1821 in History
January 17 Mexico permits Moses Austin and 300 U.S. families to settle in Texas
January 21 Paramaribo Suriname catches fire, 4 die
January 28 Bellingshausen discovers Alexander Island off Antarctica
February 12 Mercantile Library of City of New York opens
February 22 Spain sells eastern Florida to United States for $5 million
February 23 College of Apothecaries organized in Phil; 1st U.S. pharmacy college
February 24 Mexico gains independence from Spain
March 5 Monroe is 1st President inaugurated on March 5th, because 4th was Sun
March 14 African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church founded (New York)
March 25 Greece gains independence from Turkey (National Day)
March 26 Franz Grillparzer's "Das Goldene Vliess," premieres in Vienna
May 30 James Boyd patents Rubber Fire Hose
May 31 Cathedral of Assumption of Blessed Virgin Mary, 1st U.S. Catholic cathedral, is dedicated in Baltimore
June 18 Opera "Der Freischutz" is produced (Berlin)
June 21 African Methodist Episcopal Zion (AMEZ) Church organizes (New York City)
June 23 Dutch troops conquer Palembang
June 24 Battle of Carabobo; Bolivar defeats royalists outside of Caracas
July 17 Spain cedes Florida to U.S.
July 28 Peru declares independence from Spain (National Day)
August 4 1st edition of Saturday Evening Post (publishes until 1969)
August 6 1st edition of "Courrier of Pays-Bas" newspaper published in Brussels
August 10 Missouri admitted as 24th U.S. state
August 19 Failed liberal coup against French King Louis XVIII
August 23 Mexico declares independence
September 1 1st colonies along Santa Fe Trail
September 15 Costa Rica El Salvador Guatemala Honduras and Nicaragua gain independ
September 27 Mexican Empire declares its independence
September 27 Revolutionary forces occupy Mexico City as Spanish withdraw
November 9 1st U.S. pharmacy college holds 1st classes, Philadelphia
November 28 Panama declares independence from Spain
December 1 Santo Domingo (Dominican Rep) proclaims independence from Spain
December 17 Kentucky abolishes debtors prisons
December 28 Naples: Gioacchini Rossini moves to Bologna