1776 in History
January 1 General George Washington hoists Continental Union Flag
January 2 1st revolutionary flag displayed
January 2 Austria ends interregation torture
January 5 Assembly of New Hampshire adopts its 1st state constitution
January 10 "Common Sense" by Thomas Paine, published
January 16 Continental Congress approves enlistment of free blacks
February 8 Wolfgang von Goethes' "Stella," premieres in Hamburg
February 17 1st volume of Gibbon's "Decline and Fall of Roman Empire" published
March 2 Americans begin shelling British troops in Boston
March 3 U.S. commodore Esek Hopkins occupies Nassau Bahamas
March 17 British forces evacuate Boston to Nova Scotia during Revolutionary War
March 25 Continental Congress authorized a medal for George Washington
April 1 Friedrich von Klinger's "Sturm und Drang," premieres in Leipzig
April 3 Washington receives honorary Ll.D. degree from Harvard College
April 12 Halifax resolution for independence adopted by North Carolina
April 15 Duchess of Kingston found guilty of bigamy
May 1 Adam Weishaupt founds secret society of Illuminati
May 2 France and Spain agreed to give weapons to American rebels
May 4 Rhode Island declares independence from England
May 12 Turgot, French minister of Finance, resigns
June 7 Richard Lee moves Declaration of Independence in Continental Congress
June 10 Continental Congress appoints a committee to write a Declaration of Independence
June 11 Continental Congress create a committee to draft Declaration of Independence
June 12 Virginia adopts Declaration of Rights
June 23 Final draft of Declaration of Independence submitted to U.S. Congress
June 28 Charleston, South Carolina repulses British sea attack
June 29 Mission Dolores founded by San Francisco Bay
June 29 Virginia state constitution adopted and Patrick Henry made governor
July 1 1st vote on Declaration of Independence
July 2 Continental Congress resolves "these United Colonies are and of right ought to be Free and Independent States"
July 4 Declaration of Independence - U.S. gains independence from Britain
July 6 Declaration of Independence announced on front page of "Pennsylvania Evening Gazette"
July 8 John Nixon gave 1st public reading of Decleration of Independence in Philadelphia
July 9 Declaration of Independence is read to George Washington's troops, New York
July 12 Captain Cook departs with Resolution for 3rd trip to Pacific Ocean
August 2 Formal signing of Declaration of Independence
August 27 British defeat Americans in Battle of Long Island
August 29 Americans withdraw from Manhattan to Westchester
August 30 U.S. Army evacuates Long Island/falls back to Manhattan, New York City
September 6 1st (failed) submarine attack (David Bushnell's "Turtle" attacks British sailboat "Eagle" in Bay of New York)
September 6 Hurricane hits Martinique; 100 French and Dutch ships sinks; 600 die
September 9 Continental Congress renames "United Colonies," "US"
September 10 George Washington asks for a spy volunteer, Nathan Hale volunteers
September 12 Nathan Hale leaves Harlem Heights Camp (127th St) for spy mission
September 15 British forces capture Kip's Bay Manhattan during Revolution
September 17 Presidio of San Francisco forms as a Spanish fort
September 21 Nathan Hale, spied on British for American rebels, arrested
September 24 1st St. Leger horesrace held at Doncaster
September 24 St. Leger horse race run for 1st time
October 9 Mission Dolores founded by San Francisco Bay
October 11 Brigadier General Arnold's Lake Champlain fleet defeated by British
October 12 British Brigade begins guarding Throgg Necks Road in Bronx
October 18 Battle of Pelham: Col John Glover and Marblehead regiment meet British Forces in Bronx
October 18 In a New York bar decorated with bird tail, customer orders "cock tail"
October 28 Battle of White Plains; Washington retreats to New Jersey
November 1 Mission San Juan Capistrano founded in California
November 16 1st gun salute - for U.S. Andrea Doria at Ft. St. Eustatius
November 16 British troops captured Fort Washington during American Revolution
November 18 Hessians capture Ft. Lee, New Jersey
November 28 Washington and his troops cross Delaware River
November 30 Captain Cook begins 3rd and last trip to Pacific (South Sea)
December 5 1st U.S. fraternity, Phi Beta Kappa (William and Mary College), forms
December 8 George Washington's retreating army crosses Delaware River from New Jersey
December 19 Thomas Paine published his 1st "American Crisis" essay, in which he wrote, "These are the times that try men's souls"
December 23 Continental Congress negotiates a war loan of $181,500 from France
December 23 Thomas Paine writes "These are the times that try men's souls"
December 25 Washington crosses Delaware and surprises and defeats 1,400 Hessians
December 26 Battle of Trenton-major British defeat
December 26 George Washington defeats Hessians at Trenton
December 31 Rhode Island establishes wage and price controls to curb inflation: Limit is 70 cents a day for carpenters, 42 cents for tailors