1781 in History
January 4 Andre Mechain discovers M80 (globular cluster in Scorpio)
January 5 British naval expedition led by Benedict Arnold burns Richmond, Va
January 6 Battle of Jersey (Island in UK)
January 20 1st edition of Pieter It Hoens "Post of Neder-Rhijn" published
January 29 Mozart's opera "Idomeneo" premieres, Munich
January 30 Articles of Confederation ratified by 13th state, Maryland
February 3 Dutch West Indies island of St. Eustatia taken by British
March 1 Continental Congress adopts Articles of Confederation
March 13 Sir William Herschel sees "comet" (really discovered Uranus)
March 15 Battle of Guilford Court House, North Carolina (British suffer heavy losses)
April 8 Premiere of Mozart's violin sonata K379
April 29 French fleet occupies Tobago
April 29 French fleet stopped Britain from seizing the Cape of Good Hope
May 1 Emperor Jozef II decrees protection of population
May 26 Bank of North America incorporates in Philadelphia
June 3 Jack Jouett rides to warn Jefferson of British attack
July 11 Thomas Hutchins designated Geographer of US
August 1 English army under general Cornwallis occupies Yorktown, Virginia
August 5 Battle at Doggers Bank: Dutch fleet vs English fleet
August 20 George Washington begins to move his troops south to fight Cornwallis
August 30 French fleet of 24 ships under Comte de Grasse defeat British under Admiral Graves at battle of Chesapeake Capes in Revolutionary War
September 4 Los Angeles founded by 44 in Bahia de las Fumas, (Valley of Smokes)
September 5 Battle of Virginia Capes, French defeat British, traps Cornwallis
September 25 Joan Derks scatters "On the People of Netherlands" pamphlets
September 28 9,000 American forces and 7,000 French forces begin siege of Yorktown
October 6 Americans and French begin siege of Cornwallis at Yorktown; last battle of Revolutionary War
October 16 Washington takes Yorktown
October 17 Cornwallis defeated at Yorktown
October 19 Cornwallis surrenders at Yorktown at 2 PM; Revolutionary War ends
November 5 John Hanson elected 1st "President of U.S. in Congress assembled"
November 13 English troops occupy Negapatam Ceylon
December 31 Bank of North America, 1st U.S. bank opens