1846 in History
January 1 Yucatan declares independence from Mexico
January 21 1st edition of Charles Dickens' "Daily News"
January 28 Battle of Allwal, Brits beat Sikhs in Punjab (India)
February 1 Theophile Gautier publishes "Hashish Club" about his initiation
February 4 Mormons leave Nauvoo, Mo for settlement in west
February 5 "Oregon Spectator" is 1st newspaper to be published on the West Coast
February 10 Beginning of Mormon march to west US
February 10 British defeat Sikhs in battle of Sobraon, India
February 16 Battle of Sobraon ends 1st Sikh War in India
February 19 Texas state government formally installed in Austin
February 20 British occupy Sikh citadel of Lahore
February 21 1st U.S. woman telegrapher, Sarah G. Bagley, Lowell, Mass
February 23 Polish revolutionaries march on Cracow, but are defeated
March 13 Friedrich Hebbel's "Maria Magdalena," premieres in Konigsberg
May 1 Ida Pfeiffer (48) begins trip around world
May 3 Mexican army surrounds fort in Texas
May 4 U.S. state Michigan ends death penalty
May 8 1st major battle of Mexican War fought at Palo Alto Texas
May 9 Battle of Resaca de la Palma-U.S. sends Mexico back to Rio Grande
May 13 U.S. declares war on Mexico, 2 months after fighting begins
May 17 Saxophone is patents by Antoine Joseph Sax
May 18 U.S. troops attack Rio Grande occupying Matamoros
May 21 1st steamship arrives in Hawaii
May 24 General Zachary Taylor captures Monterey in Mexican War
June 5 Telegraph line opens between Philadelphia and Balt
June 8 Battle at Gwanga: British troops beat Bantu
June 10 Robert Thomson obtains an English patent on a rubber tire
June 14 Belgian Liberal Party forms
June 14 California declares independence from Mexico in Sonoma
June 15 Oregon Treaty signed, setting US-British boundary at 49 degrees N
June 19 1st baseball game (Cartwright Rules)-NY Nines 23, Knickerbockers 1
June 24 Residency tax on Jews of Hungary abolished
July 7 U.S. annexs California
July 9 Captain Montgomery claims Yerba Buena, San Francisco, for U.S.
July 21 Mormons found 1st English settlement in California (San Joaquin Valley)
August 5 Oregon country divided between U.S. and Britain at 49th parallel
August 10 Congress charters "nation's attic," Smithsonian Institution
August 14 Henry David Thoreau jailed for tax resistance
August 16 Gioacchino Rossini marries Olympe Pelissier in Paris
August 17 U.S. fleet officer Robert F Stockton annexes California
August 18 General Stephen W Kearney's U.S. forces captures Santa Fe, New Mexico
August 22 U.S. annexes New Mexico
August 26 Felix Mendelssohn's "Elijah," premieres
August 26 W A Bartlett appointed 1st U.S. mayor of Yerba Buena (SF)
September 10 Elias Howe patents sewing machine
September 10 Japan invents the rickshaw
September 15 Jung Bahadur Rana grabs power in Nepal
September 18 Elizabeth Barrett and R Browning exchange last letters before eloping
September 19 Elizabeth Barrett and Robert Browning elopes
September 23 Johann Gottfried Galle and Heinrich d'Arrest find Neptune
September 25 U.S. troops under General Taylor occupies Monterey Mexico
September 30 Anesthetic ether used for 1st time (Dr. Wm Morton extracts a tooth)
October 10 Alexis the Tocqueville writes about "Algerian problem"
October 10 Neptune's moon Triton discovered by William Lassell
October 15 Dr. William Thomas Green Morton 1st public use of ether
October 16 Dentist William T Morton demonstrates effectiveness of ether
October 28 Pioneers suffer blizzard in Sierra Nevada; 42 die
October 31 Donner party, unable to cross the Donner Pass, construct a winter camp
November 4 Benjamin Palmer patents artificial leg
November 5 Robert Schumann's 2nd Symphony in C, premieres
December 5 C F Schoenbein obtains patent for cellulose nitrate explosive
December 6 Opera "La Damnation de Faust" is produced (Paris)
December 8 Hector Berlioz's "La Damnation de Faust," premieres
December 28 Iowa becomes 29th state