1843 in History
January 2 Wagner's opera "Der Fliegende Hollander" premieres, Dresden
January 4 Gaetano Donizetti's opera "Don Pasquale," premieres in Paris
January 4 Royal Academy (Technical Hague court) Delft opens
February 2 U.S. and British settlers in Oregon Country choose government committee
February 11 Opera "I Lombardi," premieres in Milan
March 3 Congress appropriates $30,000 "to test the practicability of establishing a system of electro-magnetic telegraphs" by the US
March 7 1st Catholic governor in U.S., Edward Kavanagh of Maine, takes office
March 14 Boston conducts its 1st town meeting (Faneuil Hall)
March 21 Preacher William Miller of Mass predicts the world will end today
May 4 Great Britain annexes Natal
May 18 United Free Church of Scotland forms
May 22 1st wagon train, 1000+ depart Independence Missouri for Oregon
June 1 It snows in Buffalo and Rochester New York and Cleveland Ohio
June 1 Sojourner Truth leaves New York to begin her career as antislavery activist
June 24 Vincenzo Soliva decrees no Jew can live outside of ghetto in Italy
June 26 Hong Kong proclaimed a British Crown Colony
July 2 An alligator falls from sky during a Charleston South Carolina thunderstorm
July 5 Committee of 9 appointed to establish civil government in Oregon Country
July 12 Mormon leader Joseph Smith say God OKs polygamy
August 8 Natal (in South Africa) is made a British colony
August 15 National black convention meets (Buffalo New York)
August 15 Tivoli Park in Copenhagen opens
August 26 Charles Thurber patents a typewriter
August 30 1st blacks participation in national political convention (Liberty Party)
August 31 Liberty Party nominates James Birneyas presidential candidate
October 13 B'nai B'rith founded (NY)
October 14 British arrest Irish nationalist Daniel O'Connell for conspiracy
October 20 1st Chinese immigrant arrives in Suriname
November 13 Mount Rainier in Washington State erupts
November 27 Opera "Bohemian Girl" is produced (London)
December 1 1st chartered mutual life insurance company opens
December 4 Manila paper (made from sails, canvas and rope) patented, Mass
December 4 Robert Schumann's "Das Paradies und die Peri," premieres in Leipzig
December 6 Amsterdam-Utrecht railway opens
December 13 "A Christmas Carol" by Charles Dickens published, 6,000 copies sold
December 19 Charles Dickens publishes "A Christmas Carol," in England
December 25 1st theatre matinee (Olympic Theatre, New York City)