1648 in History
January 20 Cornerstone of Amsterdam townhall laid
January 30 Spain and Netherlands sign Peace of Munster, ending Tachtigjarige War
April 5 Spanish troops/feudal barons strike down people's uprising in Naples
April 12 University of Harderwijk Netherlands solemn opens
April 22 English army claims king Charles I responsible for bloodshed
May 6 Battle at Zolty Wody-Bohdan Chmielricki's Cossaks beat John II Casimir
May 15 Treaty of Munster: Spain and Netherlands ratified
May 16 Battle at Zolty Wody: Bohdan Chmielricki's cosacks beat John Casimir
May 17 Emperor Ferdinand III defeats Maximilian I of Bavaria
June 10 Moscow's people uprise against regent Boris Morozov
June 24 Cossacks slaughter 2,000 Jews and 600 Polish Catholics in Ukraine
June 30 French premier cardinal Mazarin calls Saint Louis Chamber together
July 22 10,000 Jews of Polannoe murdered in Chmielnick massacre
August 17 Battle at Preston, Lancashire: Henry Ireton beats Scottish
August 20 Battle of Lens: French duke d'Enghien defeats Spaniards
August 26 People's uprising against Anna of Austria and Cardinal Mazarin
September 11 Battle at Pilawce: Bohdan Chmielricki's beats John Casimir
September 21 Battle at Pilawce: Bohdan Chmielricki's beats John Casimir
October 4 Peter Stuyvesant establishes Americas 1st volunteer firemen
October 18 1st U.S. labor organization forms, Boston Shoemakers
October 24 Switzerland's independence recognized
October 24 Treaty of Westphalia ends 30 year war and Holy Roman Empire
November 2 12,000 Jews massacred by Chmielnicki hordes in Narol Podlia
November 11 Dutch and French agree to divide St. Maarten, Leeward Islands
November 26 Pope Innocent X condemns Peace of Westfalen
November 30 English army captures King Charles I
December 6 Pride's Purge: Thomas Pride prevents 96 presbyterians from sitting in English parliament