1783 in History
January 14 Congress ratifies peace treaty between U.S. and England
January 20 Hostilities cease in Revolutionary War
February 1 William Herschel announces star Lambda Herculis as apex
February 3 Spain recognizes U.S. independence
February 4 Worst quake in 8 years kills some 50,000 (Calabria, Italy)
February 5 Earthquakes ravage Calabria, killing 30,000
February 5 Sweden recognizes U.S. independence
March 5 King Stanislaus Augustus Poniatowski grants rights to Jews of Kovno
April 3 Sweden and U.S. sign a treaty of Amity and Commerce
April 8 Catharina II of Russia annexes the Krim
April 9 Tippu Sahib drives out English from Bednore India
May 4 Herschel reports seeing a red glow near lunar crater Aristarchus
May 30 Benjamin Tower of Philadelphia publishes 1st daily newspaper in U.S.
June 4 Montgolfier brothers launch 1st hot-air balloon, unmanned
June 5 Joseph and Jacques Montgolfier make 1st public balloon flight
June 8 Laki Volcano in southern Iceland begins 8-month eruption
July 15 1st steamboat, Pyroscaphe, 1st run in France
July 24 Georgia becomes a protectorate of tsarist Russia
July 29 Skaptar Volcano on Iceland erupts killing about 9,000
August 27 1st hydrogen balloon flight (unmanned); reaches 900 m altitude
September 3 Treaty of Paris signed (ending U.S. Revolutionary War)
October 6 Benjamin Hanks patents self-winding clock
October 15 Jean Pilatre de Rozier makes captive-balloon ascent
November 1 Continental Army dissolved; George Washington's "Farewell Address"
November 2 General Washington bids farewell to his army
November 3 Washington orders Continental Army disbanded
November 21 Pilatre de Rozier and Marquis d'Arlandes make 1st free balloon flight
November 23 Annapolis Maryland, becomes U.S. capital (until June 1784)
November 25 Britain evacuates New York City, their last military position in US
December 1 Charles and M N Roberts ascend 2,000' in hydrogen balloon
December 1 J van North launches unmanned balloon
December 4 General Washington bids officers farewell at Fraunce's Tavern, New York City
December 7 Theatre Royal opens in Covent Garden, London
December 7 William Pitt, Jr. (24) becomes British premier
December 9 1st execution at English Newgate-jail
December 18 English king George III fires government of Portland
December 19 English government of Pitt, Jr. forms
December 23 Washington resigns as U.S. Army's commander-in-chief
December 31 Import of African slaves banned by all of the Northern states