1812 in History
January 9 Swedish Pomerania (Germany) seized by Napoleon
January 12 1st cargo arrives in New Orleans by steam, from Natchez
January 23 7.8 earthquake shakes New Madrid, Missouri
February 7 8.2 earthquake shakes New Madrid, Missouri
February 7 Lord Byron makes his maiden speech in House of Lords
February 11 Massachusetts Governor Gerry signs a redistricting bill-1st "gerrymander"
March 3 U.S. passes 1st foreign aid bill (aids Venezuela earthquake vicitims)
March 11 Citizenship granted to Prussian Jews
March 14 Congress authorizes war bonds to finance War of 1812
March 15 1st Russian settlement in California, Russian River
March 26 Earthquake destroys 90% of Caracas; about 20,000 die
April 5 Brits storm Badajoz fortress, held by French and Spanish
April 30 Eastern Louisiana admitted as 18th U.S. state
May 11 Waltz introduced into English ballrooms. Most observers consider it disgusting and immoral. No wonder it caught on!
May 25 Earthquake destroys Caracas, Venezuela
June 4 Louisiana Territory officially renamed "Missouri Territory"
June 12 Napoleon invades Russia
June 18 War of 1812 begins as U.S. declares war against Britain
June 22 Napoleon's Grand Army invades Russia
July 11 U.S. invades Canada (Detroit frontier)
July 12 U.S. forces led by General Hull invade Canada, War of 1812
July 22 Duke of Wellington defeats French at Battle of Salamanca, Spain
July 23 Battle of Mogilev Russia-Napolean fights Czar Alexander I
August 1 Rare tornado hits Westchester County, New York
August 12 Duke of Wellington's troops enter Madrid
August 16 General Hull surrenders Detroit and Michigan territory to England
August 19 U.S. warship Constitution defeats British warship Guerriere
September 7 Battle at Borodino: Napoleon-Kutuzov
September 14 Napoleon occupies Moscow and fires start (fire extinguished on the 19th)
September 15 French army under Napoleon reaches Kremlin, Moscow
September 16 Fire of Moscow
September 18 Fire in Moscow destroys 90% of houses and 1,000 churchs
October 13 Battle of Queenstown Heights, British beats U.S. attempt to invade Canada
October 19 Napoleon begins his retreat from Moscow
October 22 Duke of Wellington seizes Burgos Spain
October 23 Failed coup against emperor Napoleon
October 25 U.S. frigate United States captures British vessel Macedonian
November 29 Napoleon's Grand Army crosses Berezina River in retreat from Russia
December 2 James Madison re-elected president of U.S., E Gerry vice-pres
December 4 Peter Gaillard of Lancaster, Pennsylvania patents a horse-drawn mower
December 11 1st newspaper on Curaeao (Curaeao Gazette and Commercial Advertiser)