1809 in History
January 1 Holland Brigade under Brigadier General Chasse reaches Madrid
January 5 Treaty of Dardanelles concluded between Britain and France
January 12 British take Cayenne (French Guiana) from French (until 1814)
January 20 1st U.S. geology book published by William Maclure
February 1 Dutch King Louis Napoleon accepts metric system
February 3 Territory of Illinois organizes (including present-day Wisconsin)
February 8 Franz I of Austria declares war on France
February 11 Robert Fulton patents steamboat
February 13 French take Saragossa, Spain after a long siege
February 20 Supreme Court rules federal government power greater than any state
March 1 Embargo Act of 1807 repealed and Non-Intercourse Act signed
March 4 Madison becomes 1st president inaugurated in American-made clothes
April 14 Napoleon defeated Austria in the Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria
April 18 1st run of 2,000 guineas horse race at Newmarket England
April 20 Napoleon I defeats Austria at Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria
April 22 Battle at Eckmuhl - Napoleon beats Austria arch duke Karl
May 5 Citizenship is denied to Jews of Canton of Aargau Switzerland
May 5 Mary Kies is 1st woman issued a U.S. patent (weaving straw)
May 17 Papal States annexed by France
May 21 Battle at Aspern-Essling: Austrian arch duke Karl beats Napoleon
May 24 Dartmoor Prison opens to house French prisoners of war
June 1 Allardyce Barclay begins a bet of walking 1 mile every hour for 1,000 hours. Each hour he walked a mile round trip from his home
June 6 Sweden declares independence, constitutional monarchy established
June 10 1st U.S. steamboat to a make an ocean voyage leaves New York for Philadelphia
July 27 Battle at Talavera: British/Spanish army vs French army
July 30 English invasion army lands in Walcheren
July 31 1st practical U.S. railroad track (wooden, for horse-drawn cars), Philadelphia
August 8 70 disciples of Gaon of Vilnus, arrive in Israel (Palestine)
August 10 Ecuador declares independence from Spain (National Day)
September 18 Royal Opera House in London opens
November 22 Peregrine Williamson of Baltimore patents a steel pen
December 16 Napoleon Bonaparte divorces Empress Josephine by French Senate
December 26 English invasionary troop leaves Vlissingen
December 30 Wearing masks at balls forbidden in Boston