1774 in History
January 11 Messier adds M51 (spiral galaxy in Canes Venatici) to his catalog
January 30 Captain Cook reaches 71 degrees 10' S, 1820 km from S pole (record)
February 10 Andrew Becker demonstrates diving suit
February 22 English House of Lords rules authors do not have perpetual copyright
March 4 1st sighting of Orion nebula (William Herschel)
March 7 Boston Port Bill passes, British close port of Boston to all commerce on June 1st 1774
March 25 English Parliament passes Boston Port Bill
March 28 Britain passes Coercive Act against Massachusetts
April 19 CW Glucks opera "Iphigenia in Aulis," premieres in Paris
April 30 Pope Clement XIV proclaims a universal jubilee
May 10 Louis XVI ascends to throne of France
May 20 Britain gives Quebec, Labrador and territory north of Ohio
May 23 Chestertown tea party occurs (tea dumped into Chester River)
May 28 1st Continental Congress convenes (Virginia)
June 1 Boston Port Bill, British government orders Port of Boston closed
June 2 England passed Quartering Act, mandating Colonists must board English troops in their homes
June 11 Jews of Algiers escape attack of Spanish Army
June 13 Rhode Island becomes 1st colony to prohibit importation of slaves
June 22 English parliament accepts Quebec Act
July 12 Citizens of Carlisle Penn, pass a declaration of independence
July 12 Cossack leader Emilian Pugachevs army occupies Kazan
July 17 Captain Cook arrives at New Hebrides (Vanuata)
July 21 Peace of Kutsjuk Kainardji (end Russian-Turkish War)
July 31 Joseph Priestley discovers oxygen
August 1 Priestly discovers oxygen
August 6 Founder of the Shaker Movement, Mother Ann Lee, arrives in NY
August 10 1st Surinam newspaper (1st Wednesday Suriname) begins publishing
September 5 1st Continental Congress assembles, in Philadelphia
September 15 Cossack Emilian Pugachev captured
October 14 1st American colonial decl of rights with sinking of Peggy Stewart
October 14 1st Continental Congress is 1st to declare colonial rights, Philadelphia
October 20 Continental Congress orders discouragment of entertainment
October 26 1st Continental Congress adjourns in Philadelphia
October 26 Minute Men organized in colonies
December 13 1st incident of Revolution-400 attack Ft. William and Mary, New Hampshire
December 14 Mass militiamen successfully attacked arsenal of Ft. William and Mary
December 18 Empress Maria Theresa expels Jews from Prague, Bohemia and Moravia