolling machine patented by Carl Taylor, Cleveland
January 30 Ponsford scores second 110 of the game in Vic win over NSW
February 1 Amsterdam's Netherlands Press Museum opens
February 1 New British MacDonald government recognizes U.S.S.R.
February 1 Soccer team VSV Tonido forms in Voorburg
February 1 Soviet Union formally recognized by Britain
February 2 International Ski Federation (FIS) forms
February 3 Alexei Ryko elected as President of People's commission (succeeds Lenin)
February 4 1st Winter Olympic games close at Chamonix France
February 4 George Kelly's "Show-Off," premieres in New York City
February 7 Mussolini government exchanges diplomats with U.S.S.R.
February 8 1st coast-to-coast radio hookup: General John Joseph Carty speech in Chicago
February 9 Nakhichevan ASSR constituted within Azerbaijan SSR
February 10 Bucky Harris, 27, becomes youngest baseball manager (Washington Senators)
February 12 George Gershwin's "Rhapsody In Blue" premieres at Carnegie Hall (New York City)
February 12 George Kaufman's "Beggar on Horseback," premieres in New York City
February 13 King Tut's tomb opened
February 14 IBM Corporation founded by Thomas Watson
February 17 Johnny Weissmuller sets 100-yard freestyle record (52.4 seconds)
February 18 U.S. Female Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld Blanchard
February 18 U.S. Male Figure Skating championship won by Sherwin Badger
February 24 Greek parliament proclaims republic
February 24 Johnny Weissmuller, swims 100m record (57 2/5 seconds)
February 24 Mahatma Gandhi released from jail
February 25 Marie Boyd scores 156 points in Maryland High School basketball game (163-3)
February 26 Trial against Hitler in Munich begins
February 27 Belgium's Theunis government falls
February 28 U.S. begins intervention in Honduras
March 1 Germany's prohibition of Communist Party KPD lifted
March 3 German and Turkish friendship/trade treaty signed
March 3 Sean O'Casey's "Juno and the Paycock," premieres in Dublin
March 4 "Happy Birthday To You" published by Claydon Sunny
March 5 Computing-Tabulating-Recording Corp becomes IBM
March 5 Frank Carauna, becomes 1st to bowl 2 successive perfect 300 games
March 5 King Hussein of Hedzjaz appoints himself kalief
March 6 British Labour government cuts military budget
March 8 Coal mine explosion kills 171 at Castle Gate Utah
March 9 South Slavia aproves Italy's annexation of Fiume (Rijeka)
March 11 3rd term of Belgium Theunis government begins
March 11 Eden Phillpotts' "Farmer's Wife," premieres in London
March 11 NHL Championship: Montreal Canadiens sweeps Ottawa Senators in 2 games
March 13 German Republic day
March 17 Eugene O'Neill's "Welded," premieres in New York City
March 17 Netherlands and U.S.S.R. begin talks over U.S.S.R. recognition
March 17 Sweden and U.S.S.R. exchange diplomats
March 20 Finnair begins scheduled flight of Helsinki-Tallinn
March 20 Stanley Cup: Mont Canadiens (NHL) sweep Vanc Millionaires (PCHA) in 2
March 21 1st foreign language course broadcast on U.S. radio (WJZ, New York City)
March 21 Mass Investors Trust becomes 1st mutual fund set up in US
March 24 Greece becomes a republic
March 25 Greek parliament selects Admiral Paul Koundouriotis as premier
March 25 Stanley Cup: Mont Canadiens (NHL) sweep Calgary Tigers (WCHL) in 2
March 26 Premiere of Bernard Shaw's "Saint Joan," in London
March 27 Canada recognizes U.S.S.R.
March 27 New French government of Poincare begins
March 28 WGN-AM in Chicago, Illinois begins radio transmissions
March 29 Bayern and Vatican reach accord
March 31 Croydon Airport: 1st British mig aircraft Imperial established
March 31 London public transport strike ends
April 1 Crown takes over Northern Rhodesia from British South Africa Co
April 1 Hitler sentenced to 5 years labor but General Ludendorff acquitted
April 1 Imperial Airways forms in Britain
April 6 4 planes leave Seattle on 1st successful around-the-world flight
April 6 Italy fascists receives 65% of vote of parliament
April 6 Volkische Block (Nazi's) receives 17.8% of vote in Bayern
April 10 Tubular steel golf club shafts approved for championship play
April 11 1st men's college swimming championships begin
April 11 Socialists win Denmark's parliamentary elections
April 11 WLS-AM in Chicago, Illinois begins radio transmissions
April 13 Greek plebiscite for a republic
April 15 Flemish-Walloon riots in Louvain Belgium, 1 dead
April 15 WHO-AM in Des Moines Iowa begins radio transmissions
April 16 1st radio-transmission of wireless: Matthaus Passion
April 16 Child labor laws strengthened in Holland
April 17 Metro Pictures, Goldwyn Pictures and Louis B. Mayer merged to form MGM
April 18 1st crossword puzzle book published (Simon and Schuster)
April 19 28th Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar of Mass in 2:29:40.2
April 19 "National Barn Dance" premieres on WLS Chicago
April 22 Hague Chambers of Commerce forms
April 23 British Empire Exhibition opens at Wembley
April 27 Antwerp soccer tie Belgium-Netherlands 1-1
April 28 119 die in Benwood West Virginia coal mine disaster
May 1 Admiral Paul Koundouriotis becomes president of Greece
May 2 Netherlands refuses to recognize U.S.S.R.
May 4 8th Olympic games open at Paris, France
May 4 German Republic election fascists and communists win
May 5 Unions terminate Twentse textile strike
May 7 Peruvian Torre forms APRA, Alianza Popular Revolutionaria Americana
May 8 Arthur Honegger's "Pacifica 231," premieres
May 8 Memel territories given to Lithuania
May 8 Workers at Werkspoor in Amsterdam strike against 3rd wage cut
May 10 J. Edgar Hoover appointed head of FBI
May 11 Cartel des Gauches wins French parliamentary election
May 11 Pulitzer Prize awarded to Robert Frost (New Hampshire)
May 12 50th Preakness: John Merimee aboard Nellie Morse wins in 1:57.2
May 12 7th PGA Championship: Walter Hagen at French Lick CC Ind
May 16 108 degrees F (42 degrees C) in Blitzen Oregon
May 17 50th Kentucky Derby: John Mooney aboard Black Gold wins in 2:05.2
May 21 Leopold and Loeb kidnap Bobby Franks for fun
May 22 In Chicago, Nathan Leopold and Richard Loeb kidnap Robert Franks
May 26 German government of Marx resigns
May 26 President Coolidge signs Immigration law: restricting immigration
May 30 Socialist Matteotti falls in Italian parliament by fascists
June 2 Snyder Act: U.S. citizenship granted to all American Indians
June 3 Gila Wilderness Area established by Forest Service
June 6 28th U.S. Golf Open: Cyril Walker shoots a 297 at Oakland Hills CC Michigan
June 7 56th Belmont: Earl Sande aboard Mad Play wins in 2:18.8
June 7 George Leigh-Mallory disappears 775' from Everest's summit
June 9 "Jelly-Roll Blues," is recorded by blues great, Jelly Roll Morton
June 10 1st political convention broadcast on radio - Republicans at Cleveland
June 11 Bene Brak Palestine founded
June 11 Koos Vorrink elected President of AJC
June 13 Bene Berak Palestine founded
June 13 Gaston Doumergue elected as 1st protestant French premier
June 13 Yankees win by forfeit over Tigers, their 3rd forfeit win
June 14 Test Cricket debuts of Herbert Sutcliffe and Maurice Tate vs. South Africa
June 14 WOKO-AM radio begins transmitting from Albany NY
June 15 1st transmission of radio Bloemendaal
June 15 Ford Motor Company manufactures its 10 millionth Model T automobile
June 15 J. Edgar Hoover assumed leadership of the FBI
June 15 Native Americans are proclaimed U.S. citizens
June 16 South Africa all out 30 vs. England in 48 minutes, Gilligan 6-7
June 18 Pope Pius XI's encyclical Maximam gravissimamque
June 19 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 1500m (3:52.6)
June 21 NCRV, Dutch Christian Radio Society, forms
June 23 8 month Twenste textile strike ends
June 24 59th British Golf Open: Walter Hagen shoots a 301 at Hoylake Hoylake
June 26 After 8 years of occupation, U.S. troops leave Dominican Republic
June 26 Ziegfeld Follies opens on Broadway
June 28 Test cricket ump debut for Frank Chester, vs. South Africa at Lord's
June 28 Tornado strikes Sandusky Ohio and Lorain Ohio, killing 93
June 30 England score 2-503 in day's play vs. South Africa at Lord's
July 1 Light Brigade forms
July 1 Through regular transcontinental airmail service forms, New York City-SF
July 5 Military revolt in Sao Paulo Brazil
July 6 1st photo sent experimentally across Atlantic by radio, U.S. - England
July 7 Robert LeGendre of U.S., sets then long jump record at 25' 5 "
July 10 Denmark takes Greenland as Norway ends claim
July 10 Railroad worker strike ends in Amsterdam
July 11 Moslem-Hindu rebellion in Delhi
July 13 Albin Stenroos wins Olympic marathon (2:41:22.6)
July 16 Conference over German recovery payments begins in London
July 16 New York Giants George Kelly is 1st to hit home runs in 6 cons games
July 17 St. Louis Card Jesse Haines no-hits Boston Braves, 5-0
July 18 KPD points out Rote Frontkampferbund against Nazi
July 20 Federation Internationale des Echecs (FIDE) forms in Paris
July 27 8th Olympic games closes in Paris
July 29 Paul Runyan wins PGA golf championship
August 2 Joe Hauser sets record of 14 total bases in a game
August 3 Cyclist Piet Moeskops regains world sprint championist
August 5 Comic strip "Little Orphan Annie," by Harold Gray, debuts
August 8 British-Russian trade agreement signed
August 11 1st newsreel pictures of presidential candidates were taken
August 16 38th U.S. Womens Tennis: Helen Wills Moody beats Molla B Mallory (61 63)
August 16 Conference about German recovery payments opens in London
August 16 Dutch-Turkish peace treaty signed
August 17 French-German trade agreement signed
August 18 France begins retracting troops out of Ruhrgebied
August 23 Mars' closest approach to Earth since 10th century
August 25 International maritime treaty drawn
August 25 Washington Senator Walter Johnson 2nd no-hitter beats Browns, 2-0 in 7 innings
August 29 German Republic day accepts Dawes plan
August 31 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 10,000m (30:06.2)
September 1 Kenchoji Rinzai temple in Kamakur Japan, heavily damaged by earthquake
September 2 44th U.S. Mens Tennis: William Tilden beats William Johnston (61 97 62)
September 2 Rudolf Friml's "Rose Marie" opens to rave reviews in New York City
September 3 Civil war breaks out in China, General Tsi moves to Shanghai
September 3 L Stallings and M Anderson's "What Price Glory?," premieres in New York City
September 6 Assassination attempt on Mussolini fails
September 6 Charles Paddock captures 100 and 200 yd AAU national senior outdoor track and field championships
September 8 Alexandra Kollontai of Russia becomes 1st woman ambassador
September 10 Giants rip Braves 22-1, Frisch goes 6-for-6 before grounding out
September 10 Leopold and Loeb found guilty of murder
September 13 19th Davis Cup: USA beats Australia in Philadelphia (5-0)
September 14 Walter Johnson elected AL MVP
September 16 Cardinal Jim Bottomley bats in 12 RBIs in 1 game
September 17 Italy signs treaty of Rapallo
September 18 Government routes 7 Provinces to Peking
September 20 Carl Mays is 1st pitcher to win 20 games seasons for 3 different teams
September 20 Cub's Grover Cleveland Alexander beats New York Giants to win 300th game
September 24 Boston, Massachusetts opens its airport
September 25 Malcolm Campbell sets world auto speed record at 146.16 MPH
September 27 Giants clinch their 4th straight pennant, beating Phils 5-1
September 28 2 U.S. Army planes end around-world flight, Seattle to Seattle, 57 stops
September 28 French government names General Serrail Governor-General of Syria
September 28 General Plutarco Calles elected president of Mexico
September 29 Santo Domingo joins League of Nations
September 29 Senators clinch pennant, finishing 2 games in front of Yankees
September 30 Allies stop checking on German navy
October 1 Fokker F-7 1st flight (Amsterdam to Batavia)
October 1 Landis bans Giants Jimmy O'Connell and Cozy Dolan from World Series after they admit an attempt to bribe Phils shortstop Heinie Sand
October 1 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 4 mile (19:15.4) and 5 mile (24:06.2)
October 2 League of Nations approves protocols of Geneva
October 3 King Hussein of Hedzjaz abdicts throne
October 4 New York Giants become 1st team to appear in 4 consecutive World Series
October 5 1st Little Orphan Annie-strip appears in New York City Daily News
October 7 160 consecutive days of 100 degrees at Marble Bar, Australia begins
October 7 Greek government of Dikalekopoulis, forms
October 8 British Labour government of MacDonald falls to Communists
October 10 Ibn Saud of Nedzhed captures Mecca
October 10 Washington Senators win their 1st World Series beat Giants in 7
October 12 Sokolnicheskaya Radio begins broadcasting from Moscow
October 13 Wahhabietes under Ibn Saudi take Mecca
October 14 Arnold Schonbergs opera "Die Gluckliche Hand," premieres in Vienna
October 15 President Coolidge declares Statue of Liberty a national monument
October 18 Harold "Red" Grange, finest collegiate football game (4 long TD runs)
October 18 Notre Dame beats Army 13-7, New York Hearld Tribune dubs them (4 Horsemen)
October 19 General Christian Worker's union demands 8 hour work day in Belgium
October 21 KLM Fokker's F7 H-NACC departs to Dutch East Indies
October 24 Christian General Feng Joe Siang occupies Beijing
October 24 Nobel prize for fysiologie/medicine awarded to W Einthoven
October 25 "Little Orphan Annie" comic strip 1st published
October 27 Uzbek SSR forms
October 28 French-Russian trade agreement signed
October 28 White Sox beat New York Giants 8-4 in Dublin, less than 20 fans attend
October 29 "Dixie to Broadway," opens at Broadhurst Theater
October 29 Labour loses British parliamentary election
November 1 1st U.S. NHL franchise, Boston Bruins founded
November 1 Forest Peters of Montana State University hits 17 of 22 attempted field goals
November 2 Sunday Express publishes 1st British crossword puzzle
November 4 British Labour government of MacDonald, resigns
November 4 California legalizes pro boxing (illegal since 1914)
November 4 Nellie Tayloe Ross elected 1st U.S. female Governor (Wyoming)
November 4 U.S. president Calvin Coolidge re-elected
November 6 Stanley Baldwin becomes Prime Minister of England
November 8 Austria chancellor Ignaz Seipel, resigns after assassination attempt
November 8 Fortune Theatre opens in London
November 9 Miriam (Ma) Ferguson becomes 1st elected woman governor (of Texas)
November 11 Martin Beck Theater opens at 302 W 45th St. New York City
November 11 Palace of Legion of Honor dedicated (SF)
November 12 Yeshivah Slobodka opens a branch in Chevron
November 15 Dutch Christian Radio Society (NCRV) forms
November 16 Cleveland Bulldogs lose to Frankford Yellowjackets, ends 31-game undefeated streak (NFL and major-league football record)
November 21 British premier Baldwin cancels Labor contract with U.S.S.R.
November 22 England orders Egyptians out of Sudan
November 24 1st Dutch airplane (Fokker's F-7) reaches Batavia (Java)
November 26 Mongolian People's Republic proclaimed
November 27 57,000 watch a High School football game (LA and Polytechnic tie 7-7)
November 28 Pieter Jelle Troelstra leaves 2nd Chamber
November 29 12th CFL Grey Cup: Queen's University defeat Toronto Balmy Beach, 11-3
November 29 NHL's Montreal Forum opens
November 30 1st photo facsimile transmitted across Atlantic by radio (London-NYC)
November 30 Last French/Belgian troops leave Ruhrgebied
December 1 Calles becomes president of Mexico
December 1 George/Ira Gershwin's musical "Lady Be Good," premieres in New York City
December 2 British-German trade agreement signed
December 5 Hamilton Tiger Red Green scores 5 goals to beat Tor Maple Leafs 10-5
December 7 German election (Social Democrats win/Nazis and Communists lose)
December 9 Dutch and Hungary trade treaty signed
December 9 Michael Hainisch re-elected Austrian president
December 10 Aggrement reached on permanent rotation of World Series with each league, getting games 1, 2, 6, 7 in alternating years
December 10 Willem Einthoven awarded Nobel for medicine
December 13 KOA-AM in Denver CO begins radio transmissions
December 14 Chiang Kai-shek occupies Hankou
December 14 Respighi's symphony "Pini di Roma," premieres in Paris
December 16 Noel Coward's "Vortex," premieres in London
December 17 1st U.S. diesel electric locomotive enters service, Bronx, New York
December 19 Test Cricket debut of Bill Ponsford, who scored 110 in 1st innings
December 20 Adolf Hitler freed from jail early
December 22 Babe Dye of NHL's Toronto St. Patricks scores 5 goals beat Bruins 10-2
December 22 Philip Barry's "Youngest," premieres in New York City
December 24 1st radio transmission of NCRV in Netherlands
December 24 Albania becomes a republic (ex-premier Ahmed Zogoe's coup)
December 24 Richard Rodgers Theater (46th St. Chanin's) opens at 226 W 46th New York City
December 24 School in Babb's Switch, Oklahoma catches fire, 36 die
December 26 Judy Garland, 2, billed as Baby Frances, show business debut
December 30 Edwin Hubble announces existence of other galactic systems
December 31 Hubble announces existence of distant galaxies












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