1933 in History



January 2 Bradman scores 103* against the Bodyline attack in the 2nd Test
January 2 Ijmuider fishing strike begins (till July 11th)
January 2 U.S. troops leave Nicaragua
January 5 Work on Golden Gate Bridge begins, on Marin County side
January 7 1st edition of People and Fatherland published in Netherlands
January 9 Amsterdam confectionery worker go on strike against wage reduction
January 12 U.S. Congress recognize independence Philippines
January 12 Uprising of Guardia Civil in Spain, 25 dies
January 16 Bert Oldfield flattened by Larwood delivery in Adelaide Test
January 17 Bradman takes second Test wicket, Hammond, bowled
January 18 White Sands National Monument, New Mexico established
January 23 20th amendment changes date of presidential inaugurations to 1/20
January 24 Noel Coward's "Design for Living," premieres in New York City
January 27 Otto Meisnner dines with British ambassador Rumbold
January 28 French government of Paul Boncour falls
January 28 German government of Von Schleicher falls
January 29 German president von Hindenburg appoints Hitler chancellor
January 30 Adolph Hitler named German Chancellor, forms government with Von Papen
January 30 Grimmett takes 7-86 for SA in Qld 2nd inn, 13-135 for match
January 30 "Lone Ranger" begins a 21-year run on ABC radio
January 31 French government of Daladier takes power
January 31 Hitler promises parliamentary democracy
February 1 Colonial government arrests Anton de Kom in Paramaribo Suriname
February 1 Dutch bishops forbid membership in non-catholic unions
February 1 German Parliament disolves, General Ludendorf predicts catastrophe
February 2 2 days after becoming chancellor, Adolf Hitler dissolves Parliament
February 2 Goring bans communist meetings/demonstrations in Germany
February 2 Ucicky's "Rotten Morning," premieres in Berlin
February 3 1st interstate legislative conference in U.S. opens, Washington, D.C.
February 3 German minister Goering bans social-democratic newspaper Vorwarts
February 3 Marinus van der Lubbe departs to Berlin
February 4 German President Von Hindenburg limits freedom of the press
February 5 Marinus van der Lubbe passes Dutch/German boundary
February 6 112 foot ocean wave observed near Manila
February 6 20th Amendment goes into effect: President term begins in Jan not March
February 6 -90 degrees F (-68 degrees C), Oymyakon, U.S.S.R. (Asian record)
February 6 Highest recorded sea wave (not tsunami), 34 m, in Pacific hurricane
February 6 President von Hindenburg and von Papen end Prussian parliament
February 7 Colonial troops in Suriname kill 2 demonstrators
February 7 Social-Dem meeting in Berlin "As thousands cheer" Marxism is dead
February 8 1st flight of all-metal Boeing 247
February 8 -23 degrees F (-31 degrees C), Seminole, Texas (state record)
February 9 -63 degrees F (-53 degrees C), Moran, Wyoming (state record)
February 10 -54 degrees F (-48 degrees C), Seneca, Oregon (state record)
February 10 Delivery of 1st singing telegram (Postal Telegram Co New York City)
February 10 Dutch seaplane bombs Dutch ship
February 10 Hitler proclaims end of Marxism
February 10 Mutiny on "7 Provinces" ends (began Feb 4th), 23 killed
February 12 German vice-chancellor von Papen demands Catholic aid for Nazis
February 15 Karl Radek praises invincible force of German Communist Party
February 15 President-elect Franklin Roosevelt survives assassination attempt
February 15 Social-democratic newspaper "Vorwarts" banned again in Berlin
February 16 Catholic newspaper Germania warns against nazis/communists
February 16 England regains the Ashes, thanks to bodyline tactics
February 17 1st issue of Newsweek magazine published
February 17 Blondie Boopadoop married Dagwood Bumstead in the comic Blondie
February 17 Marinus van der Lubbe arrives in Glindow, at Potsdam
February 17 U.S. Senate accept Blaine Act: ending prohibition
February 19 Prussian minister Goering bans all Catholic newspapers
February 20 Curom, Curacaose Broadcast System starts: Princess Juliana's speech
February 20 House of Representatives completes congressional action to repeal Prohibition
February 20 Sidney Howard's "Alien Corn," premieres in New York City
February 22 Goering forms SA/SS-police, shoots 40-50
February 24 Final demonstration of German Communist Party in Berlin
February 24 League of Nations tells Japanese to pull out of Manchuria
February 25 1st genuine aircraft carrier christened, USS Ranger
February 25 Major NFL rule changes (hash mark 10 yards in, posts on goal line)
February 25 Thomas Yawkey purchases Boston Red Sox
February 26 Golden Gate Bridge ground-breaking ceremony held at Crissy Field
February 26 Marinus van der Lubbe kept overnight in a police cell
February 27 Jean Genet's "Intermezzo," premieres in Paris
February 27 Nazis set fire to German parliament building, Reichstag, blame it on Communists
February 28 1st female in cabinet: Francis Perkins appointed Secretary of Labor
February 28 German President Von Hindenburg abolishes free expression of opinion
February 28 Hitler disallows German Communist Party (KPD)
March 1 Bank holidays declared in 6 states, to prevent run on banks
March 2 "King Kong," premieres at Radio City Music Hall and RKO Roxy New York City
March 2 Most powerful earthquake in 180 years hit Japan
March 3 German presidential candidate Earnest Thalmann (KPD) arrested
March 3 Mount Rushmore dedicated
March 3 New York City premiere of "King Kong"
March 4 Chancellor Dollfuss disdolves Austrian parliament
March 4 Frances Perkins becomes sec of labor, 1st U.S. woman cabinet member
March 4 Franklin D. Roosevelt inaugrated as 32nd president, pledges to pull U.S. out of Depression and says "We have nothing to fear but fear itself."
March 4 Henderson, DeSylva and Brown's "Strike Me Pink," premieres in New York City
March 4 Noordwijk soccer team forms
March 5 Franklin D. Roosevelt proclaims 10-day bank holiday
March 5 Germany's Nazi Party wins majority in parliament (43.9%-17.2M votes)
March 6 Franklin D. Roosevelt declares a nationwide bank holiday
March 6 Maxwell Anderson's "Both your Houses," premieres in New York City
March 6 Poland occupies free city Danzig (Gdansk)
March 7 Game of "Monopoly" invented
March 9 Bulgarian communists Dimitrov, Popov and Vassili arrested in Berlin
March 9 Congress is called into special session by FDR, and began its "100 days"
March 10 Major earthquake in Long Beach, California
March 10 Nevada becomes 1st U.S. state to regulate narcotics
March 12 Franklin D. Roosevelt conducts his 1st fireside chat
March 13 Josef Gobbels becomes German minister of Information and Propaganda
March 14 Civilian Conservation Corp, begins tree conservation
March 14 Winston Churchill wants to boost air defense
March 15 NAACP begins coordinated attack on segregation and discrimination
March 16 Hitler names Hjalmar Shaft, president of Bank of Germany
March 18 Radio Clube de Mocambique's, 1st radio transmission
March 18 U.S. Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson
March 18 U.S. Mens Figure Skating championship won by Roger Turner
March 20 Dachau, 1st concentration camp, completed
March 21 Hitler, Goring, Prince Ruprecht, Bruning and top army meet in Berlin
March 22 Franklin D. Roosevelt makes wine and beer with up to 3.2% alcohol legal
March 23 Enabling Act: German Reichstag grants Adolph Hitler dictatorial powers
March 23 Kroll Opera in Berlin opens
March 24 Peter I Island incorporated as a Norwegian dependency
March 27 Japan leaves League of Nations
March 27 Polythene discovered by Reginald Gibson and Eric William Fawcett
March 27 U.S. Farm Credit Administration authorized
March 28 German Reichstag confers dictatorial powers on Hitler
March 31 1st newspaper published on pine pulp paper, "Soperton News" (Georgia)
March 31 Congress authorizes Civilian Conservation Corps
March 31 German Republic gives power to Hitler
April 1 Hammond scores 336* vs. New Zealand at Auckland, 47 fours 10 sixes
April 1 Heinrich Himmler becomes Police Commander of Germany
April 1 Nazi Germany begins persecution of Jews boycotting Jewish businesses
April 3 1st airplane flight over Mount Everest
April 4 U.S. Dirigible Akron crashes off coast of New Jersey, 73 die
April 7 1st 2 Nazi anti-Jewish laws, bars Jews from legal and public service
April 7 University Bridge, Seattle opens for traffic
April 8 Manchester Guardian warns of unknown nazi terror
April 11 Hermann Goering becomes premier of Prussia
April 12 Moffatt Field commissioned
April 13 1st flight over Mount Everest by Lord Clydesdale
April 13 Stanley Cup: New York Rangers beat Toronto Maple Leafs, 3 games to 1
April 17 Chicago Bears win their 1st NFL Game beating New York Giants 23-21
April 19 37th Boston Marathon won by Leslie Pawson of RI in 2:31:01.6
April 19 Franklin D. Roosevelt announces U.S. will leave gold standard
April 22 Dutch government forbids leftwing radio address
April 23 Dovo soccer team forms in Veenendaal
April 24 1st major league to get 4 consecutive doubles in 9 inn (Dick Bartell)
April 25 New York Yankee Russ Van Atta shuts out Washington Senators 16-0
April 25 U.S. and Canada drop Gold Standard
April 26 Jewish students are barred from school in Germany
April 27 Karl Jansky reports reception of cosmic radio signal in Washington D.C.
May 2 In Germany, Adolf Hitler bans trade unions
May 3 1st female director (Nellie T Ross) of U.S. Mint takes office
May 4 Pulitzer prize awarded to Archibald Macleish (Conquistador)
May 6 59th Kentucky Derby: Don Meade aboard Brokers Tip wins in 2:06.8
May 6 Italy and U.S.S.R. sign trade agreement
May 9 Spanish anarchists call for general strike
May 10 Deutsche Arbeitsfront (DAF) forms
May 10 Nazis stage public book burnings in Germany
May 10 Paraguay declares war on Bolivia
May 10 Suriname worker's union leader A de Come banish to Netherlands
May 12 Federal Emergency Relief Administration and Agricultural Adjustment Administration form to help the needy and farmers
May 13 59th Preakness: Charley Kurtsinger aboard Head Play wins in 2:02
May 15 1st voice amplification system to be used in U.S. Senate
May 16 Cecil Travis becomes 1st player to get 5 hits in his 1st game
May 18 1st major league All-Star Game announced for July 6 at Comiskey Park It will be played as part of the Chicago World's Fair
May 18 Tennessee Valley Act (TVA) Act signed by FDR, to build dams
May 21 Mount Davidson Cross lit by Franklin D. Roosevelt via telegraph
May 22 Loch Ness Monster is 1st reportedly sighted by John Mackay
May 22 World Trade Day/National Maritime Day 1st celebrated
May 24 Dmitri Shostakovich's Preludes, premieres in Moscow
May 26 2nd emergency Dutch government of Colijn forms
May 26 Phillies Chuck Klein hits for cycle vs St. Louis Cardinals
May 27 Austrian Communist Party banned
May 27 Century of Progress Exposition opens in Chicago
May 27 Federal Securities Act signed
May 27 Trailing 11-3, Yankees score 12 runs in 8th and beat White Sox 15-11
May 27 Walt Disney's "3 Little Pigs" released
May 30 Patent on invisible glass installation
June 1 Century of Progress world's fair opens in Chicago
June 1 Charlie Chaplin weds Paulette Goddard
June 2 Franklin D. Roosevelt authorizes 1st swimming pool built inside the White House
June 2 WNJ-AM in Newark New Jersey goes off the air
June 3 A's score 11 runs in 2nd, Yankees score 10 in 5th and win 17-11
June 3 Pope Pius XI encyclical "On oppression of the Church in Spain"
June 5 Gold standard abolished
June 6 1st drive-in theater opens, Camden, New Jersey
June 6 U.S. Employment Service created
June 7 Balanchine/Weills "7 Deadly Sins," premiers in Paris
June 8 A's Jimmie Foxx homers his 1st 3 at bats for 4 consecutive home runs
June 9 Spanish president Zamora takes power
June 9 Walter Johnson takes over as Cleveland manager
June 10 37th U.S. Golf Open: Johnny Goodman shoots a 287 at North Shore Ill
June 10 65th Belmont: Mack Garner aboard Hurryoff wins in 2:32.6
June 12 Financial and Economy World conference opens, 66 countries
June 13 1st sodium vapor lamps installed, Schenectady, New York
June 13 Federal Home Owners Loan Corporation authorized
June 13 German Secret State Police, Gestapo, established
June 14 Lou Gehrig and Joe McCarthy thrown out of game, McCarthy suspended 3 games but Gehrig isn't, so he continues his streak at 1,249 games
June 16 National Industrial Recovery Act becomes law, later struck down
June 16 U.S. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, FDIC, created
June 17 Kansas City Massacre: 1 FBI agent, 4 cops and 1 gangster killed by mob
June 19 Austrian government-Dollfuss bans nazi-organizations
June 21 1st Great Lakes-to-Gulf of Mexico barge trip completed, New Orleans
June 22 German social-democratic party, SPD, forbidden
June 23 Don McNeill's Pepper Pot (Breakfast Club) begins 35 year run on NBC
June 27 4th Ryder Cup: Great Britain, 6 -5 at Southport and Ainsdale, England
June 29 Primo Carnera KOs Jack Sharkey in 6 for heavyweight boxing title
June 30 50,000 demonstrate in Antwerp against fascism/war
June 30 Card's Dizzy Dean strikes out 17 Cubs to win 8-2
June 30 U.S. Assay Offices in Helena Mon, Boise, Idaho and Salt Lake City, Utah closes
July 1 German nazi regime decides married women shouldn't work
July 1 Strauss and von Hofmannsthal's opera "Arabella," premieres in Dresden
July 2 Carl Hubbell shuts-out Cards 1-0 in 18 innings without a walk
July 4 Work begins on Oakland Bay Bridge
July 5 German party Catholic Center disbands
July 6 1st All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 4-2 at Comiskey Park, Chicago
July 8 46th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Helen Moody beats D Round (64 68 63)
July 8 Public Works Administration becomes effective
July 9 Frankford Yellowjackets sold, rechristened Philadelphia Eagles
July 10 1st police radio system operated, Eastchester Township, New York
July 12 Congress passes 1st minimum wage law (33 cents per hour)
July 14 Germany began mandatory sterilization of those with hereditary illness
July 14 NSDAP becomes only party in Germany
July 14 Verity bowls out Essex twice in a day, 8-47 and 9-44, at Leyton
July 15 Wiley Post began 1st solo flight around world
July 19 1st time, brothers on opposite teams homer in the same game. Red Sox
July 20 Vatican state secretary Pacelli (Pius XII) signs accord with Hitler
July 21 Haifa Harbor in Palestine opens
July 22 Wiley Post completes 1st round-the-world solo flight
July 24 #1726 Hoffmeister, #2136 Jugta, #2158, #3957 Sugie and #4589 McDowell
July 24 German judge Vogt signs deed of accusation against Van der Lubbe
July 25 1st Dutch live radio concert: Duke Ellington
July 26 Joe Dimaggio ends 61 game hitting streak in Pacific Coast League
July 28 1st singing telegram delivered (to Rudy Vallee), New York City
July 28 NFL divides into (2) 5 team divisions
July 28 Spain recognizes the U.S.S.R.
July 30 28th Davis Cup: Great Britain beats France in Paris (3-2)
August 1 Carl Hubbell sets record of consecutive scoreless innings (45 1/3)
August 1 Death penality for anti fascists in Germany
August 1 Dutch colonial regime in Batavia arrest ir Sukarno
August 3 Yankees are shut out for 1st time after 308 games (since Aug 2, 1931)
August 11 Temp reaches 136 degrees F (57.8 degrees C) at San Luis Potosi, Mexico (world record)
August 12 Cuban dictator Machado y Morales flees after military coup
August 13 16th PGA Championship: Gene Sarazen at Blue Mound CC Milwaukee
August 13 Jacques van Egmond becomes world champion amateur cyclist
August 14 Jimmie Foxx hits for cycle and sets AL record with 9 RBIs
August 17 Lou Gehrig breaks record by playing in his 1,308th straight game
August 17 Lou Gehrig plays record 1,308th consecutive game
August 17 Soviet Union test GIRD-R1 rocket ("Object 09")
August 19 47th U.S. Womens Tennis: Helen Jacobs beats Helen Moody (86 36 30 ret)
August 21 Ruth's homer leads AL to a 4-2 win in 1st All Star Game
August 22 Bill Veeck, urges midsummer inter-league games and a split season
August 22 International Zionists Congress opens in Prague
August 23 1st TV boxing match - Archie Sexton and Laurie Raiteri in London
August 26 Jan van Houten bicycles world record time (44,588 km)
August 27 Earl Averill becomes 2nd Cleveland ballplayer to hit for cycle Moody defaults in 3rd set, trailing 3-0
August 30 Air France forms
August 30 Portuguese dictator Salazar forms secret police (PIDE)
September 1 Soccer team DVS '33 forms
September 4 1st airplane to exceed 300 mph (483 kph), JR Wendell, Glenview, Il
September 4 Coup on Cuban president De Cespedes by Fulgencio Batista
September 8 Spain's 2nd government of Azana forms
September 9 53rd U.S. Mens Tennis: Fred Perry beats Jack Crawford (63 1113 46 60 61)
September 10 53rd U.S. Mens Tennis: Fred Perry beats J H Crawford (63 11-13 46 60 61)
September 11 Britain's Fred Perry thwarts Australian Jack Crawford's bid for a Grand Slam by defeating him at U.S. Tennis championship
September 12 Alejandro Lerroux forms new Spanish government
September 12 Dutch parliament accepts ban on uniforms
September 14 2 billion board feet of lumber destroyed in Tillamook Oregon fire
September 14 Schaduwproces-Rijksdagbrand opens in London
September 19 New York Giants clinch the pennant
September 20 Pittsburgh Steelers (as Pirates) play 1st NFL game, lose 23-2
September 21 Trial against Marinus der Lubbe opens
September 23 Yankees commit 7 errors in 1 game but beat Boston 16-12
September 25 1st state poorhouse opens in Smyrna, Georgia
September 25 5th "extermination campaign" against communists in Nanjing China
September 26 Sidney Kingsley's "Men in White," premieres in New York City
September 28 Greer Garson wed Edward Snelson
September 28 Sally Eilers weds Harry Joe Brown
September 29 Little King, Cartoon Character, by Von Beuren, debut
September 30 Berlin/Hart/Heyman/Myers ballet "As Thousands Cheer," premieres in New York City
October 1 Antwerp Sports arena opens
October 1 Packers make 5 1st downs, Giants make 0, but still win 10-7
October 1 Washington Senator coach Nick Altrock plays in a game at age 57
October 2 Eugene O'Neill's comedy "Ah, Wilderness," premieres in New York City
October 3 Gustave "Staf" de Clerq forms Flemish National Covenant
October 4 Esquire magazine is 1st published
October 7 New York Giants beat Washington Senators, 4 games to 1 in 30th World Series
October 8 Coit Tower dedicated in SF, a monument to firefighters
October 8 Martinez Barrios forms new Spanish government
October 10 1st synthetic detergent, "Dreft" by Procter and Gamble, goes on sale
October 12 Alcatraz becomes a federal prison (unofficially)
October 12 John Dillinger escapes from Allen County, OH, jail
October 13 JDJ Boularan's "Tovarich," premieres in Paris
October 13 Soccer team STEVO forms in Geesteren
October 14 Nazi Germany announces withdrawal from League of Nations
October 15 Philadelphia Eagles play 1st NFL game, lose to New York Giants 56-0
October 17 Albert Einstein arrives in U.S., a refugee from Nazi Germany
October 19 Berlin Olympic Committee vote to introduce basketball in 1936
October 22 Primo Carnera beats Paulin in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
October 24 Langston Hughes' "Mulatto," premieres in New York City
October 26 French government of Serraut forms
November 4 Bradman scores 200 NSW vs. Queensland, 184 minutes, 26 fours
November 4 Hermann Goering and Georgi Dimitrov duel
November 4 Young Park (1) in the Bronx named in honor of James Young
November 5 Chicago Bears 30 game unbeaten streak ends to Patriots (10-0)
November 5 Spanish Basques vote for autonomy
November 7 Pennsylvania voters overturn blue law, by permitting Sunday sports
November 8 Franklin D. Roosevelt creates Civil Works Administration
November 10 Black Blizzard snowstorm-duststorm rages from SD to Atlantic
November 11 "Great Black Blizzard" 1st great dust storm in Great Plains
November 12 1st game at NFL Pitts Pirate's Forbes Field, lose to Brooklyn Dodgers 32-0
November 12 1st known photo of Loch Ness monster is taken
November 12 1st Sunday football game in Philadelphia (previously illegal)
November 12 Nazis receive 92% of vote in Germany
November 13 1st modern sit-down strike, Hormel meat packers, Austin, Minn
November 16 Brazilians president Getulio Vargas names himself dictator
November 16 Roosevelt establishes diplomatic relations with U.S.S.R.
November 17 U.S. recognizes U.S.S.R., opens trade
November 19 Women allowed to vote in Spain (helps right wing)
November 21 1st U.S. ambassador to U.S.S.R., W.C. Bullitt, begins service
November 25 1st Soviet liquid fuel rocket attains altitude of 261' (80m)
November 26 Camille Chautemps becomes French premier
November 29 1st state liquor stores authorized (Pennsylvania)
November 29 Japan begins persecution of communists
November 30 CCC Camps are established in Cleveland Park District
December 1 Rudolf Hess and Earnest Rohm become a minister in Hitler government
December 2 1st transatlantic telephone wedding (Bertil Clason-Sigrid Carlson)
December 2 Fred Astaire's 1st film, "Dancing Lady," released
December 3 Connie Mack sells Mickey Cochrane to Detroit Tigers for $100,000
December 3 Joe Lilliard quarterbacks Chicago Cardinals; last NFL black until 1946
December 4 Franklin D. Roosevelt creates Federal Alcohol Control Administration
December 4 Jack Kirkland's "Tobacco Road," premieres in New York City
December 5 21st Am ratified, 18th Amendment, Prohibition, repealed
December 6 Ban on James Joyce' "Ulysses" in U.S., lifted
December 9 21st CFL Grey Cup: Toronto Argonauts defeats Sarnia Imperials, 4-3
December 9 Romania disallows fascist Iron Guard
December 14 Josephine Baker performs in Amsterdam
December 15 Baseball owners agree to ban Sunday doubleheaders until after June 15
December 16 Abe de Vries and Sipke Castelein win Elfstedentocht
December 17 B H Valentine scores 133 on Test Cricket debut, England vs. India at Bombay
December 17 Lala Amarnath scores century on Test Cricket debut (went on to 118)
December 17 NFL starts official stats as Bears beat Giants 23-21 in champ game
December 17 Spain's 2nd Government of Lerroux forms
December 19 Electric Home and Farm Authority Inc, authorized
December 20 Bolivia and Paraguay sign weapon cease fire
December 21 Dried human blood serum 1st prepared, University of Pennsylvania
December 21 Fox signs Shirley Temple, 5, to a studio contract
December 21 Newfoundland reverts to being a crown colony
December 23 Howie Morenz takes over NHL career goal lead at 251
December 23 Marinus van der Lubbe sentenced to death
December 23 Train crash in Eastern Paris; 230 die
December 24 Paris express train derails and kills 160, injures 300 (France)
December 25 Another Christmas Day five-wicket haul by Clarrie Grimmett
December 25 Belgian Working people's party accept Henry de Mans Plan of Labor
December 25 Stan Smith takes 8-33 for Victoria vs. Tasmania at Hobart
December 26 Bradman scores 187* NSW vs. Victoria, 294 minutes, 13 fours
December 26 U.S. forswears armed intervention in Western Hemisphere
December 29 Yankees refuses to release Babe Ruth so he can manage the Cincinnati Reds
December 30 -50 degrees F (-46 degrees C) in Bloomfield, Vermont (state record)
December 30 Government disallows NSB-membership for civil service
December 30 Jack Badcock scores 274 vs. Victoria, Tasmania's 1st double-ton












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