1831 in History
January 1 William Lloyd Garrison publishes 1st issue of abolitionist journal
January 2 Liberator, abolitionist newspaper, begins publishing in Boston
January 3 1st U.S. building and loan association organized, Frankford, Penn
January 15 1st U.S. railroad honeymoon trip, Mr. and Mrs. Pierson, Charleston, SC
January 15 1st US-built locomotive to pull a passenger train makes 1st run
January 22 Charles Darwin takes his Bachelors of Art exam
February 5 Jan van Speijk blows up his gunboat in Antwerp, killing about 30
February 7 Belgium adopts it's Constitution
February 19 1st practical U.S. coal-burning locomotive makes 1st trial run, Pennsylvania
February 20 Polish revolutionaries defeat Russians in battle of Growchow
March 2 John Frazee becomes 1st U.S. sculptor to receive a federal commission
March 6 Bellini's opera "La Sonnambula," premieres in Milan
March 6 Edgar Allen Poe removed from West Point military academy
March 6 Vincenzo Bellini's opera "La Sonnambula," premieres in Milan
March 19 1st U.S. bank robbery (City Bank, New York/$245,000)
March 31 Mainzer Rijnvaart Convention ends
March 31 Quebec and Montreal incorporated
April 7 Dom Pedro abdicates to son, Dom Pedro II crowned emperor of Brazil
April 9 Robert Jenkins loses an ear, starts war between Britain and Spain
June 4 National Congress selects Leopold von Saksen-Coburg as King of Belgium
June 6 2nd national black convention, Philadelphia
July 1 Admiral James C Ross reaches magnetic North Pole
July 21 Belgium gains independence from Netherlands, Leopold I made king
August 1 London Bridge opens to traffic
August 2 Ten day campaign begins, Dutch army occupies Belgium
August 8 Battle of Hasselt - Dutch army drives out Belgian Army
August 9 1st U.S. steam engine train run (Albany to Schenectady, New York)
August 10 Former slave Nat Turner leads uprising against slavery
August 10 Hurricane hits Barbados; about 1,500 die
August 12 Dutch troops conquer Leuven
August 12 Netherlands and Belgium sign peace treaty
August 13 Nat Turner leads uprising of slaves in Virginia
August 24 John Henslow asks Charles Darwin to travel with him on HMS Beagle
August 29 Michael Faraday demonstrates 1st electric transformer
August 30 Charles Darwin refuses to travel with HMS Beagle
September 1 Charles Darwin travels aboard HMS Beagle
September 11 Charles Darwin meets with Captain Fitzroy at Plymouth
September 26 Robert Montgomery Bird's "Gladiator," premieres in New York City
October 17 Felix Mendelssohn's 1st Piano concert in G, premieres
November 7 State Gran Colombia disbands
November 22 Opera "Robert Le Diable" is produced (Paris)
December 1 Erie Canal closes for entire month due to cold weather
December 5 Former President John Quincy Adams takes his seat as member of House of Representatives
December 10 "Spirit of the Times" begins publishing (weekly horse racing sheet)
December 25 Louisiana and Arkansas are 1st states to observe Christmas as holiday
December 26 Vincenzo Bellini's opera "Norma," premieres in Milan
December 27 Darwin begins his voyage on board HMS Beagle
December 27 HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin depart England for South America