1956 in History



January 1 Elvis Presley records Heartbreak Hotel for RCA in Nashville
January 1 KHAS TV channel 5 in Hastings, NB (NBC) begins broadcasting
January 1 KOSA TV channel 7 in Odessa, Texas (CBS) begins broadcasting
January 1 Sudan (Anglo-Egyptian Sudan) declares independence from Egypt and U.K.
January 1 WREC (now WREG) TV channel 3 in Memphis, Tennessee (CBS) begins broadcasting
January 2 Poujadists/communists win French parliamentary elections
January 5 Elvis Presley records "Heartbreak Hotel"
January 6 Federal court bars former Little League Commissioner Carl Stotz from forming a rival group
January 6 KGNS TV channel 8 in Laredo, Texas (NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting
January 7 Vinoo Mankad scores 231 vs. New Zealand, 413 opening stand with Roy
January 8 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Conrad Aiken
January 8 Elvis Presley's "Don't Be Cruel/Hound Dog," single goes to #1 and stays #1 for a record 11 weeks (for a single)
January 9 Abigail Van Buren's "Dear Abby" column 1st appears in newspapers
January 9 Samir el-Rifai forms government in Jordan
January 10 Elvis records "Heartbreak Hotel"
January 14 Jordan government refuses to join Pact of Baghdad
January 14 Little Richard releases "Tutti Frutti"
January 15 Bauer Marlene wins LPGA Sea Island Golf Open
January 15 D Shostakovich appointed honorary member of Academia Santa Cecilia
January 15 KWAB TV channel 4 in Big Spring, Texas (NBC) begins broadcasting
January 15 NFL Pro Bowl: East beats West 31-30
January 16 Egyptian President Nasser pledges to reconquer Palestine
January 18 East Germany forms own army (National People's Army)
January 19 Hoboken dedicates a plaque honoring achievements of Alexander Cartwright in organizing early baseball at Elysian Field
January 20 Buddy Holly records "Blue Days Black Night" in Nashville
January 21 "Comedy in Music (Victor Borge)" closes at Golden New York City after 849 performances
January 21 William Shawn succeeds Harold Ross as editor of New Yorker
January 22 30 die in a train crash in Los Angeles
January 22 Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Tampa Golf Open
January 22 Canadian Football Council forms
January 24 96.5 cm precipitation at Kilauea Plantation, Hawaii (state record)
January 25 96.5 cm (38.0") of rainfall, Kilauea Plantation, HI (state record)
January 26 7th Winter Olympic games open in Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy
January 26 Buddy Holly's 1st formal recording session
January 26 Hank Greenberg and Joe Cronin are elected to Hall of Fame
January 26 Porkkala military base returned to Finland by U.S.S.R.
January 27 NFL's New York Giants switches games from Polo Grounds to Yankee Stadium
January 28 Elvis Presley's 1st TV appearance (Dorsey Bros Stage Show)
January 29 Friedrich Durrenmatt's "Der Besuch der Alten Dame," premieres in Zurich
January 30 Elvis Presley records his version of "Blue Suede Shoes"
January 30 KRMA TV channel 6 in Denver, CO (PBS) begins broadcasting
January 30 KTXS TV channel 12 in Sweetwater-Abilene, Texas (ABC) begins broadcasting
January 30 Martin Luther King, Jr's home bombed
January 31 French government of Mollet forms
January 31 Juscelino Kubitschek becomes president of Brazil
February 1 Hague Daily Newspaper reveals war crimes of Hague mayor Schokking
February 1 WSAV TV channel 3 in Savannah, Georgia (NBC) begins broadcasting
February 2 Coasters sign with Atlantic Records
February 3 Autherine J Lucy admitted to University of Alabama, suspended 2/7 after a riot
February 3 Toni Sailor becomes 1st Olympic skier to sweep 3 alpine events
February 4 AL plans to test automatic intentional walk during spring training
February 5 7th Winter Olympic games close at Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy
February 5 Louise Suggs wins LPGA Havana Golf Open
February 5 New York Mayor Robert Wagner and Brooklyn Boro President Frank Cashmore sponsor a bill to create a $30M Brooklyn Sports Center Authority to build
February 6 Chicago's Daily Defender, begins publishing
February 6 French premier Guy Mollet pelted with tomatoes in Algiers
February 6 University of Alabama refuses admission to Autherine Lucy (because he's black)
February 7 Autherine Lucy, 1st black admitted to University of Alabama, is expelled
February 8 Mine disaster in Quaregnon Belgium, 8 die
February 9 -5 degrees F (15 degrees C) in Sicily
February 9 KHPL (now KWNB) TV channel 6 in Hayes Center, NB (ABC) 1st broadcast
February 9 R. Lacoste follows Catroux as premier of Algeria
February 10 Elvis Presley records "Heartbreak Hotel" for RCA
February 10 "My Friend Flicka" premieres on CBS (later NBC) TV
February 12 Fay Crocker wins LPGA Miami Beach Golf Open
February 13 KYW-AM in Philadelphia Penn gives calls to WTAM (now WWWE) Cleveland
February 14 20th Congress of CPSU opens in Moscow
February 14 Indonesia withdraws from Netherlands Indonesian Union
February 14 Verhoeven/Nauta/De King/Wijnhout win Dutch 11 city skate
February 15 Pirates and Kansas City A's cancel an exhibition game in Birmingham Alabama, because of local ordinance barring black from playing against white
February 15 Urho Kekkonen appointed president of Finland
February 16 Britain abolishes death penalty
February 17 Ice Dance Championship at Garmisch won by Pamela Weight/P Thomas GRB
February 17 Ice Pairs Championship at Garmisch won by Schwarz and Oppelt of AUT
February 17 Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Garmisch won by Carol Heiss USA
February 17 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Garmisch won by H A Jenkins USA
February 19 Kathy Cornelius wins LPGA St. Petersburg Golf Open
February 20 WOSU TV channel 34 in Columbus, OH (PBS) begins broadcasting
February 22 1st British soccer match at Kunstlicht: Portsmouth vs Newcastle United
February 22 Elvis Presley's 1st hit in Billboard's top 10: "Heartbreak Hotel"
February 23 20th Congress of CPSU closes in Moscow
February 23 Russian party leader Khrushchev attacks memory of Stalin
February 25 Khrushchev denounces Stalin at 20th Soviet Party Conference
February 26 Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Sarasota Golf Open
February 26 Writers Sylvia Plath and Ted Hughes meet at a party in Cambridge
February 27 Elvis Presley's releases "Heartbreak Hotel"
February 27 Female suffrage in Egypt
February 28 13 die in a train crash in Swampscott Massachusetts
February 28 Forrester issued a patent for computer core memory
February 29 Islamic Republic forms in Pakistan
February 29 President Eisenhower announces he would seek a 2nd term
March 2 Morocco tears up the Treaty of Fez, declares independence from France
March 3 Cockie Gastelaars swims world record 100 m freestyle (1:04.2)
March 3 Indonesian government of Harahap resigns
March 3 Manhattan Borough President Hulan Jack makes plans for a new 110,000-seat stadium to entice Giants to stay in NY
March 3 Morocco gains independence from France (Anniversary of throne)
March 5 "King Kong," 1st televised
March 5 Mickey Wright wins LPGA Jacksonville Golf Open
March 9 Archbishop Makarios of Cyprus arrested and exiled to Seychelles
March 9 Weather forecasting phone line set up in London England
March 10 General strike in Cyprus protesting exile of archbishop Makarios
March 10 Peter Twiss sets new world air record 1,132 mph (1,823 kph)
March 11 Louise Suggs wins LPGA Titleholders Golf Championship
March 12 Dow Jones closes above 500 for 1st time (500.24)
March 13 New Zealand bowl out WI for 77 at Eden Park to score their 1st Test Cricket win
March 15 "My Fair Lady" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater New York City for 2,715 performances
March 15 Whipper Billy Watson beats Lou Thesz in Toronto, to become NWA champ
March 16 U.S. Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Tenley Albright
March 16 U.S. Mens Figure Skating championship won by Hayes A Jenkins
March 17 8th Emmy Awards: Ed Sullivan Show, Phil Silvers Show and Lucy Ball
March 19 Biggest NBA margin of victory - Minnesota Lakers-133, St. Louis Hawks-75
March 20 156-day strike against Westinghouse ends
March 20 E Ochab succeeds Beirut as 1st secretary of Polish CP
March 20 Mount Bezymianny on Kamchatka Peninsula (U.S.S.R.) explodes
March 20 Tunisia gains independence from France
March 20 U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test
March 20 Union workers ended a 156-day strike at Westinghouse Electric Corp
March 21 28th Academy Awards - "Marty," Anna Magnani and Ernest Borgnine win
March 22 Death penalty against KPM-director Leon Jungschlaeger
March 22 "Mr Wonderful" opens at Broadway Theater New York City for 383 performances
March 22 Musical "Mr Wonderful" with Sammy Davis, Jr. premieres in New York City
March 23 18th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: San Francisco beats Iowa 83-71
March 23 Pakistan proclaimed an Islamic republic in Commonwealth (National Day)
March 23 Sudan becomes independent
March 26 Medic Alert Foundation forms
March 26 Red Buttons debuts on TV in Studio One
March 27 French commandos land in Algeria
March 27 U.S. seizes U.S. communist newspaper "Daily Worker"
March 30 U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test
April 1 10th Tony Awards: Diary of Anne Frank and Damn Yankees win
April 1 KPIC TV channel 4 in Roseburg, OR (CBS) begins broadcasting
April 1 Violent clashes in Algeria, kills at least 380
April 2 Peter Ustinovs' "Romanoff and Juliet," premieres in Manchester
April 2 Soap operas "As the World Turns" and "Edge of Night" premieres on TV
April 3 Bulgarian vice premier Traitsjo Kostov rehabilitated
April 3 German war criminals Hinrichsen/Ruhl/Siebens/Viebahn freed
April 3 "Silk Stockings" closes at Imperial Theater New York City after 461 performances
April 4 Enid Bagnold's "Chalk Garden," premieres in London
April 6 Polish communist Gomulka freed from prison
April 7 10th NBA Championship: Ph Warriors beat Ft. Wayne Pistons, 4 games to 1
April 7 Spain relinquishes her protectorate in Morocco
April 8 20th Golf Masters Championship: Jack Burke, Jr. wins, shooting a 289
April 8 6 marine recruits drown during exercise at Paradise Is SC
April 8 M Bandaranaike's People's front wins election in Ceylon
April 10 Philips broadcasts 1st Dutch color TV programs
April 10 Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens beat Detroit Red Wings, 4 games to 1
April 11 French government decides to sends 200,000 reservists to Algeria
April 11 Singer Nat Cole attacked on stage of Birmingham theater by whites
April 12 Bandaranaike government forms in Ceylon
April 13 KETA TV channel 13 in Oklahoma City, OK (PBS) begins broadcasting
April 14 Ampex Corp demonstrates 1st commercial videotape recorder
April 14 "Plain and Fancy" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater New York City after 476 performances
April 15 Marlene Bauer wins LPGA Babe Didrikson Zaharias Golf Open
April 16 1st solar powered radios go on sale
April 17 Bulgaria premier Tchervenkov resigns
April 17 Kominform disbands
April 17 Premium Savings Bonds introduced in Great Britain
April 17 U.S.S.R.'s Cominform (Parliament) dissolves
April 17 Willie Mosconi sinks 150 consecutive balls in a billiard tournament
April 18 Egypt and Israel agree to a cease fire
April 18 Grace Kelly marries Prince Rainier III of Monaco (civil ceremony)
April 19 1st ML baseball game in New Jersey, Dodgers beat Phils in Roosevelt Stadium
April 19 60th Boston Marathon won by Antti Viskari of Finland in 2:14:14
April 19 U.S. actress Grace Kelly marries Monaco's Prince Rainier III
April 21 Elvis Presley's 1st hit record, "Heartbreak Hotel," becomes #1
April 22 Patty Berg wins LPGA Dallas Golf Open
April 23 U.S. Supreme Court ends race segregation on buses
April 24 AL umpire Frank Umont is 1st to wear glasses in a regular season game
April 25 Elvis Presley's "Heartbreak Hotel" goes #1
April 25 Noel Coward's musical "South Sea Bubble," premieres in London
April 27 Burma Premier U Nu's Volksliga voor Vrijheid loses election
April 27 Heavyweight champ, Rocky Marciano, retires undefeated from boxing
April 28 Last French troop leave Vietnam
April 28 Reds Frank Robinson hits his 1st of 586 home runs
April 29 Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Peach Blossom Golf Open
April 29 WLUC TV channel 6 in Marquette, MI (CBS/NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting
April 29 WSPA TV channel 7 in G'ville-Spartanburg, South Carolina (CBS) begins broadcasting
April 29 WWBT TV channel 12 in Richmond, Virginia (NBC) begins broadcasting
May 2 U.S. Lab detects high-temperature microwave radiation from Venus
May 2 U.S. Methodist church disallows race separation
May 3 A new range of mountains discovered in Antarctica (2 over 13,000')
May 3 Frank Loesser's musical "Most Happy Fella," premieres in New York City
May 3 "Most Happy Fella" opens at Imperial Theater New York City for 678 performances
May 4 Queen Juliana unveils National Monument to Dams in Amsterdam
May 4 U.S. performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
May 5 82nd Kentucky Derby: David Erb aboard Needles wins in 2:03.4
May 5 Broekster Boys soccer team forms in Damwoude
May 5 Jim Bailey (U.S.) runs mile a record 3:58.6 in Los Angeles California
May 5 World championships of judo are 1st held, in Tokyo
May 6 Gus Bell (Reds) homers off Bob Miller in both ends of a double header
May 6 WRCB TV channel 3 in Chattanooga, Tennessee (NBC) begins broadcasting
May 7 Battle at Oran, Algeria, kills 300
May 7 New York Giant Bill White, homers in his 1st at bat
May 7 Pulitzer prize awarded to Frances Goodrich and Albert Hackett
May 8 John Osbornes "Look Back in Anger," premieres in London
May 10 French government sends 50,000 reservists to Algeria
May 10 KFSN TV channel 30 in Fresno, California (ABC/CBS) begins broadcasting
May 11 Pinky Lee Show, last airs on NBC-TV
May 12 Brooklyn Dodger Carl Erskine's 2nd no-hitter, beats New York Giants, 3-0
May 12 East Pakistan struck by cyclone and tidal waves
May 13 Pachyderm Building at Cleveland Metroparks Zoo opens
May 16 Egypt recognizes People's Republic of China
May 16 Great Britain performs nuclear Test at Monte Bello Is Australia
May 16 Kraft Theater presents an act from "Profiles in Courage"
May 16 Laker takes 10-88 for Surrey vs. Australians at the Oval
May 18 Hungarian party leader Matyas Rakosi enforces his own policy
May 18 Mickey Mantle hits home run from both sides of plate for record 3rd time
May 18 Queen Juliana opens Rembrandt fairs in Amsterdam
May 19 82nd Preakness: Bill Hartack aboard Fabius wins in 1:58.4
May 19 Pirate Dale Long hits 9th-inning home run, 1st home run in 8 straight games
May 20 Atomic fusion (thermonuclear) bomb dropped from plane-Bikini Atoll
May 20 Jordan government of Samir resigns
May 21 Jordan government of Said el-Mufti forms
May 21 U.S. explodes 1st airborne hydrogen bomb over Bikini Atoll
May 21 WITI TV channel 6 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (CBS/ABC) begins broadcasting
May 22 "Bob Hope Show," last airs on NBC-TV
May 22 KRIS TV channel 6 in Corpus Christi, Texas (NBC) begins broadcasting
May 23 World Trade Center dedicated in Ferry Building, San Francisco
May 25 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Haurietis aquas
May 26 Aircraft carrier "Bennington" burns off RI, killing 103
May 26 Reds' John Klippstein, Hershel Freemman and Joe Blacks no-hitter, broken up with 2 outs in 10th and lose to Braves in 11th, 2-1
May 27 French raid in Algiers
May 27 U.S. performs nuclear test at Enwetak (atmospheric tests)
May 28 Dale Long becomes 1st to hit home runs in 8 straight games
May 28 Eisenhower signs farm bill allows government to store agricultural surplus
May 29 Arnold Schonberg's "Modern Psalm," premieres
May 29 WESH TV channel 2 in Daytona Beach-Orlando, Florida (NBC) 1st broadcast
May 30 Bus boycott begins in Tallahassee, Florida
May 30 Mickey Mantle misses by 18" hitting 1st home run out of Yankee Stadium
May 30 U.S. performs nuclear test at Enwetak (atmospheric tests)
May 31 Mickey Mantle home run just misses clearing Yankee Stadium's roof
June 2 Yugoslav president Tito visits Moscow
June 3 3rd class travel on British Railways ends
June 3 KGUN TV channel 9 in Tucson, Arizona (ABC) begins broadcasting
June 3 Marlene Bauer Hagge wins LPGA Pittsburgh Golf Open
June 4 Speech by Khrushchev blasting Stalin made public
June 5 Federal court rules racial segregation on Montgomery buses anti-Const
June 5 "Milton Berle Show," last airs on NBC-TV
June 7 Singapore government of Marshall resigns
June 8 Lim Yem Hock forms Singapore government
June 8 WDAM TV channel 7 in Laurel-Hattiesburg, MS (NBC) begins broadcasting
June 9 Heavy earthquake strikes Afghanistan, 400 killed
June 10 16th modern Olympiad equestrian events open in Stockholm
June 10 Marlene Bauer Hagge wins LPGA Triangle Round Robin Golf Tournament
June 13 After 72 years, Britain gives up Suez Canal to Egyptian control
June 13 Parliamentary election: Dutch Democrates 50/KVP 49
June 13 Real Madrid wins 1st Europe Cup
June 13 "Shangri-La" opens at Winter Garden Theater New York City for 21 performances
June 14 "New Faces of 1956" opens at Barrymore Theater New York City for 221 performances
June 16 56th U.S. Golf Open: Cary Middlecoff shoots a 281 at Oak Hill CC NY
June 16 88th Belmont: David Erb aboard Needles wins in 2:29.8
June 17 Golda Meir begins her term as Israel's foreign minister
June 18 Last of foreign troops leaves Egypt as Brits leave Suez Canal
June 19 Jerry Lewis and Dean Martin end partnership after 16 films
June 20 At Detroit's Briggs Stadium, Mickey Mantle hits 2 Billy Hoeft pitches into right center field bleachers (no else hits 1 there)
June 20 Venezuelan Super Constellation crashes in New Jersey, 74 killed
June 21 Anti-protons detected in the atmosphere
June 21 East Germany frees almost 19,000 prisoners
June 21 Oriole Connie Johnson beats WS Jack Harshman (1-0) in dual 1 hitters
June 23 Gamal Abdel Nasser elected president of Egypt
June 23 "Jimmy Durante Show," last airs on NBC-TV
June 23 "Transfusion" by Nervous Norvous peaks at #8
June 24 2nd LPGA Championship won by Marlene Hagge
June 24 "Steve Allen Show," returns on NBC-TV
June 24 WISC TV channel 3 in Madison, Wisconsin (CBS) begins broadcasting
June 25 51 die in collision of "Andrea Doria" and "Stockholm" (Cape Cod)
June 25 WKNO TV channel 10 in Memphis, Tennessee (PBS) begins broadcasting
June 27 Indians trailing Orioles 9-1 come back to win 12-11 in 11 innings
June 28 1st atomic reactor built for private research operates Chicago, Illinois
June 28 Riots break out in Poznan Poland, 38 die
June 29 Charles Dumas, makes 1st high jump over 7' (2.13 m)-LA, California
June 29 Federal interstate highway system act signed
June 29 Prime Minister Drees refuses resignation of queen Juliana (Greet Hofmans)
June 30 Lenins politics testament (1923) published in Moscow
June 30 "Pipe Dream" closes at Shubert Theater New York City after 245 performances
June 30 "Shangri-La" closes at Winter Garden Theater New York City after 21 performances
June 30 United DC-7 and TWA collide over Grand Canyon killing 128
July 1 Beverly Hanson wins LPGA Western Golf Open
July 1 Elvis Presley wearing a tuxedo appears on Steve Allen Show
July 1 Ibrahim Hashiroe succeeds Said el-Moefti as premier of Jordan
July 2 Elvis Presley records "Hound Dog" and "Don't Be Cruel"
July 2 U.S. performs nuclear test at Enwetak (atmospheric tests)
July 4 Independence National Historical Park forms in Philadelphia
July 4 U.S. most intense rain fall (1.23" in 1 minute) at Unionville, Maryland
July 5 France raises tobacco tax 20% due to war in Algeria
July 6 70th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Lew Hoad beats Ken Rosewall (62 46 75 64)
July 6 85th British Golf Open: Peter Thomson shoots a 286 at Hoylake England
July 6 Ford Frick inaugurates Cy Young Award, to honor to outstanding pitcher
July 6 Indians' Jim Busby hits 2nd grand slam in two days in a 4-2 win vs. the Kansas City A's
July 7 63rd Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Shirley Fry beats Angela Buxton (63 61)
July 7 7 Army trucks loaded with dynamite explode in middle of Cali, Columbia killing 1,100-1,200, destroying 2,000 buildings
July 7 Douglas Moore/John Latouche' opera "Ballad of Baby Doe," premieres
July 8 Joyce Ziske wins LPGA Syracuse Golf Open
July 8 U.S. performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
July 9 Dick Clark's 1st appearance as host of American Bandstand
July 10 23rd All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 7-3 at Griffith Stadium, Washington D.C.
July 10 650,000 U.S. steel workers go on strike
July 10 U.S. performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
July 13 WCBI TV channel 4 in Columbus, MS (CBS) begins broadcasting
July 14 Boston Red Sox Mel Parnell no-hits Chicago White Sox, 4-0
July 15 Beverly Hanson/Kathy Cornelius wins LPGA Hot Springs Golf Invitational
July 15 Iharos runs world record 10k (28:42.8)
July 16 Detroit Tigers and Briggs Stadium sold for then record $5.5 million
July 16 Karelo-Finnish SSR becomes part of Russian SFSR
July 16 King Faisal of Iraq begins visit to England
July 16 Last Ringling Bros, Barnum and Bailey Circus under a canvas tent
July 18 Erno Gero succeeds Matyas Rakosi as party leader of Hungary
July 19 U.S. refuse to lend Egypt money to build Aswan Dam
July 20 France recognizes Tunisia's independence
July 20 Great Britain refuses to lend Egypt money to build Aswan Dam
July 20 U.S. performs atmospheric nuclear Test at Bikini Island
July 20 Yankee pitcher Whitey Ford ties AL record of 6 straight strike-outs
July 21 Cincinnati Red pitcher Brooks Lawrence loses after 13 straight wins
July 21 U.S. performs atmospheric nuclear Test at Enwetak
July 23 Bell X-2 rocket plane sets world aircraft speed record of 3,050 kph
July 23 Joe Cronin and Hank Greenberg inducted into Hall of Fame
July 24 Brendan Behan's "Quare Fellow," premieres in London
July 24 Dodgers lose to the Reds, 2-1, playing in Jesey City
July 25 38th PGA Championship: Jack Burke at Blue Hill CC Boston
July 25 Italian liner Andrea Doria sinks after colliding with the Stockholm
July 25 Jordan attacks United Nations Palestine force
July 26 Egypt seizes Suez Canal
July 27 Jim Laker takes 9-37 in Australia's 1st innings at Manchester
July 29 11th U.S. Women's Open Golf Championship won by Kathy Cornelius
July 29 Jacques Cousteau's Calypso anchors in 7,500 m of water (record)
July 29 WCKT (now WSVN) TV channel 7 in Miami, Florida (IND) begins broadcasting
July 30 U.S. motto, In God We Trust, authorized
July 31 Laker takes 10-53 in Australia's 2nd innings, 19-90 for match
August 1 KRCR TV channel 7 in Redding-Chico, California (ABC) begins broadcasting
August 3 Willie Williams of U.S. sets 100 meter record at 10.1
August 4 1st motorcycle rode over 200 mph (Wilhelm Herz-210 mph/338 kph)
August 4 Elvis Presley releases "Hound Dog"
August 4 Indonesia says it will not pay debts to the Netherlands
August 5 KUAM TV channel 8 in Agana, GU (CBS/ABC/NBC) begins broadcasting
August 5 Louise Suggs wins LPGA All American Golf Open
August 5 WCYB TV channel 5 in Bristol-Kingsport, Virginia (NBC) begins broadcasting
August 7 Boston Red Sox fine Ted Williams $5,000 for spitting at Boston fans
August 7 British government sends 3 aircraft carriers to Egypt
August 7 Dynamite transport explodes in Colombia; about 1200 die
August 8 Fire and explosion kill 263 miners at Marcinelle, Belgium
August 8 WDIQ (now KMCT) TV channel 2 in Dozier, AL (PBS) begins
August 9 1st state-wide, state-supported educational TV network, Alabama
August 9 South African women demonstrate against pass laws
August 10 23rd NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Cleveland 26, All-Stars 0 (75,000)
August 11 1st flight 4-motor Cessna 620
August 11 Elvis Presley releases "Don't Be Cruel"
August 12 KOTI TV channel 2 in Klamath Falls, OR (NBC/CBS) begins broadcasting
August 12 Marlene Bauer Hagge wins LPGA World Golf Championship
August 13 WBIR TV channel 10 in Knoxville, Tennessee (CBS) begins broadcasting
August 16 Adlai E. Stevenson nominated as Democratic presidential candidate
August 16 Indians' Rocky Colavito hits his 1st grand slam, Cleveland 5, Tigers 4
August 17 Bundesverfassungsgericht bans KPD in West Germany
August 18 Cincinnati Reds (8) and Cubs (2) combine to hit 10 home runs in a 9 inning game
August 18 Elvis Presley's "Hound Dog/Don't Be Cruel" reaches #1
August 19 Fay Crocker wins LPGA St. Louis Golf Open
August 20 Republicans convene at Cow Palace
August 21 WTVW TV channel 7 in Evansville, IN (ABC) begins broadcasting
August 22 Elvis Presley begins filming "The Reno Brothers" (Love Me Tender)
August 22 President Eisenhower and Vice President Nixon renominated by Republican convention in San Francisco
August 24 1st non-stop transcontinental helicopter flight arrived Washington D.C.
August 25 To make room for Enos Slaughter, New York Yankees release Phil Rizzuto
August 26 KREY TV channel 10 in Montrose, CO (CBS/NBC) begins broadcasting
August 26 Marlene Bauer wins LPGA Denver Golf Open
August 26 Yankees announce purchase of outfielder Enos Slaughter from KC
August 27 Curt Robert of Columbus (International League) hits 4 home runs in 7 inning game
August 28 England retain cricket Ashes, Jim Laker 46 wickets in the series
August 29 French government routes troops to Cyprus near Suez crisis
August 30 U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test (atmospheric tests)
August 30 White mob prevents enrollment of blacks at Mansfield HS, Texas
September 1 Indian state of Tripura becomes a territory
September 1 KELP (now KCOS) TV channel 13 in El Paso, Texas (PBS) begins broadcasting
September 2 Collapse of a RR bridge under a train kills 120 (India)
September 2 Orioles trailing Red Sox 8-0 come back to win 11-10 in 9 innings
September 2 Washington-Jackson cable line replaced by bus service
September 3 Tanks are deployed against racist demonstrators in Clinton, Tennessee
September 5 20 die in a train crash in Springer NM
September 7 Bell X-2 sets Unofficial manned aircraft altitude record 126,000'+
September 8 Harry Belafonte's album "Calypso," goes to #1 and stays #1 for 31 weeks
September 9 70th U.S. Womens Tennis: Shirley J Fry beats Althea Gibson (63 64)
September 9 76th U.S. Mens Tennis: Ken Rosewall beats Lewis Hoad (46 62 63 63)
September 9 African Party for Liberation of Guinea-Bissau and Cape Verde forms
September 9 Elvis Presley's 1st appearance on Ed Sullivan's Show
September 10 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Maralinga Australia
September 10 Louisville Kentucky public schools integrates
September 10 WSYE (now WETM) TV chan 18 in Elmira-Corning, New York (NBC) 1st broadcast
September 11 Cincinnati Red Frank Robinson ties rookie record with his 38th home run
September 11 Vladimir Kuts runs world record 10k (28:42.8)
September 11 Yankees Yogi Berra ties career record for home runs (236) by a catcher
September 12 Black students enter and are barred from Clay Kentucky elementary school
September 13 Dike around Dutch polder Eastern Flevoland closes
September 13 Stravinsky's "Canticum Sacrum," premieres in Venice
September 14 1st prefrontal lobotomy performed, Washington D.C.
September 16 Marlene Bauer wins LPGA Clock Golf Open
September 17 Black students enter Clay Kentucky elementary school
September 17 Yankees clinch pennant #22 on Mantle's 50th homer of year
September 18 Mickey Mantle is 8th to hit 50 home runs in a seaon
September 19 1st International conference of black writers and artists meets (Sorbonne)
September 21 Yankees set dubious record, stranding 20 men on base Mantle hits a 500' plus homer but Red Sox win 13-9 in Fenway
September 24 1st trans atlantic telephone cable in use (Newfoundland-Scotland)
September 25 1st transatlantic telephone cable goes into operation (Scot-Canada)
September 25 Brooklyn Dodger Sal Maglie no-hits Philadelphia Phillies, 5-0
September 25 Transatlantic telephone cable (Newfoundland-Oban) is used
September 28 "Johnny Carson Show," TV Variety; last airs on CBS-TV
September 28 RCA Records reports Elvis Presley sold over 10 million records
September 29 "I Love Mickey" by Mickey Mantle and Teresa Brewer peaks at #87
September 29 New York Yankees Mickey Mantle hits his 52nd home run of season
September 29 "Oh! Susanna," debuts on CBS-TV
September 30 Phillies Robin Roberts gives up a major league record 46th home run
September 30 White Sox Jim Derrington, 16, is youngest to start a game (he loses)
October 1 Johnny Heckmann rides 7 winners at Chicago Hawthorne Horse track
October 1 Zestienhoven airport at Rotterdam official opens
October 2 1st atomic power clock exhibited-NYC
October 3 Sal Maglie and Dodgers defeat Yankees 6-3 in opening game of World Series
October 4 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Maralinga Australia
October 5 Yogi Berra becomes 4th Yank to hit a World Series grand slam
October 6 Dmitri Shostakovich's 6th Iron quartet premieres in Leningrad
October 6 Dr. Albert Sabin discovers oral polio vaccine
October 6 South African politician "Kobie" Coetsee marries Helena E Malan
October 7 Mary Lena Faulk wins LPGA Heart of America Golf Open
October 8 Don Larsen, New York, pitches only perfect World Series game, vs Brooklyn
October 9 10th NHL All-Star Game: All-Stars beat Montreal 1-1 at Montreal
October 10 Fazal Mahmood takes 13-114 for match vs. Aus, Karachi
October 10 On Skowron's grand slammer New York Yankees beat Dodgers 9-0 in series game 7
October 11 1st Pakistan vs. Australia Test 95 runs scored on 1st day
October 11 AL President Will Harridge bars Washington Senators move to West Coast, unless unanimously approved by the other AL owners
October 11 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Maralinga Australia
October 12 Marga Klompe becomes 1st Dutch women elected minister
October 13 WAGM TV channel 8 in Presque Isle, ME (CBS/NBC/ABC) begins
October 14 Charles Ives' overture "Robert Browning," premieres in New York City
October 14 Patty Berg wins LPGA Arkansas Golf Open
October 15 Pyotr Bolotnikov runs world record 10k (28:42.8)
October 15 William J Brennan, Jr. appointed to Supreme Court
October 15 Yankees Enos Slaughter scores from 1st on a single in World Series
October 16 "Love Me Tender" with Elvis Presley premieres
October 16 William J. Brennan, Jr. becomes a Supreme Court Justice
October 17 England's 1st large scale nuclear power station opens
October 17 Pakistan defeat Australia by nine wickets at 1st attempt
October 20 58 degrees F (15 degrees C), Esperanza Station, Antarctica (Antarctic record high)
October 20 Hannes Lindemann begins journey across Atlantic in a 17' craft
October 21 Betty Dodd wins LPGA Lawton Golf Open
October 22 France intercept Moroccan plane, arrest Ben Bella
October 22 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Maralinga Australia
October 23 1st video recording on magnetic tape televised coast-to-coast
October 23 Revolt against Stalinist policies begins in Hungary
October 24 AP names Cincinnati manager Birdie Tebbets as NL Manager of the Year
October 24 Soviet troops invade Hungary, Imre Nagy becomes Prime Minister of Hungary
October 25 White Sox manager Marty Marion resigns. AL Lopez replaces him
October 26 U.N.'s International Atomic Energy Agency statute approved
October 26 Vietnam promulgates its constitution
October 28 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Luctuosissimi eventus
October 29 Chet Huntley and David Brinkley, NBC News, team up
October 29 International zone of Tangier returns to Morocco
October 29 Israeli paratroopers drop into Sinai to open Straits of Tiran
October 30 Dodgers sell Ebbets Field to a real estate group They agree to stay until 1959, with an option to stay until 1961
October 30 Israel captures Egyptian militay post at El-Thamad
October 31 1st American to land an airplane at South Pole - Rear Admiral G. J. Dufek
October 31 Britain and France begin to bomb Egypt to reopen Suez Canal
October 31 Brooklyn, New York ends streetcar service
November 1 Delhi becomes a territory of Indian union
November 1 Indian state of Madhya Pradesh forms
November 1 Indian states of Punjab, Patiala and PEPSU merge as Punjab protection
November 1 Nagy government of Hungary withdraws from Warsaw Pact
November 1 Nobel for physics awarded to Shockley, Brattain and Bardeen
November 1 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Laetamur admodum
November 2 Hungary appeals for United Nations assistance against Soviet invasion
November 2 Israel captures Gaza and Sheham
November 3 "Wizard of Oz" 1st televised (CBS-TV)
November 4 200,000 Russian troops attack anti-Stalinist revolt in Budapest
November 4 Israel captures Straits of Tiran and reach Suez Canal Egypt
November 4 U.S.S.R. sends tanks into Hungary and threatens to bomb Budapest
November 5 Britain and France land forces in Egypt
November 5 Dutch Communist Party office of Felix Meritis seized
November 5 Israel liberates Sharm-el-Sheikh, reopening Gulf of Aqaba
November 5 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Datis nuperrime
November 6 Holland and Spain withdraw from Olympics, protest Soviets in Hungary
November 6 President Eisenhower (R) re-elected defeating Adlai E. Stevenson (D)
November 8 U.N. demands U.S.S.R. leave Hungary
November 9 Lou Thesz beats Whipper Billy Watson in St. Louis, to become NWA champ
November 10 Gene de Paul/John Meyer's musical "Li'l Abner," premieres in New York City
November 12 Largest observed iceberg, 208 by 60 miles, 1st sighted
November 13 Supreme Court strikes down segregation of races on public buses
November 14 Hungarian revolt put down
November 15 Elvis Presley's 1st film "Love Me Tender," premieres in New York City
November 15 "Li'l Abner" opens at St. James Theater New York City for 693 performances
November 17 Syracuse fullback Jim Brown, scores NCAA record of 43 pts (vs Colgate)
November 17 U.S.S.R. performs atmospheric nuclear test
November 18 Morocco gains independence
November 21 Don Newcombe, wins NL MVP and 1st-ever Cy Young Award
November 22 16th modern Olympic games opens in Melbourne
November 22 Bill Sharman (Boston) begins NBA free throw streak of 55 games
November 24 44th CFL Grey Cup: Edmonton Eskimos defeats Montreal Alouettes, 50-27
November 24 "Pajama Game" closes at St. James Theater New York City after 1063 performances
November 26 "The Price Is Right" debuts on NBC
November 26 U.S.S.R. single sculls winner Vyacheslav Ivanov wins Olympic gold medal in his excitement he jumps for joy, and loses his medal, it sinks
November 27 F Goodrich and A Hackett's "Diary of Anne Frank," premieres in Netherlands
November 28 Photography begins on "... and God Created Women"
November 29 "Bells Are Ringing" opens at Shubert Theater New York City for 925 performances
November 30 1st use of videotape on TV (Douglas Edwards and the News)
November 30 Floyd Patterson KOs Archie Moore in 5 for heavyweight boxing title
December 1 Alain Mimoun wins 13th Olympics marathon (2:25:00.0)
December 1 "Candide" opens at Martin Beck Theater New York City for 73 performances
December 1 Frank Robinson (NL) and Luis Aparicio (AL) voted Rookie of the Year
December 1 Indonesian Vice President Mohammed Hatta, resigns
December 2 Fidel Castro lands with "Granma" on coast of Cuba
December 3 England and France pull troops out of Egypt
December 3 KFSA (now KFSM) TV channel 5 in Ft. Smith, AR (CBS) 1st broadcast
December 3 Wilt Chamberlain's 1st collegiate basketball game (scores 52)
December 4 22nd Heisman Trophy Award: Paul Hornung, Notre Dame (quarterback)
December 5 Thornton Wilder's "Matchmaker," premieres in New York City
December 6 "Happy Hunting" opens at Majestic Theater New York City for 413 performances
December 6 Nelson Mandela and 156 others arrested for political activities in South Africa
December 7 Helen O'Connell joins Today Show panel
December 8 16th Olympic games close at Melbourne, Australia
December 8 1st test firing of Vanguard satellite program, TV-0
December 8 Guy Mitchell's "Singing the Blues," single goes #1 for 10 weeks
December 10 Establishment of MPLA in Angola
December 11 Anti-Russian demonstrates in Stettin and Wroclaw Poland
December 13 Dodgers trade Jackie Robinson to Giants for pitcher Dick Littlefield and $35,000 Robinson retires
December 14 Paul-Henri Spaak appointed Secretary-General of NATO
December 15 Emergency crisis in North Ireland proclaimed after IRA strikes
December 15 KGW TV channel 8 in Portland, OR (NBC) begins broadcasting
December 15 WRAL TV channel 5 in Raleigh-Durham, North Carolina (CBS) begins broadcasting
December 16 "Fanny" closes at Majestic Theater New York City after 888 performances
December 18 Israeli flag hoisted on Mount Sinai
December 18 Japan admitted to UN
December 18 Phil Rizzuto signs as New York Yankee radio-TV announcer
December 18 "To Tell the Truth" debuts on CBS-TV
December 20 Military coup under colonel Simbolon in Sumatra
December 20 Montgomery, Ala, removed race-based seat assignments on its buses
December 22 Last British/French troops leave Egypt
December 22 "New Faces of 1956" closes at Barrymore Theater New York City after 221 performances
December 24 Ferdinand de Lesseps statue blown up in Port Said Egypt
December 24 "I Love Lucy" Christmas show airs, never put in syndication
December 27 45th Davis Cup: Australia beats USA in Adelaide (5-0)
December 27 Bill Sharman (Boston) ends NBA free throw streak of 55 games
December 28 Miss Frances [Horwich], last Ding Dong School on NBC-TV
December 30 New York Giants beat Chicago Bears 47-7 in NFL championship game












Add History to your Site or Blog
You can add our Today in History or Today's Birthdays scripts to your site. The script has fresh, new content each day, and requires no work on your part. Get started

BrainyHistory on FaceBook
Get the birthdays of the day from BrainyHistory on FaceBook and Twitter