1945 in History



January 1 France joins the UN
January 1 German air raid on allied airports at Eindhoven/Saint-Trond/Brussels
January 2 Allied air raid on Neurenberg
January 2 Kentucky begins 130 home basketball game win streak, ends in 1955
January 2 Radio Orange ends cooperation at Liese-Aktion
January 3 Allies land on west coast of Burma, conquer Akyab
January 3 British Premier Winston Churchill visits France
January 3 Cato-Meridian School, New York, installs germicidal lamps in every room
January 3 Greek General Plastiras forms government
January 3 John Patrick's "Hasty Heart," premieres in New York City
January 3 U.S. aircraft carriers attack Okinawa
January 4 Germans execute resistance fighters in Amsterdam
January 4 U.S. jeep-aircraft carrier Ommaney Bay sinks after kamikaze attack
January 5 Pepe LePew debuts in Warner Bros cartoon "Odor-able Kitty"
January 5 Surprise attack on Liese-Aktion-office on Marnix St, Amsterdam
January 6 Future president George Bush marries Barbara Pierce in Rye NY
January 7 Lord Haw-Haw reports total German victory at Ardennen
January 8 "Youth for Christ" organizes
January 9 U.S. soldiers led by General Douglas MacArthur invades Philippines
January 10 Baseball writers again fail to elect a new Hall of Famer
January 10 LA Railway (with 5 streetcar lines) forced to close
January 10 No one is elected to baseball's Hall of Fame
January 12 German forces in Belgium retreat in Battle of Bulge
January 12 U.S. Task Force 38 destroys 41 Japanese ships in Battle of South China Sea
January 13 Prokofchev's 5th Symphony premieres in Moscow
January 15 Every Amsterdammer gets 3 kg sugar beets
January 15 "Make Mine Manhattan" opens at Broadhurst Theater New York City for 429 performances
January 15 Red Army frees Crakow-Plaszow concentration camp
January 16 Scottish 52nd land division/1st Commando brigade-assault at Heinsberg
January 16 U.S. 1st and 3rd army meet at Houffalise
January 17 Auschwitz concentration camp begins evacuation
January 17 Gilbert Dodds, record miler (4:05.3), retires to do gospel work
January 17 Liberation of Warsaw by Soviet troops (end of Nazi occupation)
January 17 Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg, credited with saving tens of thousands of Jews from the Nazis, arrested by secret police in Hungary
January 18 Warsaw freed by Soviet army
January 20 Franklin D. Roosevelt sworn-in for an unprecedented 4th term as president
January 21 British troops land on Ramree, near coast of Burma
January 22 Burma highway reopens
January 22 Heavy U.S. air raid on Okinawa
January 23 Dutch Premier Gerbrandy, exiled in London, offers his resignation
January 24 Scottish 52nd Lowland division occupies Heinsberg
January 25 Dan Topping, Del Webb and Larry MacPhail purchase New York Yankees for $2.8 mil
January 25 Grand Rapids, Michigan becomes 1st U.S. city to fluoridate its water
January 25 Japanese occupiers of Batavia arrest Indo-European youths
January 25 New York Yankees sold by Ruppert estate to Larry MacPhail, Dan Topping, &
January 25 West Africa 82nd division occupies Myohaung, Burma
January 26 Soviet forces reach Auschwitz concentration camp
January 27 Nazi occupiers forbid food transport to West (The Netherlands)
January 27 Russia liberates Auschwitz and Birkenau Concentration Camp (Poland)
January 27 S Romberg, H&D Fields' musical premieres in New York City
January 27 Wally van Hall, "banker in defiance," arrested
January 28 Dutch airplanes dump pamphlets on Java
January 28 General "Vinegar Joe" Stillwell and truck convoy reopen Burma Road to China
January 28 Swedish ships bring food to starving Netherlands
January 30 German ship "Wilhelm Gustloff" torpedoed, 4,800 killed
January 30 "Wilhelm Gustloff" torpedoed off Danzig by Soviet sub-c 7,700 die
January 31 U.S. 4th Infantry division occupies Elcherrath
February 1 U.S. Army arrives at Siegfriedlinie
February 2 Escape attempt at Mauthausen concentration camp
February 3 Almost 1000 Flying Fortresses drop 3000 ton bombs on Berlin
February 3 Walt Disney's "3 Caballeros" released
February 4 FDR, Churchill and Stalin meet at Yalta
February 5 Big Racket becomes fastest race horse at 69t.6 kph (440 yd/20.8 s)
February 5 British premier Churchill arrives in Yalta, the Krim
February 5 U.S. troops under General Douglas MacArthur enter Manilla
February 6 8th Air Force bombs Magdeburg/Chemnitz
February 6 Russian Red Army crosses the river Oder
February 7 General Douglas MacArthur returns to Manila
February 7 President Truman appoints Irwin C. Mollison judge of U.S. Customs Court
February 7 U.S. 76th/5th Infantry divisions begin crossing Sauer
February 8 Allied air attack on Goch/Kleef/Kalkar/Reichswald
February 9 WAAF-corporal flies along the tail of a Spitfire
February 10 "Rum and Coca Cola" by Andrews Sisters hits #1
February 11 1st gas turbine propeller-driven airplane flight tested, Downey, California
February 11 Yalta agreement signed by FDR, Churchill and Stalin
February 12 San Francisco selected for site of United Nations Conference
February 13 Allied planes bomb Dresden Germany; 135,000 die
February 13 Gerbrandy British government refuses Dutch Jewish right to buy
February 13 U.S.S.R. captures Budapest, after 49-day battle with Germany; 159,000 die
February 14 8th Air Force bombs Dresden
February 14 Peru, Paraguay, Chile and Ecuador joins UN
February 16 U.S. forces land on Corregidor, complete conquest on March 3
February 16 Venezuela declares war on nazi-Germany
February 19 30,000 U.S. Marines land on Iwo Jima
February 19 900 Japanese soldiers reportedly killed by crocodiles in 2 days
February 19 Brotherhood Day 1st celebrated
February 21 Archbishop De Jong calls for help with war casualties
February 21 British Army captures Goch
February 21 U.S. 10th Armour division overthrows Orscholz line
February 22 Arab League froms (Cairo)
February 22 British troops take Ramree Island, Burma
February 22 Canadian 3rd Division occupies Moyland
February 23 2nd Dutch government of Gerbrandy forms in London
February 23 Canadian troops occupy Kalkar
February 23 U.S. Marines raise flag on Iwo Jima, famous photo and statue
February 24 Egypt and Syria declares war on nazi-Germany
February 24 Manila freed from Japanese
February 24 Nazi occupiers begin state of siege
February 25 U.S. aircraft carriers attack Tokyo
February 26 Very heavy bombing on Berlin by 8th U.S. Air Force
February 27 Battle of U.S. 94 Infantry
March 1 British 43rd Division under General Essame occupies Xanten
March 1 Chinese 30th division occupies Hsenwi
March 1 Field Marshal Kesselring succeeds von Rundstedt as commander
March 1 Franklin D. Roosevelt announces success of Yalta Conference
March 1 U.S. infantry regiment captures Monchengladbach
March 2 8th Air Force bombs Dresden
March 2 King Michael of Romania gives in to Communist government
March 3 Churchill visits Montgomery's headquarters
March 3 RAF bombing error hits The Hague killing 511
March 3 U.S. 7th Army occupies last part of Westwall
March 3 U.S. and Philippine forces recaptures Corregidor
March 4 Finland declares war on nazi-Germany
March 5 Allies bombs The Hague, Netherlands
March 5 Generals Eisenhower, Patton and Patch meet in Luneville
March 5 U.S. 7th Army Corps captures Cologne
March 5 U.S. Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
March 6 117 SD-prisoners executed at Savage Farm
March 6 Assassination attempt on Hohere, SS Police fuhrer Rauter
March 6 Chinese 38th division occupies Lashio
March 6 Erich Honnecker andErich Hanke flee nazis
March 6 Federico Garcia Lorca's "La Casa," premieres in Buenos Aires
March 7 Cologne taken by allied armies
March 7 U.S. 9th Armoured Division attacks Remagen Germany, crosses Rhine
March 7 Yugoslavia government of Tito forms
March 8 53 Amsterdammers executed by nazi occupiers
March 8 International Women's Day is 1st observed
March 8 "Kiss Me Kate" opens in Britain
March 8 Phyllis M. Daley is 1st black nurse sworn-in as U.S. Navy ensign
March 9 334 U.S. B-29 Superfortresses attack Tokyo with 120,000 fire bomb
March 9 Japanese proclaim "independence" of Indo-China
March 10 Germany blows-up Wessel Bridge on Rhine
March 10 Japan declares Vietnam Independence
March 10 Patton's 3rd Army makes contact with Hodge's 1st Army
March 10 Tokyo in fire after night time B-29 bombing
March 10 U.S. troops lands on Mindanao
March 11 1,000 allied bombers harass Essen, 4,662 ton bombs
March 11 Flemish nazi collaborator Maria Huygens sentenced to death
March 12 30 Amsterdammers executed by nazi occupiers
March 12 British Empire celebrates it's 1st British Empire Day
March 12 Italy's Communist Party (CPI) calls for armed uprising in Italy
March 12 New York is 1st to prohibit discrimination by race and creed in employment
March 12 U.S.S.R. returns Transylvania to Romania
March 13 Queen Wilhelmina returns to Netherlands
March 13 Sicherheitsdienst arrest Dutch resistance fighter Henry Werkman
March 14 RAF bomb cuts railway link Hannover-Hamm
March 15 17th Academy Awards - "Going my Way," Bing Cosby and Ingrid Bergman win
March 15 Bert Shepard (1 legged WW II vet) tries out as a pitcher for Senators
March 15 Billboard publishes its 1st album chart (King Cole Trio is #1)
March 15 Catholic University of Nijmegen reopens
March 15 Dodgers open spring training at Bear Mountain, New York
March 16 Allies secure Iwo Jima
March 17 Allied ships bomb North-Sumatra
March 18 1,250 U.S. bombers attacks Berlin
March 18 Maurice "Rocket" Richard becomes the 1st NHLer to score 50 goals
March 18 U.S. Task Force 58 attacks targets on Kiushu
March 19 800 killed as Kamikaze attacked USS Franklin off Japan
March 19 Adolf Hitler issues Nero Decree: destruction of German facilities
March 19 British 36th division conquers Mogok (ruby mine)
March 19 U.S. Task Force 58 attacks ships near Kobe/Kure
March 20 U.S. 70th Infantry division/7th Armour division attack Saar
March 21 1st Japanese flying bombs (ochas) attack Okinawa
March 21 During WW II Allied bombers begin 4-day raid over Germany
March 21 Dutch Resistance fighter Hannie Schaft arrested by Nazi police
March 22 Arab League forms with adoption of a charter in Cairo Egypt
March 22 U.S. 3rd Army crosses Rhine at Nierstein
March 23 British 7th Black Watch crosses the Rhine
March 23 Largest operation in Pacific war, 1,500 U.S. Navy ships bomb Okinawa
March 23 Premier Churchill visits Montgomery's headquarter in Straelen
March 24 General Eisenhower, Montgomery and Bradley discuss advance in Germany
March 24 Largest one-day airborne drop, 600 transports and 1300 gliders
March 24 Operation Varsity: British, U.S. and Canadian airborne landings East of Rhine
March 24 U.S. minesweepers reach Kerama Retto, South coast of Okinawa
March 25 U.S. 1st army breaks out bridgehead near Remagen
March 25 U.S. 4th Armored div arrives at Hanau and Aschaffenburg
March 25 U.S. Northern Tractor Flotilla departs Ulithi to Okinawa
March 26 British premier Churchill looks over at the Rhine (near Ginsberg)
March 26 De Paul wins NIT basketball championship, George Mikan scores 34
March 26 Generals Eisenhower/Bradley/Patton attack at Remagen the Rhine
March 26 Japanese resistance ends on Iwo Jima
March 26 Kamikazes attack U.S. battle fleet near Kerama Retto
March 26 U.S. 7th Army crosses Rhine at Worms
March 26 Venray soccer team forms
March 27 7th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Oklahoma State beats NYU 49-44
March 27 British premier Churchill sails to eastern banks of Rhine
March 27 DePaul beats Bowling Green for NIT title
March 27 Ella Fitzgerald and Delta Rhythm Boys record "It's Only a Paper Moon"
March 27 General Eisenhower declares German defenses on Western Front broken
March 27 Iwo Jima occupied, after 22,000 Japanese and 6,000 U.S. killed
March 27 U.S. 20th Army corps captures Wiesbaden
March 28 Last German V-2 (buzz bomb) attack on London
March 30 289 anti-fascists murdered by nazis in Rombergpark Dortmund
March 30 U.S.S.R. invades Austria during WW II
March 31 3rd Algerian division crosses the Rhine
March 31 Sicherheitsdienst murders 10 political prisoners in Zutphen
March 31 Tennessee Williams' "Glass Menagerie," premieres in New York City
March 31 U.S. artillery lands on Keise Shima/begins firing on Okinawa
April 1 1st edition of Indonesia Merdeka publishes
April 1 Canadian troop free Doetinchem, Enschede, Borculo and Eibergen
April 1 Ruhrgebied sealed off by U.S. 1st and 9th army
April 1 Sons of Elburger Soccer team forms in Elburg
April 1 U.S. forces invade Okinawa during WW II
April 2 1st U.S. units reach east coast of Okinawa
April 3 Hengelo freed from nazi control by Canadian army
April 3 Nazi's begin evacuation of camp Buchenwald
April 3 U.S. 1st army conquers Hofgeismar
April 4 Hungary liberated from Nazi occupation (National Day)
April 4 U.S. forces liberated the Nazi death camp Ohrdruf in Germany
April 4 U.S. tanks and infantry conquer Bielefeld
April 5 Almelo Netherlands freed
April 5 Kuniaki Koiso resigns as Prime Minister of Japan; replaced by Kantaro Suzuki
April 6 Coevorden freed from nazis
April 6 Japanese giant battleship Yamato heads to Okinawa
April 6 Massive kamikaze-attack on U.S. battle fleet near Okinawa
April 6 U.S. Marines explore Tsugen Shima near Okinawa
April 7 1st and last assault of German Rammkommando on U.S. bombers
April 7 U.S. B-17's bombs range at Luneburg
April 7 U.S. planes intercept Japanese fleet heading for Okinawa on a suicide superbattleship Yamato and four destroyers were sunk
April 8 Nazi occupiers executed, Nazi general Christiansen flees Netherlands
April 9 Liberty ship at Bari Italy carrying aerial bombs explodes, kills 360
April 9 NFL requires players to wear long stockings
April 10 Allies liberate 1st Nazi concentration camp, Buchenwald, Czechoslovakia
April 10 Canadian troops conquer Deventer
April 10 General Blaskowitz becomes nazi leader of "Fort Holland"
April 10 German troops attack Ijsselbrug
April 10 NFL's Boston Yankees and Brooklyn Tigers merge
April 10 U.S. troops land on Tsugen Shima Okinawa
April 10 U.S. troops liberate Nazi concentration camp at Buchenwald, Germany
April 10 William Schuman and Antony Tudors ballet premieres in New York City
April 11 Allied troops liberate Basket-Compascuum
April 11 SS burns and shoots 1,100 at Gardelegen
April 11 U.S. captures Tsugen Shima
April 11 U.S. soldiers liberate Nazi concentration camp "Buchenwald"
April 11 U.S. troops conquers Mulheim, Oberhausen, Bochum, Unna, Essen
April 12 Canadian troops liberate Nazi concentration camp Westerbork, Netherlands
April 12 Harry Truman sworn in as 33rd president
April 12 Richard Strauss completes his "Metamorphosis"
April 12 U.S. liberates Buchenwald concentration camp
April 13 Canadian army liberates Teuge and Assen Netherlands from Nazis
April 13 Red Army occupy Wien (Vienna)
April 13 U.S. Marines conquer Minna Shima off Okinawa
April 14 American planes bombed Tokyo and damaged the Imperial Palace
April 14 Arnhem/Zwolle freed from nazis
April 14 U.S. 7th Army and allies forces captured Nuremberg and Stuttgart in Germany
April 14 U.S. forces conquered Motobu peninsula on Okinawa
April 14 U.S. Marines attack Yae Take on Okinawa
April 15 British and Canadian troops liberate Nazi camp of Bergen-Belsen
April 15 British Army liberates Belsen concentration camp
April 15 Franklin D. Roosevelt buried on grounds of Hyde Park home
April 15 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Communium interpretes dolorum
April 15 U.S. troops occupy concentration camp Colditz
April 16 German troops in Groningen surrender
April 16 Red Army begins Battle of Berlin
April 16 U.S. troops enter Nuremberg, Germany, during WW II
April 16 U.S. troops land on He Shima Okinawa
April 17 8th Air Force bombs Dresden
April 17 German occupiers flood Wieringermeer, Netherlands
April 17 Mussolono flees from Salo to Molan
April 17 U.S. troops lands in Mindanao
April 18 1 armed outfielder, St. L Brown Pete Gray, 1st game he goes 1 for 4
April 18 Clandestine Radio 1212, after broadcasting pro-nazi propoganda for months used their influence to trap 350,000 German army group B troops
April 18 Epe freed (by corporal G van Aken)
April 19 49th Boston Marathon won by John A Kelley of Mass in 2:30:40.2
April 19 Rodgers and Hammerstein musical "Carousel" opens on Broadway
April 19 U.S. aircraft carrier Franklin heavy damaged in Japanese air raid
April 19 U.S. offensive against Shuri-barrier on Okinawa
April 20 Cleveland Browns organization formed by Arthur "Mickey" McBride
April 20 German occupiers flood Beemster and Fencer
April 20 Soviet troops enter Berlin
April 20 U.S. 7th army captured German city of Nuremberg
April 20 U.S. forces conquer Motobu peninsula on Okinawa
April 21 Allied troops occupy German nuclear laboratory
April 21 He Shima Okinawa conquered in 5 days, 5,000 die
April 21 Ivor Nivello's "Perchance to Dream," premieres in London
April 21 Russia army arrives at outskirts of Berlin
April 21 U.S. 7th Army occupies Neurenberg
April 22 Concentration Camp at Sachsenhausen liberated
April 22 Stanley Cup: Toronto Maple Leafs beat Detroit Red Wings, 4 games to 3
April 23 Concentration camp Flossenburg liberated
April 23 U.S. troops in Italy cross river Po
April 24 Albert B "Happy" Chandler is named 2nd baseball commissioner
April 24 Delegates of 46 countries gather in San Francisco to discuss U.N.
April 25 45 countries convene United Nations Conference on International Organization in SF
April 25 Allied air raid on Surabaja, Java
April 25 British troops reach Grebbe line Netherlands
April 25 Clandestine Radio 1212, used to hoax Nazi Germany's final transmission
April 25 Last Boeing B-17 attack against Nazi Germany
April 25 Red army completely surrounds Berlin
April 25 U.S. and Soviet forces meet at Torgau, Germany on Elbe River
April 26 Marshal Henri Philippe Petain, leader of France's Vichy collaborationist regime during WW II, arrested for treason
April 27 2nd Republic of Austria forms
April 27 Italian partisans capture Mussolini prisoner
April 27 U.S. 5th army enters Genua
April 28 British commands attack Elbe and occupies Lauenburg
April 28 U.S. 5th army reaches Swiss border
April 29 1st food drop by RAF above nazi-occupied Holland (operation Manna)
April 29 Japanese army evacuates Rangoon
April 29 Terms of surrender of German armies in Italy signed
April 29 U.S. liberates 31,601 in Nazi concentration camp in Dachau Germany
April 29 Venice and Mestre were captured by the Allies
April 30 "Arthur Godfrey Time" begins a 27 year run on CBS radio
April 30 Concentration camp Munchen-Allag freed
April 30 Lord Haw-Haw calls for crusade against the bolsheviks
April 30 Red Army occupies Demmin
April 30 Red Army opens attack on German Reichstag building in Berlin
April 30 Russian Army frees Ravensbruck concentration camp
April 30 U.S. troops attack the Elbe
May 1 900 occupiers of Demmin Vorpommeren, commit suicide
May 1 Admiral Karl Doenitz forms German government
May 1 Australian and Dutch troops lands on Tarakan
May 1 General Belgian Labor Union (ABVV) party forms
May 1 Radio Budapest, Hungary re-enters shortwave broadcasting after WW II
May 1 Seys-Inquart flees to Flensburg
May 1 Soviet army reach Rostock
May 2 Allies occupy Wismar
May 2 Dutch Queen Wilhelmina and Princess Juliana reach Gilze-Rijen
May 2 German Army in Italy surrenders
May 2 Russia takes Berlin; General Weidling surrenders
May 2 Yugoslav troops occupy Trieste
May 3 1st Polish armour brigade occupies Wilhelmshafen
May 3 Allies arrests German nuclear physics Werner Heisenberg
May 3 British troop join in Rangoon
May 3 German ship "Cap Arcona" sinks in East Sea, 5,800 killed
May 4 German troops in Netherlands, Denmark and Norway surrender
May 5 Mauthausen Concentration camp liberated
May 5 Netherlands and Denmark liberated from Nazi control
May 5 Premier Gerbrandy on Radio Orange tells Dutch they are liberated
May 5 Uprising against SS-occupying troops in Prague
May 6 General J. Blaskowitz surrenders German troops in Netherlands
May 7 British troops pull into Utrecht, Netherlands
May 7 Formal undertaking of complete German surrender
May 7 Mauthausen Concentration Camp liberated
May 7 Nazi generals Jodl and Von Friedenburg surrender
May 7 Princess Irene Brigade moves into the Hague Netherlands
May 7 Pulitzer prize awarded to John Hersey (Bell for Adano)
May 7 SS open fire on crowd in Amsterdam, killing 22
May 8 Canadian troops move into Amsterdam
May 8 Chinese counter attack at Tsjangte, supports by 14th air fleet
May 8 General Von Keitel surrenders to Marshal Zhukov
May 8 V-E Day; Germany signs unconditional surrender, WW II ends in Europe
May 9 Czechoslovakia liberated from Nazi occupation (National Day)
May 9 Nazi propagandist Max Blokzijl arrested
May 9 New balata ball used in baseball, 50% livilier
May 9 Norwegian nazi collaborators Vidkun Quisling arrested
May 9 Victory celebration at Red Square
May 10 Allies capture Rangoon from the Japanese
May 10 Russian troops occupied Prague
May 11 U.S. Marines conquer Awatsha Draw Okinawa
May 13 U.S. troops conquer Dakeshi Okinawa
May 14 Kamikaze-Zero strikes U.S. aircraft carrier Enterprise
May 14 U.S. offensive on Okinawa, Sugar Loaf conquered
May 16 Violent battles around Sugar Loaf/Half Moon Okinawa
May 17 2 U.S. P-47 Thunderbolts bomb Kiushu
May 18 Tigers and A's both have 7 straight games postponed due to rain
May 19 Start of the 1st Victory Test Cricket between England and Australia Services
May 20 Keith Miller scores 105 in the 1st Victory Test Cricket at Lord's
May 21 Australia Services win 1st Victory Test Cricket at Lord's by 6 wickets
May 21 German war criminal Heinrich Himmler captured
May 21 Lauren Bacall and Humphrey Bogart wed
May 22 6th Marine division reaches suburbs of Naha Okinawa
May 22 NSB-Fuhrer Rost van Tonningen attempts and fails at suicide
May 23 British military police arrest Admiral Karl Doenitz
May 23 German island of Helgoland in North Sea surrenders to British
May 23 Lord Haw-Haw arrested at Danish boundary
May 23 Winston Churchill resigns as British Prime Minister
May 25 Arthur C. Clark proposes relay satellites in geosynchronous orbit
May 26 U.S. drops fire bombs on Tokyo
May 29 U.S. 1st Marine division conquerors Shuri-castle Okinawa
June 1 WLB-AM in Minneapolis Minnesota changes call letters to KUOM
June 4 6th Marine division occupies Orokoe Peninsula Okinawa
June 4 U.S., Russia, England and France agree to split occupied Germany
June 5 Opera "Peter Grimes of Benjamin Britten," premieres in London
June 5 U.S., U.K., U.S.S.R., France declare supreme authority over Germany
June 6 "Free People" premieres in Amsterdam
June 9 71st Kentucky Derby: Eddie Arcaro aboard Hoop, Jr. wins in 2:07
June 9 Australian troops lands in Brunei Bay North, Borneo
June 9 Following an 8-7 win over the Phils, Brooklyn manager Leo Durocher is arrested on a complaint by a fan that Durocher slugged him
June 9 "Gruesome Twosome," premieres in USA
June 10 U.S. destroyer William D. Porter ("Willie Dee") sunk by kamikaze
June 12 U.S. 7th Marine regiment conquer summit of Kunishi Ridge, Okinawa
June 13 Heerjansdam soccer team forms
June 13 Orokoe peninsula Okinawa captured, with 6,000 dead
June 15 ANJV established in Concert building, Amsterdam
June 15 Dutch political party ANJV forms
June 16 71st Preakness: Wayne D Wright aboard Polynesian wins in 1:58.8
June 16 Boo Ferriss loses to Yankees 3-2 after starting his career with 8 wins
June 17 Day of Unity in West Germany, National Day
June 18 William Joyce (Lord Haw-Haw) British radio traitor charged with treason
June 21 U.S. defeat Japanese forces on Okinawa during WW II
June 23 77th Belmont: Eddie Arcaro aboard Pavot wins in 2:30.2
June 23 Last organized Japanese defiance broken, Tarakan
June 24 Schermerhorn government forms
June 25 Allied landing at Ternate Molukkas
June 25 Imperial General Headquarters in Tokyo announce fall of Okinawa
June 26 England win the second Victory test cricket at Bramall Lane by 41 runs
June 26 U.N. Charter signed by 50 nations in SF
June 27 Foundation 1940-45 established
June 28 Polish Provisional Government of National Unity set up by Soviets
June 29 20.6 cm rainfall at Litchville North Dakota (state record)
June 29 Ruthenia, formerly in Czechoslovakia, becomes part of Ukrainian SSR
June 30 17-day newspaper strike in New York begins
July 1 1st of the superstars returns from the WW II, Hank Greenberg homers
July 1 55th Postmaster General: Robert E Hannegan of Mo takes office
July 1 Allies troop land on Balikpapan
July 5 Labour Party wins British parliamentary election
July 6 Nicaragua becomes 1st nation to formally accept United Nations Charter
July 6 President Truman signs executive order establishing Medal of Freedom
July 6 Washington Senator Rick Ferrell catches a record 1,722 games
July 10 Lieutenant Admiral Marc Mitscher named chief of U.S. Navy staff
July 12 Cubs stop Braves Tommy Holmes modern-day NL hitting streak at 37 games
July 13 1st atom bomb explodes in New Mexico
July 14 Battleship USS South Dakota is 1st U.S. ship to bombard Japan
July 15 27th PGA Championship: Byron Nelson at Morraine CC Dayton, Ohio
July 16 1st atomic bomb detonated, Trinity Site, Alamogordo, New Mexico
July 16 Australian Services win 3rd Victory Test Cricket by 4 wickets
July 16 Cruiser Indianapolis leaves San Francisco with atom bomb
July 17 Potsdam Conference (FDR, Stalin, Churchill) holds 1st meeting
July 19 Edwin Schlossberg, husband of Carolyn Kennedy
July 19 USS Cod saves 51 sailors from Dutch sub in only sub-to-sub rescue
July 21 Detroit Tigers and Philadelphia A's play 24 inning 1-1 tie
July 23 Marshal Henri Petain, leader Vichy-regime, goes on trial
July 24 U.S. destroyer Underhill torpedoed West of Guam
July 26 After Labour landslide in general election, Clement Attlee becomes PM
July 26 Declaration of Potsdam: US/Brit/China demands Japanese surrender
July 26 Japanese government disregards U.S. ultimatum
July 26 U.S. cruiser Indianapolis reaches Tinian with atom bomb
July 26 Winston Churchill resigns as Britain's Prime Minister
July 27 Cubs purchase pitcher Hank Borowy from New York Yankees
July 27 U.S. Communist Party forms
July 28 Airplane crashes into the Empire State Building
July 28 Japanese premier Suzuki disregards U.S. ultimatum to surrender
July 28 U.S. Army B-25 crashes into 79th floor of Empire State Building, 14 die
July 28 U.S. Senate ratifies United Nations charter 89-2
July 29 After delivering the Atomic Bomb across the Pacific, the cruiser USS Indianapolis is torpedoed and sunk by a Japanese submarine
July 30 Philippines Sea: U.S. cruiser Indianapolis torpedoed/sinks, 880 die
August 1 Japanese city Toyama destroyed by B-29's
August 1 Mel Ott is 1st in NL to hit 500th home run (joins Babe Ruth and Jimmy Foxx)
August 1 SVBO soccer team forms in Barger-Oosterveld
August 2 Potsdam Conference ended, with Stalin, Truman and Churchill
August 4 Golfer Byron Nelson records most tournament wins (18) in a season
August 4 Red Sox Tom McBride is 3rd to get 6 RBIs in an inning (4th)
August 5 Atom Bomb dropped on Hiroshima (Aug 6th in Japan)
August 6 Hiroshima Peace Day-atom bomb dropped on Hiroshima by "Enola Gay"
August 6 Keith Miller scores 110 in the 4 Victory Test Cricket at Lord's
August 8 England and Australia Services draw 4th Victory Test
August 8 President Harry S. Truman signs United Nations Charter
August 8 U.S., U.S.S.R., England and France sign Treaty of London
August 8 U.S.S.R. declares war against Japan in WW II
August 8 U.S.S.R. establishes a communist government in North Korea
August 9 U.S. drops 2nd atomic bomb "Fat Man" on Japan destroys part of Nagasaki
August 10 Japan announces willingness to surrender to Allies provided status of Emperor Hirohito remained unchanged
August 11 Allies refuse Japan's surrender offer to retain Emperor Hirohito
August 13 35 Jews sacrifice their lives to blow up Nazi rubber plant in Silesia
August 14 V-J Day; Japan surrenders unconditionally to end WW II
August 15 A riot ensued in San Francisco while the city was celebrating the end of WW II
August 15 Chandler sells World Series radio rights for $150,000 to Gillette, Ford had been World Series sponsor since 1934, pay $100,000 annually
August 15 South Korea liberated from Japanese rule
August 15 U.S. wartime rationing of gasoline and fuel oil ends
August 17 Indonesia (Dutch E Indies) declares independence from Netherlands
August 17 Koreas divided on 38th parallel with U.S. occupying the southern area
August 18 Scheduled demonstrations at Polo Grounds and Ebbets Field to end segregation in organized baseball are called off
August 19 Phillies Jimmie Foxx, 37, pitches 1st 7 innings vs Reds and wins
August 20 Dodgers Tommy Brown, 17, is youngest player to hit a home run
August 20 Robert Hamilton wins PGA golf tournament
August 20 Russian troops occupy Harbin and Mukden
August 20 Tommy Brown, Brooklyn Dodger becomes youngest home run hitter (17)
August 21 President Truman ends Lend-Lease program
August 22 Bob Cristofani scores 110 for Australia Services at Old Trafford
August 22 England defeat Australia Services by 6 wkts in 5th Victory Test Cricket
August 22 Noel Coward's revue "Sigh no More," premieres in London
August 22 Vietnam conflict begins as Ho Chi Minh leads a successful coup
August 24 Cleveland ace Bob Feller returns from Navy and strike out 12
August 25 Jewish immigrants are permitted to leave Mauritius for Palestine
August 26 Japanese diplomats board Missouri to receive instructions on Japan's surrender at the end of WW II
August 27 U.S. troops land in Japan after Japanese surrender
August 29 British liberate Hong Kong from Japan
August 29 General MacArthur named Supreme Commander of Allied Powers in Japan
August 30 12th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Green Bay 19, All-Stars 7 (92,753)
August 30 Dmitri Shostakovich completes his 9th Symphony
August 30 General MacArthur lands in Japan
August 30 Hong Kong liberated from Japan
September 1 Japan surrenders ending WW II (U.S. date, 9/2 in Japan)
September 1 Phillies Vince DiMaggio ties NL record with 4th grand slam of season
September 2 59th U.S. Womens Tennis: Sarah P Cooke beats Pauline Betz (36 86 64)
September 2 Ho Chi Minh declares Vietnam independence from France (National Day)
September 2 V-J Day; formal surrender of Japan aboard USS Missouri (WW II ends)
September 3 65th U.S. Mens Tennis: Sergeant Frank A Parker beats Wm Talbert (14-12 61 62)
September 3 Japanese forces in Philippines surrender to Allies
September 4 Ruben Fine wins 4 simultaneous rapid chess games blindfolded
September 4 U.S. regains possession of Wake Island from Japan
September 6 A's catcher George George punches ump Joe Rue gets suspended
September 6 "Mr Strauss Goes to Boston" opens at Century Theater New York City for 12 performances
September 7 Japanese at Rioekioe-islands surrender
September 7 Joe Kuhel hits inside-the-park home run, only home run hit by a Senator all season at Washington's Griffith Stadium
September 8 Hideki Tojo, Japanese Prime Minister during most of WW II, attempts suicide rather than face war crimes tribunal attempt fails, later he is hanged
September 8 U.S. invades Japanese-held Korea
September 9 1st "bug" in a computer program discovered by Grace Hopper, a moth was removed with tweasers from a relay and taped into the log
September 9 Japanese in S Korea, Taiwan, China, Indochina surrender to Allies
September 9 Jimmie Foxx hits his 534th and final home run
September 9 Philadelphia A's Dick Fowler no-hits St. Louis Brown, 1-0
September 10 KLS-AM in Oakland California changes call letters to KWBR (now KDIA)
September 10 Vidkun Quisling sentenced to death for collaborating with Nazis
September 16 Barometric pressure at 856 mb (25.55") off Okinawa (record low)
September 18 1000 whites walk out of Gary, Indiana schools to protest integration
September 19 Kim Il Sung arrives in harbor of Wonsan, Korea
September 19 Lord Haw Haw (William Joyce) sentenced to death in London
September 20 German rocket engineers begin work in U.S.
September 22 Stan Musial gets 5 hits off 5 pitchers on 5 consecutive pitches
September 26 All old Dutch banknotes declared invalid
September 28 Canadian football's Calgary Bronks changes its name to Stampeders
September 28 Robert T Duncan appears as Tonio in "I Pagliacci"
September 29 Cubs clinch NL pennant
September 30 Hank Greenberg's final day home run wins pennant for Tigers
October 1 Heavyweight champ Joe Louis is discharged from army
October 1 U.S. Office of Strategic Services (OSS) disbands
October 3 Elvis Presley's 1st public appearance, he is 10
October 3 Tigers and Cubs meet in World Series for 4th time
October 3 World Federation of Trade Unions forms; CIO a member
October 5 Indonesian army forms
October 5 "Meet the Press" premieres on radio
October 5 Queen Wilhelmina visits Rotterdam
October 6 General Eisenhower welcomed in Hague (on Hitler's train)
October 6 Memorial for executed unveiled in Terbregge
October 6 Tavern owner "Billy Goat" Sianis buys seat for his goat for Game 4 of World Series and is escorted out, he casts goat curse on Cubs
October 7 Dutch author A M de Jong's murderer Ton van Gog escapes
October 8 Truman announced atomic bomb secret shared with Britain and Canada
October 9 British troops occupy Andamanen in Gulf of Bengal
October 10 Detroit Tigers beat Chicago Cubs, 4 games to 3 in 42nd World Series
October 11 Chinese civil war begins, Chiang Kai-Shek vs Mao Tse-Tung
October 11 JPL WAC Corporal Launch (1st Man-Made Object to escape Atmosphere)
October 14 Chicago Cardinals end a record 29-game losing streak, beat Bears
October 15 Baseball Attendance hits record 10.28 million (Tigers 1.28 is highest)
October 16 UN's Food and Agriculture Organization comes into existence
October 18 Nazi war crime trial opens in Nuremberg
October 18 Paul Robeson wins Spingarn Medal for singing and acting achievements
October 20 Supreme Court Justice Geoffrey Lawrence opens trial of Neurenberg
October 21 Women in France allowed to vote for 1st time
October 23 Jackie Robinson signs Montreal Royal contract
October 24 France (PC/PS/MRP win parliamentary election (25/24/23%)
October 24 U.N. charter comes into effect
October 25 Japanese surrender Taiwan to General Chiang Kai-shek
October 27 1st edition of Elseviers Weekly newspaper (Elseviers Magazine)
October 27 "Carib Song" closes at Adelphi Theater New York City after 36 performances
October 29 1st ball point pen goes on sale, 57 years after it is patented
October 29 Happy Chandler, resigns as U.S. Senator, remains as baseball commish
October 30 Branch Rickey signs Jackie Robinson to a Montreal Royals
October 30 U.S. government announces end of shoe rationing
November 1 1st issue of Ebony magazine published by John H. Johnson
November 3 Lindsay Hassett scores 187 and 124* for Australia Services at Delhi
November 6 HUAC begins investigation of 7 radio commentators
November 8 "Girl from Nantucket" opens at Adelphi Theater New York City for 12 performances
November 8 Riverboat sinks off Hong Kong; kills 1,550
November 10 "Are You with It?" opens at Century Theater New York City for 264 performances
November 10 College football's #1 Army beats #2 Notre Dame 48-0
November 10 General Enver Hoxha becomes leader of Albania
November 10 Nazi concentration camp at Buchenwald liberated by U.S.
November 12 Nobel Peace Prize awarded to Cordell Hull (establishing UN)
November 13 Australian Services draw 1st Victory Test against India
November 14 H Lindsay and R Crouse's "State of the Union," premieres in New York City
November 14 Java: Sutan Sjahrir appointed as forming government
November 15 The rules are revised for election of modern players to the Hall of
November 16 Yeshiva College (Univesity), chartered in NY, 1st U.S. Jewish College
November 17 "Girl from Nantucket" closes at Adelphi Theater New York City after 12 performances
November 17 New world air speed record 606 mph (975 kph) set by HJ Wilson of RAF
November 18 Arnold Schonberg's Prelude for orchestra and mixed choir, premieres
November 20 24 Nazi leaders put on trial at Nuremberg, Germany
November 20 Dmitri Sjostakovitch's 9th Symphony under J Mravinski premieres
November 20 Queen Wilhelmina opens parliament in Hague
November 21 Benjamin Britten's 2nd String quartet in C, premieres
November 21 General Motors workers go on strike
November 22 "Day before Spring" opens at National Theater New York City for 167 performances
November 22 Jim Benton, Cleveland end, gains 303 yards (NFL record)
November 23 Most U.S. wartime rationing of foods, including meat and butter, ends
November 26 During snow storm, school bus crashes, kills 15 (Washington)
November 27 Dutch resistance fighter Hannie Schaft re-buried in presence of Queen Wilhelmina
November 27 General George C. Marshall named special U.S. envoy to China
November 27 Hannie Buy buried in presence of Queen Wilhelmina
November 27 Trial against NSB-leader Mussert begins
November 28 Australia Services draw second Victory Test Cricket vs. India at Calcutta
November 29 Yugoslavian Socialist Republic proclaimed
November 30 33rd CFL Grey Cup: Toronto Argonauts defeats Winn Blue Bombers, 35-0
December 1 CFL Grey Cup: Toronto beats Winnipeg, 35-0 at Toronto
December 4 11th Heisman Trophy Award: Doc Blanchard, Army (FB)
December 4 Senate approves U.S. participation in UN
December 5 "Lost Squadron" crashes east of Florida (Bermuda Triangle)
December 5 Special Council of Annulment affirms death sentence of Max Blokzijl
December 7 Microwave oven patented
December 10 Australia Services lose 3rd Victory Test Cricket to India by 6 wkts
December 10 Preston Tucker reveals plan to produce the Torpedo, a new 150 MPH car
December 11 Het Parool publishes 1st Captain Rob-strip
December 12 Special Court of justice convicts NSB-leader Mussert to death
December 14 Elmer Rice' "Dream Girl," premieres in New York City
December 15 John J "Cardinal" O'Connor, ordained as a priest
December 16 Cleveland Rams win NFL championship
December 18 Uruguay joins UN
December 19 Austrian Republic re-establishes
December 19 Jean Giraudoux' "La Folle de Chaillot," premieres in Paris
December 20 Rationg of auto tires ends in US
December 21 "Billion Dollar Baby" opens at Alvin Theater New York City for 219 performances
December 21 Gould/Comden/Green's "Billion Dollar Baby," premieres in New York City
December 22 Utrecht: Catholic People's party (KVP) established
December 23 Frederick Astons "Cinderella" premieres in London
December 23 Pope Pius XII encyclical Orientals omnes, about Rutheense church
December 27 Arthur Laurent's "Home of the Brave," premieres in New York City
December 27 International Monetary Fund established - World Bank founded
December 28 Congress officially recognizes the Pledge of Allegiance
December 31 Bradman scores 112, his 1st post-War century, SA vs. Australia Services
December 31 Ratification of United Nations Charter completed












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