1961 in History



January 1 Briggs Stadium is renamed Tigers Stadium
January 1 Houston Oilers beat LA Chargers 24-16 in AFL championship game
January 1 Largest check issued, National Bank of Chicago to Sears ($960.242 billion)
January 1 Russia introduces a new ruble worth $1.11
January 2 1st AFL Championship Game, Houston Oilers beat LA Chargers 24-16
January 2 Hawaii's, then all time low temperature, 14 degrees F recorded atop Haleakale
January 3 Adam Clayton Powell elected Chairman of House Education and Labor
January 3 U.S. breaks diplomatic relations with Cuba
January 4 Longest recorded strike ends-33 yrs-Danish barbers' assistants
January 5 U.S. breaks diplomatic relations with Cuba
January 7 1st NFL Playoff Bowl (runner-up bowl)-Detroit beats Cleveland 17-16
January 7 Trucial States (now UAE) issue their 1st postage stamps
January 8 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Yvor Winters
January 9 Twins agree on $500,000 payment to AA for Minn/St. Paul territory
January 11 Racial riot at University of Georgia
January 12 "Show Girl" opens at Eugene O'Neill Theater New York City for 100 performances
January 12 U.N. genocide pact goes into effect
January 14 Chicago Bear Willard Dewveall becomes 1st NFLer to join AFL
January 15 NFL Pro Bowl: West beats East 35-31
January 15 Suggs wins LPGA Sea Island Women's Golf Invitational Open
January 15 Supremes signed with Motown Records
January 16 "Conquering Hero" opens at ANTA Theater New York City for 8 performances
January 16 Russian espionage ring detected in Great Britain
January 17 Eisenhower allegedly orders assassination of Congo's Lumumba
January 18 Zanzibar's Afro-Shirazi party wins 1 seat by a single vote and parliament by a single seat
January 19 1st episode for "Dick Van Dyke Show" is filmed
January 20 Arthur M Ramsay becomes archbishop of Canterbury
January 20 Francis Poulenc's "Gloria," premieres in Boston
January 20 Robert Frost recites "Gift Outright" at John F. Kennedy's inauguration
January 20 Yugoslav ex-vice-president Milovan Djilas flees
January 21 "Conquering Hero" closes at ANTA Theater New York City after 8 performances
January 21 KIFI TV channel 8 in Idaho Falls, Idaho (NBC) begins broadcasting
January 21 Portuguese rebels seize cruise ship Santa Maria
January 23 Supreme Court rules cities and states have right to censor films
January 23 Venezuela adopts constitution
January 24 Edward Albee's "American Dream," premieres in New York City
January 24 Lazard Brothers Ltd draw a check for $334,867,807.68
January 25 1st live, nationally televised presidential news conference (John F. Kennedy)
January 25 Louise Suggs wins LPGA Naples Pro-Am Golf Tournament
January 25 Military coup in El Salvador
January 25 Walt Disney's "101 Dalmations" released
January 26 1st woman "personal physician to president"-JG Travell
January 26 "Are You Lonesome Tonight?" by Elvis Presley peaks to #1
January 27 "Sing Along with Mitch" [Miller] premieres on NBC TV
January 28 Republic of Rwanda proclaimed
January 29 U.S. Female Figure Skating championship won by Laurence Owen
January 29 U.S. Male Figure Skating championship won by Bradley Lord
January 30 Bobby Darin is youngest performer to headline a TV special on NBC
January 30 John F. Kennedy asks for an Alliance for Progress and Peace Corp
January 30 KAET TV channel 8 in Phoenix, Arizona (PBS) begins broadcasting
January 30 Lance Gibbs takes hat-trick (Mackay, Grout, Misson) at Adelaide
January 31 David Ben-Gurion resigns as premier of Israel
January 31 Ham is 1st primate in space (158 miles) aboard Mercury/Redstone 2
January 31 Houston voters approve bond to finance luxury domed stadium
January 31 Kanhai completes twin tons (117 and 115) vs. Australia at Adelaide
January 31 NATO Secretary-General Paul-Henri Spaak says he'll resign
January 31 USAF launches Samos spy satellite to replace U-2 flights
February 1 1st full-scale test of U.S. Minuteman ICBM is successful
February 1 British minister Enoch Powell makes medical insurance more expensive
February 1 Mackay and Kline hang on for 100 minutes for cricket draw vs West Indies
February 2 Prince Bernhard opens new RAI building in Amsterdam
February 3 6th largest snowfall in New York City history (17.4" (44.2cm))
February 4 Sputnik 7 launches into Earth orbit; probable Venus probe failure
February 6 "Jail, No Bail" Jail-in movement starts in Rock Hill SC
February 6 KOAP TV channel 10 in Portland, OR (PBS) begins broadcasting
February 7 Jane Fonda made her acting debut in the NBC drama "A String of Beads"
February 9 Joseph Ileo appointed premier of Congo
February 10 AFL's LA Chargers move to San Diego
February 10 Niagara Falls hydroelectric project begins producing power
February 10 Walter Piston's 7th Symphony, premieres
February 11 Robert Weaver sworn in with then highest federal post by a black
February 11 Trial of Adolf Eichmann begins in Jerusalem
February 12 Celtic Bill Russell grabs 40 rebounds to beat Warriors 136-125
February 12 Mickey Wright wins LPGA St. Petersburg Golf Open
February 12 Mushtaq Mohammad scores 1st Test Cricket century at 17 years 82 days
February 12 U.S.S.R. launches Venera 1 toward Venus
February 13 Frank Sinatra launches Reprise label under Warner Bros Records
February 13 Soviet Union fires a rocket from Sputnik V to Venus
February 14 Element 103, Lawrencium, 1st produced in Berkeley California
February 14 Louise Suggs wins LPGA Royal Poinciana Golf Invitational
February 15 Australia beat WI 2-1 in one of best Test Cricket series ever
February 15 Entire U.S. figure skating team of 18, dies in Belgian Sabena 707 crash
February 16 1st all-solid-propellant rocket put in orbit, Wallops Island, Va
February 16 China uses it's 1st nuclear reactor
February 16 U.S. satellite Explorer 9 is launched
February 18 Henk van der Grift becomes world champion skater
February 19 Albania disavows Chinese "Revisionism"
February 19 Henk van der Grift (Netherlands) becomes world champ all-round skater
February 21 Friedrich Durrenmatt's "Die Physiker," premieres in Zurich
February 21 Gabon adopts constitution
February 21 Mercury-Atlas 2 reentry Test reaches 172 km
February 24 Explorer 10 fails to reach Earth orbit
February 25 Niagara ends St. Bonaventura's 99-game home basketball win streak
February 25 Paul Bikle in glider climbs from 1208 m at release to record 14,10
February 28 John F. Kennedy names Henry Kissinger special advisor
March 1 Cellist Jacqueline du President debut in Wigmore Hall
March 1 President Kennedy establishes the Peace Corp
March 2 "13 Daughters" opens at 54th St. Theater New York City for 28 performances
March 3 King Hassan II's ascends to throne of Morocco
March 4 Paul-Henri Spaak resigns as Secretary-General of NATO
March 6 1st London minicabs introduced
March 6 Dutch guilder revalued 4.74%
March 6 Dutch Queen Juliana celebrates 12 year government jubilee
March 8 Jean Kerr's "Mary, Mary," premieres in New York City
March 8 U.S. nuclear submarine Patrick Henry arrives at Scottish naval base of Holy Loch from South Carolina in a record underseas journey of 66 days 22 hours
March 9 1st animal returned from space, dog named Blackie aboard Sputnik 9
March 9 Mine cave-in in Japan, kills 72
March 9 Sputnik 9 carries Chernushka, a dog, into orbit
March 9 Supremes release "I Want A Guy" and "Never Again"
March 11 Then NHL record 40 penalties, Black Hawks and Maple Leafs (20 each)
March 12 Mickey Wright wins LPGA Miami Golf Open
March 13 Elizabeth Gurley Finn (70) becomes President of U.S. Communist Party
March 13 Floyd Patterson KOs Ingemar Johansson in 6 for heavywgt boxing title
March 13 John F. Kennedy sets up the Alliance for Progress
March 13 Landslide in U.S.S.R., kills 145
March 13 Old type, black and white notes cease to be legal tender
March 13 Pablo Picasso (79) marries his model Jacqueline Rocque (37)
March 14 George Weiss becomes President of New York Mets
March 15 South Africa withdraws from British Commonwealth
March 17 New York DA arrests professional gamblers who implicate Seton Hall players
March 17 South Africa leaves British Commonwealth
March 18 Poppin' Fresh Pillsbury Dough Boy introduced
March 21 Art Modell purchases Cleveland Browns for then record ($3,925,000)
March 21 Beatles' 1st appearance at the Cavern Club
March 24 New York Senate approves $55M for a baseball stadium at Flushing Meadows
March 25 "13 Daughters" closes at 54th St. Theater New York City after 28 performances
March 25 23rd NCAA Men's Basketball Champion: Cincinnati beats Ohio State 70-65 (OT)
March 25 3rd place game is one of the wildest contests in NCAA Tournament history as St. Joseph's defeats Utah 127-120 in 4 overtimes
March 25 Elvis Presley performs live on the USS Arizona
March 25 Explorer 10 launched into elongated Earth orbit (177/181,000 km)
March 25 "Gypsy" closes at Broadway Theater New York City after 702 performances
March 25 Sputnik 10 carries a dog into Earth orbit; later recovered
March 26 Louise Suggs wins LPGA Golden Circle of Golf Festival
March 27 Belgium government of Eyskens resigns
March 27 Failed assassination attempt on King Saif al-Islam Achmad of Yemen
March 29 23rd Amendment ratified, allows Washington D.C. residents to vote for president
March 29 After a 4 year trial Nelson Mandela is acquitted on treason charge
March 29 KCPT TV channel 19 in Kansas City, Missouri (PBS) begins broadcasting
March 30 NASA civilian pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 169,600' (51,690 m)
March 31 Aklilou Habtewold becomes 1st premier of Ethiopia
April 1 Jim Bakker marries Tammy Faye
April 3 Connie Mack Stadium in Philadelphia is sold to J Schleifer Properties
April 3 "Happiest Girl in the World" opens at Martin Beck New York City for 97 performances
April 5 Barbra Streisand appears on "Jack Paar Show"
April 5 Dutch governor Platteel installs New Guinea Council
April 8 British liner "Dara" explodes in Persian Gulf, kills 236
April 8 "Show Girl" closes at Eugene O'Neill Theater New York City after 100 performances
April 10 25th Golf Masters Championship: Gary Player wins, shooting a 280
April 10 Adolf Eichmann tried as a war criminal in Israel
April 10 Dutch foreign minister Luns talks to John F. Kennedy about New Guinea
April 10 New Washington Senators loses 1st regular-season game 4-3 to White Sox
April 11 15th NBA Championship: Bos Celtics beat St. Louis Hawks, 4 games to 1
April 11 Austrian 4th and last government of Raab resigns
April 11 Bob Dylan's 1st appearance at Folk City, Greenwich Village
April 11 Israel begins Adolf Eichmann WW II war crimes trial
April 12 3rd Grammy Awards: Theme From a Summer Place, Ray Charles wins 4
April 12 Douglas MacArthur declines offer to become baseball commissioner
April 12 Yuri Gagarin becomes 1st person to orbit Earth in Vostok 1
April 13 "Carnival!" opens at Imperial Theater New York City for 719 performances
April 13 U.N. General Assembly condemns South Africa's apartheid
April 14 1st live television broadcast from Soviet Union
April 14 Cuban-American invasion army departs Nicaragua
April 14 U.S. element 103 (Lawrencium) discovered
April 15 "Music Man" closes at Majestic Theater New York City after 1375 performances
April 16 15th Tony Awards: Becket and Bye Bye Birdie win
April 16 Louise Suggs wins LPGA Dallas Civitan Golf Open
April 16 Stanley Cup: Chicago Blackhawks beat Detroit Red Wings, 4 games to 2
April 17 1,400 Cuban exiles land in Bay of Pigs attempt to overthrow Castro
April 17 33rd Academy Awards - "Apartment," Burt Lancaster and Liz Taylor win
April 19 65th Boston Marathon won by Eino Oksanen of Finland in 2:23:39
April 20 American Harold Graham makes 1st rocket belt flight
April 21 Dirk U. Suffocated chosen as Secretary-General of NATO
April 21 French army revolts in Algeria
April 21 USAF Major Robert M. White takes X-15 to 32,000 m
April 22 Uprising of French parachutist of General Salan/Challe in Algeria
April 23 Mary Lena Faulk wins LPGA Babe Didrikson Zaharias Golf Open
April 23 "Tenderloin" closes at 46th St. Theater New York City after 216 performances
April 24 John F. Kennedy accepts "sole responsibility" following Bay of Pigs
April 24 Vasa, which sunk on her maiden voyage in 1628, is raised
April 25 France performs nuclear test at Reggane Proving Grounds Algeria
April 25 Mercury/Atlas rocket lifted off with an electronic mannequin
April 25 Premier Moise Tsjombe of Katanga arrested in Congo
April 25 Robert Noyce patents integrated circuit
April 25 Unmanned Mercury test explodes on launch pad
April 25 "Young Abe Lincoln" opens at Eugene O'Neill Theater New York City for 27 performances
April 26 French paratroopers' revolt suppressed in Algeria
April 26 Roger Maris hits 1st of 61 homers in 1961
April 27 NASA launches Explorer 11 into Earth orbit to study gamma rays
April 27 NFL officially recognizes Hall of Fame in Canton, Ohio
April 27 Sierra Leone declares independence from U.K.
April 28 Lieutenant Colonel Gueorgui Mossolov takes E-66A to 34,714 m altitude
April 28 Warren Spahn pitches 2nd no hitter at 41 beats San Francisco Giants, 1-0
April 29 ABC's "Wide World of Sports, debuts
April 30 1st shuttle flights between Washington D.C., Boston and New York City begin (Eastern)
April 30 Lee Harvey Oswald marries Marina Prusakova in Minsk U.S.S.R.
April 30 Mickey Wright wins LPGA Titleholders Golf Championship
April 30 Premier Fidel Castro of Cuba receives Lenin-Peace Prize
April 30 San Francisco Giant Willie Mays hits 4 home runs in a game
May 1 1st U.S. airplane hijacked to Cuba
May 1 Fidel Castro announces there will be no more elections in Cuba
May 1 Pulitzer prize awarded to Harper Lee for To Kill a Mockingbird
May 1 Tanganyika granted full internal self-government by Britain
May 3 Warren Spahn pitches a 2 hitter after pitching a no hitter
May 4 13 Freedom riders began bus trip through South
May 4 1st on-the-road Spacemobile lecture given.
May 4 CORE begins freedom rides from Washington, D.C.
May 4 Malcolm Ross and Victor Prather reach 34,668 m (record) in balloon
May 4 South Africa ANC-leader John Nkadimeng arrested
May 5 Alan Shepard becomes 1st American in space (aboard Freedom 7)
May 6 87th Kentucky Derby: John Sellers aboard Carry Back wins in 2:04
May 6 Omer Vanaudenhove chosen chairman of Belgium Liberal Party
May 7 Ruth Jessen wins LPGA Peach Blossom Golf Open
May 7 "Young Abe Lincoln" closes at Eugene O'Neill New York City after 27 performances
May 8 1st practical sea water conversion plant - Freeport, Texas
May 8 Alan Shepard receives NASA Distinguished Service Medal, Washington
May 9 Baltimore Oriole Jim Gentile hits 2 grand slams (9 RBIs) vs Minnesota Twins
May 9 FCC Chairman Newton N Minow criticizes TV as a "vast wasteland"
May 9 Jim Gentile is 4th to hit grand slams in consecutive innings
May 10 "Beyond the Fringe," premieres in London
May 12 Botvinnik wins world chess championship for 3rd time
May 14 Bus with 1st group of Freedom Riders bombed and burned in Alabama
May 14 Mickey Wright wins LPGA Columbus Golf Open
May 15 36 Unification church couples wed in Korea
May 15 "Bonanza" by Al Caiola Orchestra hits #19
May 15 Pope John XXIII publishes encyclical Mater et Magistra
May 16 13rd Emmy Awards: Jack Benny Show, Raymond Burr and Barbara Stanwyck
May 17 Castro offers to exchange Bay of Pigs prisoners for 500 bulldozers
May 18 "Donnybrook!" opens at 46th St. Theater New York City for 68 performances
May 19 New pier opens in Scheveningen
May 20 87th Preakness: Johnny Sellers aboard Carry Back wins in 1:57.6
May 20 Henzes opera "Elegy for Young Lovers," premieres in Schwetzingen
May 20 Mauritania adopts constitution
May 20 White mob attacks "Freedom Riders" in Montgomery, Alabama
May 21 Governor Patterson declares martial law in Montgomery
May 22 1st revolving restaurant (Top Of The Needle in Seattle), opens
May 22 "Mother-In-Law" by Ernie K-Doe hits #1
May 22 "Touchables In Brooklyn" by Dickie Goodman hits #42
May 24 27 Freedom Riders arrested in Jackson, Mississippi
May 24 Explorer (12) fails to reach Earth orbit
May 25 John F. Kennedy sets goal of putting a man on Moon before the end of decade
May 25 NASA civilian pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 32,770 m
May 26 Freedom Ride Coordinating Committee establishes in Atlanta
May 26 USAF bomber flies Atlantic in a record of just over 3 hours
May 27 1st black light is sold
May 27 Fiorentina wins 1st Europe Cup II in Florence
May 27 Ralph Boston of U.S., sets then long jump record at 27' "
May 28 Amnesty International founded (Nobel Peace Prize 1977)
May 28 Last trip (Paris to Bucharest) on Orient Express (after 78 years)
May 28 Record 27 home runs hit in 7 AL games
May 30 Dutch DC-8 crashes after takeoff at Lisbon, 62 die
May 30 Maris hits his 10th and 11th of 61 home runs
May 31 Benfica wins 6th Europe Cup 1 at Bern
May 31 Chuck Berry's amusement park, Berryland in St. Louis, opens
May 31 John F. Kennedy visits Charles de Gaulle in Paris
May 31 Judge Irving Kaufman orders Board of Ed of New Rochelle, to integrate
May 31 Union of South Africa becomes a republic, leaves Commonwealth
June 1 FM multiplex stereo broadcasting 1st heard
June 3 93rd Belmont: Braulio Baeza aboard Sherluck wins in 2:29.2
June 3 John F. Kennedy and Khrushchev meet in Vienna
June 3 "Wildcat" closes at Alvin Theater New York City after 172 performances
June 4 Mary Lena Faulk wins LPGA Western Golf Open
June 8 English prince Edward, Duke of Kent, weds Katharine Worsley
June 8 Milwaukee sets record of 4 consecutive home runs (Eddie Mathews, Hank Aaron Joe Adcock and Frank Thomas)
June 8 Test Cricket debut of William Morris Lawry, vs. England at Edgbaston, 57
June 9 Ryne Duren sets AL record with 7 straight strikeouts against Red Sox
June 11 Mary Lena Faulk wins LPGA Triangle Round Robin Golf Tournament
June 11 Norm Cash becomes 1st Det Tiger to hit a ball out of Tiger Stadium
June 11 Roger Maris hits 19th and 20th of 61 home runs
June 12 An ailing Bill Veeck sells his interest in White Sox to Arthur Allyn
June 12 Dutch Lockheed Electricity "Sirius" accident at Cairo, kills 20
June 13 "Billy Barnes People" opens at Royale Theater New York City for 8 performances
June 14 106 degrees F, hottest temperature in San Francisco
June 15 Expansion Washington Senators are 30-30, latest date an expansion team will be at .500, Washington will lose their next 10 games
June 16 Dave Garroway is fired as Today Show host
June 16 Discoverer 25 launched
June 16 Soviet ballet dancer Rudolf Nureyev defects to West in Paris
June 17 61st U.S. Golf Open: Gene Littler shoots a 281 at Oakland Hills Michigan
June 17 "Billy Barnes People" closes at Royale Theater New York City after 8 performances
June 17 Russian ballet dancer Rudolph Nureyev defects to west in Frankfurt
June 18 CBS radio cancels "Gunsmoke"
June 18 KBMT TV channel 12 in Beaumont, Texas (ABC) begins broadcasting
June 18 Mary Lena Faulk wins LPGA Eastern Golf Open
June 19 Charlie Finley, changes A's manager Joe Gordon (26-33) for Hank Bauer
June 19 Kuwait declares independence from U.K.
June 19 "Little Egypt (Ying-Yang)" by Coasters peaks at #23
June 19 New York Yankee Roger Maris hits his 25th of 61 home runs
June 19 U.S. Supreme Court struck down a provision in Md's constitution requiring state office holders to believe in God
June 22 Beatles record Aint She Sweet, Cry for a Shadow, When the Saints Go Marching In, Why, Nobody's Child and My Bonnie, in Hamburg
June 22 Moise Tsjombe freed from prison in Congo
June 23 Antarctic Treaty goes into effect
June 23 Cubs Ernie Banks ends his 717 consecutive-games-played streak
June 23 Phillies overcome 9-0, losing 11-2 they score 4 in 8th and 6 in 9th
June 23 USAF Major Robert M White takes X-15 to 32,830 m
June 24 Beatles record "If You Love Me Baby"
June 24 "Happiest Girl in the World" closes at Martin Beck New York City after 97 performances
June 24 Iraq demands dominion over Kuwait
June 25 Baltimore and California use a record 16 pitchers in a game (8 each) in 14 inns
June 25 Iraq announces that Kuwait is a part of Iraq (Kuwait disagrees)
June 28 Phils and San Francisco set then record longest night game (5h11m) 7-7 15 inn tie
June 29 Launch of Transit 4a, with 1st nuclear power supply (SNAP-3)
June 29 Willie Mays is 4th major leaguer with 3 or more home runs twice in a season
June 30 Buddy Rogers beats Pat O'Conner in Chicago, to become NWA champ
June 30 Explorer (12) fails to reach Earth orbit
July 1 16th U.S. Women's Open Golf Championship won by Mickey Wright
July 1 Haleakala National Park forms in Hawaii
July 1 KNDU TV channel 25 in Richland-Pasco-Kennew, WA (NBC) 1st broadcast
July 2 Maris hits 29th and 30th en route to 61 homers
July 5 80 die in collisions in Algiers
July 5 KUSD TV channel 2 in Vermillion, SD (PBS) begins broadcasting
July 5 St. Louis Cardinal Bill White hits 3 home runs and a double
July 6 Portuguese ship explode near Mozambique, kills 300
July 7 75th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Rod Laver beats Chuck McKinley (63 61 64)
July 7 James R. Hoffa elected chairman of Teamsters
July 8 Fred Trueman takes 5-0 in 24 balls to rip through Aussies
July 8 Portuguese steamer "Save" breaks up off Mozambique, 227 die
July 11 30th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 5-4 in 10 at Candlestick Pk, SF
July 11 Gene Kiniski beats Verne Gagne in Minneapolis, to become NWA champ
July 14 Astro's Eddie Matthews hits home run #500
July 14 Finland's Miettunen government forms
July 14 Pope John XXIII publishes encyclical Mater et magistrate
July 15 90th British Golf Open: Arnold Palmer shoots a 284 at Royal Birkdale
July 15 "Donnybrook!" closes at 46th St. Theater New York City after 68 performances
July 15 Spain accept equal rights for men and women
July 16 Kathy Cornelius wins LPGA Tippecanoe Golf Open
July 16 Ralph Boston of U.S., sets then long jump record at 27' 2"
July 17 John Chancellor becomes news anchor of Today Show
July 17 Roger Maris loses a home run (of his 61) due to a rain-out in 5th
July 18 Commissioner Ford Frick rules Babe Ruth's record of 60 home runs in 154-game sched in 1927, must be broken in 1st 154 of 162 games
July 19 1st in-flight movie shown, TWA
July 21 Launch of Mercury 4 (Liberty Bell) with Grissom
July 22 WBNB TV channel 10 in Charlotte Amaile, VI (CBS) begins broadcasting
July 23 Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Cosmopolitan Golf Open
July 23 Bricusse and Newley's musical "Stop the world I want to ...," premieres
July 24 Beginning of a trend, a U.S. commercial plane is hijacked to Cuba
July 24 Edwin Newman becomes news anchor of Today Show
July 25 Maris hits home runs 37, 38, 39 and 40 in a doubleheader
July 29 Phillies lose 1st of 23 straight games
July 29 Wallis and Futuna Islands become a French overseas territory
July 30 43rd PGA Championship: Jerry Barber shoots a 277 at Olympia Fields IL
July 30 Judy Kimball wins LPGA American Women's Golf Open
July 31 31st All Star Baseball Game: 1-1 tie ends by rain at Fenway, Boston
July 31 Israel welcomes its 1,000,000th immigrant
August 1 Benaud rips through England team for Aussie win at Old Trafford
August 1 East Germany limits traffic to West Berlin
August 1 New San Francisco Hall of Justice opens
August 1 Whitney Young, Jr. named executive director of National Urban League
August 2 Beatles 1st gig as house band of Liverpool's Cavern Club
August 2 Cyrille Adula becomes premier of Congo
August 2 St. Louis Cardinals (NFL) beat Toronto Argonauts (CFL) 36-7 in Toronto
August 4 108 degrees F, Spokane, WA
August 4 28th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Philadelphia 28, All-Stars 14 (66,000)
August 5 118 degrees F (48 degrees C), Ice Harbor Dam, Washington (state record)
August 5 Chicago Bears (NFL) beat Montreal Alouettes (CFL) 34-16 in Montreal
August 6 1st case of motion sickness in space reported
August 6 Gherman S Titov, 2nd Russian in space aboard Vostok 2 (17 orbits)
August 6 Mickey Wright wins LPGA Waterloo Golf Open
August 7 Cosmonaut Gherman Titov circles Earth for a full day in Vostok 2
August 7 Soviet premier Khrushchev predicts U.S.S.R. economy will surpass U.S.
August 8 Ham Tigercats (CFL) beat Buff Bills (NFL) 38-21 in Hamilton, Ontario
August 8 Verne Gagne beats Gene Kiniski in Minneapolis, to become NWA champ
August 9 James B Parsons is 1st black appointed to Federal District Court
August 10 England applies for membership in European Common Market
August 11 Warren Spahn records victory #300, beats Cubs 2-1
August 13 Construction on Berlin Wall begins in East Germany
August 13 Louise Suggs wins LPGA Kansas City Golf Open
August 14 Philadelphia Phillies lose 17th straight game
August 16 250,000 West Berliners demonstrate against East Berlin
August 16 Martin L. King protests for black voting right in Miami
August 17 Building of Berlin Wall begins
August 17 Kennedy administration establishes Alliance for Progress
August 18 Construction on Berlin Wall completed
August 19 U.S. vice-president Lyndon B. Johnson visits West Berlin
August 20 East Germany begins erecting 5' high wall along the border with the west to replace the barbed wire put up Aug 13
August 20 Phillies set then dubious record of 23 straight loses, beat Braves
August 21 Jomo Kenyatta freed in Kenya
August 22 Maris hits his 50th of 61 homers
August 23 Belgium sends troops to Rwanda-Urundi
August 23 East Germany imposed new curbs on travel between West and East Berlin
August 23 U.S. lunar probe Ranger 1 reaches 190 km from Earth, falls back
August 24 Former nazi leader Johannes Vorster becomes South Africa's minister of justice (if the shoe fits...)
August 24 Windward Islands' Airways International (Winair) forms
August 25 Brazilian president Janio Quadros, resigns
August 26 Official International Hockey Hall of Fame opens in Toronto
August 27 Francis the Talking Mule is mystery guest on "What's My Line"
August 27 Mickey Wright wins LPGA Spokane Women's Golf Open
August 30 J B Parsons is 1st African American judge of a U.S. District Court
August 30 Last Spanish troops leave Morocco
August 30 Oriole Jack Fisher walks 12 LA Angels in a 9 inning game
August 30 U.S.S.R. says it will resume nuclear testing
August 31 Amsterdam National Ballet forms
September 1 1st conference of neutral countries held in Belgrade
September 1 U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
September 4 Carol Burnette - Richard Hayes Show premieres on CBS radio
September 4 U.S. authorizes Agency for International Development
September 5 John F. Kennedy begins underground nuclear testing
September 5 President Kennedy signs law against hijacking (death penalty)
September 5 U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
September 6 U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Kapustin Yar U.S.S.R.
September 9 Maria Beale Fletcher (NC), 19, crowned 34th Miss America 1962
September 10 75th U.S. Womens Tennis: Darlene R Hard beats Ann Haydon Jones (63 64)
September 10 81st U.S. Mens Tennis: Roy Emerson beats Rodney G Laver (75 63 62)
September 10 Mickey Mantle becomes 7th to hit home run # 400
September 10 U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya U.S.S.R.
September 11 Bob Dylan's 1st New York performance
September 12 NASA civilian pilot Joseph A. Walker takes X-15 to 34,840 m
September 12 U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya U.S.S.R.
September 13 Battles between United Nations and Katanga troops in Congo
September 13 "Car 54 Where are You?" premieres on TV
September 13 U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya U.S.S.R.
September 13 U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
September 13 Unmanned Mercury-Atlas 4 launched into Earth orbit
September 14 Dmitri Shostakovich becomes member of CP of U.S.S.R.
September 14 U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya U.S.S.R.
September 15 61st U.S. Golf Amateur Championship won by Jack Nicklaus
September 15 Hurricane Carla strikes Texas with winds of 175 mph
September 16 CDU loses West German election
September 16 U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya U.S.S.R.
September 16 WLKY TV channel 32 in Louisville, Kentucky (ABC) begins broadcasting
September 17 Minnesota Vikings' 1st NFL game (beat Chicago Bears 37-13)
September 17 Samuel Beckett's "Happy Days," premieres in New York City
September 17 U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
September 18 U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya U.S.S.R.
September 20 After 84 1/3 innings Bill Fischer gives up a base on balls
September 20 James Meredith refused access as a student in Mississippi
September 20 Roger Maris hits home run # 59 and barely misses # 60 in game 154 of the season. Yankees clinch pennant #26
September 20 U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya U.S.S.R.
September 21 Antonio Abertondo swims English Channel round trip (44 miles)
September 22 Antonio Albertondo (Argentina) at 42, completes 1st "double" crossing swim of English Channel in 43 hours 10 min
September 22 Jim Gentile's ties record of 5 grand slams in a year
September 23 1st movie to become a TV series - How to Marry a Millionaire
September 23 Ernie Banks ends 717 consecutive-games-played streak
September 24 Mickey Wright wins LPGA Sacramento Valley Golf Open
September 25 KTPS TV channel 62 in Tacoma, WA (PBS) begins broadcasting
September 26 "From the Second City" opens at Royale Theater New York City for 87 performances
September 26 Roger Maris hits home run number 60 off Jack Fisher, tying Babe Ruth's record
September 27 Sandy Koufax sets NL strikeout season record at 269
September 27 Sierre Leone becomes 100th member of U.N.
September 28 "Doctor Kildare," debuts on NBC-TV
September 28 "Hazel," starring Shirley Booth debuts on NBC-TV
September 28 "Purlie Victorious," a farce by Ossie Davis, opens on Broadway
September 28 Syria withdraws from United Arab Republic
September 28 Ted Williams hits a home run on his last at bat
September 28 USN Comdr Forrest S Petersen takes X-15 to 30,720 m
September 28 Walt Disney's movie "Grey Friars Bobby" premieres
September 29 Bob Dylan's 1st recording session-backup harmonica for Caroline Hester
September 29 "Detectives," TV Crime Drama; moves to NBC-TV
September 29 Mamum Kuzbari becomes premier of Syria
October 1 A believed extinct volcanco erupts in Tristan da Cunha
October 1 East and West Cameroon merge as Federal Republic of Cameroon
October 1 KGIN TV channel 11 in Grand Island, NB (CBS) begins broadcasting
October 1 Mickey Wright wins LPGA Mickey Wright Golf Open
October 1 Premiere of Dmitri Shostakovitsch' 12nd Symphony
October 1 Roger Maris sets record of 61 home runs off of Tracy Stallard
October 1 U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
October 1 WOLO TV channel 25 in Columbia, South Carolina (ABC) begins broadcasting
October 1 WYAH TV channel 27 in Portsmouth, Virginia (IND) begins broadcasting
October 2 "Ben Casey" premieres on NBC-TV
October 2 U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya U.S.S.R.
October 2 WETA TV channel 26 in Washington, D.C. (PBS) begins broadcasting
October 2 WHRO TV channel 15 in Hampton-Norfolk, Virginia (PBS) begins broadcasting
October 3 "Dick Van Dyke Show" premieres on CBS-TV
October 3 KMED (now KTVL) TV channel 10 in Medford, OR (CBS) begins broadcasting
October 3 "Mr Ed" premieres
October 3 "Sail Away" opens at Broadhurst Theater New York City for 167 performances
October 4 U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya U.S.S.R.
October 4 Whitey Ford's 3rd straight World Series shutout
October 5 China and Nepal sign treaty
October 6 John F. Kennedy advises Americans to build fallout shelters
October 6 U.S.S.R. performs nuclear tests at Kapustin Yar and Novaya Zemlya U.S.S.R.
October 7 15th NHL All-Star Game: All-Stars beat Chicago 3-1 at Chicago
October 7 "Bye Bye Birdie" closes at Martin Beck Theater New York City after 607 performances
October 8 Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Bill Brannin's Swing Parade Golf Tournament
October 8 U.S. Constellation crashes at Richmond, Virginia, 74 die
October 8 U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya U.S.S.R.
October 8 Whitey Ford breaks Babe Ruth's World Series record of 29 2/3 consecutive scoreless innings, running his streak to 32
October 9 New York Yankees beat Cincinnati Reds, 4 games to 1 in 58th World Series
October 9 Tanganyika becomes independent within British Commonwealth
October 9 U.S. members of Communist Party obliged to report themselves to Police
October 9 Volcano eruptions on Tristan de Cunha (South Atlantic)
October 9 World Series scoreless pitching streak Yankees beat Reds 4 games to 1
October 9 Yank Whitey Ford breaks Ruth record of 29 2/3 consecutive inning
October 10 Expansion draft to stock Houston Astros and New York Mets
October 10 "Milk and Honey" opens at Martin Beck Theater New York City for 543 performances
October 10 Otis M Smith appointed to Michigan Supreme Court
October 10 U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
October 11 U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test
October 11 USAF Major Robert M White takes X-15 to 66,100m
October 12 "Let It Ride" opens at Eugene O'Neill Theater New York City for 68 performances
October 12 U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
October 14 14th Ryder Cup: U.S., 14 -9 at Royal Lytham and St. Annes, England
October 14 "How to Succeed in Business" opens at 46th St. New York City for 1415 performances
October 17 22nd congress of CPSU opens in Moscow
October 17 Battle of Paris - police kill 210 Algerians
October 17 NASA civilian pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 33,100 m
October 17 NY Museum of Modern Art hangs Henri Matisse's "Le Bateau" upside-down It wasn't corrected until December 3rd
October 18 Emergency crisis proclaimed in South Vietnam due to commun attack
October 21 Barbra Striesand opens in "Another Evening with Harry Stones"
October 21 U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan U.S.S.R.
October 22 75,000 Flemings demand equal rights and Flemish language in Belgium
October 22 Louise Suggs wins LPGA San Antonio Golf Civitan
October 23 "Kwamina" opens at 54th St. Theater New York City for 32 performances
October 23 U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya U.S.S.R.
October 24 "Evening with Yves Montand" opens at John Golden New York City for 55 performances
October 25 U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya U.S.S.R.
October 26 1st Saturn launch vehicle made a flight test
October 27 1st Saturn launch vehicle makes an unmanned flight test
October 27 American Basketball League starts play
October 27 Outer Mongolia and Mauritania become 102nd and 103rd members of UN
October 28 "Fiorello!" closes at Broadhurst Theater New York City after 796 performances
October 28 Ground broken for Municipal (Shea) Stadium for New York Mets
October 29 U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
October 30 Soviet Party Congress unanimously approves a resolution removing Stalin's body from Lenin's tomb in Red Square
October 30 Soviet Union tests a 58 megaton hydrogen bomb
October 30 U.N. unanimously elects U Thant acting Secretary General of the U.N.
October 31 Federal judge rules that Birmingham, Alabama, laws against integrated playing fields are illegal
October 31 Hurricane Hattie, kills 400 in British Honduras
November 2 "Kean" opens at Broadway Theater New York City for 92 performances
November 2 Max Frisch' "Andorra," premieres in Zurich
November 3 General Assembly unanimously elects U Thant acting secretary general
November 4 Karamanlis becomes premier of Greece
November 5 India's premier Nehru arrives in New York
November 5 St. Louis Cardinals Bill Stacy, returns 2 interceptions for TDs vs Dallas
November 6 U.S. government issues a stamp honoring 100th birthday of James Naismith
November 7 France performs underground nuclear test at Ecker Algeria
November 8 Whitey Ford is voted Cy Young Award winner over Warren Spahn
November 9 Paddy Chayefsky's "Gideon," premieres in New York City
November 9 PGA eliminates caucasians only rule
November 9 USAF Major Robert M White takes X-15 to 30,970m
November 11 Congolese soldiers murder 13 Italian United Nations pilots
November 11 Molotov, Malenkov and Kaganovitsj kicked out of Russia's Communist Party
November 11 Stalingrad renamed Volgograd
November 13 WCBB TV channel 10 in Augusta, ME (PBS) begins broadcasting
November 15 Comet C/1961 T1 (Seki) approaches within 0.1019 AUs of Earth
November 15 Roger Maris is voted AL MVP
November 15 U.N. bans nuclear arms
November 16 Great Britain limits immigration from Commonwealth countries
November 18 "Gay Life" opens at Shubert Theater New York City for 113 performances
November 18 John F. Kennedy sends 18,000 military advisors to South Vietnam
November 18 "Kwamina" closes at 54th St. Theater New York City after 32 performances
November 18 U.S. Ranger 2 launched to Moon; failed
November 19 Houston George Blanda passes for 7 touchdowns vs New York Titans (49-13)
November 20 WPLG TV channel 10 in Miami, Florida (ABC) begins broadcasting
November 22 Frank Robinson is 1st to win MVPs in both major leagues
November 22 Producers Albert Broccoli and Harry Saltzman announce expensive publicity campaign to make Sean Connery (James Bond) a star
November 22 St. Louis Hawk Bob Pettit sets NBA record, hitting 19 of 19 free throws
November 25 NBA's Bob Cousy becomes 2nd player to score 15,000 points
November 26 For 2nd time in his career, St. Louis' Jerry Norton has 4 interceptions
November 26 Pro Baseball Rules Committee votes 8-1 against legalizing the spitball
November 27 Gordie Howe becomes 1st to play in 1,000 NHL games
November 27 KHAW TV channel 11 in Hilo, HI (NBC) begins broadcasting
November 28 Ernest Davis is 1st black to win Heisman Trophy
November 28 General Meeting of United Nations debates about New-Guinea
November 28 Martin Walser's "Der Abstecher," premieres in Munich
November 29 Freedom Riders attacked by white mob at bus station in Miss
November 29 John A McCone replaces Allen W Dulles as 6th director of CIA
November 29 Mercury-Atlas 5 carries a chimp (Enos) to orbit
November 30 Billy Williams of the Cubs is voted NL Rookie of Year
November 30 U.S.S.R. vetoes Kuwaits application for United Nations membership
December 2 Fidel Castro declares he's a Marxist, and will lead Cuba to Communism
December 2 Wind Bell, journal of San Francisco Zen Center, begins publishing
December 3 Anton Geesink becomes 1st not-Japanese judo world champion
December 3 Beatles meet future manager Brian Epstein
December 3 George Blanda of Houston Oilers kicks 55-yard field goal
December 3 U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
December 4 Floyd Patterson KOs Tom McNeeley in 4 for heavyweight boxing title
December 4 Museum of Modern Art hangs Matisse's Le Bateau upside down for 47 days
December 4 Smallest New York Knick, 49th St. MSG crowd-1,300 (snowstorm)
December 4 Tanganyika becomes 104th member of UN
December 4 WXGeorgia TV channel 8 in Waycross, Georgia (PBS) begins broadcasting
December 6 27th Heisman Trophy Award: Ernie Davis, Syracuse (HB)
December 8 Antwerp Belgium diocese forms
December 8 Larry Costello scores 32 consecutive pts without a miss (NBA rec)
December 8 South Africa vs. New Zealand, Durban debuts for Eddie Barlow and Peter Pollock
December 8 Wilt Chamberlain scores the 2nd highest total in the NBA - 78
December 9 "From the Second City" closes at Royale Theater New York City after 87 performances
December 9 "Let It Ride" closes at Eugene O'Neill Theater New York City after 68 performances
December 9 SS Col Adolf Eichmann found guilty of war crimes in Israel
December 9 Tanganyika gains independence from Britain takes name Tanzania
December 9 Wilt Chamberlain of NBA Philadelphia Warriors scores 67 points vs NY
December 10 Dr. Ruth marries Fred Westheimer
December 10 Houston Oiler Billy Cannon gains record 373 yards against Titans
December 10 U.S. performs nuclear test at Carlsbad New Mexico (underground)
December 10 U.S.S.R. and Albania break diplomatic relations
December 11 Adolf Eichmann is found guilty of war crimes, in Israel
December 11 Elvis Presley's "Blue Hawaii," album goes to #1 and stays #1 for 20 weeks
December 11 John F. Kennedy provides U.S. miltary helicopters and crews to South Vietnam
December 11 "Please, Mr. Postman" by Marvelettes, released
December 12 Ham radio satellite Oscar 1 launched with military Discoverer 36
December 12 Martin Luther King, Jr. and 700 demonstraters arrested in Albany, Georgia
December 13 Beatles sign a formal agreement to be managed by Brian Epstein
December 13 Gideon Hausner in Jerusalem demands death penalty for Adolf Eichmann
December 13 Jimmy Dean's Big Bad John album is country music 1st million $ seller
December 14 Jimmy Dean's "Big Bad John" is 1st country song to get a gold record
December 15 Adolf Eichmann convicted of crimes against humanity in Israel
December 15 Equal access rule, political parties get TV broadcasting time
December 15 John F. Kennedy visits Puerto Rico
December 15 L J Suenens appointed archbishop of Mechelen-Brussels
December 16 "Evening with Yves Montand" opens at John Golden New York City after 55 performances
December 17 Disgruntled employee set fire to a circus tent in Niteroi Brazil
December 17 India seizes Goa and 2 other Portuguese colonies
December 17 Niteroi Circus of Rio de Janeiro catches fire; 323 die
December 18 Britain's EMI Records originally rejects the Beatles
December 18 For 2nd cons year, AP names Wilma Rudolph female athlete of year
December 18 India annexes Portuguese colonies of Goa, Damao and Diu
December 18 KAIL TV channel 53 in Fresno, California (IND) begins broadcasting
December 18 Wilt Chamberlain of NBA Philadelphia Warriors scores 78 points vs LA
December 19 British government begins decimal coin system
December 19 Indonesian President Sukarno proclaims general mobilization
December 21 Beatles record "Sweet Georgia Brown" and "Ready Teddy"
December 21 John F. Kennedy and British Prime Minister MacMillan meet in Bermuda
December 22 U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
December 23 Fidel Castro announces Cuba will release 1,113 prisoners from failed 1961 Bay of Pigs Invasion for $62M worth of food and medical supplies
December 23 KICU TV channel 43 in Visalia-Fresno, California (IND) begins broadcasting
December 23 Train accident in Italy, 70 die
December 24 Houston Oilers beat San Diego Chargers 10-3 in AFL championship game
December 27 Belgium and Congo resume diplomatic relations
December 27 Styne/Comden/Green's musical "Subways are for Sleeping," premieres
December 27 "Subways Are for Sleeping" opens at St. James Theater New York City for 205 performances
December 28 Tennessee Williams' "Night of the Iguana," premieres in New York City
December 30 Moscow: premier of Dmitri Sjostakovitch' 4th Symphony (out 1936)
December 31 1st performance of Beach Boys
December 31 Beach Boys play their debut gig under that name
December 31 Failed coup by Syrian group in Lebanon
December 31 Green Bay Packers shutout New York Giants 37-0 in NFL championship game
December 31 "lrma La Douce" closes at Plymouth Theater New York City after 527 performances
December 31 Marshall Plan expires after distributing more than $12 billion












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