1934 in History



January 1 Alcatraz officially becomes a federal prison
January 1 Federal Deposit Insurance Corp, FDIC, U.S. bank guarantor, effective
January 1 International Telecommunication Union established
January 2 1st state liquor stores open, in Pennsylvania
January 2 Bradman scores 253 NSW vs. Queensland, 204 minutes, 29 fours 4 sixes
January 4 1st Dutch talkie movie, Jan Teunissen's "Willem of Orange," premieres
January 5 Fenway Park catches fire for 2nd time (May 8th 1926 also)
January 5 National and American baseball leagues select a uniform ball
January 7 "Flash Gordon" comic strip (by Alex Raymond) debuts
January 7 Princess Juliana marries German prince Bernhard von Lippe-Biesterfeld
January 8 Jaap Speyers "Bluejackets" premieres in Amsterdam
January 15 8.4 earthquake in India/Nepal, 10,700 die
January 15 Babe Ruth signs a 1934 contract for $35,000 ($17,000 cut)
January 17 Carl Hubbell, NL MVP winner, gets $18,000 contract by the New York Giants
January 17 Electric Home and Farm Authority incorporated
January 17 New York Giants reward MVP pitcher Carl Hubbell with $18,000 contract
January 18 Eugene O'Neill's "Days Without End," premieres in New York City
January 19 Kenesaw Mountain Landis denies Joe Jackson's appeal for reinstatement
January 20 Japan sends Henry Pu Yi as regent to emperor of Manchuria
January 22 Dmitri Sjostakovitsj' opera "Lady MacBeth," premieres in Leningrad
January 26 Bradman scores 128 NSW vs. Victoria, 96 minutes, 17 fours 4 sixes
January 26 Nazi Germany and Poland sign non-attack treaty for 10 years
January 27 27th Australian Men's Tennis Open: Fred Perry beat Crawford (63 75 61)
January 27 French government of Chautemps falls (Stavisky Affair)
January 27 VARA refuses to hire after commemoration of Marinus Van de Lubbe
January 28 1st U.S. ski tow (rope) begins operation (Woodstock Vermont)
January 30 1st theatrical presentation sponsored by U.S. government, New York City
January 30 Bert Ironmonger ends Sheffield Shield career age 51 years 298 days
January 30 Hitler proclamation on German unified states
January 31 Franklin D. Roosevelt devalus dollar in relation to gold at $35 per ounce
February 1 Austrian Chancellor Dollfuss dissolves all political parties but his
February 2 Dutch RC Bishops warn against fascism/nazism
February 6 Reds purchase 43-year-old Dazzy Vance from the Cards for $7,500
February 7 1st contract for TVA power, Tupelo, Miss
February 8 Export-Import Bank organizes in Washington, D.C.
February 8 Gaston Doumergue forms new French government
February 9 -14.3 degrees F (-25.7 degrees C), coldest day in New York City
February 9 -51 degrees F (-46 degrees C), Vanderbilt, Michigan (state record)
February 9 Balkan Entente alliance forms (Yugoslavia, Greece, Turkey and Romania)
February 10 1st Jewish immigrant ship to break the English blockade in Palestine
February 10 Byrd souvenir sheet issued, New York City; 1st unperforated ungummed U.S. stamp
February 10 Howard Hanson's "Merry Mount," premieres in New York City
February 10 Stalin ends 17th CPSU-congress, says "Life becomes merrier"
February 10 Thomson/Gertrude Steins opera premieres in New York City
February 12 Export-Import Bank incorporates
February 12 France hit by a general strike against fascists and royalists
February 13 Austrian Dollfuss government bans socialistic party
February 14 NHL Ace Bailey Benefit Game: Toronto beats All-Stars 7-3 in Toronto
February 17 1st high school auto driving course offered (State College, Penn)
February 19 Bob and Dolores Hope marry
February 19 U.S. contract air mail service canceled, replaced by U.S. Army for 6 months
February 20 Virgil Thomson's opera "4 Saints in 3 Acts" opens in New York City
February 21 Nicaraguan patriot Augusto Cesar Sandino assassinated by National Guard
February 22 "It Happened One Night," opens at New York's Radio City Music Hall
February 23 Casey Stengel becomes manager of Brooklyn Dodgers
February 23 Coronation of King Leopold III of Belgium
March 1 Henry Pu Yi crowned emperor Kang Teh of Manchuria
March 1 Primo Carnera beats Tommy Loughran in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
March 2 Union Pacific tests light-weight high-speed passenger train, Omaha
March 3 John Dillinger breaks out of jail using a wooden pistol
March 4 Easter Cross on Mount Davidson (SF) dedicated
March 5 Mother-in-law's day 1st celebrated (Amarillo, Texas)
March 6 Sidney Howard and Paul de Kruif's "Yellowjacket," premieres in New York City
March 8 Edwin Hubble photo shows as many galaxies as Milky Way has stars
March 10 Longest undefeated streak in Toronto Maple Leaf history (18 games)
March 10 U.S. Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Suzanne Davis
March 10 U.S. Mens Figure Skating championship won by Roger Turner
March 11 Netherlands beats Belgium 9-3, in soccer
March 12 Acting President Constantine Pats commits coup in Tallinn Estonia
March 12 Josip Broz (Tito) freed from jail
March 12 Paul Hindemith's "Mathis der Maler," premieres in Berlin
March 15 U.S. Information Service opens
March 16 Congress passes Migratory Bird Conservation Act
March 17 Dollfuss, Mussolini and Gombos sign Donau Pact (protocols of Rome)
March 20 Female Babe Didrickson pitches hitless inning for Philadelphia A's in exhibition game against Brooklyn Dodgers
March 20 Rudolf Kuhnold demonstrates radar in Kiel Germany
March 20 Test of practical radar apparatus made by Rudolf Kuhnold in Germany
March 21 Babe Didrikson pitches an inning in an A's-Dodgers exhibition game Walks 1, hits the next guy, 3rd guy hits into triple-play
March 21 Fire destroys Hakodate Japan, killing about 1,500
March 22 1st Masters golf championship began in Augusta, Georgia
March 22 Fire destroys Hakodate Japan (kills 1,500, injures 1,000)
March 23 U.S. Congress accepts Philippines independence in 1945
March 24 U.S. declares the Philippines to become independent in 1945
March 25 1st Golf Masters Championship: Horton Smith wins, shooting a 284
March 26 Driving tests introduced in Britain
March 29 Bank of Travail in Belgium, socialist worker's movement bankrupt
March 31 Netherlands Indies BC Ltd begins radio transmission (Indonesia)
April 1 Bonnie and Clyde kill 2 police officers
April 6 418 Lutheran ministers arrested in Germany
April 7 In India, Mahatma Gandhi suspended his campaign of civil disobedience
April 10 Stanley Cup: Chicago Blackhawks beat Detroit Red Wings, 3 games to 1
April 12 Highest velocity wind ever recorded on Mount Washington, New Hampshire, 231 mph
April 13 4.7 million U.S. families report receiving welfare payments
April 13 U.S. Congress passes Johnson Debt Default Act
April 17 New Fenway Park opens, Washington Senators beat Red Sox 6-5
April 18 1st "Washateria" (laundromat) opens (Ft. Worth, Texas)
April 18 Hitler names J von Ribbentrop, ambassador for disarmament
April 19 38th Boston Marathon won by Dave Komonen of Canada in 2:32:53.8
April 19 Shirley Temple appears in her 1st movie, "Stand Up and Cheer"
April 20 Heinrich Himmler becomes inspector Prussian secret state police
April 21 Moe Berg, Senators catcher, plays AL record 117th cons errorless game
April 28 Franklin D. Roosevelt signs Home Owners Loan Act
April 28 Soccer team Blue White '34 forms
April 28 Spanish government of Samper forms
April 28 Tigers' Goose Goslin grounds into 4 straight double plays
April 29 Pittsburgh is last major league city to play a home game on a Sunday
April 30 Austrian gets "Austrian facist" constitution
May 1 Austria signs pact with Vatican
May 1 Philippine legislature accepts U.S. proposal for independence
May 1 Water state kingdom dismisses NSB-leader Anton Mussert
May 2 Nazi-Germany begins People's court
May 3 Bradman scores 206 Australia vs. Worcestershire, 210 minutes, 27 fours
May 5 60th Kentucky Derby: Mack Garner aboard Cavalcade wins in 2:04
May 6 Red Sox score 12 runs in 4th inning including record 4 consecutive triples hit by Carl Reynolds, Moose Solters, Rick Ferrell, and B Walters
May 7 Netherlands Princess Juliana opens Juliana Canal
May 7 Part of Khabarovsk becomes a Jewish Autnomous Region
May 7 Pulitzer prize awarded to Sidney Kingsley (Men in White)
May 7 World's largest pearl (6.4 kg) found at Palawan, Philippines
May 9 Bradman out for a Cricket duck against Cambridge University!
May 12 60th Preakness: Robert Jones aboard High Quest wins in 1:58.2
May 12 "Cocktails For Two," by Duke Ellington hits #1
May 13 Great dustbowl storm
May 15 Department of Justice offers $25,000 reward for Dillinger, dead or alive
May 15 Karlis Ulmanis names himself fascist dictator of Latvia
May 18 Academy Award 1st called Oscar in print (Sidney Skolsky)
May 18 Congress approves "Lindbergh Act," makes kidnapping a capital offense
May 18 Jimmie Foxx hits 1st home run in Comiskey Park center field bleachers
May 18 TWA began commercial service
May 19 Military coup by Col Damian Veltsjev in Bulgaria
May 19 Sherlock Holmes crossword puzzle in "Sat Review of Lit" Males who solved puzzle became members of Baker Street Irregulars
May 21 Oskaloosa Iowa, becomes 1st U.S. city to fingerprint its citizens
May 23 Wallace Carothers manufactures 1st nylon (polymeer 66)
May 24 Colombia and Peru sign accord about harbor city Leticia
May 25 Bela Bartok's "Enchanted Deer," premieres
May 26 Century of Progress Exposition reopens in Chicago
May 28 Bradman gets 160 Australia vs. Middlesex, 124 minutes, 27 fours, 1x6, 1x5
May 28 Hobbs scores his 197th and last FC cricket ton at 51 years 163 days
June 1 AFC '34 soccer team forms in Alkmaar
June 5 1st formal meeting of Baker Street Irregulars (New York City)
June 6 Securities and Exchange Commission established
June 6 Yankee Myrl Hoag hits 6 singles in one game
June 9 1st Donald Duck cartoon, Wise Little Hen, released
June 9 38th U.S. Golf Open: Olin Dutra shoots a 293 at Merion Cricket Club PA
June 9 66th Belmont: Wayne D Wright aboard Peace Chance wins in 2:29.2
June 9 Donald Duck made his 1st screen appearance ("The Wise Little Hen")
June 9 Lawson Little beats Gene Sarazen by 3 strokes for U.S. Open
June 10 Italy beats Czechoslovakia 2-1 (OT) in soccer's 2nd World Cup at Rome
June 10 U.S.S.R. and Romania regain diplomatic relations
June 11 Disarmament conference in Geneva fails
June 12 Black-McKeller Bill passes causes Bill Boeing empire to break up into Boeing United Aircraft [Technologies] and United Air Lines
June 14 Hitler and Mussolini meet in Vienna
June 14 Max Baer KO's Primo Carnera in 11 for HW box champ in Long Island City
June 14 WOQ-AM in Kansas City Missouri goes off the air
June 15 Great Smokey Mountains National Park dedicated
June 18 U.S. Highway planning surveys nationwide authorized
June 19 Federal Communications Commission (FCC) created
June 25 Hedley Verity takes 15 wickets vs. Australia (7-61 and 8-43)
June 25 New York Yankee Lou Gehrig hits for the cycle beating White Sox 11-2,
June 25 Yank pitcher John Broaca ties record by striking out 5 times
June 26 Franklin D. Roosevelt signs Federal Credit Union Act, establishing Credit Unions
June 26 Germany and Poland sign no-attack treaty
June 26 W. E. B. Du Bois resigns position at NAACP
June 27 Federal Savings and Loan Association created
June 28 Hitler flies to Essen, Night of Long Knifes
June 30 French Equatorial Africa constituted a single administrative unit
June 30 NFL's Portsmouth Spartans become Detroit Lions
June 30 "Night of Long Knives," Hitler stages bloody purge of Nazi party
July 1 1st x-ray photo of entire body, Rochester, New York
July 2 General Lazaro Cardenas elected president of Mexico
July 3 FDIC pays off 1st insured depositors, Fon du Lac Bank, East Peoria, Illinois
July 4 Jordanians revolt in Amsterdam after reduction in employment
July 7 Elizabeth Ryan wins her 12th Wimbledon doubles championship
July 9 SS-Reichs Fuhrer Himmler takes command of German Concentration Camps
July 10 1st sitting U.S. president to visit South America, Franklin D. Roosevelt in Colombia
July 10 2nd All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 9-7 at Polo Grounds, New York
July 10 Carl Hubbell strikes out Ruth, Gehrig and Foxx in All star game
July 11 Franklin D. Roosevelt became 1st President to travel through Panama Canal
July 12 U.S. Disciplinary Barracks on Alcatraz Island abandoned
July 12 Willy de Supervise swims world record 400m (5:16.0)
July 13 Babe Ruth hits home run number 700, against Detroit
July 14 116 degrees F (47 degrees C), Orogrande New Mexico (state record, broken on June 27, 1994)
July 14 New York Times erroneously declares Ruth 700 home run record to stand for all time
July 14 Phillies score 11 runs in an inning, beats Cincinnati 18-0
July 14 Ruth hits 700th career home run
July 16 Bradman scores 140 Australia vs. Yorkshire, 120 minutes, 22 fours 2 sixes
July 17 Babe Ruth draws his 2,000th base on balls at Cleveland
July 20 118 degrees F (48 degrees C), Keokuk, Iowa (state record)
July 21 113 degrees F (45 degrees C), near Gallipolis, Ohio (state record)
July 23 Bradman completes 304 at Headingley, 430 minutes, 43 fours 2 sixes
July 24 1st ptarmigan hatched and reared in captivity, Ithaca, New York
July 25 Failed nazi coup in Austria
July 27 French socialist/communist party of People's Front forms
July 28 118 degrees F (48 degrees C), Orofino, Idaho (state record)
July 29 17th PGA Championship: Paul Runyan at Park CC Williamsville NY
July 31 29th Davis Cup: Great Britain beats USA in Wimbledon (4-1)
July 31 St. Louis Cardinals defeat Cincinnati Reds 8-6 in 18 innings, pitchers Dizzy Dean and Tony Freitos go the distant
August 2 1st airplane train, plane tows 3 mail gliders behind it
August 2 Adolph Hitler becomes commander-in-chief of Germany
August 2 William Franks twirls an indian club overhead 17,280 times in 1 hour
August 4 New York Giants Mel Ott sets record of 6 runs in game and beats Phillies 21-4
August 6 U.S. troops leave Haiti, which had been occupied since 1915
August 7 U.S. Court of Appeals upheld lower court ruling striking down government's attempt to ban controversial James Joyce novel "Ulysses"
August 10 Babe Ruth announces this is his final season as full time player
August 11 1st federal prisoners arrive at Alcatraz in San Francisco Bay
August 16 U.S. explorer William Beebe descends 3,028' (923 m) in Bathysphere
August 18 48th U.S. Womens Tennis: Helen Jacobs beats Sarah H Cooke (61 64)
August 18 Bradman scores 244 in 5th Test Cricket, 316 minutes, 32 fours 1 six
August 18 Ponsford and Bradman make 451 partnership in 316 minutes vs. Eng
August 19 48th U.S. Womens Tennis: Helen Jacobs beats Sarah H P Fabyan (61 64)
August 19 Hitler elected Fuhrer (95.7% of German voters)
August 19 Paul Runyan wins PGA golf tournament
August 20 Ponsford out for 266 in his final Test Cricket match
August 22 Australia beat England by 562 runs to regain Cricket Ashes
August 22 Red Sox pitcher Wes Ferrell hits 2 home runs to beat White Sox 3-2 in 12
August 27 Arlen, Ira Gershwin and Harburgs musical premieres in New York City
August 31 1st NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Chi Bears 0, All-Stars 0 (79,432)
September 1 Spelling-Marchand Laws enforced
September 3 Tunisia began its move for independence
September 4 Bradman scores 149* Australia vs. England XI, 104 minutes, 17 fours 4 sixes
September 7 Luxury liner "Morro Castle" burns off New Jersey, killing 134
September 8 54th U.S. Mens Tennis: Fred Perry beats Wilmer L Allison (64 63 16 86)
September 8 Bradman scores 132 vs. Leveson-Gower XI, 90 minutes, 24 fours 1 six
September 8 Luxury passenger ship Morro Castle for New Jersey catches fire, 133 die
September 9 Armas Toivonen becomes 1st European marathoner (2:52:29.0)
September 9 G Kaufman and M Hart's "Merrily We Roll Along," premieres in New York City
September 12 Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania signs Baltic Entente, against U.S.S.R.
September 13 Judge Landis sells World Series broadcast rights to Ford for $100,000
September 17 RCA Victor re leases 1st 33 1/3 rpm recording (Beethoven's 5th)
September 17 U.S.S.R. joins League of Nations (Netherland, Switzerland and Portugal vote no)
September 18 St. Louis Brown Bobo Newsom loses no-hitter to Boston in 10, 2-1
September 18 U.S.S.R. admitted to League of Nations
September 19 Bruno Hauptmann arrested for kidnapping Lindbergh baby
September 21 St. Louis Card Paul Dean no-hits Brooklyn Dodgers, 3-0
September 21 Typhoon strikes Honshu Island Japan, kills 4,000
September 24 2500 fans see Babe Ruth's farewell Yankee appearance at Yankee Stadium
September 24 Idle Detroit wins pennant, as Red Sox beat Yankees 5-0
September 25 John Van Druten's "Distaff Side," premieres in New York City
September 25 Lou Gehrig plays in his 1,500th consecutive game
September 25 Rainbow (U.S.) beats Endeavour (England) in 16th America's Cup
September 26 British liner Queen Mary is launched
September 29 Rondo Hatton weds Mabel Housh
September 30 Babe Ruth's final game as a Yankee, goes 0 for 3
September 30 Franklin D. Roosevelt dedicates Boulder Dam (Hoover Dam)
September 30 St. Louis Card clinch pennant as Dizzy Dean wins his 30th of year
October 1 Adolph Hitler expands German army and Navy and creates an air force, violating Treaty of Versailles
October 8 Bruno Hauptmann is indicted for murder of Lindbergh's son
October 9 St. Louis Cardinals beat Detroit Tigers, 4 games to 3 in 31st World Series
October 14 "Lux Radio Theatre" premieres
October 16 Mao Tse-tung and 25,000 troops begin 6,000 mile Long March
October 17 "The Aldrich Family" premieres on radio
October 18 Chinese Red leader under Mao Tse Tung begins Long March
October 20 All-Star team led by Babe Ruth and Connie Mack sails to Hawaii and Japan
October 20 Richard Strauss completes his opera "Die Schweigsame Frau"
October 23 Jean Piccard and Jeanette Ridlen attain balloon height of 17.341 m (rec)
October 26 While Washington player-mgr Joe Cronin honeymoons with Mildred Robertson owner Clark Griffith's niece and adopted daughter, he is sold to Red Sox
October 28 Brooklyn and Pittsburgh play a penalty free NFL game
November 2 Babe Ruth tours Tokyo Japan
November 3 Although Lou Gehrig wins Triple Crown, Mickey Cochrane wins AL MVP
November 3 Dizzy Dean chosen as NL MVP
November 4 Pitts ends Detroit Lions' shutout streak at 7 games but loses 40-7
November 6 NFL Philadelphia Eagles beat Cincinnati Reds 64-0
November 7 Arthur L Mitchell, becomes 1st black Democratic congressman (Ill)
November 8 Ford Frick, NL publicity director, is named league president
November 11 1st penalty shot vs Toronto Maple Leafs, Mondou (Mont) unsuccessful
November 11 WOC-AM in Davenport Iowa splits from WHO-WOC and becomes KICK-AM
November 15 Nobel for chemistry awarded to Harold C. Urey (deuterium)
November 17 Lyndon B. Johnson marries Claudia Alta Taylor
November 20 Eiji Sawamura, 17, gives up 1 hit, Lou Gehrig's home run, Japan beats U.S. 1-0
November 20 Lillian Hellman's "Children's Hour," premieres in New York City
November 20 New Belgian government of Theunis, Francqui and Gutt (3 bankers)
November 20 Tornoto Maple Leaf Harvey Jackson is 1st to score 4 goals in 1 period
November 21 New York Yankees buy Joe DiMaggio from San Francisco Seals (Pacific Coast League)
November 21 "Uiver" returns from Schiphol in London-Melbourne air race
November 22 "Santa Claus Is Comin' to Town" 1st heard on Eddie Cantor's show
November 24 CFL Grey Cup: Sarnia beats Regina, 20-12 at Toronto
November 24 SN Behrman's "Rain from Heaven," premieres in New York City
November 26 German theologist Karl Barth surrenders to nazi
November 26 Turkish regiment decrees importing family names
November 28 Churchill tells Premier Baldwin not to under estimate German air power
November 29 Chicago Bears beat Detroit (19-16) in 1st NFL game broadcast nationally
November 29 English King George V weds princess Marina of Greece/Denmark
December 2 5.08-m (200") Mount Palomar Observatory mirror is cast
December 3 Italian colonial Tripoli and Cyrenaica annexed to Libya
December 3 KYW-AM in Chicago, Illinois moves to Philadelphia Penn
December 7 Wiley Post discovers jet stream
December 8 Friedrich Wolf's "Professor Mamlock," premieres in Zurich
December 9 New York Giants defeat Chicago Bears 30-13 for NFL championship
December 10 Fascist dictator of Latvia Ulmanis begins building concentration camp
December 10 NFL adopts player waiver rule; applies after 6th game of season
December 10 Saint-Adelbert cooperation formed by Catholic elite
December 11 1935 All-Star Game is assigned to Cleveland
December 11 1st Toronto Maple Leaf penalty shot, Conacher unsuccessful vs Rangers
December 11 Ford Frick becomes president of baseball's National League
December 11 NL votes to permit night baseball (up to 7 games per home team)
December 13 Mark Hellinger Theater (Warner Bros) opens at 237 W 51st St. New York City
December 14 1st streamlined steam locomotive introduced (Albany New York)
December 15 Fokker F18 Snip flies to Netherlands West Indies
December 19 Japan agress to fleet treaty of 1922 and 1930
December 22 1st flight from Netherland to Curacao (Christmas flight 1934)
December 22 Miss Theo Trowbridge sets female bowling record 702 pins in games
December 24 Grimmett takes 9-180 for SA as Queensland make 430
December 25 Four centuries for SA as they make 7-644 vs. Qld before 6,180
December 25 Samson Raphaelson's "Accent on Youth," premieres in New York City
December 26 Yomiuri Giants, Japan's 1st professional baseball team forms
December 27 1st youth hostel in U.S. opens (Northfield, Mass)
December 27 Shah of Persia declares Persia now Iran
December 27 Vernon Duke and James Hanley's musical premieres in New York City
December 29 1st collegiate basketball doubleheader (MSG)
December 29 Federico Garcia Lorca's "Yerma," premieres in Madrid
December 29 Japan renounces Washington Naval Treaty of 1922 and London Treaty of 1930
December 31 Helen Richey becomes 1st woman to pilot an airmail transport












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