1797 in History
January 1 Albany replaces New York City as capital of NY
January 15 1st top hat worn (John Etherington of London)
January 26 Russia, Prussia and Austria sign treaty
January 30 Congress refuses to accept 1st petitions from American blacks
February 4 Earthquake in Quito, Ecuador kills 41,000
February 12 Haydn's song "Gott erhalte Franz den Kaiser," premieres in Vienna
February 15 Battle of Cape St. Vincent
February 19 1/3 of papal domain ceded to France
February 21 Trinidad, West Indies surrenders to British
March 4 John Adams inaugurated as 2nd president of the United States
March 13 Cherubini's opera "Medee," premieres in Paris
March 28 Nathaniel Briggs of New Hampshire patents a washing machine
April 18 France and Austria signs cease fire
May 5 Napoleon I's sister Elisa marries Felix Bacciochi
May 10 1st Navy ship, the "United States," is launched
June 2 1st ascent of "Great Mountain" (4,622') in Adirondack New York (C Broadhead)
June 6 Napoleon forms Ligurische Republic
June 26 Charles Newbold patents 1st cast-iron plow. He can't sell it to farmers, though, they fear effects of iron on soil!
July 8 1st U.S. senator, William Blount of Tennessee, expelled by impeachment
July 10 1st U.S. frigate, the "United States," is launched in Philadelphia
August 3 Emperor Francis I permits Jews who served in military in "Countries of Bohemian Crown" to marry non Jews
August 16 Comet C/1797 P1 (Bouvard-Herschel) approaches 0.0879 AUs of Earth
September 1 2nd National Meeting in Hague
September 20 U.S. frigate Constitution (Old Ironsides) launched in Boston
October 11 Battle at Kamperduin: English fleet destroys Bataafse
October 11 British naval forces defeat Dutch off Camperdown, Netherlands
October 17 Peace of Campo Formio: Austrian Dutch possessions and France
October 21 U.S. Navy frigate Constitution, Old Ironsides, launched in Boston
October 22 1st sky diver (Andre-Jacques Trim, above Paris)
October 22 Andre-Jacques Garnerin makes 1st parachute jump from balloon (Paris)