1709 in History
January 5 Sudden extreme cold kills 1000s of Europeans
January 11 Colley Cibber's "Rival Fools," premieres in London
February 1 Alexander Selkirk [Robinson Crusoe] rescued from Juan Fernandez
February 2 British sailor Alexander Selkirk is rescued after being marooned on a desert island for 5 years, his story inspires "Robinson Crusoe"
February 12 Alexander Selkirk, Scottish seaman is rescued after 4+ years from Fernandez Island (inspiration for Daniel Defoe's "Robinson Crusoe")
March 27 Dike at Hardinxveld breaks (Alblasserwaard flooded)
April 12 1st edition of Tattler magazine in England
April 26 Frisian viceroy Johan Willem Friso marries countess Maria Louisa
July 8 Battle of Poltava; Russians defeat Swedes
August 8 1st known ascent in hot-air balloon, Bartolomeu de Gusmao (indoors)
September 3 1st major group of Swiss/German colonists reaches NC/SC
September 11 Battle at Malplaquet: England/Austria/Dutch Great Alliance beat France
October 29 England/Netherlands sign anti-French "Barrieretraktaat"