1942 in History



January 1 Rose Bowl played in North Carolina due to Japanese threat, Oregon - 20, Duke - 16
January 1 U.S. and 25 other countries sign a united declaration against the Axis
January 2 28 nations, at war with Axis, pledge no separate peace
January 2 German troops in Bardia surrender
January 2 Japanese troops occupy Manila Philippines
January 3 American-British-Dutch-Australian (ABDA) Command forms
January 4 NFL Pro Bowl: Chi Bears beats NFL All-Stars 35-24
January 4 Premier Churchill and General Marshall fly to Florida
January 4 Rogers Hornsby is 14th player selected to the Hall of Fame
January 5 55 German tanks reach North-Africa
January 6 1st around world flight, Pan Am "Pacific Clipper"
January 6 Bob Feller, enlists in Navy and reports for duty to Norfolk Virginia
January 7 WW II siege of Bataan starts
January 9 Joe Louis KOs Buddy Baer in 1 for heavyweight boxing title
January 9 U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff created
January 10 Japan invades North-Celebes, Netherlands Indies
January 11 -23 degrees F (-31 degrees C), Kingston, Rhode Island (state record)
January 11 Japan conquers Kuala Lumpur, Malaya
January 12 British troops reconquer Sollum
January 12 Dutch troops on Tarakan surrender
January 12 National War Labor Board created
January 13 Allied Conference for war trials
January 13 German U-boats begin harassing shipping on U.S. east coast
January 13 Henry Ford patents a method of constructing plastic auto bodies
January 13 Interallied war trial conference publishes St. James Declaration
January 14 Japanese troops land at oil center Balikpapan in Borneo
January 15 Cubs, drop plans to install lights at Wrigley due to WW II
January 15 Franklin D. Roosevelt asks commissioner to continue baseball during WW II
January 16 William Knudsen becomes 1st civilian appointed a general in U.S. army
January 18 Nazi's arrest Frans Goedhart and Wiardi Beckman
January 19 Japanese forces invade Burma
January 19 Titus Brandsma arrested by German occupiers
January 20 Japanese air raid on Rabaul New Britain
January 20 Japanese invade Burma
January 20 Nazi officials hold notorious Wannsee conference in Berlin deciding on "final solution" calling for extermination of Europe's Jews
January 21 Bronx magistrate rules all pinball machines illegal
January 21 Count Basie records "One O'Clock Jump"
January 21 Japanese air raid on Rabaul New Britain
January 21 Tito's partisans occupy Foca
January 22 Japanese air raid on Rabaul, New Britain
January 22 Sietze de Groot wins 8th Dutch 11 city skate (8:44:06)
January 23 Japanese troops occupy Rabaul New Britain
January 23 Tank battle at Adzjedabia, African corps vs British army
January 24 Musical "Star and Garter," premieres in New York City
January 25 Lt General Rommels African corps reaches Msus
January 26 1st U.S. force in Europe during WW II go ashore in Northern Ireland
January 26 Italian supreme command demands dismissal of German marshal Rommel
January 27 -19 degrees F (-27.4 degrees C), Netherland's coldest day since 1850
January 28 General Timoshenko's troops move into Ukraine
January 28 German troops occupy Benghazi Libya
January 29 1st broadcast of Roy Plomley's "Desert Island Discs" on BBC
January 29 German and Italian troops occupy Banghazi
January 29 Peru and Ecuador sign Protocol of Rio (boundary determiniation)
January 30 Japanese troops land on Ambon
January 31 62 U boats sunk this month (327,000 ton)
February 1 2nd Norwegian government of Quisling forms
February 2 Los Angeles Times urges security measures against Japanese-Americans
February 2 U.S. auto factories switch from commercial to war production
February 3 1st Japanese air raid on Java
February 3 Baseball owners agree to permit each club up to 14 night games in 1942
February 4 Clinton Pierce becomes 1st U.S. general wounded in action in WW II
February 5 Braves get Tommy Holmes from Yankees for Buddy Hassett and Gene Moore
February 5 "Woman of the Year," starring Hepburn and Tracy opens at Radio City
February 7 1st indoor 15' pole vault (Cornelius Warmerdam 15' 3/8")
February 8 Congress advises Franklin D. Roosevelt that, Americans of Japanese descent should be locked up en masse so they wouldn't oppose the U.S. war effort
February 8 Stravinsky's "Danses Concertantes," premieres in Los Angeles
February 9 Daylight Savings War Time goes into effect in U.S.
February 9 Japanese troops land near Makassar, South Celebes
February 9 Philadelphia "Phillies" change nickname (temporarily) to "Phils"
February 10 Glenn Miller awarded 1st ever gold disc for selling 1 million copies of "Chattanooga Choo Choo"
February 11 "Archie" comic book debuts
February 12 3 German battle cruisers escape via Channel to Brest N Germany
February 13 Hitler's Operation Seelowe (invasion of England) cancelled
February 14 Japanese parachutists land near oil center Palembang Sumatra
February 14 Rotterdam's Maas tunnel opens
February 15 German U-boat shells at Antillian oil refinery
February 15 Japanese troops march into Palembang, South Sumatra
February 15 Singapore surrenders to Japanese
February 16 German submarines attack Aruba oil refinery
February 18 Japanese troop land on Bali
February 19 About 150 Japanese warplanes attacked the Australian city of Darwin
February 19 Bill Longson beats Managoff and Sandor Szabo, to become wrestling champ
February 19 Dutch actors protest obligatory membership of Culture Chamber
February 19 Franklin D. Roosevelt orders detention and internment of all west-coast Japanese-Americans
February 19 Japanese troops land on Timor
February 19 New York Yankees annouce 5,000 uniformed soldiers admitted free at each of their upcoming home games
February 19 Tommy Dorsey and his orchestra recorded "I'll Take Tallulah"
February 20 Lt. E. H. O'Hare single-handedly shoots down 5 Japanese heavy bombers
February 21 U.S. Female Figure Skating championship won by Jane Vaughn
February 21 U.S. Male Figure Skating championship won by Bobby Specht
February 23 Japanese sub fires on oil refinery in Ellwood, California
February 24 Voice of America begins broadcasting (in German)
February 26 German battle cruiser Gneisenau deactivated by bomb
February 26 Radio Orange calls for March 1 day of prayer in Dutch Indies
February 26 Werner Heisenberger informs nazis about uranium project "Wunderwaffen"
February 26 WW II Navy flier Don Mason sends message "Sighted sub sank same"
February 27 1st transport of French Jews to nazi-Germany
February 27 Battle of Java Sea began 13 U.S. warships sunk - 2 Japanese
February 27 J. S. Hey discovers radio emissions from Sun
February 28 1st weapon drop on Netherlands
February 28 Japanese land in Java, last Allied bastion in Dutch East Indies
February 28 Race riot, Sojourner Truth Homes, Detroit
March 1 3 day Battle of Java Sea ends, U.S. suffers a major naval defeat
March 1 Baseball decides that players in military can't play when on furlough
March 1 J. Milton Cage Jr's "Imaginary Landscape No 3," premieres in Chicago
March 1 Japanese troops occupy Kalidjati airport in Java
March 1 Suriname camp for NSB people opens to save Jews
March 1 Tito establishes 2nd Proletarit Brigade in Bosnia
March 2 14th Academy Awards - "How Green was My Valley," Cooper and Fontaine win
March 2 Admiral Helfrich departs Java for Ceylon
March 3 1st combat flight for Canada's Avro Lancaster military plane
March 5 Bosnia Tito establishes 3rd Proletarit Brigade in Bosnia
March 5 Dmitri Shostakovich' 7th Symphony, premieres in Siberia
March 5 Japanese troop march into Batavia
March 7 15 Mk-VB Spitfires reach Malta
March 7 1st cadets graduated from flying school at Tuskegee
March 8 Japanese forces captures Rangoon Burma
March 8 KNIL, Dutch colonial army on Java, surrenders to Japanese armies
March 9 Construction of the Alaska Highway began
March 11 1st deportation train leaves Paris for Auschewitz Concentration Camp
March 11 General MacArthur leaves Corregidor (Bataan) for Australia
March 11 Japanese troop land on North-Sumatra
March 12 British troops vacate the Andamanen in Gulf of Bengal
March 13 Julia Flikke, Nurse Corps, becomes 1st woman colonel in U.S. army
March 17 Belzec Concentration Camp opens-30,000 Lublin Polish Jews transported
March 17 General Doug MacArthur arrives in Australia to become supreme commander
March 18 2 black players, Jackie Robinson and Nate Moreland, request a tryout with the Chicago White Sox, they are allowed to work out
March 18 Illegal Free Netherlands announces boycott of theaters
March 19 Franklin D. Roosevelt orders men between 45 and 64 to register for non military duty
March 19 Thoroughbred Racing Association of U.S. formed in Chicago
March 20 Convoy PQ13 departs Reykjavik Iceland to Russia
March 20 General MacArthur vows, "I shall return"
March 20 Major German assault on Malta
March 21 Convoy QP9 departs Great Britain to Murmansk
March 21 Heavy German assault on Malta
March 22 Heavy German assault on Malta
March 23 2,500 Jews of Lublin massacred or deported
March 23 Japanese forces occupy Andaman Islands in Indian Ocean
March 23 U.S. move native-born of Japanese ancestry into detention centers
March 25 700 Jews of Polish Lvov-district reach Belzec Concentration camp
March 26 1st "Eichmann transport" to Auschwitz and Birkenau Camps
March 26 1st 700 Jews from Polish Lvov-district reach concentration camp Belzec
March 26 20 tons of gelignite in a stone quarry at Easton Pennsylvania, kills 21
March 26 German offensive in North-Africa under Colonel General Rommel
March 27 Allies raid German submarine base in St. Nazaire
March 27 Japan forces Java to use "Tokyo time" 1 hour forward
March 27 Joe Louis KOs Abe Simon in 6 to retain heavyweight boxing title (New York City)
March 28 234 RAF bombers attack Lubeck
March 28 4th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Stanford beats Dartmouth 53-38
March 28 British naval forces raid Nazi occupied French port of St. Nazaire
March 28 Raid on lock/dock St. Nazaire
March 29 British cruiser Trinidad torpedoes itself in the Barents Sea
March 29 British destroyer Campbeltown explodes in St-Nazaire: 400 Germans die
March 29 German submarine U-585 sinks
March 30 1st RSHA-transport from France arrives in camp Birkenau
March 30 SS murders 200 inmates of Trawniki labor camp
April 1 Allied air raid on harbor city Kupang Timor
April 1 Mexico changes from 3 time zones to 2
April 7 Heavy German assault on Malta
April 8 A Schoenberg and Tudor's ballet "Pillar of Fire," premieres in New York City
April 9 Battle of Bataan, U.S. and Filipino forces overwhelmed by Japanese at Bataan
April 10 Cigarettes and candy rationed in Holland
April 11 Distinguished Service Medal for Merchant Marines authorized
April 12 9th Golf Masters Championship: Byron Nelson wins, shooting a 280
April 12 Japan kills about 400 Filipino officers in Bataan
April 14 Destroyer Roper sinks German U-85 of U.S. east coast
April 15 George VI awards George Cross to people of Malta
April 16 Japanese occupying army on Java installs film censorship
April 16 King George VI awards George Cross to Island of Malta
April 17 12 Lancasters bombs MAN-factory in Augsburg
April 17 Operations begin to destroy Sobibor Concentration Camp
April 18 James H. Doolittle bombs Tokyo and other Japanese cities
April 18 Stanley Cup: Toronto Maple Leafs beat Detroit Red Wings, 4 games to 3
April 18 "Stars and Stripes" paper for U.S. Armed Forces starts
April 19 46th Boston Marathon won by Joe Smith of Mass in 2:26:51.2
April 20 German occupiers forbids Dutch access to their beach
April 20 Heavy German assault on Malta
April 23 4-day allied bombing on Rostock begins
April 23 Luftwaffe bombs Exeter
April 24 Luftwaffe bombs Exeter
April 25 Luftwaffe bombs Bath
April 26 Coal mine explosion kills 1,549 at Honkeiko Manchuria
April 26 Luftwaffe bombs Bath
April 27 Belgium Jews are forced to wear stars
April 27 Tornado destroys Pryor, Oklahoma killing 100, injuring 300
April 28 Nightly "dim-out" begins along East Coast
April 28 "WW II" titled so, as result of Gallup Poll
April 29 Japanese troop march into Lashio, cuts off Burma Road
April 29 Jews forced to wear a Jewish Star in Netherlands and Vichy-France
April 30 1st submarine built on Great Lakes launched, (Peto), Manitowoc, Wi
May 1 Radio Orange calls to defy order to wear "Jewish star"
May 2 68th Kentucky Derby: Wayne D Wright aboard Shut Out wins in 2:04.4
May 2 Japanese troops occupy Mandalay Burma
May 3 Japanese troop attack Tulagi, Gavutu and Tanambogo, Solomon Islands
May 3 Luftwaffe bombs Exeter
May 3 Nazi's execute 72 OD'ers in reprisial in Sachsenhausen, Netherlands
May 3 Nazi's require Dutch Jews to wear a Jewish star
May 4 Battle of Coral Sea begun (1st sea battle fought solely in air)
May 4 Food 1st rationed in U.S.
May 4 German occupiers imprison 450 prominent Dutch as hostages
May 4 Pulitzer prize awarded to Ellen Glasgow (In this our Life)
May 5 British assault on Diego Suarez Madagascar
May 5 U.S. begins rationing sugar during WW II
May 6 Corregidor and Philippines surrender to Japanese Armies
May 7 Battle of Coral Sea ends stopping Japanese expansion
May 7 Nazi decree orders all Jewish pregnant women of Kovno Ghetto executed
May 8 1st twilight game in 24 years, the Dodgers top Giants 7-6 raising $60,000 for Navy Relief Fund
May 8 Aircraft carrier Lexington sunk by Japanese air attack at Coral Sea
May 8 German summer offensive opens in Crimea
May 9 68th Preakness: Basil James aboard Alsab wins in 1:57
May 11 Japanese troops conquer Kalewa
May 12 1,500 Jews gassed in Auschwitz
May 12 David Ben-Gurion leaves Jewish state in Palestine
May 12 Nazi U-boat sinks American cargo ship at mouth of Mississippi River
May 12 Russia occupies Crackow, until Aug 23, 1943
May 13 Helicopter makes its 1st cross-country flight
May 13 Pitcher Jim Tobin belts 3 home runs in a game
May 14 U.S. Women's Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC) forms
May 15 Gasoline 1st rationed in U.S. (17 Eastern States)
May 15 Nazi occupiers in Netherlands arrests 2,000 Dutch officers
May 16 1st transport of British/Dutch prisoners to South Burma
May 17 Dutch SS vows loyalty to Hitler
May 18 New York City ends night baseball games for rest of WW II
May 19 Braves Paul Waner is 3rd NLer to get 3,000 hits (Anson and Wagner)
May 20 U.S. Navy 1st permitted black recruits to serve
May 21 Great Britain convoy PQ16 departs to Russia
May 22 Mexico declares war on nazi-Germany and Japan
May 26 Anglo-Soviet Treaty signed in London
May 26 Belgium Jews are required by Nazis to wear a Jewish star
May 26 Tank battle at Bir Hakeim: African corps vs British army
May 27 Dorie Miller, awarded Navy cross for deeds at Pearl Harbor
May 27 Hitler orders 10,000 Czechoslovakians murdered
May 27 Italian army begin siege of French western Fort Bir Hachim
May 27 Top German Nazi Reinhard Heydrich is shot and mortally wounded in Prague
May 28 1,800 Czechoslovakians murdered by Nazis during attack on Heydrich
May 29 Bing Crosby records "White Christmas," greatest selling record to date
May 30 1,047 bombers bomb Cologne in RAF's raid of WW II
May 30 Reichsfuhrer Himmler arrives in Prague
May 30 Satchel Paige pitches 5 innings to defeat Dizzy Dean All-Stars 8-1
May 30 U.S. aircraft carrier Yorktown leaves Pearl Harbor
May 31 25th PGA Championship: Sam Snead at Seaview CC Atlantic City, New Jersey
May 31 Luftwaffe bombs Canterbury
June 2 Red Sox star Ted Williams enlists as a Navy aviator
June 3 Battle of Midway Island begins
June 4 Battle of Midway begins; Japan's 1st major defeat in WW II
June 4 Capitol Record Co. opens for business
June 4 USS Yorktown sinks near Midway Island
June 5 British offensive in North Africa under general Ritchie
June 5 Elwood Ordnance Plant near Joliet Illinois kills 54
June 5 USA declares war on Bulgaria, Hungary and Romania
June 6 1st nylon parachute jump, Hartford Ct-Adeline Gray
June 6 74th Belmont: Eddie Arcaro aboard Shut Out wins in 2:29.2
June 6 Japanese forces retreat, ending Battle of Midway
June 6 Japanese troop land on Kiska, Aleutians
June 7 Battle of Midway ends: Admiral Nimitz wins 1st WW II naval defeat of Japan
June 7 Germany Armys march into Sebastopol
June 7 Japanese troops lands on Attu, Aleutian Islands
June 8 Bing Cosby records "Silent Night"
June 9 Adipatie Ario Soejono becomes minister in Gerbrandy government
June 9 German-Netherlands press reports, 3 million Dutch sent to East-Europe
June 9 Nazis kill all inhabitants of Lidice, Czechoslovakia
June 10 Massacre at Lidice (Czechoslovakia), Gestapo kills 173
June 10 Nazis burn village of Lidice Bohemia, as reprisal of killing Heydrich
June 11 German army defeated at El-Alamein North Africa
June 11 U.S. and U.S.S.R. sign Lend-Lease agreement during WW II
June 12 Anne Frank gets her diary as a birthday present, Amsterdam
June 12 Hitler orders enslavement of Slavic peoples
June 12 Tornado kills 35 in Oklahoma City
June 13 1st V-2 rocket launch, Peenemunde, Germany; reached 1.3 km
June 13 Franklin D. Roosevelt creates Office of War with Elmer Davis as head
June 13 Germany puts 4 saboteurs on Long Island
June 13 OSS, Office of Strategic Services, forms
June 14 1st bazooka rocket gun produced Bridgeport, Connecticut
June 14 Anne Frank begins her diary
June 14 French government of Reynaud resigns
June 14 Walt Disney's "Bambi" animated movie is released
June 17 1st WW II American expeditionary force lands in Africa (Gold Coast)
June 18 Eric Nessler of France stays aloft in a glider for 38h21m
June 19 Paul Waner, is 7th to get 3,000 hits
June 20 Adolf Eichmann proclaims deportation of Dutch Jews
June 20 German troops conquer Tobruk, North Africa
June 21 129 degrees F (54 degrees C), Tirat Zevi, Israel
June 21 Jacqueline Kennedy's mother marries Hugh Auchincloss
June 21 President Roosevelt/premier Churchill arrives in Washington, D.C.
June 21 Rommel takes Tobruk in North Africa
June 21 Seinheuer throws female world record spear (47.24m)
June 22 Japanese submarine in mouth of Columbia River, Oregon
June 22 Jewish Brigade attached by British Army in WW II, forms
June 24 Admiral Ernest King orders Tulagi (Solomon Island) reconquered
June 24 Africa Corps occupy Egypt
June 25 British premier Winston Churchill travels from U.S. to London
June 25 British RAF staged a 1,000 bomb raid on Bremen Germany (WW II)
June 25 General Dwight Eisenhower appointed commander of U.S. forces in Europe
June 26 German assault on British at Mersa Matruh
June 27 FBI captures 8 Nazi saboteurs from a sub off New York's Long Island
June 27 PQ-17 convoy leaves Iceland for Archangelsk
June 28 Colonel General Von Hoth' 6th Pantser enters Voronezj
June 28 Dumont TV network begins (WABD New York)
June 29 Dmitri Shostakovich's 7th Symphony, premieres
June 30 144 U boats (700,000 ton) sunk this month
June 30 Colonel General Von Paul' 6th Army enters Ukraine
June 30 U.S. bombs Celebes and Timor
June 30 U.S. Mint in New Orleans ceases operation
July 1 German troops conquer Sebastopol
July 3 Germany troop march into Sebastopol
July 3 Hitler visits Field Marshal Von Bocks headquarter/d into/d Ukraine
July 4 1st American bombing mission over enemy-occupied Europe (WW II)
July 4 U.S. air offensive against nazi-Germany begins
July 5 1st performance of Heitor Villa-Lobos' Choros 6/9/11
July 5 Ian Fleming graduates from a training school for spies in Canada
July 6 10th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 3-1 at Polo Grounds, New York
July 6 Anne Frank's family goes into hiding in After House, Amsterdam
July 6 Von Hoth' IV Pantser army fights with Voronezj
July 7 Germany troop march into Woronezj
July 7 military all star team (including Bob Feller) losts to AL all stars 5-0
July 9 Anne Frank, 13, goes into hiding with her family and 4 other Jews
July 10 Himmler orders sterilization of all Jewish woman in Ravensbruck Camp
July 10 Netherland's government in exile, London, recognizes Soviet Union
July 13 5,000 Jews of Rovno Polish Ukraine, executed by nazis
July 13 German occupiers imprison 800 prominent Dutch as hostages
July 13 SS shoots 1,500 Jews in Josefov Poland
July 14 1st transport of Amsterdam Jews to Westerbork
July 14 Riots against Jews in Amsterdam
July 15 1st deportation camp at Westerbork, Jews sent to Auschwitz
July 15 Dutch Jews invoked for "Labor camps"
July 16 French police arrest 13,152 Jews in Paris
July 16 Jews transported from Holland to extermination camp
July 17 3' of rain falls on Pennsylvania, flooding kills 15
July 17 Estimated 34.5" (87.5 cm) of rainfall, Smethport, Pennsylvania (state record)
July 17 Transport nr 6 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
July 18 1st legal New Jersey horse race in 50 years; Garden State Park track opens
July 18 Messerschmitt Me 262 Schwalbe, 1st jet fighter, takes 1st flight
July 19 Dmitri Shostakovich' 7th Symphony, premieres in US
July 19 German occupiers confiscate bicycles in Rotterdam and Hague
July 20 1st detachment of Women's Army Auxiliary Corps, begin basic training
July 20 Barbados dismiss Trinidad for 16 in 69 minutes, Derek Sealy 8-8
July 20 Legion of Merit Medal authorized by congress
July 20 Time puts Russian composer Dmitri Shostakovich on its cover
July 20 Women's Army Auxiliary Corps began basic training at Fort Des Moines
July 21 8 die as coal waste heap slides in river valley near Oakwood, Virginia
July 22 4th Russian Pantser army forms with 80 tanks
July 22 Gasoline rationing using coupons begins
July 22 Warsaw Ghetto Jews (300,000) are sent to Treblinka extermination Camp
July 23 German troops conquer Rostow
July 23 Hitler's Directive #45: order to occupy Stalingrad
July 24 Irving Berlin's musical "This is the Army," premieres in New York City
July 25 German troops occupy Rostov
July 25 German troops strike at Tsym Lyanskaja
July 26 RAF bombs Hamburg
July 26 RC churches protest, Dutch bishops stand against spread of Judaism
July 28 Nazis liquidate 10,000 Jews in Minsk Belorussia Ghetto
July 28 Zionists partisans ZOB forms in Poland
July 29 Eastern Blvd in the Bronx renamed Bruckner Blvd
July 30 Franklin D. Roosevelt signs bill creating women's Navy auxiliary agency (WAVES)
July 30 German occupiers set night curfew on Jews in Netherlands
July 30 German SS kills 25,000 Jews in Minsk, Belorussia
July 31 German SS gases 1,000 Jews in Minsk, Belorussia
July 31 U boats sank 96 allied ships this month: 476,000 ton
August 1 Deurne soccer team forms
August 1 German occupier demands listing of all Dutch telephone subscribers
August 1 Race riots in Harlem, New York
August 2 250 Dutch Catholic Jews arrested, transported to Amersfoort camp
August 2 Colonel General Hoth' Pantser army reaches Kotelnikovo
August 4 1st train with Jews departs Mechelen Belgium to Auschwitz
August 4 British premier Winston Churchill arrives in Cairo
August 4 Colonel General Jeremenko arrives in Stalingrad/welcomed by Nikita Khrushchev
August 4 German occupier orders all Dutch homing pigeons killed
August 5 British government cancels agreement of Munich
August 5 German troops cross Kuban River
August 6 Assinibaine destroyer sinks U-210
August 6 Churchill fires General Auchinlek as Middle-East commandant
August 6 Goering proclaims occupied areas "thoroughly empty to plunder"
August 6 Riots by Dutch Jews
August 7 1st American offensive in Pacific in WW2, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands
August 7 Resistance bombs Rotterdam railway
August 7 Transport 16 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
August 8 6 convicted Nazi saboteurs who landed in U.S. executed in Washington D.C.
August 8 Dianthus sinks U-379
August 8 "Monty" appointed commandant of British 8th Army at Alamein
August 8 Russian anti-offensive of Voronezh under marshal Timosjenko
August 9 200 Jews escape Mir Ghetto in Poland
August 9 Dmitri Shostakovich's 7th Symphony performed in Leningrad
August 9 Mahatma Gandhi and 50 others arrested in Bombay after passing of a "quit India" campaign by the All-India Congress
August 9 Vice-Admiral Mikawa lands at Guadalcanal, Solomon Island
August 10 General B. Montgomery becomes commandant British 8th leader in North Africa
August 11 999 Jews are taken from Mechelen transit camp in Belgium
August 11 British aircraft carrier Eagle torpedoed and sinks
August 11 Lieutenant-general Montgomery makes landing on Gibraltar
August 12 British premier Churchill arrives in Moscow, meets Stalin
August 12 German 1st tank leader captures Elista, Kalmukkensteppe
August 12 Lieutenant-general Montgomery arrives in Cairo
August 14 Dwight D. Eisenhower named commander for invasion of North Africa
August 15 5 hostages executed by Nazis in St-Michielsgestel
August 16 Premier Churchill travels back to Cairo from Moscow
August 17 1st European bombing run undertaken by U.S. forces
August 17 1st US/8th Air Force bombs Europe
August 17 Task Force 17 leaves Pearl Harbor under Admiral George Murray on Hornet
August 17 Transport nr 20 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
August 17 U.S. bombers staged 1st independent raid on Europe attack Rouen, France
August 18 Carlson's Raiders land on Makin, Gilbert islands, kill 350 Japanese
August 19 1st American offensive in Pacific in WW2, Guadalcanal, Solomon Is
August 19 4,000 Canadian and British soldiers killed raiding Dieppe, France
August 19 Churchill visits Montgomery's headquarter in Burg-al-Arab
August 19 General Paulus orders German 6th Army to conquer Stalingrad
August 20 Dim-out regulations implemented in San Francisco
August 21 Alpine hunters plant German flag on Elbroezgebergte, Kaukasus
August 21 Transport nr 22 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
August 22 Brazil declares war on Germany, Japan and Italy
August 23 1st U.S. flights to land on Guadalcanal
August 23 Battle of Stalingrad: 600 Luftwaffers bomb Stalingrad (40,000 die)
August 23 British Premier Winston Churchill flies back to London from Cairo
August 23 Walter Johnson pitches to Babe Ruth in pregame attraction that draws 69,000 for New York - Washington game, raises $80,000 for Army-Navy relief
August 24 Sea battle off Eastern Solomon Islands
August 24 Transport nr 23 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
August 25 SS begins transporting Jews of Maastricht, Netherlands
August 26 7,000 Jews are rounded up in Vichy-France
August 26 Japanse troops lands on New-Guinea, Milne Bay
August 26 Russian counter offensive begins in Moscow
August 26 Transport nr 24 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
August 27 Cuba declares war on Germany, Japan and Italy
August 28 9th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Chi Bears 21, All-Stars 0 (101,100)
August 28 Gunther Hagg (Sweden) sets world record for 3,000m (8:01.2)
August 28 Transport nr 25 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
August 30 Nazi-Germany annexes Luxembourg
August 31 Battle at Alam Halfa: German and Italians assault
August 31 U boats sunk this month 108 ships (544,000 ton)
September 1 Federal judge upholds detention of Japanese-Americans
September 1 German troops land on Taman peninsula
September 2 German troops enter Stalingrad
September 4 Transport nr 28 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
September 5 Battle at Alam Halfa ends
September 5 British and U.S. bomb Le Havre and Bremen
September 6 56th U.S. Womens Tennis: Pauline Betz beats A Louise Brough (46 61 64)
September 6 Czechoslovakian marathon runner Oskar Haks transported to Auschwitz-Birkenau
September 7 62nd U.S. Mens Tennis: F Schroeder, Jr. beats F Parker (86 75 36 46 62)
September 7 German occupiers take silver anniversary coins in battle
September 7 Transport nr 29 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
September 9 Compulsory work for women, children and old males in Batavia
September 9 Japanese planes drop incendiary bombs on Oregon
September 10 British troops lands on Madagascar
September 10 RAF drops 100,000 bombs on Dusseldorf
September 11 Transport nr 31 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
September 12 Battle of Edson's Ridge begins at Guadalcanal
September 12 Free-Poland and Belgium asks pope to condemn nazi-war crimes
September 13 Battle of Edson's Ridge (2nd Japanese assault) at Guadalcanal
September 13 Cubs shortstop Leonard Merullo makes 4 errors in 1 inning
September 13 German forces attack Stalingrad
September 14 Battle of Edson's Ridge (Japanese assault) at Guadalcanal
September 14 German troops occupy train station Stalingrad-1
September 14 Yankees clinch pennant #13
September 15 U.S. aircraft carrier Wasp torpedoed at Guadalcanal
September 16 Japanese attack on Port Moresby repelled
September 18 Canadian Broadcasting Corporation authorized for radio service
September 20 Gunther Hagg becomes world champ of all records from 1500m to 5000m
September 21 116 hostages executed by Nazis in Paris
September 21 Transport nr 35 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
September 22 Meulenberg robs of church bells
September 23 Auschwitz begins experimental gassing executions
September 23 Russian counter offensive at Stalingrad
September 23 Transport nr 36 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
September 27 Heavy German assault in Stalingrad
September 27 New York Giants beat Washington Redskins 14-7 without making a 1st down
September 27 Reinhard Heydrich, "butcher of Prague," appointed SS-general
September 27 St. Louis Cardinals win NL pennant on last day of season
September 28 Luftwaffe bombs Stalingrad
September 28 NY Americans NHL team folded
September 29 32 degrees F lowest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in Sept
September 29 Government of De Gaulle cancels agreement of Munich
September 30 98 U-boats sunk this month (485,000 tons)
September 30 Admiral Nimitz' B-17 finding Guadalcanal using National Geographic map
September 30 SS exterminates 3,500 Jews in Zelov Lodz Poland in 6 week period
October 1 Bell P-59 Airacomet fighter, 1st U.S. jet, makes maiden flight
October 1 Little Golden Books (children books) begins publishing
October 2 1st self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction demonstrated, Chicago
October 2 "Queen Mary" slices cruiser "Curacao" in half, killing 338
October 3 Franklin D. Roosevelt forms Office of Economic Stabilization
October 3 Launch of 1st A-4/V-2 rocket to altitude of 53 miles (85 km)
October 3 New York Yankees Frank Crosetti shoves ump Bill Summers in World Series, he is fined $200 and suspended for 1st 30 days of 1943 season
October 4 German assault on Tractor factory in Stalingrad
October 5 5,000 Jews of Dubno Russia massacred
October 5 St. Louis Cardinals beat New York Yankees, 4 games to 1, in 39th World Series
October 6 Allied assault on oil installations of Bula Ceram
October 7 1 salvo Katjoesja-rocket destroys nazi battalion in Stalingrad
October 7 Last camouflaged German raider Komet leaves Flushing harbor (Netherlands)
October 7 Maxwell Andersons "Eve of St. Mark," premieres in New York City
October 7 U.S. and British government announce establishment of United Nations
October 7 Yvon Robert beats Bill Longson in Montreal, to become wrestling champ
October 8 Fight at Matanikau, Guadalcanal (John Hersey-Into the Valley)
October 10 1,300 Austrian Jews transported to Theresienstadt
October 12 Successful Russian counter attack through 37th Guard division
October 12 U.S. Navy defeats Japanese in WW II Battle of Cape Esperance
October 14 Dobbe resistances group overthrows Bonkarten distribution
October 14 German assault on Tractor factory, 1000s killed
October 14 Japanese battleship strikes Henderson Field, Guadalcanal
October 15 German 6th Army occupies Tractorenfabriek, 3,000 German's die
October 16 Aaron Copland/de Milles ballet "Rodeo," premieres in New York City
October 16 Cyclone in Bay of Bengal kills some 40,000 south of Calcutta India
October 16 National Boxing Association freezes titles of those serving in armed services
October 18 Hitler orders allied commandos to be killed
October 20 "Durham Manifesto" calls for fundamental changes in race relations
October 22 1st ships of invasion fleet for Oran (Algeria) leave Scotland
October 22 U.S. General Clark and Lemnitzer and French General Mast meet secretly in Algeria
October 23 1st ships of invasion fleet to Morocco leave Norfolk
October 23 During WW II, Britain launches major offensive at El Alamein, Egypt
October 23 German units go through Red October-factory in Stalingrad
October 24 2nd day of battle at El Alamein: British infantry
October 25 3rd day of battle at El Alamein: British offensive
October 25 Battle of Henderson Field Guadalcanal begins
October 25 Field Marshal Rommel back in North-Africa
October 26 2nd day of Battle of Henderson Field, Guadalcanal
October 26 4th day in battle at El Alamein: Australian breakthrough
October 26 Battle of Santa Cruz: USS SD shoots down a record 32 enemy planes
October 27 5th day of battle at El Alamein: heavy battles/Australian advance
October 27 U.S. aircraft carrier Hornet sinks off Santa Cruz
October 28 6th day battle at El Alamein: British offensive under Montgomery
October 28 Train crashes into bus, killing 16 and injuring 20 (Detroit Michigan)
October 29 7th day of battle at El Alamein: Montgomery assault
October 29 Alaska highway completed
October 29 Branch Rickey named president/General Manager of Brooklyn Dodgers
October 29 Nazi's murder 16,000 Jewish in Pinsk, Soviet Union
October 30 8th day of battle at El Alamein: new Australian assault
October 30 U.S. aircraft carrier Enterprise reaches Noumea
October 31 94 U boats sunk this month (619,000 ton)
October 31 9th day in battle at El Alamein
November 1 10th day of battle at El Alamein
November 1 Vice-Admiral Cunningham becomes British commander-in-chief
November 2 11th day of battle at El Alamein: British assault on Tel el Aqqaqir
November 2 Montgomery (Br) defeats Rommel (G) in battle of Alamein Egypt (WW II)
November 3 12th day of battle at El Alamein: Scottish assault
November 3 Despite Ted Williams wins Triple Crown, Yankees Joe Gordon wins AL MVP
November 3 Mort Cooper wins NL MVP
November 3 William L. Dawson elected to Congress from Chicago
November 4 13th day of battle at El Alamein: Afr corps draws back out Fuka-posing
November 5 Nazi raid on Greek Jews in Paris
November 5 Pro-British Clandestine Radio Diego Suarez's final transmission
November 6 Nazis execute 12,000 Minsk ghetto Jews
November 6 Sukarno and Mohammed Hatta finds Ampat Serangkai
November 7 1st U.S. president to broadcast in a foreign language-FDR in French
November 7 Bicyclist Fausto Coppi establishes world record (45,848 km)
November 8 Allies under Eisenhower land in N-Africa (Casablanca)
November 8 Hitler proclaims fall of Stalingrad from Munich beer hall
November 8 Operation "Torch" began as U.S. and British forces land in French N Afr
November 8 Vichy-France drops diplomatic relations with US
November 9 German occupiers put Erik Scavenius as Danish premier
November 9 Transport nr 44 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
November 10 Philip Barry's "Without Love," premieres in New York City
November 10 U.S. - British troops occupies Oran Algeria
November 10 U.S. troops occupy airport of Port-Lyautey Morocco
November 11 745 French Jews deported to Auschwitz
November 11 During WW II Germany completes their occupation of France
November 11 Jews in Free Zone of France ordered to wear yellow star of David
November 11 Last German offensive in Stalingrad
November 11 Lieutenant-General Kumakashi Harada becomes Japanese commander on Java
November 11 Transport nr 45 departs with French Jews to Nazi-Germany
November 12 In World War II, battle of Guadalcanal began
November 13 Chaotic "sea battle of Friday the 13th" at Guadalcanal
November 13 Minimum draft age lowered from 21 to 18
November 14 Last Vichy-French troops in Algeria surrender
November 16 Assault of U.S. B-17 Flying Fortresses on airport at Sidi Ahmed
November 18 Thornton Wilders "Skin of our Teeth," premieres in New York City
November 19 Joseph Goebbels visits "German Theatre in the Niederlanden"
November 19 Russia launches winter offensive against Germans along Don front
November 20 26th Russian Armoured Corps recaptures Perelazovski
November 20 British 8th Army recaptures Benghazi, Libya
November 20 Hitler names Field Marshal Erich von Manstein becomes commanding
November 20 NHL abolishes regular season OT until WW II is over
November 20 Soviet army offensive, 1 million Russians breach German lines
November 21 Tweety Bird, aka Tweety Pie, debuts in "Tale of Two Kitties"
November 22 General-major Rodins 26th Pantser corp recaptures Ostrov
November 22 Hitler orders Rommels African corps to fight to last man
November 23 3rd and 5th Romanian army corp surrenders
November 23 Coast Guard Woman's Auxiliary (SPARS) authorized
November 23 Colonel General Von Paul asks Hitler to surrender
November 23 German 4th and 6th Army surrounded at Stalingrad
November 23 Japan bombs Port Darwin, Australia
November 23 Poon Lim set adrift for 133 days after his boat is torpedoed
November 23 Russian 21st Army recaptures Kalatsj at Don
November 23 Steward Poon Lim begins floating in a raft 133 days
November 24 Field Marshal Erich von Manstein arrives in Starobelsk
November 24 French collaborator earl De Brinon establishes "African Falanx"
November 25 National Organization for Aid to Underground, LO, forms
November 26 Anti fascist Council for National Liberation (AVNOJ) forms
November 26 "Casablanca" premieres at Hollywood Theatre, New York City
November 27 Bobby Managoff beats Yvon Robert in Houston, to become wrestling champ
November 27 French Navy at Toulon scuttles ships and subs so Nazis don't take them
November 27 Tito appoints Anti fascist Liberation board in Yugoslavia
November 28 500 die in a fire that destroyed Cocoanut Grove nightclub in Boston
November 28 Cocoanut Grove nightclub fire kills 602 (Boston Mass)
November 29 U.S. rations coffee during WWII
November 30 109 U boats sunk this month (729,000 ton)
November 30 30th CFL Grey Cup: Toronto Hurricanes defeats Winnipeg Bombers, 8-5
November 30 Bill Terry resigns as supervisor of New York Giants minor league system
November 30 German scout ship Altmark explode and sinks off Yokohama
December 1 Gasoline rationed in US
December 2 1st controlled nuclear chain reaction Enrico Fermi - University of Chicago
December 4 1st U.S. citizenship granted an alien on foreign soil (James Hoey)
December 4 Franklin D. Roosevelt orders dismantling of Works Progress Administration
December 4 U.S. bombers struck Italian mainland for 1st time in WW II
December 4 Works Progress Administration liquidated
December 5 CFL Grey Cup: Tor beats Win RCAF, 8 -5 at Toronto
December 5 Seyss-Inquart orders students in nazi-Germany to go work
December 5 West Indies chocolate/coffee drop above Netherland
December 6 Queen Wilhelmina announces Dutch Commonwealth
December 6 RAF bombs Philips factory (150 die)
December 8 8th Heisman Trophy Award: Frank Sinkwich, Georgia (HB)
December 10 Hitler names Mussert "leader of Netherland people"
December 10 North Africa: 5th German pantser army forms under Colonel General von Arnim
December 11 Australian/Dutch guerrilla troops evacuated to Timor near Australia
December 12 German offensive in South Western Stalingrad
December 13 Seyss-Inquart allows Dutch Nazi Anton Mussert to call himself Leader
December 13 Washington Redskins defeat Chicago Bears 14-6, to win NFL title
December 15 Massachusetts issues 1st U.S. vehicular license plate tabs
December 16 Hitler orders combat against partisans in Russia and Balkan
December 17 Allies in London sentence German war criminals
December 20 1st Japanese bombing of Calcutta
December 21 U.S. Supreme Court declares Nevada separation legal
December 23 Allies air attack on Den Helder
December 24 1st powered flight of V-1 buzz bomb, Peenemunde, Germany
December 24 Red army occupies German airports at Tasjinskaja and Morozowsk
December 25 Admiral Dalans murderer of Bosinier de la Chapelle, sentenced to death
December 25 British Col S W Bailey reaches Mihailovics headquarter
December 25 Russian artillery/tank battle on German armies at Stalingrad
December 27 1st Japanese women camp (Ambarawa) goes into use
December 27 NFL Pro Bowl: NFL All-Stars beats Washington 17-14
December 28 Oberkommando Wehrmacht orders strategist flight out of Kaukasus
December 28 Robert Sullivan becomes 1st pilot to fly Atlantic 100 times
December 31 60 U boats sunk this month (330,000 ton)
December 31 Battle in Barents Sea
December 31 Potatoes rationed in Holland












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