1928 in History



January 1 1st U.S. air-conditioned office building opens, San Antonio
January 1 Algemeene Vereeniging Radio Omroep (AVRO) begins broadcasting (Netherlands)
January 6 Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Mortalium animos (against oecumene)
January 9 Eugene O'Neill's "Marco Millions," premieres in New York City
January 10 G/I Gershwin/Romberg/Wodehouse's musical "Rosalie," premieres in New York City
January 10 Soviet Union orders exile of Leon Trotsky
January 12 Philip Barry and Elmer Rice's "Cock Robin," premieres in New York City
January 17 1st fully automatic photographic film developing machine patented
January 23 "Abenteuer of brave Soldier Schwejk" premieres in Berlin
January 28 Christopher Hornsrud chosen Prime Minister of Norway at age 101
January 30 1st radio telephone connection between Netherlands and US
January 30 Bradman scores 134 not out (225 minutes, 13 fours) NSW vs. Vic
January 30 Eugene O'Neill's "Strange Interlude," premieres in New York City
January 31 Scotch tape 1st marketed by 3-M Company
February 7 1st solo England to Australia flight takes off (Bert Hinkler)
February 8 1st transatlantic TV image received, Hartsdale, New York
February 8 Scottish inventor J. Blaird demonstrates color-TV
February 11 2nd Winter Olympic games opens in St. Moritz, Switzerland
February 19 2nd Winter Olympic games close at St. Moritz, Switzerland
February 19 Canadian hockey team wins 3rd consecutive gold medal
February 22 1st solo England to Australia flight lands (Bert Hinkler)
March 1 Paul Whiteman and orchestra record "Ol' Man River" for Victor Records
March 4 "Bunion Run" race from Los Angeles to New York City begins; It is won by Andy Payne
March 5 Karl Zuckmayer's "Der Hauptmann von Kopenick," premieres in Berlin
March 11 Netherlands and Belgium tie 1-1 (soccer match in Amsterdam)
March 13 450 die in St. Francisquito Valley Dam burst (Calif)
March 13 Rudolph Friml's musical "Three Musketeers," premieres in New York City
March 15 Mussolini modifies Italy electoral system (abolishes right to choose)
March 19 "Amos and Andy" debuts on radio (NBC Blue Network-WMAQ Chicago)
March 22 Noel Coward's musical "This Year of Grace," premieres in London
March 27 KGB-AM in San Diego, California begins radio transmissions
March 27 U.S. Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson
March 27 U.S. Mens Figure Skating championship won by Roger Turner
March 29 Yeshiva College (now University) chartered (New York City)
April 1 Chiang Kai-shek's army crosses Yang-tse
April 7 44-yr old New York Ranger General Manager Lester Patrick replaces his injured goaltender in a Stanley Cup game, and beats Montreal Maroons 2-1
April 9 Eugene O'Neill's "Lazarus Laughed," premieres in Pasadena
April 9 Mae West's New York City debut in a daring new play "Diamond Lil"
April 9 Top-Oss soccer team forms in Oss
April 9 Turkey passes separation of church and state
April 12 Assassination attempt on king Victor Emmanuel II of Italy
April 13 1st trans atlantic flight Europe-U.S. (Fitzmaurice-von Hunefeld-Kohl)
April 14 Maddus Airlines starts 1st regular passenger flights between San Francisco and LA
April 14 Stanley Cup: New York Rangers beat Montreal Maroons, 3 games to 2
April 15 Alioto's on Fisherman's Wharf, San Francisco forms
April 19 32nd Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar of Mass in 2:37:07.8
April 19 Japanese troops occupies Sjantung-schiereiland
April 19 Yankees are out of 1st place for 1st time since May 1926
April 24 Fathometer, which measures underwater depth, patented
April 25 Buddy, a German Shepherd, becomes 1st guide dog for the blind
April 26 Madame Tussaud's waxwork exhibition opens in London
April 30 Cherkess Autonomous Region forms in RSFSR (until 1957)
May 1 6 children die and 10 injured by hailstones in Klausenburg, Romania
May 1 Drunken fascist Erich Wichman attacks VARA-radio transmitter
May 1 Lei Day begun (a Hawaiian celebration)
May 1 Pitcairn Airlines (later Eastern) begins service
May 1 Rotterdam soccer team Black White '28 forms
May 2 KPQ-AM in Wenatchee WA begins radio transmissions
May 7 England lowers age of women voters from 30 to 21
May 7 Pulitzer prize awarded to Thornton Wilder for (Bridge of San Luis Rey)
May 10 WGY, Schenectady begins regular TV programming
May 11 54th Kentucky Derby: Chick Lang aboard Reigh Count wins in 2:10.4
May 11 54th Preakness: Raymond Sonny Workman aboard Victorian wins in 2:00.2
May 11 63rd British Golf Open: Walter Hagen shoots a 292 at Royal St. George's
May 11 General Electric opens 1st TV-station (Schenectady, New York)
May 12 Mussolini ends woman's rights in Italy
May 14 John McGraw is knocked down by a taxicab and suffers a broken leg
May 15 Mickey Mouse made his 1st appearance
May 17 9th modern Olympic games opens in Amsterdam
May 19 51 frogs enter 1st annual "Frog Jumping Jubilee" (Angel's Camp, Cal)
May 19 Explosion in coal mine in Mather, Pennsylvania, 195 die
May 19 "Firedamp" explodes in Mather Pennsylvania coal mine killing 195 of 273 miners
May 22 U.S. Congress accept Jones-White Merchant Naval Act
May 23 Bomb attack on Italians embassy in Buenos Aires, 22 die
May 24 Record 12 future Hall of Famers take the field, as Yankees beat A's 9-7
May 24 Umberto Nobile flies airship over North Pole again
May 26 A's commit 7 errors and lose to Yankees 7-4
May 28 Dodge Brothers Inc. and Chrysler Corp. merged
May 29 Fritz von Opel reaches 200 kph in experimental rocket car
May 31 1st aerial cross of Pacific takes off from Oakland
May 31 Charlie Hallows scores his 1,000th run of Cricket season
June 2 Velveeta Cheese created by Kraft
June 8 1st U.S. to Australia flight lands (Sir Charles Kingford)
June 9 60th Belmont: Clarence Kummer aboard Vito wins in 2:33.2
June 9 Charles Kingsford-Smith and Charles Ulm are 1st to fly across the Pacific when they end their flight from California to Brisbane
June 11 Alfred Hitchcock's 1st film, "Case Of Jonathan Drew," is released
June 12 New York Yankee Lou Gehrig hits 2 triples and 2 home runs to be White Sox 15-7
June 14 Republican National Convention, met in KC, nominated Herbert Hoover
June 15 Ty Cobb, 41, steals home for 50th and final time
June 17 Amelia Earhart leaves Newfoundland to become 1st woman (passenger) to fly Atlantic (as a passenger in a plane piloted by Wilmer Stultz)
June 24 32nd U.S. Golf Open: Johnny Farrell shoots a 294 at Olympia Fields Ill
June 25 New York Giant Fred Lindstrom ties record of 9 hits in a doubleheader
June 28 Alfred E. Smith (NY-Gov) nominated for president at Dem Convention
June 28 Friedrich Schmiedl attempted rocket mail in Austria (unsuccessful)
June 30 Radio Service Bulletin lists radio stations call signs that are to be changed to conform with international standards
July 2 British parliament accept female sufferage
July 3 1st color TV broadcast in London (John Logic Baird)
July 6 1st all-talking motion picture shown in New York (Lights of New York)
July 6 Worlds largest hailstone 1 lbs (17') falls in Potter Nebraska
July 7 41st Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Helen Moody beats L de Alvarez (62 63)
July 7 Edward Hamm of U.S., sets then long jump record at 25' 11"
July 8 Phillies set record of errorless 25 inning doubleheader
July 10 Senator Milt Gaston hurls record tying 14-hit shutout
July 12 1st televised tennis match
July 19 King Fuad of Egypt grabs power/disbands parliament
July 21 1st woman to win an olympic gold medal - Halina Knonpacka of Poland
July 26 Gene Tunney TKOs Tom Heeney in 11 for heavyweight boxing title
July 26 Yankees score 11 runs in 12th beating Tigers 12-1
July 27 AVRO, General Vereniging Radio Omroep, forms
July 28 9th Olympic Games open in Amsterdam
July 29 Cleveland Indians score 17 in 1st 2 inns to beat Yankees 24-6 at Dunn Field they also set a record with 24 singles in 1 game
July 29 Walt Disney's "Steamboat Willie" is released
July 30 George Eastman shows 1st color motion pictures
August 1 Babe Ruth hits home run number 42 and is 4 weeks ahead of his 1927 pace
August 2 Mussolini signs peace treaty with Abyssinia, Ethiopia
August 3 Ray Barbuti saves U.S. team from defeat in Amsterdam Olympics track events by winning 400 m (47.8 sec)
August 11 Carl Hubbell's 1st major league victory is a 4-0 shutout of Phils
August 11 Georges Ronsse becomes world champion cyclists
August 12 9th Olympic Games close in Amsterdam
August 13 Soviet Union Spartacan Games begins
August 14 Ben Hecht and Charles MacArthur's "Front Page," premieres in New York City
August 25 Tri-City Rugby Football Union forms consisting of Moose Jaw, Regina and Winnipeg
August 27 16 die in a New York City subway's 2nd worst accident
August 27 42nd U.S. Womens Tennis: Helen W Moody beats Helen Hull Jacobs (62 61)
August 27 Kellogg-Briand Pact, where 60 nations agree to outlaw war
August 30 Jawaharlal Nehru requests independence of India
August 31 Brecht and Weils "Dreigroschenoper" premieres
September 1 Albania becomes a kingdom, with Zogu I as king
September 3 Baseball Hall of Famer Ty Cobb got his 4,191th and final career hit
September 6 U.S.S.R. signs Briand-Kellogg-pact
September 7 Sophie Treadwell's "Machinal," premieres in New York City
September 9 Silvio Cator of Haiti, sets then long jump record at 26' "
September 11 1st TV drama-WGY's Queens Messenger
September 11 Ty Cobb last hitting appearance, pops out against Yankees
September 12 Hurricane in Florida, kills 6,000
September 12 Katharine Hepburn's New York stage debut in "Night Hostess"
September 13 KOH-AM in Reno NV begins radio transmissions
September 15 400 kg Fournier-albums (forged postage stamps) burn in Geneva
September 15 Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin
September 15 Cards set NL record of 18 men left on base beating Phillies 8-6
September 15 Stothard, Kalmar and Ruby's musical "Good Boy," premieres in New York City
September 16 Hurricane hits West Palm Beach-Lake Okeechobee Florida; 3,000 die
September 17 48th U.S. Mens Tennis: Henri Cochet beats F T Hunter (46 64 36 75 63)
September 17 Henri Cochet wins U.S. Tennis Open
September 17 Hurricane hits Lake Okeechobee Florida drowning 1,800-2500
September 17 Pitcher Ray Boggs hits 3 batters in 1 inning
September 18 Cards beat Phillies for 20th of 22 games in 1928
September 18 Juan de la Cierva makes 1st autogiro flight over English Channel
September 19 Mickey Mouse's screen debut (Steamboat Willie at Colony Theater New York City)
September 21 "My Weekly Reader" magazine made its debut
September 24 Cohan/Lardner's musical "Elmer the Great," premieres in New York City
September 27 U.S. recognizes Nationalist Chinese government
September 28 1st recording session in Nashville (Warmack's Gully Jumpers)
September 28 New York Yankees clinch pennant #6
September 28 Prussia forbids speech from Adolf Hitler
September 28 U.S. acknowledge Chinese government of Chiang Kai-shek
September 28 Valentin Katayev's "Kvadratura Kruga," premieres in Moscow
September 29 Cardinals win NL pennant with a 3-1 win at Boston
September 29 New York Yankees (17) Tigers (28) set 9 inning hit record (45)-Tigers win 19-10
September 30 Le Sifflet publishes 1st precursor of Kuifje (Tintin)
September 30 Leon Vanderstuyft of Belgium cycles record 76 miles 604 yards in 1 hour
October 1 Leon Vanderstuyft of Belgium bicycled 76 miles 504 yards in 1 hour
October 1 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 15m (46:49.6)
October 1 U.S.S.R. launches its 1st 5 year plan
October 3 French sun "Ondine" sinks returning to Toulon, drowning 42
October 4 25th World Series begins, New York Yankees vs St. Louis Cardinals
October 4 KPD begins petition against Germany building a battle fleet
October 6 11th PGA Championship: Leo Diegel at Five Farms CC Baltimore
October 6 Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek becomes president of China
October 6 Josip Broz (Tito) sentenced to 5 years in jail
October 7 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 10 miles (50:15.0)
October 7 Race Tafari Makonnen crowned king of Abyssinia
October 8 Cole Porter and E Ray Goetz' musical "Paris," premieres in New York City
October 8 Eastern Soccer League forms in U.S.
October 9 Marcel Pagnol's "Topaz," premieres in Paris
October 9 New York Yankees become 1st to sweep consecutive World Series
October 9 New York Yankees sweep Cards in 25th World Series, Ruth hits 3 home run in game
October 15 German dirigible "Graf Zeppelin" lands in Lakehurst, New Jersey
October 15 Walter Johnson signs a 3-year contract to manage the Senators
October 16 Mickey Cochrane wins AL MVP honors, edging Heinie Manush by 2 points
October 22 China expels all Russian instructors and civil servants
October 22 ESL Robinson's "Far-Off Hills," premieres in Dublin
October 22 President Hoover speaks of "American system of rugged individualism"
October 28 Bradman scores 131 NSW vs. Queensland, 212 minutes, 14 fours
October 28 Indonesian child laws enfoced in Bahasa Indonesia
November 1 1st celebration of Author's Day
November 1 Bradman scores a century each innings (131 and 133*), NSW vs. Qld
November 1 Graf Zeppelin sets airship distance record of 6384 km
November 2 Dmitri Sjostakovitch's 1st Symphony, L Stokovski premieres in Philadelphia
November 3 Turkey switches from Arabic to Roman alphabet
November 4 Jose Moncada elected president of Nicaragua
November 6 Clevelanders vote to build a stadium with city bonds
November 6 Herbert Hoover (R) beats Alfred E. Smith (D) for president
November 6 Jacob Schick patents 1st electric razor
November 7 Herbert Hoover (R) elected president
November 8 George and Ira Gershwin's musical "Treasure Girl," premieres in New York City
November 10 Hirohito ascended throne as Emperor of Japan
November 11 France's 5th government of Poincare forms
November 11 KXO-AM in El Centro California begins radio transmissions
November 11 WGL-AM in Ft. Wayne IN begins radio transmissions
November 11 WMT-AM in Cedar Rapids IA begins radio transmissions
November 11 WOL-AM in Washington D.C. begins radio transmissions
November 12 British steamer "Vestris" capsizes and sinks off Virginia, kills 110
November 13 Bradman scores 132* for NSW against MCC
November 17 Boston Garden officially opens
November 17 Notre Dame finally lost a football game after nearly 25 years
November 18 Walt Disney's Mickey Mouse debuts in New York in "Steamboat Willie"
November 19 1st issue of Time magazine, Japanese Emperor Hirohito on cover
November 20 Boston Gardens opens, Mont Canadiens beat Boston Bruins, 1-0
November 20 WGH-AM in Newport News Virginia begins radio transmissions
November 22 "Bolero" by Maurice Ravel, 1st performed publicly (Paris)
November 26 Paul Claudel's "Lepdrehumily," premieres in Dresden
November 26 Philip Barry's "Holiday," premieres in New York City
November 30 Test Cricket debut of Don Bradman, who scored 18 and 1 vs England
December 1 CFL Grey Cup: Ham Tigers beats Regina, 30-0 at Hamilton
December 1 Railroad museum opens in Utrecht, Netherlands
December 2 Cardinals 1B Jim Bottomley is voted NL MVP
December 4 Walter Donaldson and Gus Kahn's musical "Whoopee," premieres in New York City
December 5 England defeats Australia by record 675 runs at Brisbane
December 5 MW Miklas elected president of Austria
December 11 Buenos Aires police thwart an attempt on President-elect Herbert Hoover
December 11 NL President John Heydler proposes designated hitter for pitchers
December 12 Nichols/Brownes "Wings over Europe," premieres in New York City
December 13 Clip-on tie designed
December 13 George Gershwin's "An American In Paris" premieres (New York City)
December 14 2nd Test Cricket Australia vs. England starts with Bradman 12th man
December 17 John McGraw backs NL President John Heydler's designated hitter idea
December 19 1st autogiro (predecessor of helicopter) flight in US
December 20 1st internationsl dogsled mail leaves Minot, Maine for Montreal, Que
December 20 Ethel Barrymore Theater opens at 243 W 47th St. New York City
December 23 NBC sets up a permanent, coast-to-coast radio network
December 24 George Abbott Theater (Adelphi, 54 St) opens at 152 W 54th St. New York City
December 25 Christmas Day attendance at cricket MCG (Vic vs. NSW) 14,887
December 25 NSW (v Vic) go from 8-74 to 9-113 to be 9-367 at stumps
December 26 Johnny Weissmuller announces his retirement from amateur swimming
December 26 World record 10th wicket stand 307 (Kippax / Hooker) NSW vs. Vic
December 28 Last recording of Ma Rainey, "Mother of the Blues," made
December 28 Louis Armstrong makes 78 recording of "West End blues"












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