1800 in History
January 1 Dutch East Indies Company dissolves
January 2 Free black community of Philadelphia petitions Congress to abolish slave
January 5 1st Swedenborgian temple in U.S. holds 1st service, Baltimore
January 8 Austrians defeat French in 2nd battle of Novi
January 8 Wild Boy of Aveyron discovered in southern France
January 20 Napoleon I's sister Carolina marries King Joachim Murat of Naples
January 30 U.S. population: 5,308,483; Black population 1,002,037 (18.9%)
March 14 Luigi Chiaramonti crowned Pope Pius VII
March 17 English warship Queen Charlotte catches fire; 700 die
March 20 French army defeats Turks at Helipolis Turkey, and advance to Cairo
April 2 1st performance of Ludwig von Beethoven's 1st Symphony in C
April 15 James Ross discovers North Magnetic pole
April 24 Library of Congress establishes with $5,000 allocation
May 7 Indiana Territory organized
May 14 Friedrich von Schiller's "Macbeth," premieres in Weimar
May 15 King George III survives a 2nd assassination attempt
May 15 Pope Pius VII calls on French bishops to return to Gospel principles
June 4 White House completed and President and Mrs. John Adams move in
June 14 Battle of Marengo (Alessandria): Bonaparte vs Austria
June 29 Free mason lodge establishes in Alkmaar
July 8 Dr. Benjamin Waterhouse gives 1st cowpox vaccination to his son to prevent smallpox
July 9 Mount Vernon Gardens becomes site of 1st summer theater in U.S.
September 5 Malta surrenders to British after they blockade French troops
September 7 Zion AME Church dedicated (New York City)
September 13 Curacao in English hands (until Jan 1803)
October 1 Spain cedes Louisiana to France in a secret treaty
October 17 Dutch colony Curacao transfered to England
November 17 Congress held 1st session in Washington D.C. in incompleted Capitol building
November 17 John Adams is 1st President to move into the White House
November 24 Weber's opera "Das Waldmadchen," premieres in Freiburg
December 12 Washington D.C. established as capital of US