1954 in History



January 1 KSLA TV channel 12 in Shreveport, LA (CBS) begins broadcasting
January 1 Rose and Cotton Bowl are 1st sports colorcasts
January 1 WWTV TV channel 9 in Cadillac-Traverse City, MI (CBS) 1st broadcast
January 1 Yugoslav parliament chairman/Vice President Milovan Djilas criticize communism
January 2 Herman Wouks "Caine Mutiny," premieres in New York City
January 4 Elvis Presley records a 10 minute demo in Nashville
January 4 Soap Opera "The Brighter Day" premieres
January 8 Elvis Presley pays $4 to a Memphis studio and records his 1st two songs, "Casual Love" and "I'll Never Stand in Your Way"
January 9 -87 degrees F (-66 degrees C), Northice Station, Greenland (Greenland record)
January 9 Bert Olmstead, Mont Canadiens, ties NHL record of 8 points in game
January 9 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Louise Bogan and Leonie Adams
January 10 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to W H Auden
January 11 2 ton locomotive swept into ravine by avalanche 10 die (Austria)
January 12 Austria's worst avalanche-kills 200; 9hrs later 2nd one-kills 115
January 12 Queen Elizabeth II opens New Zealand parliament
January 13 Miltary rule in Egypt; 318 Mohammedan Brotherhood arrested
January 13 WEAR TV channel 3 in Pensacola-Mobile, Florida (ABC) begins broadcasting
January 14 New York Yankee Joe DiMaggio marries actress Marilyn Monroe
January 14 Sandy Wilson's musical "Boyfriend," premieres in London
January 16 "South Pacific" closes at Majestic Theater New York City after 1928 performances
January 17 Jacques Cousteau's 1st network telecast airs on "Omnibus" (CBS)
January 17 NFL Pro Bowl: East beats West 20-9
January 17 Suggs Louise wins LPGA Sea Island Golf Open (Cloister)
January 18 Fanfani forms Italian government
January 20 -70 degrees F (-57 degrees C), Rogers Pass, Montana (U.S. 48 state record)
January 20 Dmitri Sjostakovitsj' "Concertino opus 94," premieres
January 21 1st gas turbine automobile exhibited (New York City)
January 23 Harry van Thorn chosen chairman of Dutch KVP
January 23 Longest undefeated streak in Toronto Maple Leaf history (18 games)
January 24 Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Tampa Women's Golf Open
January 24 BPAA All-Star Tournament won by Don Carter
January 26 Ground breaking begins on Disneyland
January 29 Arnold Schoenberg's "De Profundis," premieres in Cologne
January 30 Belgium ends trade agreement with U.S.S.R.
January 30 Italy's Fanfani government resigns
February 1 1st TV soap opera "Secret Storm" premieres
February 1 Scapino Ballet Studio in Amsterdam destroyed by fire
February 1 Soccer team The County froms in Doetinchem
February 2 Bevo Francis, Rio Grande College, scores 113 pts in basketball game
February 2 President Eisenhower reports detonation of 1st H-bomb, done in 1952
February 2 Snow falls on Gibraltar
February 3 Jeen van den Berg wins Dutch Eleven Cities Skating race (7:32)
February 5 WCDC TV channel 19 in Adams, MA (ABC) begins broadcasting
February 9 Mario Scelba forms new government in Italy
February 10 Eisenhower warns against U.S. intervention in Vietnam
February 10 Ice Dance Championship at Oslo won by Jean Westwood/Lawrence Demmy GRB
February 10 Ice Pairs Championship at Oslo won by Frances Dafoe/Norris Bowden CAN
February 10 Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Oslo won by Gundi Busch GER
February 10 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Oslo won by Hayes Alan Jenkins US
February 11 6th Emmy Awards: I Love Lucy, Donald O'Connor and Eve Arden wins
February 13 Frank Selvey scores 100 points for Furman beating Newberry 149-95
February 14 Beverly Hanson wins LPGA St. Petersburg Golf Open
February 14 Senator John Kennedy appears on "Meet the Press"
February 14 WTOC TV channel 11 in Savannah, Georgia (CBS) begins broadcasting
February 15 1st bevatron in operation-Berkeley, California
February 15 WRDW TV channel 12 in Augusta, Georgia (CBS) begins broadcasting
February 16 WNEM TV channel 5 in Bay City, MI (NBC) begins broadcasting
February 19 WAST (now WNYT) TV channel 13 in Albany-Troy, New York (NBC) 1st broadcast
February 20 Babe Didrikson Zaharias wins LPGA Serbin Golf Open
February 20 General Zahedi wins election in Persia
February 23 1st mass inoculation with Salk vaccine (Pittsburgh)
February 23 Syrian army drives out president Adib el-Shishakli
February 25 Abdul Nasser appointed Egyptian premier
February 26 1st typesetting machine (photo engraving) used, Quincy Massachusetts
February 26 Michigan rep Ruth Thompson (R) introduces legislation to ban mailing "obscene, lewd, lascivious or filthy" phonograph (rock and roll) records
February 28 Patty Berg/Pete Cooper wins LPGA Orlando Mixed Golf Tournament
February 28 U.S. performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
March 1 4 Puerto Ricans open fire in U.S. House of Representatives injuring 5 representatives
March 1 Rebellion during visit of President Naguib in Khartoum Sudan, 30 die
March 1 Ted Williams fractures collarbone in 1st game of spring training after flying 39 combat missions without injury in Korean War
March 1 U.S. explodes 15 megaton hydrogen bomb at Bikini Atoll
March 4 J. E. Wilkins, appointed 1st Black U.S. sub-cabinet member
March 5 "Girl in Pink Tights" opens at Mark Hellinger New York City for 115 performances
March 7 Babe Didrikson Zaharias wins LPGA Sarasota Golf Open
March 7 Russia wins title in their 1st international ice hockey competition
March 9 1st local color TV coml WNBT-TV (WNBC-TV) New York City (Castro Decorators)
March 9 Edward R. Murrow criticizes Senator Joseph McCarthy on 'See it Now'
March 9 WMUR TV channel 9 in Manchester, New Hampshire (ABC) begins broadcasting
March 11 U.S. Army charges Senator Joseph McCarthy used undue pressure tactics
March 12 1st performance of Arnold Schonberg's "Moses und Aaron"
March 13 Braves' Bobby Thomson breaks his ankle, he is replaced by Hank Aaron
March 13 Viet Minh General Giap opens assault on That Bien Phu
March 14 Braves Henry Aaron homers in his 1st exhibition game
March 14 KDAL (now KDLH) TV channel 3 in Duluth-Superior, MN (CBS) begins
March 14 Louise Suggs wins LPGA Titleholders Golf Championship
March 14 NBA Baltimore Bullets end a 32 game road losing streak
March 15 "CBS Morning Show" premieres with Walter Cronkite and Jack Paar
March 15 WSJV TV channel 28 in Elkhart-South Bend, IN (ABC) begins broadcasting
March 19 1st color telecast of a prize fight, Giardello vs Troy in MSG, New York City
March 19 1st rocket-driven sled on rails was tested in Alamogordo, New Mexico
March 19 U.S. Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Tenley Albright
March 19 U.S. Mens Figure Skating championship won by Hayes A Jenkins
March 19 Weekes, Worrell and Walcott complete tons in innings vs. England
March 20 16th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: La Salle beats Bradley 92-76
March 20 1st newspaper vending machine used (Columbia Pennsylvania)
March 20 "King and I" closes at St. James Theater New York City after 1246 performances
March 21 KFBB TV channel 5 in Great Falls, Montana (ABC/CBS/NBC) begins broadcasting
March 22 1st shopping mall opened in Southfield, Michigan
March 25 26th Academy Awards - "From Here to Eternity," Holden and A Hepburn win
March 25 Pope Pius XII encyclical "Sacra virginitas" (On consecrated virginity)
March 25 RCA manufactures 1st color TV set, a 12-inch screen for $1,000
March 26 U.S. performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
March 28 8th Tony Awards: Teahouse of the August Moon and Kismet win
March 28 Louise Suggs wins LPGA Betsy Rawls Golf Open
March 28 WKAQ TV channel 2 in San Juan, Puerto Rico (TM) begins broadcasting
March 30 Test Cricket debut of Garry Sobers vs. England at Kingston
March 31 U.S. Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs, Colorado, established
March 31 U.S.S.R. offers to join NATO
April 1 1st army helicopter battalion forms, Fort Bragg, NC
April 1 1st Dutch motorway, Amsterdam-Utrecht, opens
April 1 Earthquake and tsunami ravage Aleutians, 200 killed
April 1 U.S. Air Force Academy forms
April 1 WQED TV channel 13 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (PBS) begins broadcasting
April 2 Plans to build Disneyland 1st announced
April 3 Don Perry climbs a 20' rope in under 2.8 seconds (AAU record)
April 3 "Me and Juliet" closes at Majestic Theater New York City after 358 performances
April 4 Louise Suggs wins LPGA Carrollton Georgia Golf Open
April 5 Elvis Presley records his debut single, "That's All Right"
April 6 Montreal Canadians score 3 goals in 56 sec in playoff game against Detroit
April 6 TV Dinner was 1st put on sale by Swanson and Sons
April 6 U.S. performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
April 7 German government refuses to recognize DDR
April 7 President Eisenhower fears "domino-effect" in Indo-China
April 7 WALB TV channel 10 in Albany, Georgia (NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting
April 8 "By the Beautiful Sea" opens at Majestic Theater New York City for 270 performances
April 9 WECT TV channel 6 in Wilmington, North Carolina (NBC/CBS) begins broadcasting
April 10 KRGV TV channel 5 in Weslaco, Texas (ABC) begins broadcasting
April 11 Marlene Bauer wins LPGA New Orleans Golf Open
April 12 18th Golf Masters Championship: Sam Snead wins, shooting a 289
April 12 8th NBA Championship: Minnesota Lakers beat Syracuse Nationals, 4 games to 3
April 12 Belgian Van Houtte government resigns
April 12 Bill Haley and Comets records "Rock Around Clock"
April 12 Joe Turner releases "Shake, Rattle and Roll"
April 13 Baltimore Orioles 1st game, loses to Tigers in Detroit 3-0
April 13 Milwaukee Braves' Hank Aaron's 1st game
April 13 Robert Oppenheimer accused of being a communist
April 14 Soviet diplomat Vladimir Petrov asks for politics asylum in Canberra
April 15 KARK TV channel 4 in Little Rock, AR (NBC) begins broadcasting
April 15 Orioles 1st game in Baltimore beat White Sox 3-1
April 15 WHO TV channel 13 in Des Moines, IA (NBC) begins broadcasting
April 15 Yankees dedicate a plaque to Edward Barrow
April 16 KVAL TV channel 13 in Eugene, OR (CBS) begins broadcasting
April 16 Stanley Cup: Detroit Red Wings beat Montreal Canadiens, 4 games to 3
April 18 Colonel Nasser seizes power and becomes Prime Minister of Egypt
April 18 Louise Suggs wins LPGA Babe Didrikson Zaharias Golf Open
April 19 58th Boston Marathon won by Veikko Karvonen of Finland in 2:20:39
April 19 7-time winner of Boston Marathon, 65-year-old Clarence Demar, runs his last race at Boston finishing 78th
April 20 "Golden Apple" opens at Alvin Theater New York City for 125 performances
April 21 Gregori Malenkov becomes premier of U.S.S.R.
April 21 USAF flies French battalion to Vietnam
April 22 Achiel van Acker forms Belgian government
April 22 NBA adopts 24-second shot clock and 6 team-foul rule
April 22 Senate Army-McCarthy televised hearings began
April 22 U.S.S.R. joins UNESCO
April 23 Hammerin' Hank Aaron hits 1st of his 755 homers
April 24 1st American, civilian pilot, P.R. Holden, wounded in Indochina
April 24 Australia and U.S.S.R. break diplomatic relations
April 24 WSEE TV channel 35 in Erie, Pennsylvania (CBS) begins broadcasting
April 25 Bell labs announces 1st solar battery
April 25 British raid Nairobi Kenya (25,000 Mau Mau suspects arrested)
April 25 U.S. performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island atmospher
April 25 WDEF TV channel 12 in Chattanooga, Tennessee (CBS) begins broadcasting
April 26 Far Eastern Affairs conference opens in Geneva
April 26 Nationwide test of Salk anti-polio vaccine begins
April 30 Darius Milhauds 4th Concert for piano/orchestra premieres in Haifa
May 1 80th Kentucky Derby: Raymond York aboard Determine wins in 2:03
May 1 Bishops publish Mandement (member socialist org forbidden)
May 1 HSA-UWC Forms (Unification Church) (Moonies)
May 1 WAPA TV channel 4 in San Juan, Puerto Rico (NBC/SFN) begins broadcasting
May 2 Stan Musial hits 5 home runs in a doubleheader
May 3 KTEN TV channel 10 in Ada-Ardmore, OK (ABC) begins broadcasting
May 3 Pulitzer prize awarded to Charles A. Lindbergh and John Patrick
May 3 WHA TV channel 21 in Madison, Wisconsin (PBS) begins broadcasting
May 4 U.S. performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
May 5 Military coup by general Alfredo Stroessner in Paraguay
May 6 Roger Bannister of Britain breaks 4 minute mile (3:59:4)
May 7 French surrender to Vietminh after 55-day siege at Dien Bien Phu
May 7 U.S., Great Britain and France reject Russian membership in NATO
May 8 1st shot-put over 60' (18.29 m)-Parry O'Brien, Los Angeles, CA
May 10 Bolshoi-ballet does not appear in Paris
May 13 Labour Party wins British municipal elections
May 13 "Pajama Game" opens at St. James Theater New York City for 1063 performances
May 13 Robin Roberts gives up a home run then retires next 27 men in a row
May 13 U.S. performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
May 14 Belgium shortens military conscription from 20 to 18 months
May 15 KGLO (now KIMT) TV channel 3 in Mason City, IA (CBS) 1st broadcast
May 16 Babe Didrikson Zaharias wins LPGA National Capital Golf Open
May 16 Ted Williams gets 8 hits in 1st game (DH) since breaking collarbone
May 16 WGAN (now WGME) TV channel 13 in Portland, ME (CBS) 1st broadcast
May 17 School desegregation law, Brown vs. Board of education
May 17 Supreme Court unanimously rules on Brown vs. Topeka Board of Education reversed 1896 "separate but equal" Plessy Vs Ferguson decision
May 18 European Convention on Human Rights goes into effect
May 19 Postmaster General Summerfield approves CIA mail-opening project
May 20 Chiang Kai-shek becomes president of Nationalist China
May 21 Amendment to give 18-year-olds right to vote is defeated
May 22 80th Preakness: Johnny Adams aboard Hasty Road wins in 1:57.4
May 22 KREX TV channel 5 in Grand Junction, CO (CBS) begins broadcasting
May 22 Robert Zimmerman aka Bob Dylan is Bar Mitzvahed
May 24 1st rocket attains 150 mi (241 km) altitude, White Sands, NM
May 24 Dr. Peter Murray Marshall becomes 1st black to head an AMA unit
May 24 German airline Lufthansa forms
May 24 IBM announces vacuum tube "electronic" brain that could perform 10 million operations an hour
May 29 Kirk and Anne Douglas married
May 30 Dutch bishops forbid membership to non-catholic sporting clubs
May 30 Emile Zatopek runs world record 5K (13:57.2)
May 30 Hector Villa-Lobos' "Odisseia de Uma Raca," premieres
June 1 Emile Zatopek runs record 6 mile: (27:59.2)/10,000m (28:54.2)
June 2 John Costello becomes premier of Ireland
June 4 Arthur Murray flies X-1A rocket plane to record 27,000 m
June 4 France grants Vietnam independence inside French Union
June 5 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Ecclesiae fastos
June 5 "Your Show Of Shows," last airs on NBC-TV
June 6 Patty Berg wins LPGA Triangle Round Robin Golf Tournament
June 7 1st microbiology laboratory dedicated, New Brunswick, New Jersey
June 9 Joseph Welch asks Senator Joseph McCarthy "Have you no sense of decency, sir?" during Senate-Army hearings
June 10 KQED TV channel 9 in SF, California (PBS) begins broadcasting
June 10 PBS reaches SF: KQED (Channel 9) starts broadcasting
June 12 86th Belmont: Eric Guerin aboard High Gun wins in 2:30.8
June 12 Bill Haley's "Rock Around the Clock," is originally released
June 12 "Girl in Pink Tights" closes at Mark Hellinger New York City after 115 performances
June 12 Milwaukee Braves Jim Wilson no-hits Phillies, 2-0
June 13 Cornerstone of Albert Einstein College of Medicine, laid in Bronx
June 14 President Eisenhower signs order adding words 'under God' to the Pledge
June 15 Great Britain's 2 biggest steel factory nationalized
June 16 Dutch military conscription shortened from 20 to 18 months
June 16 Ngo Dinh Diem elected president of Vietnam
June 17 CIA exile army lands in Guatemala, JF Dulles and United Fruit Co
June 17 Rocky Marciano beats Ezzard Charles in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
June 17 Televised Senate Army McCarthy hearings ends
June 18 Pierre Mendes-France forms French government
June 19 54th U.S. Golf Open: Ed Furgol shoots a 284 at Baltusrol Golf Club in New Jersey
June 19 Betty Jameson wins LPGA Western Golf Open
June 19 Tasmanian Devil, debuts in "Devil May Hare" by Warner Bros
June 21 John Landy runs world record mile (3:58.0)
June 22 Congress passes revised organic act for Virgin Islands
June 23 122 degrees F (50 degrees C), Overton, Nevada (state record until June 29, 1994)
June 24 "John Murray Anderson's Almanac" closes at Imperial New York City after 229 performances
June 26 Jim Peters runs marathon in 2:17:39.4
June 27 1st atomic power station opens (Obninsk, near Moscow, Russia)
June 27 CIA-sponsored rebels overthrow elected government of Guatemala
June 28 111 degrees F (44 degrees C) at Camden, South Carolina (state record)
June 29 Atomic Energy Commission voted against reinstating Dr. J Robert Oppenheimer
June 30 Largest check: Internal U.S. Treasury check at $4,176,969,623.57
June 30 Yank pitcher Tom Morgan ties record by hitting 3 batters in 1 inning This was also Bobby Brown's last game; he retired to become a doctor
July 1 Cards' Joe Cunningham hits 2 home runs for record 3 home runs in his 1st 2 days
July 1 Test Cricket debut of Khalid Hassan, 16 years 352, then world record
July 1 WDBO (now WCPX) TV channel 6 in Orlando, Florida (CBS) begins broadcasting
July 2 68th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: J Drobny beats K Rosewall (13-11 46 62 97)
July 2 Denis Compton scores 278 in 290 minutes vs. Pakistan
July 3 61st Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Maureen Connolly beats L Brough (62 75)
July 3 9th U.S. Women's Open Golf Championship won by Babe Didrikson Zaharias
July 3 Food rationing ends in Britain
July 3 "Wonderful Town" closes at Winter Garden Theater New York City after 559 performances
July 4 West Germany beats Hungary 3-2 for soccer's 5th World Cup in Bern
July 4 WMSL (WYUR, now WAFF) TV channel 48 in Huntsville, AL (ABC) begins
July 5 B-52A bomber made its maiden flight
July 5 Last day of Test Cricket for Khalid Hassan aged 16 yrs, 356 days
July 6 Elvis Presley records his 1st hit, "That's All Right"
July 6 KMOS TV channel 6 in Sedalia-Warrensburg, MO (PBS) begins broadcasting
July 6 Tunisian government of M'zali, resigns
July 7 T.A.N.U. party forms in Tanzania
July 8 KMOX (now KMOV) TV channel 4 in Saint Louis, MO (CBS) 1st broadcast
July 8 Military junta selects colonel Armas president of Guatemala
July 11 1st White Citizens Council organizes in Indianola, Miss
July 12 Major League Baseball Players Association founded
July 12 President Eisenhower put forward a plan for an interstate highway system
July 13 21st All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 11-9 at Municipal Stadium, Cleveland
July 13 Dean Stone gets credit for AL win, although he didn't retire a batter, he threw out Shoendienst trying to steal home, AL-11 NL-9
July 14 117 degrees F (47 degrees C), East St. Louis, Illinois (state record)
July 14 118 degrees F (48 degrees C), Warsaw and Union, Missouri (state record)
July 15 110 degrees F (43 degrees C) at Balcony Falls, Virginia (state record)
July 15 1st coml jet transport plane built in U.S. tested (Boeing 707)
July 15 KOCO TV channel 5 in Oklahoma City, OK (ABC) begins broadcasting
July 15 WBOC TV channel 16 in Salisbury, MD (CBS/NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting
July 17 1st major league game where majority of team is black (Dodgers)
July 17 Theodor Heuss re-elected president of West Germany
July 18 Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Inverness Four-Ball Golf Tournament
July 18 Cards losing 8-1 to Phillies begin stalling in 5th, they forfeit game
July 20 Armistice for Indo-China signed, Vietnam separates into North and South
July 20 Tennis champ Maureen Connolly's right leg is crushed in an accident
July 20 West German secret service head Otto John defects to East Germany
July 21 At Geneva, France agrees to independence of North and South Vietnam
July 22 Virgin Islands (U.S.) adopts constitution (Revised Organic Act)
July 22 WTHI TV channel 10 in Terre Haute, IN (CBS) begins broadcasting
July 25 Marilynn Smith wins LPGA Fort Wayne Golf Open
July 26 WCET TV channel 48 in Cincinnati, OH (PBS) begins broadcasting
July 27 36th PGA Championship: Chick Herbert at Keller Golf Club St. Paul Minnesota
July 27 Armistice divides Vietnam into two countries
July 28 Ernest Blochs 4th string quartet, premieres
July 30 Bob Kennedy hits the 1st grand slam for the new Baltimore Orioles
July 30 Elvis Presley joins Memphis Federation of Musicians, Local 71
July 31 Mil Braves' Joe Adcock sets record of 18 total bases (4 home runs, 1 double)
August 1 Louison Bobet wins his 2nd Tour de France
August 1 WKBT TV channel 8 in La Crosse, Wisconsin (CBS) begins broadcasting
August 2 Tahar Ben Ammar appointed premier of Tunisia
August 3 1st VTOL, Vertical Take-off and Land, flown
August 4 Boscombe Down 1st flight of supersonic P-1 Lightning
August 5 Boxing Hall of Fame's 1st election selects 24 modern and 15 pioneers
August 5 Patty Berg wins LPGA World Golf Championshio
August 6 WLAC (now WTVF) TV channel 5 in Nashville (CBS) begins broadcasting
August 7 Charles Mahoney becomes 1st U.S. black to serve as a full United Nations delegate
August 7 "Golden Apple" closes at Alvin Theater New York City after 125 performances
August 10 Netherlands Indonesian Union breaks up
August 10 Sir Gordon Richards retires as a jockey with record 4,870 wins
August 11 BC Lions plays its 1st CF game, they lose to Montreal Alouettes, 22-0
August 11 Formal peace takes place, ending 7+ years of fighting in Indochina between French and Communist Vietminh
August 12 Senator Eddie Yost draws his 100th walk for 5th year in a row
August 13 21st NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Detroit 31, All-Stars 6 (93,470)
August 14 WGR TV (now WGRZ) TV channel 2 in Buffalo, New York (NBC) begins
August 15 Alfredo Stroessner names himself president of Paraguay
August 15 WCHS TV channel 8 in Charleston-Huntington, WV (ABC) begins
August 16 200 pilgrims drown in Farahzad Iran rain storm flood
August 16 Sports Illustrated magazine begins publishing
August 18 James E. Wilkins is 1st black to attend a U.S. cabinet meeting
August 19 Ralph J. Bunche named undersecretary of UN
August 22 WPTV TV channel 5 in Palm Beach, Florida (NBC) begins broadcasting
August 23 President Getulio Vargas of Brazil resigns temporarily
August 24 Eisenhower signs Communist Control Act, outlawing the Communist Party
August 24 International Amateur Athletic Federation recognizes Red China
August 24 William Heatherton's "Reluctant Debutante," premieres in London
August 25 Ivan Filin wins Berne marathon (2:25:26.6) (260m)
August 29 San Francisco International Airport (SFO) opens
August 30 Hurricane Carol, kills 68
August 31 Hurricane Carol (1st major named storm) hits New England, 70 die
August 31 Indians beat Yankees 6-1 for record tying 26 wins in August (1931 A's)
August 31 WMTW TV channel 8 in Portland-Poland Spring, ME (ABC) begins
September 1 Hurricane Carol strikes Long Island/New England, kills 68
September 1 Ted Kluszewski is 1st Cincinnati Red to hit 40 home runs en route to 49
September 2 Hurricane Edna batters NE U.S., killing 20
September 2 WTVD TV channel 11 in Raleigh-Durham, North Carolina (ABC) begins broadcasting
September 3 China begins artillery bombing on Quemoy and Amoy
September 3 Espionage and Sabotage Act of 1954 signed
September 3 Pope Pius X canonized a saint
September 4 1st passage of McClure Strait, fabled Northwest Passage completed
September 4 Peter B Cortese of U.S. achieves a one-arm deadlift of 370 lbs; 22 lbs over triple his body weight, at York, Pennsylvania
September 5 Dutch Super Constellation crashes at Shannon, 28 die
September 6 68th U.S. Womens Tennis: Doris Hart beats A Louise Brough (68 61 86)
September 6 74th U.S. Mens Tennis: E V Seixas, Jr. beats Rex Hartwig (36 62 64 64)
September 6 U.S. plane shot down above Siberia
September 6 WINS New York City begins playing rock n roll with Alan Freed Show
September 6 Yankees use a record 10 pinch hitters
September 7 Integration begins in Washington D.C. and Baltimore, Maryland public schools
September 8 Alan Freed leaves Cleveland to New York City for WINS radio
September 8 SE Asia Treaty Org (SEATO) forms to stop communists in Asia
September 9 Earthquake strikes Orleansville, Algeria: 1,400 killed
September 9 Indians becomes 1st Cleveland team to win 100 games in a season
September 10 12 second shock kills 1,460 in Orleansville Algeria
September 10 Attempting to handle Hoyt Wilhelm's knuckleball catcher Ray Katt of Giants sets a major league record with 4 passed balls
September 10 WLUK TV channel 11 in Green Bay, Wisconsin (NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting
September 11 1st Miss America TV broadcast
September 11 20.4 cm rainfall at Brunswick, Maine (state record)
September 11 KXJB TV channel 4 in Valley City (Fargo) (NBC) begins broadcasting
September 11 Lee Meriwether (Calif), 19, crowned 27th Miss America 1955 (1st on TV)
September 12 Betsy Rawls wins LPGA St. Louis Golf Open
September 12 Indians sweep Yankees at Municipal Stadium; largest AL crowd (86,563)
September 12 White Sox win 90th game, 1st time they win this many since 1920
September 12 WLBZ TV channel 2 in Bangor, ME (NBC) begins broadcasting
September 13 Reds Ted Kluszewski scores a run in record 17 consecutive games
September 13 WPBN TV channel 7 in Traverse City, MI (NBC) begins broadcasting
September 14 B Britten's opera "Turn of the Screw," premieres in Venice
September 14 Giants' Willie Mays gets 82nd extra-base hit, breaks Mel Ott's record
September 14 Hurricane Edna (2nd of 1954) hits New York City, $50 million damage
September 14 U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test
September 16 CKLW TV channel 9 in Windsor, ON (CBC) begins broadcasting
September 17 Rocky Marciano KOs Ezzard Charles in 8 for heavyweight boxing title
September 18 Cleveland Indians clinch AL pennant, beat Tigers (3-2)
September 18 KTUL TV channel 8 in Tulsa, OK (ABC) begins broadcasting
September 18 WLOS TV channel 13 in G'ville-Spartanburg, South Carolina (ABC) 1st broadcast
September 19 Beverly Hanson wins LPGA Wichita Golf Open
September 20 1st FORTRAN computer program run
September 20 1st National People's Congress adopts Chinese constitution
September 20 KETC TV channel 9 in Saint Louis, MO (PBS) begins broadcasting
September 20 Los Stravinsky's "In Memoriam Dylan Thomas," premieres in Angeles
September 20 Roger Bannister awarded Britain's Silver Pears Trophy
September 21 1st nuclear submarine, USS Nautilus, commissioned
September 21 Kleffens appointed chairman of General Meeting U.N.
September 22 Bkln Dodger Karl Spooner strikes out 15 New York Giants in his 1st game
September 24 Tonight Show premieres on NBC (Johnny takes over 8 years later)
September 24 Yankees tie a record, 3 of their pinch hitters strike out in 1 inning
September 25 Francois "Doc" Duvalier wins Haitian presidential election
September 25 Indians win AL record 111 games
September 25 WCBD TV channel 2 in Charleston, South Carolina (ABC) begins broadcasting
September 26 A's defeats Yankees 8-6 in last game franchise will play in Philadelphia
September 26 Japanese ferry boat Toya Maru sinks in Strait of Tsugaru, 1172 die
September 26 KODE TV channel 12 in Joplin, MO (ABC) begins broadcasting
September 26 KUTV TV channel 2 in Salt Lake City, UT (NBC) begins broadcasting
September 26 Patty Berg wins LPGA Ardmore Golf Open
September 26 Typhoon hits Japan - 5 ferryboats sink killing about 1,600
September 26 WANE TV channel 15 in Fort Wayne, IN (CBS) begins broadcasting
September 26 WCAX TV channel 3 in Burlington, VT (CBS) begins broadcasting
September 26 Yogi Berra plays his only game at 3rd and Mickey Mantle plays shortstop
September 27 School integration begins in Washington D.C. and Baltimore Md public schools
September 27 Steve Allen's "Tonight Show" premieres
September 29 "Barefoot Contessa" starring Ava Gardner premieres at the Capitol
September 29 Bennekom soccer team forms in Bennekom
September 29 KALB TV channel 5 in Alexandria, LA (NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting
September 29 "Masquerade Party," TV game Show; moves to ABC
September 29 "Star is Born" starring Judy Garland and James Mason premieres
September 29 Willie Mays famous over-the-shoulder catch of Vic Wertz' 460' drive
September 30 "Boy Friend" opens at Royale Theater New York City for 483 performances
September 30 Nautilus, 1st atomic-powered vessel (sub), commissioned by the Navy
October 1 British colony of Nigeria becomes a federation
October 2 8th NHL All-Star Game: All-Stars beat Detroit 2-2 at Detroit
October 2 Former French possession of Chandernagore made part of West Bengal
October 2 New York Giants sweep Cleveland Indians, in 51st World Series
October 3 "Father Knows Best" premieres
October 3 KFVS TV channel 12 in Cape Girardeau, MO (CBS) begins broadcasting
October 5 Hurricane Hazel hits Eastern U.S.
October 7 Hassan el Hodeiby, leader of Moslem brothership, arrested in Egypt
October 7 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Ad Sinarum gentem
October 9 KTIV TV channel 4 in Sioux City, IA (NBC) begins broadcasting
October 10 Ho Chi Minh enters Hanoi after French troops pulled out
October 11 "On Your Toes" opens at 46th St. Theater New York City for 64 performances
October 11 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Ad caeli Reginam
October 13 RP Smith/M Shulman's "Tender Trap," premieres in New York City
October 14 Israeli act of revenge in Qibiya Jordan, kills 53
October 15 Hurricane Hazel strikes U.S. and Canada, 348 die
October 15 KLTV TV channel 7 in Tyler-Longview, Texas (ABC) begins broadcasting
October 17 Philadelphia Eagle Adrian Burk passes for 7 touchdowns vs. Washington (49-21)
October 18 Hurricane Hazel (3rd of 1954) becomes most severe to hit US
October 18 WBTW TV channel 13 in Florence, South Carolina (CBS/ABC) begins broadcasting
October 18 WNBC radio changes call letters to WRCA (New York City)
October 19 Egypt and Great Britain sign treaty; British troops departs
October 19 KAKE TV channel 10 in Wichita, KS (ABC) begins broadcasting
October 20 "Peter Pan" opens at Winter Garden Theater New York City for 149 performances
October 21 Dorothy Parker/Arnaud d'Usseau's "Ladies of the Corridor," premieres
October 21 Indonesian troops land in New-Guinea
October 22 West Germany joins North Atlantic Treaty Organization
October 23 Britain, England, France and U.S.S.R. agree to end occupation of Germany
October 23 Pakistan governor-general Ghoelan Mohammed disbands parliament
October 23 West Germany joins NATO
October 23 WSAU TV channel 7 in Wausau, Wisconsin (CBS) begins broadcasting
October 26 Chevrolet unveils V-8 engine
October 26 Walt Disney's 1st television program, "Disneyland," premieres on ABC
October 27 B. O. Davis, Jr. becomes 1st black general in USAF
October 27 President Eisenhower offers aid to South Vietnam President Ngo Dinh Diem
October 27 WISN TV channel 12 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (ABC) begins broadcasting
October 28 Ernest Hemingway wins Nobel prize for literature
October 28 Major league owners vote down sale of A's to a Philadelphia syndicate
October 28 N Richard Nash' "Rainmaker," premieres in New York City
October 28 Nobel prize for literature awarded to Ernest Hemingway
October 29 Colonel Nasser disbands Moslem Brothership
October 29 Sweden begins experimental TV
October 30 Linus Pauling won the Nobel prize in chemistry
October 30 U.S. Armed Forces end segregation of races
October 31 Algerian Revolution against French begins
October 31 Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Texas Golf Open
October 31 KREM TV channel 2 in Spokane, WA (CBS/ABC) begins broadcasting
November 1 Algeria begins rebellion against French rule
November 1 General Fulgencio Batista elected President of Cuba
November 1 India takes over administration of 4 French Indian settlements
November 1 KUON TV channel 12 in Lincoln, NB (PBS) begins broadcasting
November 1 U.S. Senate admonishes Joseph Mccarthy because of slander campaign
November 2 Charles C. Diggs, Jr. elected Michigan's 1st black congressman
November 2 J. S. Thurmond is 1st senator elected by write-in vote (SC)
November 2 Taiwan and U.S. sign military pact
November 3 Linus Pauling wins Nobel Chemistry Prize
November 3 Nobel for physics awarded to Max Born and Walter Bothe
November 4 "Fanny" opens at Majestic Theater New York City for 888 performances
November 4 Philadelphia A's move to Kansas City
November 7 Cleveland Browns' Chet Hanulak sets club record with 7 punt returns and win by their largest margin of victory (59) beating Washington 62-3
November 7 U.S. spy plane shot down North of Japan
November 8 AL approves Philadelphia A's move to Kansas City
November 10 Iwo Jima Memorial (servicemen raising U.S. flag) dedicated in Arlington
November 10 Lieutenant Colonel John Strapp travels 632 MPH in a rocket sled
November 12 Ellis Island, immigration station in New York Harbor, closed
November 14 Egyptian President Naguib fired/state of emergency declared
November 15 1st regularly scheduled commercial flights over North Pole begins
November 18 Yankees trade Woodling, Byrd, McDonald, Triandos, Miranada and Smith to Orioles for Turley, Larsen and Hunter as part of an 18 player deal
November 20 KTRK TV channel 13 in Houston, Texas (ABC) begins broadcasting
November 22 Humane Society forms
November 24 Air Force One, 1st U.S. Presidential airplane, christened
November 24 France sends 20,000 soldiers to Algeria
November 26 Test Cricket debut of Colin Cowdrey vs. Australia at Gabba
November 27 42nd CFL Grey Cup: Edmonton Eskimos defeats Montreal Alouettes, 26-25
November 27 "By the Beautiful Sea" closes at Majestic Theater New York City after 270 performances
November 28 1st pro football game in Netherlands
November 28 Cleveland Browns' Horace Gillom sets club record with 80-yard punt
November 28 KCKT (now KSNC) TV channel 2 in Great Bend, KS (NBC) 1st broadcast
November 30 1st meteorite known to strike a woman (Liz Hodges-Sylacauga Ala)
November 30 20th Heisman Trophy Award: Alan Ameche, Wisconsin (FB)
November 30 John Strodom succeeds Malan as premier of South Africa
December 1 Nationalist China and U.S. sign dike agreement
December 1 Yankees send Miller, Segrist, Leppert and 2 minors to Orioles for Blayzka, Kryhoski, Johnson, Fridley and Del Guercio (completing 18 player deal)
December 2 Frank Selvy of Milwaukee sets then NBA record of 24 of 26 free throws
December 2 "Hit the Trail" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater New York City for 4 performances
December 2 U.S. Senate censures Joe McCarthy, Senator-R-Wisconsin, for "conduct that tends to bring Senate into dishonor and disrepute"
December 3 Samuel Barber's "Prayers of Kierkegaard," premieres
December 3 William Walton's opera "Troilus and Cressida," premieres in London
December 4 "Hit the Trail" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater New York City after 4 performances
December 4 "On Your Toes" closes at 46th St. Theater New York City after 64 performances
December 5 KTEW (now KJRH) TV channel 2 in Tulsa, OK (NBC) begins broadcasting
December 6 Simone de Beauvoir receives Prix Goncourt
December 7 Japanese government of Joshida, resigns
December 7 KCTS TV channel 9 in Seattle, WA (PBS) begins broadcasting
December 8 Maxwell Anderson's "Bad Seed," premieres in New York City
December 8 WPTZ TV channel 5 in Plattsburgh, New York (NBC) begins broadcasting
December 9 Dmitri Sjostakovitsj appointed honored guest of Swed Royal Music Acad
December 10 Albert Schweitzer receives Nobel Peace Prize
December 10 Philadelphia Phillies purchase Connie Mack Stadium
December 11 USS Forrestal christened in Newport News, Va
December 14 WOAY TV channel 4 in Oak Hill-Beckley, WV (ABC) begins broadcasting
December 15 Fordham University scraps football team for financial reasons
December 15 Netherlands Antilles becomes co-equal part of Kingdom of Netherlands
December 17 1st fully automated railroad freight yard (Gary, Indiana)
December 17 WEAU TV channel 13 in Eau Claire, Wisconsin (NBC) begins broadcasting
December 21 Dr. Sam Sheppard's wife Marilyn is murdered (he is accused of crime)
December 24 Council for the Children Protection forms in Netherlands
December 24 Laos gains its independence
December 25 WSFA TV channel 12 in Montgomery, AL (NBC) begins broadcasting
December 26 Cleveland Browns win NFL Championship, beating Detroit 56-10
December 26 "The Shadow," airs for last time on radio
December 27 Gian Carlo Menotti's opera "Saint," premieres in New York City
December 27 "Saint of Bleecker Street" opens at Broadway Theater New York City for 92 performances
December 28 43rd Davis Cup: USA beats Australia in Sydney (3-2)
December 28 KEPR TV channel 19 in Pasco-Kennewick-Richl, WA (CBS) 1st broadcast
December 29 Kingdom of Netherlands, with Netherlands and Netherlands Antilles as autonomous parts, comes into being
December 30 1st use of 24-sec shot clock in pro basketball (Rochester vs Boston)
December 30 Harold Arlen/Truman Capotes musical premieres in New York City
December 30 "House of Flowers" opens at Alvin Theater New York City for 165 performances












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