1931 in History



January 3 Nels Stewart of Montreal Maroons scores 2 goals in 4 sec (record)
January 5 1st woman to purchase a baseball team Lucille Thomas purchases Topeka franchise in the Western League
January 8 Philadelphia Quakers set then NHL record of 15 straight loses
January 10 Philadelphia Quakers defeat Montreal, ends NHL-record 15-game losing streak
January 16 Bradman scores 223 Australia vs. WI, 297 minutes, 26 fours
January 22 French government of Steeg falls
January 22 VARA begins experimental TV broadcast in Diamantbeurs Amsterdam
January 26 Hungary-Austria sign peace treaty
January 26 Lynn Riggs' "Green Grow the Lilacs," premieres in New York City
January 28 Bradman scores 220 NSW vs. Victoria, 308 minutes, 13 fours
January 30 Charlie Chaplin's "City Lights" premieres at Los Angeles Theater
January 31 NHL's Quebec Bulldogs' Joseph Malone scores a record 7 goals
January 31 Philip Barry's "Tomorrow and Tomorrow," premieres in New York City
February 2 1st siyyum of Talmud celebrated by Daf Yomi students
February 2 1st use of a rocket to deliver mail, Austria
February 3 Arkansas legislature passes motion to pray for soul of H L Mencken after he calls state "apex of moronia"
February 4 National League adopts a deader baseball
February 5 Maxine Dunlap becomes 1st U.S. women to earn a glider pilot license
February 7 U.S. opera, "Peter Ibbetson," by Deems Taylor premieres at Met Opera New York City
February 8 Gas explosion Fire in Fushun-coal mine, Manchuria kills 3,000
February 10 New Delhi becomes capital of India
February 10 Richard Rodgers and Lorenz Harts premieres in New York City
February 14 Bradman scores 152 Australia vs. WI, 154 minutes, 13 fours 2 fives
February 14 Spanish Government of General Damasco Berenguer falls
February 15 1st Dracula movie released
February 15 Spring training site of New York Yankees in St. Petersburg is renamed Miller Huggins Field in honor of the team's late manager
February 16 Extreme right wing Svinhufvud becomes president of Finland
February 17 1st telecast of a sporting event in Japan (baseball)
February 17 Hockey's Hershey Bears (now with AHL) 1st game
February 20 Congress allows California to build Oakland-Bay Bridge
February 21 Alka Seltzer introduced
February 21 Chicago White Sox and New York Giants play 1st exhibition night game
February 28 Canadian Rugby Union adopts the forward pass
February 28 Oswald Mosley founds his New Party
March 3 Cab Calloway records "Minnie Moocher" (Jazz's 1st million seller)
March 3 "Star Spangled Banner" officially becomes U.S. national anthem
March 4 Bradman bowled by Herman Griffith for a duck as W I win the Test
March 4 West Indies beat Australia for the 1st time, by 30 runs at SCG
March 5 Gandhi and British viceroy Lord Irwin sign pact
March 10 British Labour party removes fascist Sir Oswald Mosley
March 14 1st theater built for rear movie projection (New York City)
March 16 Genootschap Onze Taal (Our Language) organizes (Netherlands)
March 17 Stalin throws Krupskaya Lenin out of Central Committee
March 18 1st electric shavers go on sale in U.S. from Schick
March 18 Juan Bautista Aznar becomes premier of Spain
March 19 Nevada legalizes gambling
March 20 Bishop Schreiber warns against national-socialism in Berlin
March 21 KRO-broadcast studio initiated in Hilversum Holland
March 21 U.S. Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson
March 21 U.S. Mens Figure Skating championship won by Roger Turner
March 25 Hal Kemp and his Orchestra record Whistles, with Skinnay Ennis
March 25 Scottsboro Boys (accused of raping a white woman) arrested in Alabama
March 26 Iraq and Trans-Jordan sign peace treaty
March 26 Leo Bentley bowls 3 consecutive perfect games in Lorain, Ohio
March 26 New Delhi replaces Calcutta as capital of British-Indies
March 27 Charlie Chaplin receives France's distinguished Legion of Honor
March 27 John McGraw says night baseball will not catch on
April 1 Earthquake devastate Managua Nicaragua, kills 2,000
April 1 Jackie Mitchell became 1st female in professional baseball
April 2 Teenage girl strikes out Babe Ruth and Lou Gehrig in an exhibition game in Chattanooga, Tennessee
April 6 1st broadcast of "Little Orphan Annie" on NBC-radio
April 7 Seals Stadium opens in San Francisco
April 8 Dmitri Sjostakovitch' ballet "The Arrow," premieres
April 8 "White Horse Inn" opens in London
April 9 Chicago Cy Wentworth beats Mont Canadiens at 13:50 of 6th period
April 12 Joe McCarthy debuts as New York Yankee manager
April 12 Spanish voters reject the monarchy
April 14 Spain becomes republic with overthrow of King Alfonso XIII
April 14 Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens beat Chicago Blackhawks, 3 games to 2
April 15 1st walk across American backwards begins
April 20 35th Boston Marathon won by Jim Henigan of Mass in 2:46:45.8
April 20 British House of Commons agrees for sports play on Sunday
April 22 Egypt and Iraq sign peace treaty
April 26 Lou Gehrig hits a home run but is called out for passing a runner, mistake costs him AL home run crown; he and Babe Ruth tie for season
April 27 100 degrees F (38 degrees C), Pahala, Hawaii (state record)
April 28 Program for woman athletes approved for 1932 Olympics track and field
April 29 Cleveland Indian Wes Ferrell no-hits St. Louis Browns, 9-0
May 1 Empire State Building opens in New York City
May 1 Norway claims Peter I Island
May 1 Singer Kate Smith begins her long-running radio program on CBS
May 4 Mustafa Kemal Pasja becomes Turkish president
May 8 Operette "Land of Smiles," premieres in London
May 9 57th Preakness: George Ellis aboard Mate wins in 1:59
May 10 Golf ball size hail falls in Burlington, New Jersey
May 11 Credit-Anstalt, Austria's largest bank, fails beginning financial collapse of Central Europe
May 13 Paul Doumer elected president of France
May 15 Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Quadragesimo anno
May 16 57th Kentucky Derby: Charley Kurtsinger on Twenty Grand wins 2:01.8
May 19 Ironclad cruiser Germany launched in Kiel
May 21 Belgian government of Jaspar falls
May 22 Canned rattlesnake meat 1st goes on sale in Florida
May 23 Whipsnade Zoo opens in Whipsnade Beds England
May 24 1st air-conditioned train installed-B&O Railroad
May 27 1st full scale wind tunnel for testing airplanes, Langley Field, Virginia
May 27 Piccard and Knipfer make 1st flight into stratosphere, by balloon
May 30 Phillies Chuck Klein homers off Ben Cantwell (Braves) in both ends DH
June 1 Rozenburg soccer team forms in Rozenburg
June 5 Jules Renkin becomes premier of Belgium
June 6 "There Ought To Be A Moonlight Saving Time" by Guy Lombardo hits #1
June 6 Yankees turn triple-play but lose 7-5 to Indians
June 8 Duke and Duchess of Kent wed
June 8 Suriname Work Committee under Louis Doedel forms in Paramaribo
June 9 1st rocket-powered aircraft design patented, Robert Goddard
June 9 1st showing of a Donald Duck cartoon
June 10 Norway occupies East-Greenland
June 12 Al Capone is indicted on 5,000 counts of prohibition and perjury
June 13 63rd Belmont: Charley Kurtsinger aboard Twenty Grand wins in 2:29.6
June 14 French "St. Philbert" overturns off St. Nazaire France, drowns 450
June 14 Reinhard Heydrichs 1st meeting with Himmler
June 15 Eddie Collins and Harry Heilmann, retire from baseball
June 15 Poland and U.S.S.R. sign friendship and trade treaty
June 16 Austrian government of Ender falls
June 19 1st photoelectric cell installed commercially West Haven Ct
June 20 Karl Buresch becomes chancellor of Austrian
June 22 RVU, Radio-Volks-University, forms
June 23 Wiley Post and Harold Catty took off for flight around world
June 24 U.S.S.R. and Afghanistan sign neutrality treaty
June 27 3rd Ryder Cup: U.S., 9-3 at Scioto CC Ohio
June 29 109 degrees F (43 degrees C), Monticello, Florida (state record)
June 29 Pope Pius XI encyclical on Nun abbiamo bisogno Mussolini
July 1 Cleveland Municipal Stadium is completed
July 1 Ice vending machines introduced in LA 25 lbs, 15 cents
July 1 Phillies Chuck Klein hits for cycle vs. Chicago Cubs
July 1 Trans African Railway in use (Benguela, Angola-Jadotville, Congo)
July 3 51st Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Sid Wood, Jr. beats F X Shields (walkover)
July 3 Max Schmeling TKOs Young Stribling in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
July 4 1st fireworks are held at Cleveland Stadium
July 4 1st trailside museum opens in Cleveland Metroparks
July 6 35th U.S. Golf Open: Billy Burke shoots a 292 at Inverness Club Ohio
July 11 New York Giants beat Phillies 23-8
July 12 45,715 fans in 35,000 seat Sportsman Park St. Louis, help cause many ground ruled doubles, 11 in 1st game and 21 in 2nd game for 32
July 18 1st air-conditioned ship (Mariposa) launched
July 21 Reno race track, becomes 1st in U.S. to use daily double wagering
July 23 Ashmore and Cartier Is in Indian Ocean transferred to Australia
July 23 France announces they can't afford to send a team to 1932 LA olympics
July 24 George Gunn gets 183 and son of a gunn George Vernon 100* same innings
July 24 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 2 mile (8:59.6)
July 27 Chilean president Carlos Ibanez forced out
July 27 Grasshoppers in Iowa, Nebr and SD destroyed thousands of acres of crops
July 28 Congress makes "Star-Spangled Banner" our 2nd national anthem
July 28 White Sox score 11 in 8th to beat Yankees 14-12
August 2 Spanish Catalonia agrees (99+%) for autonomous status
August 5 Det Tiger Tommy Bridges perfect game is broken up with 2 outs in 9th
August 8 Washington Senator Bob Burke no-hits Boston Red Sox, 5-0
August 12 Yangtzee River floods after heavy rain crumbles dikes in China
August 13 Cincinnati Red Tony Cuccinello goes 6 for 6
August 15 Ernest Lassy completes longest canoe journey without port (6,102 mi)
August 15 Roy Wilkins joined NAACP as Assistant Secretary
August 15 Spakenburg soccer team forms
August 18 Lou Gehrig hitless in Detroit, his 1,000th consecutively played game
August 19 Lefty Grove wins AL record tying 16th consecutive game
August 20 45th U.S. Womens Tennis: Helen Moody beats Eileen Whitingstall (64 61)
August 21 Babe Ruth hits his 600th home run, off George Blaeholder of Browns
August 23 45th U.S. Womens Tennis: Helen Moody beats Eileen B Whitingstall (64 61)
August 23 Count Gyula Karolyi becomes premier of Hungary
August 23 Philadelphia A's Lefty Grove, loses 1-0 (Browns) after winning 16 straight
August 24 France and U.S.S.R. sign neutrality/no attack treaty
September 1 Gehrig hits his 3rd grand slam in 4 days and his 6th home run in consec games
September 10 Lord Cecil of British Government says War was never so improbable
September 12 51st U.S. Mens Tennis: H E Vines beats George M Lott, Jr. (79 63 97 75)
September 13 Captain G H Stainworth flies world speed record (655 kph)
September 13 Right-radical coup of Dr. Pfrimer fails in Austria
September 15 British naval fleet mutinies at Invergordon over pay cuts
September 15 Philadelphia A's clinch pennant, beating Cleveland
September 16 Blimp is moored to Empire State Building (New York City)
September 16 St. Louis Cardinals repeat as NL champions with a 6-3 win over Phillies
September 17 1st LP record demonstrated (RCA Victor, New York City), venture failed
September 17 Operetta "Victoria and Her Husband," premieres in London
September 17 Red Sox Earl Webb sets record with 65 en route to 67 doubles
September 18 Japan takes Manchuria, renames it Manchukuo
September 19 14th PGA Championship: Tom Creavy at Wannamoisett CC Rumford RI
September 19 Japanese troops conquer Mukden, South Manchuria
September 19 Lefty Grove wins his 30th game of season over White Sox, 2-1
September 20 Lou Gehrig's 4 RBIs break his old RBI mark of 175 en route to 184
September 21 Britain abandons gold standard/pound devalues 20%
September 24 Round-robin playoff among New York City's 3 major league teams, to raise money for unemployed, concludes with Brooklyn losing to both Giants and Yankees
September 26 Earl Claus von Stauffenberg marries Freiin Nina von Lerchenfeld
September 27 Closest NL batting race ends Chick Hafey (.3488) beats Bill Terry's
September 27 Lou Gehrig completes his 6th straight season, playing in every game (.3486) Jim Bottomley (.3481)
September 28 Peking (200,000 demonstrators demand declaration of war on Japan)
October 1 Spanish Cortes accept general female suffrage
October 1 World Series is a rematch as A's seek 3rd straight title vs Cards
October 2 Pope Pius XI encyclical On economic crisis
October 4 Dick Tracy comic strip by Chester Gould debuts
October 4 Juan Esteban Montero becomes president of Chile
October 5 1st nonstop transpacific flight, Japan to Washington (Herndon and Pangborn)
October 5 Paul Green's "House of Connelly," premieres in New York City
October 6 Js Van Severen forms Verdinaso (Union of Flemish National Solidarists)
October 7 1st infra-red photograph, Rochester, New York
October 10 A J Bennett hits H Garbarino for 1st scoring pass in Canada's Big 4
October 10 St. Louis Cardinals beat Philadelphia A's, 4 games to 3 in 28th World Series
October 10 William Waltons "Belshazzar's Feast," premieres in Leeds
October 11 100,000 extreme-right Germans form "Harzburger Front"
October 12 1st International Conference on Calendar Reform
October 13 Musical "Everybody's Welcome" with T/J Dorsey premieres in New York City
October 13 Noel Cowards "Cavalcade," premieres in London
October 14 1st broadcast of Dutch Radio Peoples University
October 14 Spanish Cortes agrees to separation of Church and State
October 16 Trunk murderess Winnie Ruth Judd chops 1st
October 20 Frankie Frisch of the Cards named MVP
October 24 Gangster Al Capone is sentenced to 11 years for tax evasion
October 24 George Washington Bridge connecting New York to New Jersey opens
October 26 Eugene O'Neill's "Mourning Becomes Electra," premieres in New York City
October 27 Chuhei Numbu of Japan, sets then long jump record at 26' 2"
October 29 Lefty Grove, A's pitcher who won 31 games, is named the AL's MVP
October 30 W2XB TV channel 1 in New York City, New York (NBC) begins broadcasting
November 1 Dupont introduces synthetic rubber
November 2 Warren, Dixon and Young's musical "Laugh Parade," premieres in New York City
November 3 1st commercially produced synthetic rubber manufactured
November 4 Jean Genet's "Judith," premieres in Paris
November 7 Chinese People's Republic proclaimed by Mao Tse Tung
November 11 Cornerstones laid for Opera House and Veteran's Building
November 12 Maple Leaf Gardens opens in Toronto - Chicago Blackhawks beat Leafs, 2-1
November 12 Sibelius/Ashton's ballet "Lady of Shalott," premieres in London
November 13 Hattie Caraway (D-AK) appointed 1st U.S. woman senator
November 14 Ottawa Mint Act is proclaimed in England
November 17 Bradman scores 135 NSW vs. South Africa, 128 minutes, 15 fours
November 20 Commercial teletype service begins (AT&T)
November 22 Ferde Grofe's "Grand Canyon Suite," premieres
November 23 Nationally Crisis Committee forms in Hague
November 27 1st Test Cricket match at the Gabba Bradman scores 200 on 1st day
November 28 Bradman scores 226, the 1st Test Cricket century at Gabba, vs. South Africa
November 30 Crystal Palace in Hyde Park London destroyed by fire
November 30 His Master's Voice and Columbia Records merge into EMI
December 1 Ottawa branch of Royal Mint begins operation as Royal Canadian Mint
December 3 Alka Seltzer goes on sale
December 4 "Frankenstein" opens at Mayfair
December 5 CFL Grey Cup: Mtl AAA beats Regina, 22-0 at Montreal
December 7 Bradman scores 219 NSW vs. South Africa, 234 minutes, 15 fours
December 8 Coaxial cable patented
December 9 Baseball cuts squad from 25 to 23 players and NL continues to prohibit uniform numbers
December 9 Benn W Levy's "Springtime for Henry," premieres in New York City
December 9 Japanese army attacks Chinese province of Jehol
December 9 Spain becomes a republic
December 10 Jane Addams (1st U.S. woman) named co-recipient of Nobel Peace Prize
December 10 Manuel Azana becomes premier/Niceto Zamora president of Spain
December 11 British Statute of Westminster gives complete legislative independence to Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Ireland, Newfndlnd
December 11 Japan leaves the Golden Standard
December 12 Japanese Government of Imukai forms
December 14 1st assembly of Anton Musserts NSB in Utrecht
December 16 German SPD begins Eiserne Front against fascism
December 19 Bradman scores 112 Australia vs. South Africa at cricket SCG
December 19 Joseph A Lyons (C) becomes premier of Australia
December 25 Albert Lonergan scores 137 SA vs. Qld at Adelaide before 5,697
December 25 Fleetwood-Smith takes 5-69 Victoria vs. Tas at Hobart
December 25 New Yorks's Metropolitan Opera broadcasts an entire opera over radio
December 26 George/Ira Gershwin's "Of Thee I Sing," premieres in New York City
December 26 Pulitzer Prize-winning musical play "Of Thee I Sing" opens on Bdwy
December 26 SS-Sturmbannfuhrer Reinhard Heydrich marries Lina von Osten
December 28 Lin-Sen succeeds Chiang Kai-shek as president of Nanjing-China
December 29 Identification of heavy water publicly announced, HC Urey
December 29 Victoria score 7 for 435 in second innings to beat NSW












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